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Selling lemonade in Germany during 1931
"Cloudy" Lemonade, a mixture of lemon juice, sugar, and uncarbonated water

Lemonade is a lemon-flavored drink, typically made from lemons, water and sugar.

The term can refer to three different types of beverage:

  • "Clear" lemonade: In many western European countries, the term limonade, from which the term "lemonade" is derived, originally applied to unsweetened water or carbonated soda water with lemon juice added, although several versions of sugar sweetened limonade have arrived on store shelves.
  • "Cloudy" lemonade: In the U.S., Canada, India and Pakistan (Nimbu Paani), and Iran lemonade refers to a mixture of lemon juice, sugar, and uncarbonated water, although there are many versions which contain artificial flavors instead of actual lemon juice. In Pakistan and India, Nimbu Paani is a common household preparation, made using freshly squeezed lemons, granular sugar, salt, pepper (and other spices as per preferred taste) and is invariably consumed fresh.
  • "Fizzy" lemonade: In France, the modern use of the term limonade refers to sweet carbonated lemon soft drinks. Likewise, in the UK, Australia, and New Zealand the term mainly refers to a colourless, carbonated, sweet soft drink containing either natural or artificial lemon flavor, such as Schweppes Lemonade. In Sweden lemonad is synonymous with any carbonated soft drink, which means that even cola drinks could be offered to someone just asking for lemonade.

Contents

Terminology

The French word limonade, which originally referred to unsweetened lemon-flavored water or carbonated soda, has since come to mean "soft drink," regardless of flavor, in many countries.

In the UK, the suffix 'ade' means a 'carbonated sweet soft drink'; hence limeade, orangeade, cherryade, etc. Brown lemonade exists in the Northern Ireland region of the UK.

In the Republic of Ireland, lemonade refers to the carbonated, lemon-flavored soft drink (as in the UK) but is further sub-divided into white (clear) lemonade and red lemonade. White lemonade equates to the colourless fizzy lemonade common in many countries, while red lemonade is particular to Ireland. Red lemonade differs slightly in taste from white lemonade and is either drunk neat or as part of a whiskey mixer.

American-style lemonade exists in the UK as a "homemade" drink (also called lemonade), but is only rarely sold commercially under that name. A carbonated version is commonly sold commercially as "cloudy" or "traditional" lemonade. There are also similar uncarbonated products, lemon squash and lemon barley water, both of which are usually sold as a syrup which is diluted to taste. Traditional lemonade also comes in powder packages. Variations on this form of lemonade can be found worldwide. In India and Pakistan, where it is commonly known as limu paani or nimbu paani, lemonade may also contain salt and/or ginger juice.

Pink lemonade

Pink lemonade from the Czech Republic

Pink lemonade was a drink used for centuries by Native Americans and enjoyed by European colonists during colonial times. It was originally made from crushed red sumac berries[1], especially those of the species Rhus typhina, and sweetened with maple sugar, but the ingredients were commercially replaced with cheaper ingredients during the 19th century until the sumac industry no longer existed. Now it is simply lemonade that has been colored with pink food coloring and is sometimes made sweeter. Sometimes artificial flavors and colors are used. Natural sources of the pink color, which may also affect taste, include grenadine,[2] cherry juice, red grapefruit juice, grape juice, cranberry juice, strawberry juice, pomegranate juice or other juices. It is a common misconception that the juice from the pink-fleshed Eureka lemon is used to make pink lemonade; actually, the juice is clear, and only the flesh is pink.

The New York Times credited Henry E. "Sanchez" Allott as the inventor of pink lemonade in his obituary:

At 15 he ran away with a circus and fell in love with the lemonade concession. One day while mixing a tub of the orthodox yellow kind he dropped some red cinnamon candies in by mistake. The resulting rose-tinted mixture sold so surprisingly well that he continued to dispense his chance discovery.[3]

However, this is disputed by historian Joe Nickell, who claims that it was Pete Conklin who first invented the drink in 1857 when he used water dyed pink from a horse rider's red tights to make his lemonade.[4]

Uses

Jewish lemonade seller in Thessaloniki, Ottoman Empire (pre-1890)

In the U.S., lemonade is usually sold as a summer refresher. It is commonly available at fairs and festivals, known in some regions as a "lemon shakeup" with the shell of the squeezed lemon left in the cup.[5] Lemonade was also the traditional mixer in a Tom Collins, but today it is commonly replaced by a bar mix.

UK-style lemonade and beer produce a shandy. Lemonade is also an important ingredient in the Pimm's Cup cocktail, and a popular drink mixer. As UK-style lemonade is a popular drink mixer, British & Australian visitors are often disappointed when they order a mixed drink in the U.S. and end up getting U.S.-style lemonade. American bartenders are also sometimes puzzled by the ordering of lemonade in some mixed drinks.

Many children start lemonade stands in U.S. neighborhoods to make money in the summer months. The concept has become iconic of youthful summertime Americana to the degree that many parodies and variations on the concept exist in a wide variety of media. The computer game Lemonade Stand, created in 1979, simulates this business by letting players make various decisions surrounding a virtual stand.

American types

American townspeople offering lemonade to the 1919 Transcontinental Motor Convoy

There are three methods commonly used in the US and Canada to prepare lemonade.

Fresh Squeezed

  • This is the classic type of lemonade. It is made with lemon juice, water, and sugar. There are countless recipes and most people prepare it to their specific tastes. Sometimes slices of lemon are added, especially if it is being prepared for guests or dinner parties. Despite the name, it is often prepared with reconstituted lemon juice commonly available in supermarkets.

Powdered Mix

  • The most common type of lemonade by far is that which is made from powdered mixes. Fruit drink producers like Kool-aid all make lemonade mixes, as do most private labels and the Country Time brand.

Slush

  • Also called a shake up, this type of lemonade involves shaved ice, lemon juice and/or pieces, and sugar. Little liquid is used, instead the melting ice provides liquid. This is rarely prepared at home, but is popular at theme parks, fairs, and other summer outdoor events.

See also

Lemonade in pitcher and glass

References

  1. ^ Lee Allen Peterson, Edible Wild Plants, (New York City: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1977), P. 186.
  2. ^ An Easy to Prepare Old Fashioned Southern Beverage Favorite
  3. ^ "Inventor of pink lemonade dead." (PDF). New York Times: p. 11. 1912-09-18. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9C07E1D81630E233A2575BC1A96F9C946396D6CF. Retrieved 2007-09-21. 
  4. ^ Is it made from pink lemons?
  5. ^ Fun at the Ohio State Fair.. In Search of the Perfect Lemon Shake Up

External links

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Simple English

[[File:|thumb|250px|right|A cup of lemonade.]]

Lemonade is a drink made with water, lemons or lemon juice, and sugar. Lemonade was invented on August 20, 1630, in Paris, France[1].

To make 8 cups of lemonade, mix the juice of 8 freshly squeezed lemons with 1/2 a cup of sugar and 5 cups of water and serve over ice cubes. A diced (cut up) lemon or lime can also be added to mixture. The sugar is sometimes replaced by maple syrup.

Pink Lemonade usually means lemonade that is pink. This can be made by adding some grenadine or another red juice, or using pink lemons.[2] Some pink lemonades are lightly carbonated, including French brand Lorina Lemonade.

In the United Kingdom, Australia, Switzerland, and New Zealand, the term lemonade mainly refers to a clear, carbonated, sweet lemon-flavored soft drink. In India it is commonly referred to as "Nimbu Paani" meaning "Lemon Water" or Shikanji and is sold by many street vendors, especially in North India.

Wikibooks Cookbook has a recipe/article on

References


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