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Leopard[1]
Fossil range: Late Pliocene or Early Pleistocene to Recent
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Panthera
Species: P. pardus
Binomial name
Panthera pardus
Linnaeus, 1758
.The leopard (pronounced /ˈlɛpərd/), Panthera pardus, is a member of the Felidae family and the smallest of the four "big cats" in the genus Panthera, the other three being the tiger, lion and jaguar.^ Leopards belong to the cat family Felidae.

^ Other family members of a proband .
  • LEOPARD Syndrome -- GeneReviews -- NCBI Bookshelf 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ The lion, tiger, and jaguar also belong to the genus Panthera .
  • leopard (mammal) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Once distributed across southern Asia and Africa, from Korea to South Africa, the leopard's range of distribution has decreased radically because of hunting and loss of habitat, and the greatest concentration of leopards now occurs chiefly in sub-Saharan Africa; there are also fragmented populations in Pakistan, India, Indochina, Malaysia, and China.^ They live in sub-Saharan Africa, northeast Africa, Central Asia, India, and China.

^ Despite the fact that the two sharks do not share the same geographic distribution, the zebra shark ( Stegostoma fasciatum ) is sometimes confused with the leopard shark ( Triakis semifasciata ) as both animals are referred to by the common name leopard shark in Australia and South East Asia.
  • Florida Museum of Natural History Ichthyology Department: Leopard Shark 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.flmnh.ufl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is a strong tendency towards melanism, particularly in the humid rainforests of south east Asia, with black and spotted leopards common in the same litter throughout the entire range.

.Due to the loss of range and declines in population, it is graded as a "Near Threatened" species by the IUCN.^ Due to the loss of range and declines in population, it is graded as a "Near Threatened" species.

^ The snow leopard is endangered throughout its 12 range states in Asia and is listed as 'endangered' in IUCN's Red List of Threatened Species .
  • WWF - Snow leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.panda.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, worldwide populations for the cats are estimated at 4,000 to 6,000 animals .
  • Snow Leopard Network News » Science and Research 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.snowleopardnetwork.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2] .Its numbers are greater than other Panthera species, all of which face more acute conservation concerns.^ Its numbers are greater than other Panthera species, all of which face more acute conservation concerns.

^ A black form, in which the ground colour, as well as the spots, is black, is widely known as the black panther; it is more common in the Far East than in other parts of the range of the leopard.
  • leopard (mammal) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Snow leopard is a relative species to more widely seen Leopard ( Panthera pardus ).  It is in the same size range as leopard.
  • WWF - Snow leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.panda.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2]
.Compared to other members of the Felidae family, the leopard has relatively short legs and a long body with a large skull.^ Leopards belong to the cat family Felidae.

^ Other family members of a proband .
  • LEOPARD Syndrome -- GeneReviews -- NCBI Bookshelf 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Their legs are relatively long.
  • The Leopard Cat prionailurus bengalensis species 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.leopardcat.8k.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is similar in appearance to the jaguar, although it is of smaller and slighter build. .Its fur is marked with similar rosettes to those of the jaguar, though the leopard's rosettes are smaller and more densely packed, and the leopard's rosettes do not usually have central spots as the jaguar's do.^ Its fur is marked with similar rosettes to those of the jaguar, though the leopard's rosettes are smaller and more densely packed, and the leopard's rosettes do not usually have central spots as the jaguar's do.

^ The leopard has smaller markings on it's body.

^ In addition to having well developed canines, the cheek teeth of the leopard seal consist of three tubercles or lobes, similar to those of the crabeater seal, Lobodon carcinophaga .

.Both leopards and jaguars that are melanistic (completely black or very dark) are known as black panthers.^ Both leopards and jaguars that are melanistic (completely black or very dark) are known as black panthers.

^ Melanistic leopards called black panthers are fairly common, especially in moist, dense forests like those of Bengal and Java.
  • Wild Cats | Wildlife Conservation | Endangered Wildlife - Leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.wildcatconservation.org [Source type: General]

^ The well-known "black panther", once thought to be a different species, is actually just a dark leopard.
  • Leopard: Natural History Notebooks 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC nature.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The species' success in the wild owes in part to its opportunistic hunting behavior, its adaptability to habitats, its ability to run at speeds approaching 58 kilometres per hour (36 mph), its unequaled ability to climb trees even when carrying a heavy carcass,[3] and its notorious ability for stealth.^ The species' success in the wild owes in part to its opportunistic hunting behavior, its adaptability to habitats, and its ability to move at up to approximately .http://www.sandiegozoo.org/animalbytes/t-leopard.html The leopard consumes virtually any animal it can hunt down and catch.

