The Full Wiki

More info on Lehigh County, Pennsylvania

Lehigh County, Pennsylvania: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lehigh County, Pennsylvania
Seal of Lehigh County, Pennsylvania
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Lehigh County
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Map of the U.S. highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
Seat Allentown
Largest city Allentown
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

349 sq mi (904 km²)
347 sq mi (899 km²)
2 sq mi (5 km²), 0.48%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

312,090
901/sq mi (348/km²)
Founded March 6, 1812
Website www.lehighcounty.org

Lehigh County is a county located in the Lehigh Valley region of the eastern part of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2000 U.S. Census, the county's population was 312,090. Its county seat is Allentown, the state's third largest city behind Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. In addition to Allentown, the county includes the western section of the city of Bethlehem, six boroughs and 14 townships.

The county, which was first settled around 1730, was formed in 1812 with the division of Northampton County into two counties. It is named after the Lehigh River, whose name is derived from the Delaware Indian term Lechauweki or Lechauwekink, meaning "where there are forks".[1].

Contents

Geography

Advertisements

Topography

The Lehigh River near Slatington at the Lehigh County–Northampton County line.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 347 square miles (902 km²), of which 347 square miles (898 km²) is land and 2 square miles (4 km²) (0.48%), water.

The Lehigh Valley, which includes all of Lehigh and Northampton counties, is bounded on the north by Blue Mountain, a ridge of the Appalachian mountain range with an altitude of 1,000 to 1,585 feet (483 m), and on the south by South Mountain, a ridge of 500 to 1,000 feet (300 m) that cuts through the southern portions of the two counties. The highest point in Lehigh County is Bake Oven Knob, a mass of Tuscarora conglomeratic rocks that rise about 100 feet above the main ridge of the Blue Mountain in northwestern Heidelberg Township.[2]

Lehigh County is in the Delaware River watershed. While most of the county is drained by the Lehigh River and its tributaries, the Schuylkill River also drains regions in the south of the county via the Perkiomen Creek and the northwest via the Maiden Creek.

Adjacent counties are Carbon County to the north; Northampton County to the northeast and east; Bucks County to the southeast; Montgomery County to the south; and Berks County and Schuylkill County to the west.

Climate

Most of the county's climate is considered to fall in the humid continental climate zone. Summers are typically hot and muggy, fall and spring are generally mild, and winter is cold. Precipitation is almost uniformly distributed throughout the year.

For the city of Allentown, January lows average −6 °C (21.2 °F) and highs average 1.3 °C (34.3 °F). The lowest officially recorded temperature was −26.7 °C (−16 °F) in 1912 . July lows average 17.6 °C (63.7 °F) and highs average 29.2 °C (84.6 °F), with an average relative humidity (morning) of 82%. The highest temperature on record was 40.6 °C (105.1 °F) in 1966 . Early fall and mid winter are generally driest, with October being the driest month with only 74.7 mm of average precipitation.[3]

Snowfall is variable, with some winters bringing light snow and others bringing numerous significant snowstorms. Average snowfall is 82.3 centimetres (32.4 in) per year,[4] with the months of January and February receiving the highest at just over 22.86 centimetres (9.00 in) each. Rainfall is generally spread throughout the year, with eight to twelve wet days per month,[5] at an average annual rate of 110.54 centimetres (43.52 in).[6]

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg high temperature °F (°C) 35
(1)
38
(3)
48
(8)
61
(16)
71
(21)
80
(26)
85
(29)
82
(27)
75
(23)
64
(17)
52
(11)
40
(4)
61
(16)
Avg low temperature °F (°C) 20
(-6)
21
(-6)
29
(-1)
39
(3)
49
(9)
59
(15)
64
(17)
62
(16)
54
(12)
43
(6)
34
(1)
24
(-4)
42
(5)
Precipitation in. (cm) 3.2
(8)
2.9
(7)
3.6
(9)
3.7
(9)
4.1
(10)
3.5
(8)
4.3
(10)
4.3
(10)
3.9
(9)
3.0
(7)
3.8
(9)
3.6
(9)
44.1
(112)
Source: Weatherbase

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1900 93,893
1910 118,832 26.6%
1920 148,101 24.6%
1930 172,893 16.7%
1940 177,533 2.7%
1950 198,207 11.6%
1960 227,536 14.8%
1970 255,304 12.2%
1980 272,349 6.7%
1990 291,130 6.9%
2000 312,090 7.2%
Est. 2008 339,989 8.9%

}}

The skyline of Allentown, Pennsylvania in Lehigh County, 2008.

