Lenovo: Wikis


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Lenovo Group Limited
Type Public company (Red chip)
Founded 1984
Headquarters Beijing, China; Morrisville, North Carolina, United States; Singapore[1]
Area served Worldwide
Key people Liu Chuanzhi, Chairman
Yang Yuanqing, CEO[2]
Industry Computer Systems
Computer Peripherals
Computer Software
Products Desktops
Revenue $ 14.901 billion (2009)[3]
Operating income $ 210.1 million (2009)[3]
Net income $ 226.3 million (2009)[3]
Total assets $ 6.308 billion (2009)[3]
Total equity $ 1.310 billion (2009)[3]
Employees Approx. 23,000 (2008)
Website Lenovo.com

Lenovo Group Limited (SEHK: 0992, OTCBB: LNVGY) is a multinational technology corporation that develops, manufactures and markets desktops and notebook personal computers, workstations, servers, storage drives, IT management software, and related services. Incorporated as Legend in Hong Kong in 1988,[4] Lenovo's principal operations are currently located in Morrisville, North Carolina in the United States, Beijing, China, and Singapore, with research centers in those locations, as well as Shanghai, Shenzhen, Xiamen, and Chengdu in China, and Yamato in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.[5] Lenovo acquired the former IBM PC Company Division, which marketed the ThinkPad line of notebook PCs, in 2005 for approximately $1.75 billion.

Lenovo is the fourth largest seller of personal computers in the world.[6] The company is the largest seller of PCs in China, with a 28.6% share of the China market, according to research firm IDC in July, 2009. It reported annual sales of $14.9 billion for the fiscal year ending 2008/2009 (ending March 31, 2009).

Lenovo markets its products directly to consumers, small to medium size businesses, and large enterprises, as well as through online sales, company-owned stores (in China only), chain retailers, and major technology distributors and vendors.

On September 4, 2009, Oceanwide Holdings Group, a private investment firm based in Beijing, bought 29% of Legend Holdings, the parent company of Lenovo, for 2.76 billion yuan ($404.1 million).[7] Legend Holdings is the asset management unit of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

On November 27, 2009, Lenovo Group announced its intention to purchase Lenovo Mobile Communication Technology. Lenovo Mobile now ranks No.3 in China’s mobile handset market.[8]



Lenovo makes a variety of products for world wide sale.[9] These products include:

An agreement allows Lenovo to sell IBM-branded desktops and laptops until 2010.[10]


As of October 31, 2008, 50.4% of Lenovo is owned by public shareholders, 42.3% by Legend Holdings Limited, 6.6% by Texas Pacific Group (TPG Capital), General Atlantic LLC and Newbridge Capital and 0.7% by the directors. Because the Chinese Academy of Sciences, a Chinese government agency, owns 65% of Legend Holdings, effectively the Chinese government owns about 27% of Lenovo and is the largest shareholder.[11]

IBM became the owner of 18.9% of Lenovo in 2005 as part of Lenovo's acquisition of the IBM personal computing division.[12] Since then IBM has steadily lowered its shareholding in Lenovo. In July 2008 the IBM shareholding went below the 5% reporting disclosure threshold.[13] In February 2009 the CEO Bill Amelio was replaced with Yang Yuanqing.[14]


"Lenovo" is a portmanteau of "Le-" (from Legend) and "novo", pseudo-Latin for "new". The Chinese name (simplified Chinese: traditional Chinese: pinyin: liánxiǎng) means "association" or "connected thinking" but can also imply creativity. The name was changed from Legend because it conflicted with other trademarks registered in the West.[15]

See also


  1. ^ Lenovo - Key locations worldwide - Singapore
  2. ^ Lenovo Shares Rise Most in Month on Leadership Change (Update2) by Mark Lee and Tim Culpan in Bloomberg on February 6, 2009, retrieved February 7, 2009
  3. ^ a b c d e "Form 10-K". Lenovo Group Limited, United States Securities and Exchange Commission. 2008-03-31. http://www.google.com/finance?q=OTC:LNVGY&fstype=ii. Retrieved 2008-07-01. "For the fiscal year ended: Jan 1, 2009"  
  4. ^ Company history, Lenovo.com (USA). Retrieved 2009-10-22.
  5. ^ Locations, Lenovo.com (US). Retrieved 2009-10-22.
  6. ^ Gartner, Inc. (2008-01-16). "Gartner Says Worldwide PC Market Grew 13 Percent in 2007". Press release. http://www.gartner.com/it/page.jsp?id=584210. Retrieved 2008-01-18.  
  7. ^ "China Oceanwide buys Lenovo parent stake for $404 mln". Thomson-Reuters.. 2009-09-04. http://www.reuters.com/article/rbssITServicesConsulting/idUSSHA6289420090904. Retrieved 2009-01\9-04.  
  8. ^ "Lenovo to Acquire Mobile Handset Business". Lenovo Group.. 2009-11-27. http://www.lenovo.com/news/us/en/2009/11/mobile-handset.html. Retrieved 2009-01\12-30.  
  9. ^ Lenovo Products - United States Retrieved 2006-03-13
  10. ^ http://www.pc.ibm.com/ww/customerqa.html
  11. ^ "Investor fact sheet". http://www.pc.ibm.com/ww/lenovo/investor_factsheet.html. Retrieved 2008-12-26.  
  12. ^ http://www.ibm.com/investor/ircorner/article/lenovo-acquisition.wss
  13. ^ http://www.itnews.com.au/News/80965,ibm-offloads-77-million-of-lenovo-shares.aspx
  14. ^ Lenovo chief replaced in reshuffle, published February 6, 2009 in The Financial Times by Kathrin Hille, retrieved February 8, 2009
  15. ^ Todd Crowell (2008). "Ever heard of Lenovo, Haier, CNOOC? You will.". Christian Science Monitor (30-JUN-2005). http://www.csmonitor.com/2005/0630/p13s02-stct.html.  

External links



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