^ Boot Camp serves a useful purpose in that it provides basic Windows compatibility and the ability to run Windows programs at native speeds.
  • Review: Mac OS X Leopard Review | Software | Macworld 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.macworld.com [Source type: General]

^ Even though five countries have split the costs of the project, so far only Sweden and Germany have carried out the modifications on part of its Leopard 2 fleet.
  • Main Battle Tank - Leopard 2 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.fprado.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The leopard consumes virtually any animal it can hunt down and catch.^ The species' success in the wild owes in part to its opportunistic hunting behavior, its adaptability to habitats, and its ability to move at up to approximately .http://www.sandiegozoo.org/animalbytes/t-leopard.html The leopard consumes virtually any animal it can hunt down and catch.

^ Snow Leopard is great news for consumers, but it's another OS to deploy for us and that's hardly worth jumping up and down for.
  • Snow Leopard Server: First Look at its Workgroup Features | Tech Superpowers 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.techsuperpowers.com [Source type: General]

^ As with many endangered animals, increasing human populations, loss of habitat and hunting have dramatically reduced the number of leopards.

.Its preferred habitat ranges from rainforest to desert terrains.^ Its preferred habitat ranges from rainforest to desert terrains.

^ Habitat Rana pipiens live in a wide range of habitat, from open water and marshes to deserts and mountains ( Frogs.org , 2000-2001).
  • Earlham -- Biological Diversity -- Northern Leopard Frog 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.earlham.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Leopards are the most widespread and adaptable big cat, and are found in almost every habitat, from desert to rainforest.
  • Wild Cats | Wildlife Conservation | Endangered Wildlife - Leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.wildcatconservation.org [Source type: General]

Contents

Etymology

.In antiquity, it was believed that a leopard was a hybrid of a lion and a panther, as is reflected in its name, a Greek compound of λέων leōn ("lion") and πάρδος pardos ("male panther"), the latter related to Sanskrit पृदाकु pṛdāku ("snake, tiger, panther").^ After internally calling early versions Puma and Cheetah, Apple started using Jaguar as the product name for Mac OS X 10.2, followed by Panther (10.3) and Tiger (10.4).
  • Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard FAQ 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.macintouch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The name leopard was originally given to the cat now called cheetah —the so-called hunting leopard —which was once thought to be a cross between the lion and the pard.
  • leopard (mammal) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The leopard (), Panthera pardus , is a member of the Felidae family and the smallest of the four "big cats" in the genus Panthera, the other three being the tiger, lion and jaguar.

[4][5]
.A panther can be any of several species of large felid; in North America, the term refers to cougars; in South America, to jaguars; and everywhere else, to leopards.^ In North America a large number of leopard cats are held by the private sector, and there are no actual figures for the number in captivity.
  • Wild Cats | Wildlife Conservation | Endangered Wildlife - Leopard Cat 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.wildcatconservation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The well-known "black panther", once thought to be a different species, is actually just a dark leopard.
  • Leopard: Natural History Notebooks 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC nature.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both leopards and jaguars that are melanistic (completely black or very dark) are known as black panthers.

.Felis pardus was one of the species described in Linnaeus's 18th century work, Systema Naturae.^ "Leopard Cat" and the "Amur Leopard" panthera pardus orientalis is a large very endangered species, the two should never be confused with one another.
  • The Leopard Cat prionailurus bengalensis species 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.leopardcat.8k.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6]
The generic component of its modern scientific designation, Panthera pardus, is derived from Latin via Greek πάνθηρ pánthēr. A folk etymology held that it was a compound of παν pan ("all") and θηρ ("beast"). .However, it is believed instead to derive from an Indo-Iranian word meaning "white-yellow, pale"; in Sanskrit, this word's reflex was पाण्डर pāṇḍara, from which was derived पुण्डरीक puṇḍárīka ("tiger", among other things), then borrowed into Greek.^ Their colouration is highly variable throughout their range, from pale tawny, to yellow, red or grey above, with the underparts white, and spotted.
  • Wild Cats | Wildlife Conservation | Endangered Wildlife - Leopard Cat 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.wildcatconservation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is believed that the large Leopards take significant numbers of Leopard Cats each year as well as Eagles, tigers, wolves, lynx and other predators.
  • The Leopard Cat prionailurus bengalensis species 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.leopardcat.8k.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I know that there are other tools that accomplish the same thing, but having it baked into the OS is a god-send.
  • Snow Leopard: An Even Better Leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC theappleblog.com [Source type: General]

[4][7][8]

Taxonomy and evolution

.Like all of the feline family, the Panthera genus has been subject to much alteration and debate, and the exact relations between the four species (as well as the clouded leopard and snow leopard) have not been effectively resolved.^ Snow leopard is a priority species .
  • WWF - Snow leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.panda.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Well, of course, it’s Snow Leopard Server.
  • Apple - Business - Snow Leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC images.apple.com [Source type: General]