As of the 2006-2008 American Community Survey[7], there were 336,738 people living in Lehigh County. 82.0% were White, 5.0% were African American, 2.8% were Asian, 0.1% were Native American, 0.0% were Pacific Islander, 8.2% were of some other race, and 1.8% were of 2 or more races. 15.3% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 312,090 people, 121,906 households, and 82,164 families residing in the county. The population density was 900 people per square mile (348/km²). There were 128,910 housing units at an average density of 372 per square mile (144/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.02% White, 3.56% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 2.10% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.28% from other races, and 1.83% from two or more races. 10.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 27.1% were of German, 7.9% Italian, 7.7% Irish, 6.2% Pennsylvania German and 5.6% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 85.0% spoke English, 8.4% Spanish and 1.2% Arabic as their first language.

There were 121,906 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 10.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.60% were non-families. 27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.60 males.

Politics and government

As of January 2010, there are 223,867 registered voters in Lehigh County [1].

Lehigh County and neighboring Northampton County are part of Pennsylvania's 15th Congressional district. The 15th Congressional district is a contentious swing district with neither Republicans nor Democrats winning the district consistently. Despite the advantage in Democratic registration in the district, voters elected Republicans Charlie Dent in 2004, 2006 and 2008 and, previously, Pat Toomey in 1998, 2000, and 2002. In 2004, the county narrowly voted for John Kerry over George W. Bush for President, and in 2008 the county gave all statewide Democratic candidates significant leads and Barack Obama a victory of more than 15 points over John McCain, 57.1% to 41.5%.[9]

All five statewide winners carried it in November 2004. Although the Republican Party has historically been dominant in county-level politics, the Democratic Party has made substantial inroads this decade. In 2005, Bethlehem Mayor Don Cunningham unseated incumbent County Executive Jane Ervin to become the first Democrat to be elected to the office. Four of the nine commissioner seats and all row offices except for the District Attorney have held by Democrats since winning two at-large seats in November 2007. Lehigh County has a home-rule charter with four at-large and five district commissioners. In 2006 Lehigh County voters approved a county-charter amendment to combine the offices of Clerk of Courts, Register of Wills, and Recorder of Deeds into the office of the Clerk of Judicial Records. Clerk of Courts Andrea Naugle won the new office in November 2007.

Commissioners

Office Holder Party
County Commissioner (chairman) Dean Browning Republican
County Commissioner Thomas C. Creighton III Republican
County Commissioner Percy Dougherty Republican
County Commissioner Glenn Eckhart Republican
County Commissioner Gloria Hamm Democratic
County Commissioner David S. Jones Sr. Democratic
County Commissioner Vacant Democratic
County Commissioner (vice-chairman) Daniel McCarthy Democratic
County Commissioner Andy Roman Republican

Other county offices

Office Holder Party
Clerk of Judicial Records Andrea Naugle Democratic
County Executive Don Cunningham Democratic
Controller Thomas Slonaker Democratic
Coroner Scott Grim Democratic
District Attorney James B. Martin Republican
Sheriff Ronald Rossi Democratic

Pennsylvania House of Representatives

District Representative Party
131 Karen D. Beyer Republican
132 Jennifer Mann Democratic
133 Joseph F. Brennan Democratic
134 Doug Reichley Republican
135 Steve Samuelson Democratic
183 Julie Harhart Republican
187 Gary Day Republican

Pennsylvania State Senate

District Representative Party
16 Pat Browne Republican
18 Lisa Boscola Democratic
24 Bob Mensch Republican
29 Dave Argall Republican

United States House of Representatives

Municipalities

Map of Lehigh County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Cities and Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Lehigh County:

Cities

Boroughs

Young people gather on 19th Street, in Allentown's West End.

