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Legislature
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.A legislature is a type of deliberative assembly with the power to pass, amend and repeal laws.^ Legislature A legislature is a governmental deliberative body with the power to adopt laws.

^ Legislature , branch of government empowered to make, change, or repeal its laws and to levy and regulate its taxes.
  • legislative branch - Search Results - MSN Encarta 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: General]

^ Because of constitutional limitations on the types of local bills, the Legislature has developed the practice of passing so-called bracket bills, which do not name a specific local government or entity.

[1] .The law created by a legislature is called legislation or statutory law.^ The word “legislate” means to create or pass laws.
  • Questions about Legislative Branch - Ask.com 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: Original source]

.Legislatures are known by many names, the most common being parliament and congress, although these terms also have more specific meanings.^ These bills must be signed by the President within ten days of being passed by Congress to become law.
  • Lessons in American Civics: The Legislative Branch 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC www.rapidimmigration.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many of these committees have leaders known as chairs who are elected based on experience and seniority.
  • Lessons in American Civics: The Legislative Branch 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC www.rapidimmigration.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Legislatures are known by many names http: //academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Leg...

.In parliamentary systems of government, the legislature is formally supreme and appoints a member from its house as the prime minister which acts as the executive.^ Beginning in the 1870's, African-Americans became members of both houses of Congress in the United States government - the Senate and the House of Representatives.
  • Leaders in the Legislative Branch 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC www.edhelper.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Members of the House of Representatives were always elected by popular vote, but until 1913, Senators were chosen by state legislatures.
  • Lessons in American Civics: The Legislative Branch 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC www.rapidimmigration.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He also appoints the members of all temporary committees in the House of Representatives.
  • Lessons in American Civics: The Legislative Branch 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC www.rapidimmigration.com [Source type: Original source]

[2] .In separation of powers doctrine, the legislature in a presidential system is considered a power branch which is coequal to and independent of both the judiciary and the executive.^ The separation of powers entails a legislative branch , ...
  • Australian Government, Legislative Branch – Web Listings 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC www.business.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A system where the executive branch is independent of the legislative branch.
  • Government Systems and Political Ideologies 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC library.thinkquest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In systems based on separation of powers (sometimes mistakenly called presidential systems), legislative and executive powers are divided between two branches whose principal officers are elected.
  • Legislative Branch - MSN Encarta 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: Original source]

[3] .In addition to enacting laws, legislatures usually have exclusive authority to raise taxes and adopt the budget and other money bills.^ The Legislature's main job is to enact laws.
  • Hangout - State Government - Legislative Branch 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC www.state.nj.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Introduction and Referral A bill must be passed by both houses of the Legislature in order to be sent to the Governor for approval or acceptance as a law.

^ Legislative Branch Resources on GPO Access GPOAccess contains searchable databases of bills, laws, The Congressional Record and other legislative databases.
  • Legislative Branch - Denison University 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC denison.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The primary components of a legislature are one or more chambers or houses: assemblies that debate and vote upon bills.^ Very urgent, two-star bills do not even go to the committees and are debated by two successive meetings of the Chamber.
  • Islamic Republic of Iran Legislative Branch 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC www.iranonline.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On a Monday or Thursday afternoon, floor sessions are held where debates and votes on bills are held in public.
  • Hangout - State Government - Legislative Branch 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC www.state.nj.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Each state in the United States has at least one representative in the House of Representatives; many have more, and the number is determined by the population of the state they are elected in.
  • Lessons in American Civics: The Legislative Branch 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC www.rapidimmigration.com [Source type: Original source]

.A legislature with only one house is called unicameral.^ And only the House of Representatives can impeach federal officials, including the President (although the Senate must be the one to conduct the trials).
  • Lessons in American Civics: The Legislative Branch 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC www.rapidimmigration.com [Source type: Original source]

.A bicameral legislature possesses two separate chambers, usually described as an upper house and a lower house, which often differ in duties, powers, and the methods used for the selection of members.^ As established by the Constitution, the United States has a bicameral, or two-house, legislature.
  • Questions about Legislative Branch - Ask.com 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Congress is composed of two chambers with equal powers: the...
  • legislative branch - Search Results - MSN Encarta 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: General]

^ The legislative branch includes the two chambers of the Congress of the United States—the Senate and the House of Representatives—and their staffs.
  • Legislative Branch - MSN Encarta 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: Original source]