^ I was at a loss after installing Snow Leopard - where were those handy Apple scripts with Finder actions like "replace text in ite m names"?
  • Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard - Apple Store (U.S.) 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC store.apple.com [Source type: General]
  • Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard - Apple Store (U.S.) 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC store.apple.com [Source type: General]

.DNA evidence shows that the lion, tiger, leopard, jaguar, snow leopard, and clouded leopard shared a common ancestor nearly 11 million years ago (Ma)—the basal divergence amongst the Felidae family.^ I have tested this with Chemdraw 11 in snow leopard.
  • Snow Leopard Compatibility | MacResearch 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC macresearch.org [Source type: General]

^ Prepare for Snow Leopard next year.
  • Apple Inc., Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard Enterprise News 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC macleopard.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Leopards belong to the cat family Felidae.

[9] .The fossil record points to the emergence of Panthera just two to 3.8 million years ago.^ Two years ago, I detailed how to build a Hackintosh for under $800 —then covered how to do the same with less hacking .
  • Leopard - Lifehacker 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC lifehacker.com [Source type: General]

^ The contract is worth $3 million and runs over a period of two years.
  • Main Battle Tank - Leopard 2 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.fprado.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9][10]
Indian leopard (Panthera pardus fusca)
Northern Chinese leopard (Panthera pardus japonensis)
African leopard (Panthera pardus pardus)
Amur leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis)
.In a mitochondrial DNA study, Yu and Zhang (2005) suggest that the leopard is most closely related to the snow leopard, and they go so far as placing the latter as a fifth species of Panthera, P. uncia.[11] Canonical works, such as the Mammal Species of the World, continue to list the snow leopard as the only species within its genus, Uncia uncia,[12] but this could change; Johnson et al. (2006) support the placement of the snow leopard within Panthera. They suggest, however, that the snow leopard is most closely aligned with the tiger.^ They are listed here as reference only.
  • Asian Leopard Cats & Pictures | NiteWindes Cattery | 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.nitewindes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oct 16, 2009 11:03 AM in Scientific American By John Platt Captive breeding of endangered snow leopards ( Panthera uncia ) has relied since 1976 on an international studbook that matches animals at zoos around the world for purposes of keeping the big cats from becoming too inbred.
  • Snow Leopard Network News » Science and Research 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.snowleopardnetwork.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the camera traps we once again captured a brown hyena and so far we have nine leopards in the northern most part of the reserve – they say there is always more leopard than what you think, I hope this is true.
  • Tag Archive for ‘leopard’ at Wildcast 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.wildcast.net [Source type: General]

.The leopard is held to have diverged from the Panthera lineage subsequent to these two species, but before the lion and jaguar.^ Snow leopard is a relative species to more widely seen Leopard ( Panthera pardus ).  It is in the same size range as leopard.
  • WWF - Snow leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.panda.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At one time there was thought to be over two dozen sub-species, but after much debate in the early and mid 1990's many of these sub-species were reclassified as belonging to another sub-species.
  • The Leopard Cat prionailurus bengalensis species 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.leopardcat.8k.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These guys are the experts, but I have two Leopard tips too.
  • How to Change the World: Top Ten Leopard Tips 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC blog.guykawasaki.com [Source type: General]

[9] .Older research has tended to suggest that the leopard is most closely related to the lion and/or the jaguar.^ The leopard (), Panthera pardus , is a member of the Felidae family and the smallest of the four "big cats" in the genus Panthera, the other three being the tiger, lion and jaguar.

^ It is here that one of world’s most elusive creatures, the snow leopard, roams wild and free,” said Maheshwari who is a researcher with WWF-India.
  • Snow Leopard Network News » Science and Research 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.snowleopardnetwork.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ People close with Apple suggest that Mac OS X 10.5.7, one of the last maintenance and security updates to Leopard, is on schedule for release later this month.
  • leopard - news tag - Softpedia 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC news.softpedia.com [Source type: General]

As recently as 2001, it was held to have split along with the lion in a phylogenetic analysis of chemical secretions amongst cats.[13]
.Panthera is believed to have emerged in Asia, with ancestors of the leopard and other cats subsequently migrating into Africa.^ This reflects that the Leopard Cat's relationship with the other members of the genus (the Flat-Headed Cat P. planiceps ; Rusty-Spotted Cat P. rubiginosus ; Fishing Cat P. viverrinus ) is closer than it is to the other cats.
  • The Leopard Cat prionailurus bengalensis species 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.leopardcat.8k.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The leopard (), Panthera pardus , is a member of the Felidae family and the smallest of the four "big cats" in the genus Panthera, the other three being the tiger, lion and jaguar.