Townships

Census-designated places

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.

Notable Villages

Education

4-Year Colleges and Universities

2-Year Colleges and Technical Institutes

  • Baum School of Art, Allentown
  • Lehigh Carbon Community College - Main Campus, Schnecksville, and Donley Center, Allentown
  • Lehigh Valley College, Center Valley
  • Lincoln Technical Institute, Allentown

Public school districts and schools

Map of Lehigh County, Pennsylvania School Districts

Non-public high schools and charter schools

Transportation

Air transportation

Lehigh County's primary airport, Lehigh Valley International Airport (IATA: ABEICAO: KABE), is located three miles (5 km) northeast of Allentown in Hanover Township.

The county is also served by Allentown Queen City Municipal Airport, a two-runway general aviation facility located off of Allentown's Lehigh Street. Queen City is used predominantly by private aviation that was awarded General Aviation Airport of the year by the Eastern Region of the Federal Aviation Administration in 2006.[10]

Bus transportation

Public bus service in Lehigh County is available through the Lehigh and Northampton Transportation Authority, known as LANTA. Several private bus lines, including Bieber Tourways, Susquehanna Trailways and Trans-Bridge Lines, provide bus service from Allentown to New York City's Port Authority Bus Terminal, Philadelphia's Greyhound Terminal, Atlantic City's Bus Terminal, and other regional locations.

Road transportation

Interstates

US Highway System

Pennsylvania Highway System

Other roads

Media

The Lehigh County is part of the Philadelphia broadcast media market, though numerous New York City radio and television stations also are available in Allentown and its suburbs. Lehigh County-based media include The Morning Call, a daily newspaper in Allentown, and two Allentown-based television stations: WLVT Channel 39 (a PBS affiliate) and WFMZ Channel 69 (an unaffiliated, independent television station). The four major Philadelphia-based network stations serving Lehigh County include: KYW-TV (CBS), WCAU (NBC), WPVI (ABC) and WTXF (Fox).

The primary newspaper for the county is The Morning Call, based in Allentown.

Lehigh County-area radio stations include WAEB-AM, a news, talk and sports station (in Allentown), WAEB-FM (known as B104), a Top 40 music station (in Allentown), WZZO, a hard rock music station (in Whitehall Township), and others. Some major New York City stations and every major Philadelphia station also can be heard in the county.


Public parks and recreation

Most municipalities in the county have set aside at least some land for public recreation, from neighborhood parks and playgrounds to the more expansive parkways developed by the county, city and several townships. Following are the public parks within the county of more than of 25 acres, including listings of their primary activities:

  • Cedar Creek Parkway, Allentown, 127 acres. City-owned park along Cedar Creek that includes Lake Muhlenberg and Malcolm W. Gross Rose Gardens. Activities: hiking/walking, jogging, basketball, fishing, swimming and picnicking.
  • Cedar Creek Parkway East, South Whitehall Township, 37.5 acres. County-owned park along Cedar Creek that includes Haines Mill Museum. Activities: hiking/walking, soccer, fishing, nature study and picnicking.
  • Cedar Creek Parkway West, South Whitehall Township, 261 acres. County-owned park along Cedar Creek. Activities: hiking/walking, jogging, baseball, softball, soccer, tennis, basketball, swimming, nature study and picnicking.
  • Covered Bridge Park, South Whitehall Township, 165 acres. Township-owned park along Jordan Creek that includes two historic covered bridges. Activities: hiking/walking, jogging, football, soccer fields, volleyball, handball, fishing, disc golf, playground and nature study.
  • Jordan Creek Parkway, Whitehall & South Whitehall Townships, 296.1 acres. County-owned park along Jordan Creek. Activities: hiking/walking, jogging, bicycling, softball, baseball, soccer, tennis, fishing, cross country skiing and nature study.
  • Leaser Lake, Lynn Township, 540.5 acres. County-owned park (227.6 acres) and Pennsylvania Fish Commission-owned (312.9 acres) recreation area that includes a 117-acre lake. Activities: hiking/walking, fishing, hunting, boating (sail, other non-motor and small electric motor), cross country skiing, ice-skating, nature study and picnicking.
  • Lehigh Canal Park, Allentown, 55 acres. City-owned park along the Lehigh River. Activities: hiking/walking, fishing and non-motor boating.
  • Lehigh Parkway, Allentown, 999 acres. City-owned park along Little Lehigh Creek that also includes the Lil-Le-Hi Trout Nursery. Activities: hiking/walking, bicycling, fishing, disc golf, nature study and picnicking.
  • Lock Ridge Park, Alburtis, 59.2 acres. County-owned park along Swabia Creek that includes the Lock Ridge Furnace Museum. Activities: hiking/walking, baseball, bicycling, fishing, cross country skiing, nature study and picnicking.
  • Lower Macungie Township Community Park, Lower Macungie township, 56. acres. Township-owned park along Spring Creek. Activities: hiking/walking, jogging, soccer and picnicking.
  • Bob Rodale Cycling and Fitness Park, Upper Macungie Township, 103.4 acres. County-owned bicycle track and fitness area. Activities: Hiking/walking, bicycling, softball, cricket, soccer, basketball, cross country skiing, roller blading, jogging, nature study, playground and picnicking.
  • South Mountain Big Rock Park, Upper Saucon and Salisbury Townships, 57.1 acres. County-owned park. Activities: hiking/walking, picnicking and nature study.
  • Trexler Memorial Park, Allentown, 134 acres. City-owned park along Cedar Creek. Activities: hiking/walking, jogging and nature study.
  • Trexler Nature Preserve, 1108 acres. County-owned park along Jordan Creek, formerly Trexler-Lehigh County Game Preserve, which includes the Lehigh Valley Zoo and is adding 18 miles of trails in 2010. Activities: hiking/walking, mountain biking, jogging, fishing, hunting, nature study and picnicking.
  • Upper Macungie Park, Upper Macungie Township, 156.2 acres. Township-owned park with nature trail. Activities: hiking/walking, baseball, softball, sand volleyball, horse shoes, playground, jogging, nature study and picnicking.
  • Whitehall Parkway, Whitehall Township, 110 acres. Township-owned park connected to the nine-mile Ironton Rail-Trail. Activities: hiking/walking, bicycling, jogging and nature study.

Famous people from Lehigh County

Lehigh County is the birthplace of, or home to, several notable Americans, including:

See also

References

  1. ^ Roberts, Charles R. (1936). "Place Names of Lehigh County and Their Origin". Proceedings: Lehigh County Historical Society (Lehigh County Historical Society). 
  2. ^ Miller, Benjamin LeRoy (1941). Lehigh County Pennsylvania: Geology and Geography. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Department of Internal Affairs, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. 
  3. ^ "Normal Monthly Precipitation, Inches". http://www.met.utah.edu/jhorel/html/wx/climate/normrain.html. Retrieved 2006-11-04. 
  4. ^ "Snowfall - Average Total In Inches". http://lwf.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/online/ccd/snowfall.html. Retrieved 2006-11-04. 
  5. ^ "Average Days of Precipitation, .01 cm or more". http://www.met.utah.edu/jhorel/html/wx/climate/daysrain.html. Retrieved 2006-11-04. 
  6. ^ "Average Monthly Precipitation". http://www.met.utah.edu/jhorel/html/wx/climate/normrain.html. Retrieved 2006-11-04. 
  7. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=16000US1077580&_geoContext=01000US|04000US10|16000US1077580&_street=&_county=Lehigh+County&_cityTown=Lehigh+County&_state=04000US42&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=160&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2008_3YR_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "Election Results 2008: President Map". New York Times. 2008-11-21. http://elections.nytimes.com/2008/results/president/map.html. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  10. ^ "Queen City Airport Designated General Aviation Airport of the Year by the Federal Administration Eastern Region". Lehigh Valley International Airport. http://www.lvia.org/info_booth/news_room/030206.html. Retrieved 2007-06-22. 