Much rarer have been tricameral legislatures; the most recent existed in the waning years of caucasian-minority rule in South Africa.
.In most parliamentary systems, the lower house is the more powerful house while the upper house is merely a chamber of advice or review.^ This system resembles a traditional parliamentary system, except that the prime minister and cabinet share executive power with an independently elected president.
  • Legislative Branch - MSN Encarta 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A system similar to the parliamentary system except that the head of state does not have that much power.
  • Government Systems and Political Ideologies 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC library.thinkquest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Diet consists of a lower house and an upper house, being the House of Representatives and The House of Councilors respectively.
  • Government Systems and Political Ideologies 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC library.thinkquest.org [Source type: Original source]

.However, in presidential systems, the powers of the two houses are often similar or equal.^ In practice, however, these powers are exercised within a system of checks and balances that brings all three branches into play.
  • Legislative Branch - MSN Encarta 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In systems based on separation of powers (sometimes mistakenly called presidential systems), legislative and executive powers are divided between two branches whose principal officers are elected.
  • Legislative Branch - MSN Encarta 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With the two houses of Congress, one house (the House of Representatives) has representation that is based on a state's population, while the other house (the Senate) has all states equally represented with two senators.
  • Lessons in American Civics: The Legislative Branch 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC www.rapidimmigration.com [Source type: Original source]

.In federations, it is typical for the upper house to represent the component states; the same applies to the supranational legislature of the European Union.^ With 150 seats in the House and 31 in the Senate representing geographic districts that cover the entire state, the Texas Legislature is the single most broadly representative governmental body in the state.

^ Every Texas resident lives in a single district for the state House, another for the state Senate, and yet one more for the U.S. House of Representatives.

^ As established by the Constitution, the United States has a bicameral, or two-house, legislature.
  • Questions about Legislative Branch - Ask.com 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: Original source]

.For this purpose, the upper house may either contain the delegates of state governments, as is the case in the European Union and in Germany and was the case in the United States before 1913, or be elected according to a formula that grants equal representation to states with smaller populations, as is the case in Australia and the modern United States.^ States with larger populations wanted representation in the central government according to population, while states with smaller populations, fearing being dominated by the larger states, wanted equal representation.
  • Lessons in American Civics: The Legislative Branch 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC www.rapidimmigration.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If the bill is changed a lot before passage in either the House or the Senate, then it is given to a Conference Committee.
  • Lessons in American Civics: The Legislative Branch 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC www.rapidimmigration.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As established by the Constitution, the United States has a bicameral, or two-house, legislature.
  • Questions about Legislative Branch - Ask.com 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: Original source]

.Because members of legislatures usually sit together in a specific room to deliberate, seats in that room may be assigned exclusively to members of the legislature.^ Because of constitutional limitations on the types of local bills, the Legislature has developed the practice of passing so-called bracket bills, which do not name a specific local government or entity.

^ The primary responsibility of the Legislature is, of course, carrying out legislative responsibilities: considering and deliberating on bills (which may become laws), resolutions, and constitutional amendments.

^ The Lieutenant Governor thus can choose to reward or punish a committee and its members, or interest groups, by selecting the committee to which to assign a specific bill.

.In parliamentary language, the term seat is sometimes used to mean that someone is a member of a legislature.^ In that same legislature, the House, with its shorter terms of office, had twenty-three new members, or 15 percent.

.For example, saying that a legislature has 100 "seats" means that there are 100 members of the legislature, and saying that someone is "contesting a seat" means they are trying to get elected as a member of the legislature.^ Members of the House of Representatives were always elected by popular vote, but until 1913, Senators were chosen by state legislatures.
  • Lessons in American Civics: The Legislative Branch 22 September 2009 22:30 UTC www.rapidimmigration.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Speaker is elected to the House just like all the other members, from a single-member House district that includes approximately 1/150th (recall, there are 150 members) of the Texas population.

^ Members of the House of Representatives must be at least 21 years of age, registered voters, legal residents of the state for at least two years, and residents of the districts from which they are elected for at least one year.

By extension, the term seat is often used in less formal contexts to refer to an electoral district itself, as for example in the phrases "safe seat" and "marginal seat".

See also

References

O M G LEGIS=LATIVE=LEGISLATIVE

Simple English

Legislature is a word that comes from the Latin language, meaning "those who write the laws." The legislature of a state or country is a group of people, each of whom got his or her office either by winning an election or by being appointed, to vote for the best laws. The way a legislature is supposed to work can usually be found in the constitution of that state or country.

In many countries, the legislature is called a Parliament or Congress. Sometimes the legislature is made up of two separate houses. This is called a "bicameral" legislature.

A county, district, city, or other small area also has a council, that makes the rules and laws for its level of government. The way a council works can usually be found in the area's charter.

[[File:|400px|thumb|     Nations with bicameral legislatures.     Nations with unicameral legislatures.     No legislature.]]

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 15, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Legislature, which are similar to those in the above article.








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