^ It is due to this huge diversity in the early generations of the breed and the continued introduction of new Asian Leopard Cats into the gene pool, that we have huge diversity available.
  • Asian Leopard Cats & Pictures | NiteWindes Cattery | 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.nitewindes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9] Fossil evidence of leopard ancestors has been found from 2 to 3.5 Ma. These Pleistocene specimens resemble primitive jaguars. .The modern leopard type is suggested to have evolved in Africa 470,000–825,000 years ago and radiated across Asia 170,000–300,000 years ago.^ New to Leopard, Time Machine is Apple's version of Microsoft's Previous Versions feature, which first appeared in Windows Server 2003 over four years ago.
  • Paul Thurrott's SuperSite for Windows: Apple Mac OS X 10.5 'Leopard' Review 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.winsupersite.com [Source type: General]

^ APE from executing on Leopard, it was released almost a year ago.
  • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

^ You'll find that the Snow Leopard prints are actually reprints from a National Geographic expedition a few years ago.
  • Snow Leopard desktop pictures | creativebits 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC creativebits.org [Source type: General]

[14]

Subspecies

.As many as 27 leopard subspecies were once suggested, the number growing from the time of Linnaeus in the 18th century to that of Reginald Pocock in the early 20th.^ Of course, Boot Camp, like so many Leopard features, has actually been around for a while, this time as a free beta for Tiger.
  • Paul Thurrott's SuperSite for Windows: Apple Mac OS X 10.5 'Leopard' Review 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.winsupersite.com [Source type: General]

^ It is believed that many of the Leopard Cats in captivity without subspecies documentation is a result of importers and breeders discarding their documents in an effort to hide their status of endangered subspecies.
  • The Leopard Cat prionailurus bengalensis species 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.leopardcat.8k.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Asian Leopard Cat is a common name for many subspecies of cat.
  • Asian Leopard Cats & Pictures | NiteWindes Cattery | 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.nitewindes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1996, Miththapala et al. revised this downward to just eight subspecies based on DNA analysis.^ Reported in 2005, Kalidas et al performed mutation screening and linkage analysis of PTPN11 in 3 families, each of which had a history of LEOPARD syndrome for 3 generations.
  • LEOPARD Syndrome: eMedicine Dermatology 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Based on clinical analysis of a large series of patients collected from the literature, in 1976 Voron et al proposed minimum criteria for the diagnosis.
  • LEOPARD Syndrome: eMedicine Dermatology 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Sequence analysis of all exons of PTPN11 detects missense mutations in about 90% of individuals tested [ Digilio et al 2002 , Legius et al 2002 ].
  • LEOPARD Syndrome -- GeneReviews -- NCBI Bookshelf 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

[15] .Uphyrina et al. would concur in 2001, but split out a ninth separately, the Arabian leopard (P. pardus nimr).^ Even though five countries have split the costs of the project, so far only Sweden and Germany have carried out the modifications on part of its Leopard 2 fleet.
  • Main Battle Tank - Leopard 2 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.fprado.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Here are the top-ten Leopard tips from my friends, Adam Engst et al, at Take Control Books .
  • How to Change the World: Top Ten Leopard Tips 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC blog.guykawasaki.com [Source type: General]

.The latter researchers note the number might be an underestimation because of limited sampling of African leopards.^ As part of its research, the team will collect and store DNA samples from up to 100 snow leopards from North American captive populations .
  • Snow Leopard Network News » Science and Research 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.snowleopardnetwork.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Their list is as follows:[14]

Older Taxonomic Divisions

Included in the African leopard (P. pardus pardus):[15]
  • P. pardus adersi
  • P. pardus adusta
  • P. pardus leopardus
  • P. pardus melanotica
  • P. pardus nanopardus
  • P. pardus panthera
  • P. pardus suahelica
  • P. pardus reichenowi
  • P. pardus ruwenzorli
Included in the Persian leopard (P. pardus saxicolor):[15]
Included in the Indian leopard (P. pardus fusca):[15]
  • P. pardus millardi
  • P. pardus pernigra

Physical characteristics

Rear view of female leopard. Note ocelli (white spots on the back of the ears), used to communicate with other leopards[16]
The leopard is an agile and stealthy predator. .Although smaller than the other members of the Panthera genus, the leopard is still able to take large prey given a massive skull that well utilizes powerful jaw muscles.^ This reflects that the Leopard Cat's relationship with the other members of the genus (the Flat-Headed Cat P. planiceps ; Rusty-Spotted Cat P. rubiginosus ; Fishing Cat P. viverrinus ) is closer than it is to the other cats.
  • The Leopard Cat prionailurus bengalensis species 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.leopardcat.8k.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The leopard (), Panthera pardus , is a member of the Felidae family and the smallest of the four "big cats" in the genus Panthera, the other three being the tiger, lion and jaguar.