External links

Coordinates: 40°37′N 75°35′W / 40.61°N 75.59°W / 40.61; -75.59


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can..
Lehigh County, Pennsylvania
Seal of Lehigh County, Pennsylvania
Map
File:Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Lehigh County.png
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Map of the USA highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded March 6, 1812
Seat Allentown
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.48%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

312090
Website: www.lehighcounty.org

Lehigh County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. It was formed in 1812 from parts of Northampton County. As of 2000, the population of the county is 312,090. Its county seat is Allentown6.

Lehigh County is named after the Lehigh River, which runs through the county's two largest cities, Allentown and Bethlehem. It is located in the Lehigh Valley region of Pennsylvania, in the eastern part of the state.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 902 km² (348 sq mi). 898 km² (347 sq mi) of it is land and 4 km² (2 sq mi) of it (0.48%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 312,090 people, 121,906 households, and 82,164 families residing in the county. The population density was 348/km² (900/sq mi). There were 128,910 housing units at an average density of 144/km² (372/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 87.02% White, 3.56% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 2.10% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.28% from other races, and 1.83% from two or more races. 10.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 121,906 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 10.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.60% were non-families. 27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.60 males.

Politics

As of May 2007, there are 204,263 registered voters in Lehigh County [1].

Despite the advantage in Democratic voter registration, Lehigh County is part of the PA-15 which elected Republicans Charlie Dent in 2004 and 2006 and Pat Toomey in 1998, 2000, and 2002 to Congress. The county did narrowly vote for John Kerry for President in 2004 however.

Famous people from Lehigh County

Lehigh County is the birthplace of several famous Americans, including:

Municipalities

Map of Lehigh County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Cities and Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Lehigh County:

Cities

Boroughs

Townships

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.

Census-designated places

Notable Villages

Education

4-Year Colleges and Universities

2-Year Colleges and Technical Institutes

  • Baum School of Art, Allentown
  • Lehigh Carbon Community College - Donley Center, Allentown
  • Lehigh Carbon Community College - Main Campus, Schnecksville
  • Lehigh Valley College, Center Valley
  • Lincoln Technical Institute, Allentown

Public school districts and schools

Map of Lehigh County, Pennsylvania School Districts

Non-public high schools and charter schools

Transportation

Air transportation

Air transport to and from Lehigh County is available through Lehigh Valley International Airport (IATA: ABE, ICAO: KABE) .

Bus transportation

Public bus service in Lehigh County is available through the Lehigh and Northampton Transportation Authority, known as LANTA.

Road transportation

Interstates

US Highway System

Pennsylvania Highway System

Other roads

Lehigh County media

The Lehigh County is part of the Philadelphia broadcast media market, though numerous New York City radio and television stations also are available in Allentown and its suburbs. Lehigh County-based media include The Morning Call, a daily newspaper in Allentown, and two Allentown-based television stations: WLVT Channel 39 (a PBS affiliate) and WFMZ Channel 69 (an unaffiliated, independent television station).

Lehigh County-area radio stations include WAEB-AM, a news, talk and sports station (in Allentown), WAEB-FM (known as B104), a Top 40 music station (in Allentown), WKAP, an oldies music station (in Allentown), and WZZO (known as Z-95), a hard rock music station (in Whitehall Township).

External links

Coordinates: 40°37′N 75°35′W / 40.61, -75.59


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Lehigh County, Pennsylvania. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Lehigh County, PennsylvaniaRDF feed
County names Lehigh County, Pennsylvania  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Pennsylvania  +
Short name Lehigh County  +

This article uses material from the "Lehigh County, Pennsylvania" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message