^ Matt says: 1/15/2008 at 7:58 am It’s illegal to install OSX on hardware other than mac hardware, so even if you buy OSX it’s still illegal.
  • Load OSX 10.5 Leopard on the eeePC 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC uneasysilence.com [Source type: General]

[17] .Its body is comparatively long for a cat and its legs are short.^ The leopard has relatively short legs and a long body, with a large skull.

^ The elegant, powerfully built leopard has a long body, relatively short legs and a broad head.
  • AWF: Wildlife: Leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.awf.org [Source type: News]

^ They have short legs and a stocky body.The difference between jaguars and leopards is the size of the markings.

[18] .Head and body length is between 125 and 165 cm (49 and 65 in) and the tail reaches 60 to 110 cm (24 to 43 in).^ Head and Body lengths .
  • The Leopard Cat prionailurus bengalensis species 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.leopardcat.8k.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Shoulder height is 45 to 80 cm (18 to 31 in). .Males are about 30% larger than females,[19] weighing 37 to 91 kg (82 to 200 lb) compared to 28 to 60 kg (62 to 130 lb) for females.^ Males grow faster and get larger than females, and a drastic size difference can develop if young males and females are housed together.
  • Leopard Gecko Care Sheet 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.geckosetc.com [Source type: General]

^ A pair (1 male and 1 female) can live comfortably in a 10 gallon glass aquarium but larger is always better.
  • Pro Geckos - Leopard Gecko Care 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.progeckos.com [Source type: General]

^ Females often grow larger than males, however depending on the origin of the specimen this may be reversed, or male and females may be of similar size.
  • Leopard Tortoise Care Sheet 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.reptilechannel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The larger-bodied populations of leopard are generally found in areas isolated from competing large predators, especially from dominant big cats like lions and tigers.^ The leopard (), Panthera pardus , is a member of the Felidae family and the smallest of the four "big cats" in the genus Panthera, the other three being the tiger, lion and jaguar.

^ This costume is great my daughter wanted to be a leopard cat and i found this costume and she loved it.
  • Black Leopard Cat CostumeLeaps And Bounds Kids 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.leapsandbounds.com [Source type: General]

^ Of course, Boot Camp, like so many Leopard features, has actually been around for a while, this time as a free beta for Tiger.
  • Paul Thurrott's SuperSite for Windows: Apple Mac OS X 10.5 'Leopard' Review 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.winsupersite.com [Source type: General]

.Leopards may sometimes be confused with two other large spotted cats, the cheetah and the jaguar.^ This reflects that the Leopard Cat's relationship with the other members of the genus (the Flat-Headed Cat P. planiceps ; Rusty-Spotted Cat P. rubiginosus ; Fishing Cat P. viverrinus ) is closer than it is to the other cats.
  • The Leopard Cat prionailurus bengalensis species 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.leopardcat.8k.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The leopard (), Panthera pardus , is a member of the Felidae family and the smallest of the four "big cats" in the genus Panthera, the other three being the tiger, lion and jaguar.

^ Word on the street is that this may be the last update for Leopard, as Snow Leopard is right around the corner, seeing seed updates about once every two weeks.
  • Leopard | Tag Archive | Gear Live 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.gearlive.com [Source type: General]

.However, the patterns of spots in each are different: the cheetah has simple spots, evenly spread; the jaguar has small spots inside the polygonal rosettes; while the leopard normally has rounder, smaller rosettes than those of the jaguar.^ It is smaller and much darker than the typical mainland Leopard Cats and its population appears to have been separated from the mainland Leopard Cats for a very long time.
  • The Leopard Cat prionailurus bengalensis species 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.leopardcat.8k.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ NPD not only believes Snow Leopard sales are over twice those of Leopard, but also that they are around four times higher than those achieved by Tiger.
  • leopard - news tag - Softpedia 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC news.softpedia.com [Source type: General]

^ Hatchling and juvenile leopard tortoises ( Stigmochelys pardalis babcocki ) show different patterns and brighter color than their adult counterparts.
  • Leopard Tortoise Care Sheet 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.reptilechannel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The leopard is larger and much more muscular than the cheetah, but slightly smaller and more lightly built than the jaguar.^ Aside from the iPhone, however, there's some evidence that Leopard might have been more buggy than Apple is letting on.
  • Apple puts a leash on its Leopard - CNET News 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lentigines are the most prominent manifestation of the LEOPARD syndrome and are present in more than 90% of the patients; however, an absence of the feature does not exclude the diagnosis of the syndrome.
  • LEOPARD Syndrome: eMedicine Dermatology 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ I typically use the shorter Gatorade tops for smaller leopards, and the larger Aquafina and Mountain Dew tops for larger leopards.
  • Leopard Gecko Care Sheet 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.geckosetc.com [Source type: General]

The leopard's rosettes are circular in East Africa but tend to be squarer in southern Africa.[18]

Variant coloration

A melanistic morph of the leopard occurs, particularly in mountainous areas and rain forests. The black color is heritable and caused by recessive gene loci.[20] .(While they are commonly called black panthers, the term is not exclusive to leopards; it also applies to melanistic jaguars.^ Melanistic (solid black) mutations of Leopard Cats have been reported in both the wild and in captivity.
  • The Leopard Cat prionailurus bengalensis species 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.leopardcat.8k.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There has been a female melanistic (black) Leopard Cat living in a Tailand zoo for a number of years.
  • The Leopard Cat prionailurus bengalensis species 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.leopardcat.8k.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mac OS X 10.6 "Snow Leopard" Mac OS X 10.5 "Leopard" Review Mac OS X 10.4 "Tiger" Review Mac OS X 10.3 "Panther" Review Mac OS X 10.2 "Jaguar" Review Mac OS X 10.1 Review Mac OS X Overview .
  • Paul Thurrott's SuperSite for Windows: Apple Mac OS X 10.5 'Leopard' Review 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.winsupersite.com [Source type: General]

)
A melanistic leopard, or "black panther"
.Melanistic leopards are particularly common on the Malayan Peninsula: early reports suggested up to half of all leopards there are black, but a 2007 camera-trap study in Taman Negara National Park found that all specimens were melanistic.^ Posted by: RL on December 9, 2007 2:30 AM I am surprised and disappointed that there still isn't a compatible update of Shapeshifter for Leopard.
  • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

^ All Computerworld Reports Sign up to receive updates on the latest Hardware resources .
  • Snow Leopard equals Enterprise - Computerworld Blogs 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC blogs.computerworld.com [Source type: General]

^ Posted by: MattyG on November 5, 2007 1:47 PM I simply refuse to upgrade to Leopard until I can use all of my Unsanity products.
  • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

[21] Although the benefits of melanism are difficult to interpret, it may serve as camouflage in the rainforest habitat. .Genetic research has found four independent origins for melanism in cats, suggesting that there may be an adaptive advantage.^ Recent genetic testing has shown that it is indeed a variety of the Leopard Cat (see Leopard Cat Research).
  • The Leopard Cat prionailurus bengalensis species 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.leopardcat.8k.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[20] .Another possibility is that the color variation is a relic adaptation to an epidemic; genes causing melanism can also affect the immune system.^ Normal allelic variants: Tartaglia et al (2001) identified the PTPN11 gene as causative of Noonan syndrome .
  • LEOPARD Syndrome -- GeneReviews -- NCBI Bookshelf 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Prenatal diagnosis for pregnancies at increased risk is possible if the disease-causing mutation in an affected family member is known.
  • LEOPARD Syndrome -- GeneReviews -- NCBI Bookshelf 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Another variant is the Leopard 2(S), which has a new command and control system and new passive armour system.
  • Main Battle Tank - Leopard 2 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.fprado.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[21]
.In Africa, black leopards are much less common as melanism is not an adaptive advantage on the savanna: dark coloration provides poor camouflage and makes hunting difficult.^ Before the ban leopard tortoises were commonly imported, and many people currently breed leopard tortoises, however Stigmachelys pardalis pardalis is less common in collections than Stigmachelys pardalis babcocki .
  • Leopard Tortoise Care Sheet 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.reptilechannel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Stridsvagn 122 is painted in a disruptive camouflage scheme of green, light green, and black colors.
  • Main Battle Tank - Leopard 2 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.fprado.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In terms of security Leopard isn’t necessarily better, it’s just that the number of viruses are much less compared to Windows.
  • Vista vs. Leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC cybernetnews.com [Source type: General]

.In the dense forests of the Ethiopian Highlands, however, the black leopard is much more common than in Africa generally; as many as one in five leopards may be melanistic.^ Before the ban leopard tortoises were commonly imported, and many people currently breed leopard tortoises, however Stigmachelys pardalis pardalis is less common in collections than Stigmachelys pardalis babcocki .
  • Leopard Tortoise Care Sheet 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.reptilechannel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aside from the iPhone, however, there's some evidence that Leopard might have been more buggy than Apple is letting on.
  • Apple puts a leash on its Leopard - CNET News 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At one time there was thought to be over two dozen sub-species, but after much debate in the early and mid 1990's many of these sub-species were reclassified as belonging to another sub-species.
  • The Leopard Cat prionailurus bengalensis species 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.leopardcat.8k.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[22]
Pseudo-melanism (abundism) occurs in leopards. .A pseudo-melanistic leopard has a normal background color, but the spots are more densely packed than normal and merge to obscure the golden-brown background colour.^ Leopard is more than an upgrade, it's an ubergrade.
  • All about Leopard: gallery, apps, impressions -- Engadget 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.engadget.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aside from the iPhone, however, there's some evidence that Leopard might have been more buggy than Apple is letting on.
  • Apple puts a leash on its Leopard - CNET News 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Leopard Gecko ( Eublepharis macularius ) The leopard gecko lizard has been captive bred in the United States for more than 30 years and is one of the most commonly kept lizards today.

.Any spots on the flanks and limbs that have not merged into the mass of swirls and stripes are unusually small and discrete, rather than forming rosettes.^ It is easier to hit small Texas software vendors or small shareware vendors rather than Apple of course.
  • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

^ It’s a small thing, but I cannot tell you how many times I have had to reboot rather than figure out what is holding on to my external hard drive.
  • Snow Leopard: An Even Better Leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC theappleblog.com [Source type: General]

^ Another enhancement I would like to see is the option to merge two folders of the same name rather than outright replace.
  • Snow Leopard: An Even Better Leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC theappleblog.com [Source type: General]

.The face and underparts are paler and dappled like those of ordinary spotted leopards.^ I was at a loss after installing Snow Leopard - where were those handy Apple scripts with Finder actions like "replace text in ite m names"?
  • Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard - Apple Store (U.S.) 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC store.apple.com [Source type: General]
  • Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard - Apple Store (U.S.) 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC store.apple.com [Source type: General]

^ Every Mac user likes to think that he knows every trick in the OS X book and I’m sure that you are one of those who do know what Leopard really is about.
  • leopard - news tag - Softpedia 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC news.softpedia.com [Source type: General]

[23]
Male Persian leopard with an atypical coat pattern (Wilhelma, Germany)
Richard Lydekker described specimens of pseudo-melanistic leopards found in South Africa in the late nineteenth century:[24]
.
The ground-colour of this animal was a rich tawny, with an orange tinge; but the spots, instead of being of the usual rosette-like form, were nearly all small and solid, like those on the head of an ordinary leopard; while from the top of the head to near the root of the tail the spots became almost confluent, producing the appearance of a broad streak of black running down the back.^ This reflects that the Leopard Cat's relationship with the other members of the genus (the Flat-Headed Cat P. planiceps ; Rusty-Spotted Cat P. rubiginosus ; Fishing Cat P. viverrinus ) is closer than it is to the other cats.
  • The Leopard Cat prionailurus bengalensis species 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.leopardcat.8k.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Every Mac user likes to think that he knows every trick in the OS X book and I’m sure that you are one of those who do know what Leopard really is about.
  • leopard - news tag - Softpedia 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC news.softpedia.com [Source type: General]

^ Like all Mack Super Snows, they have those startling deep pure black eyes!
  • Our Breeders - Leopard Geckos 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.vmsherp.com [Source type: General]

A second skin had the black area embracing nearly the whole of the back and flanks, without showing any trace of the spots [...] These dark-coloured South African leopards differ from the black leopards of the northern and eastern parts of Africa and Asia in that while in the latter the rosette-like spots are always retained and clearly visible, in the former the rosettes are lost...
—Lydekker, R. (1910), Harmsworth Natural History
.Most other colour morphs of leopards are known only from paintings or museum specimens.^ While InDesign might be the only app on your system having this problem with Leopard, the fact is that Apple is well aware that this issue affects other applications besides InDesign.
  • Tim Cole's InDesign BackChannel: InDesign & Leopard: UPDATE III 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC blogs.adobe.com [Source type: General]

^ Other readers have reported that the problem also occurs with VMware Fusion, only with Leopard, with different VPN clients.
  • Special Report: VPN tips and reports with Leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.macwindows.com [Source type: General]

^ It's not a transparent red like albino, but is pigmented a really spectacular solid rust color that looks nothing like any other eye color known in Leopard Geckos.
  • Our Breeders - Leopard Geckos 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.vmsherp.com [Source type: General]

.In May 1936, the British Natural History Museum exhibited the mounted skin of an unusual Somali leopard.^ Other skin lesions, such as nevocellular nevi and malignant melanomas, reported sporadically in the LEOPARD syndrome, may undergo depigmentation.
  • LEOPARD Syndrome: eMedicine Dermatology 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Genotype-phenotype analysis and natural history of left ventricular hypertrophy in LEOPARD syndrome.
  • LEOPARD Syndrome: eMedicine Dermatology 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

[24] The pelt was richly decorated with an intricate pattern of swirling stripes, blotches, curls and fine-line traceries. .This is different from a spotted leopard, but similar to a king cheetah, hence the modern cryptozoology term king leopard.^ The Leopard Cat is a beautiful spotted feline which is similar in size to a domestic cat.
  • The Leopard Cat prionailurus bengalensis species 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.leopardcat.8k.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Between 1885 and 1934, six pseudo-melanistic leopards were recorded in the Albany and Grahamstown districts of South Africa.^ Leopard tortoise ( Stigmochelys pardalis pardalis ) in South Africa.
  • Leopard Tortoise Care Sheet 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.reptilechannel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[24] This indicated a mutation in the local leopard population. Other king leopards have been recorded from Malabar in southwestern India.[24] Shooting for trophies may have contributed to the loss of these populations.

Biology and behavior

Leopard resting on a tree
Leopard standing in a tree
Leopard kill hanging from a tree
.The leopard is known for its ability in climbing, and it has been observed resting on tree branches during the day, dragging its kills up trees and hanging them there, and descending from trees headfirst.^ There is some speculation that the Catahoula Leopard dog is a descendant of the greyhounds and mastiffs that were brought into Louisiana by Hernando de Soto in the sixteenth century.
  • Catahoula Leopard Dog Breed Information & Pictures (Catahoula Cur, Catahoula Hog Dog) 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.terrificpets.com [Source type: General]

^ Living Area: The Catahoula Leopard dog breed is best suited to the country, or to living on a farm in order to run and explore during the day.
  • Catahoula Leopard Dog Breed Information & Pictures (Catahoula Cur, Catahoula Hog Dog) 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.terrificpets.com [Source type: General]

^ Leopard geckos are typically not active during the day and DO NOT require a basking (heat) light or any UV bulbs.
  • Leopard Gecko Care Sheet 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.geckosetc.com [Source type: General]

[25] .It is a powerful swimmer, although, not as strong as some other big cats, such as the tiger.^ Unlike other big cats, snow leopards are unable to roar.
  • Snow Leopard Facts - Uncia uncial or Panthera uncial - Defenders of Wildlife - Defenders of Wildlife 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.defenders.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He says, "Other than some minor problems, it performs better than Tiger."
  • Unsupported Leopard Installation 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC lowendmac.com [Source type: General]

^ It is believed that the large Leopards take significant numbers of Leopard Cats each year as well as Eagles, tigers, wolves, lynx and other predators.
  • The Leopard Cat prionailurus bengalensis species 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.leopardcat.8k.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The leopard is also very agile, and can run at over 58 kilometres per hour (36 mph), leap over 6 metres (20 ft) horizontally and jump up to 3 metres (9.8 ft) vertically.^ Tue Aug 25 20:56:36 +0000 2009 ronknights : I pre-ordered Snow Leopard weeks ago about 20 hours ago Tue Aug 25 20:56:37 +0000 2009 davidjacobs : picking it up locally.
  • Snow Leopard Thoughts ~ Chris Pirillo 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC chris.pirillo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Spaces: In order to cut down desktop clutter, Leopard lets you set up as many as 16 different desktops that can run simultaneously, with different programs open in each.
  • Personal Technology - WSJ.com 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: General]

^ If you are thinking of buying 1Password and plan to run it in Snow Leopard see a post on the Switcher's Blog on the Agile Web Solutions site .
  • Snow Leopard installation help from Joe Kissell: Take Control of Upgrading to Snow Leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.takecontrolbooks.com [Source type: General]

[26] .The leopard is primarily a nocturnal creature; however, there have been recorded instances of leopards hunting during the daytime, especially when the sky is overcast.^ Aside from the iPhone, however, there's some evidence that Leopard might have been more buggy than Apple is letting on.
  • Apple puts a leash on its Leopard - CNET News 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ SHELTER Leopard geckos are nocturnal, and in the wild they remain hidden under rocks or other debris during the day.
  • Leopard Gecko Care Sheet 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.geckosetc.com [Source type: General]

^ Primarily first thought to be nocturnal, radio transmitters has revealed that Leopard Cats hunt both in daylight and at night on the ground and in trees.
  • The Leopard Cat prionailurus bengalensis species 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.leopardcat.8k.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It spends much of its day resting and sleeping, up in the branches of trees, underneath rocks, or in the grass.[26] .Leopards produce a number of vocalizations, including grunts, roars, growls, meows and "sawing" sounds.^ Snow Leopard is fully 64-bit, along with a number of the included applications.
  • Snow Leopard: An Even Better Leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC theappleblog.com [Source type: General]

[27]

Diet and hunting

Leopards are opportunistic hunters. Although mid-sized animals are preferred, the leopard will eat anything from dung beetles to 900 kg (1,984 lb) male giant elands.[17] .Their diet consists mostly of ungulates and monkeys, but rodents, reptiles, amphibians, birds and fish are also eaten.^ They are known to eat small birds, rodents, insects, fish and vegetation in the wild.
  • The Leopard Cat prionailurus bengalensis species 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.leopardcat.8k.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Leopard Cats are, like most felids, opportunists, and they will prey on hares, rodents, reptiles, moles, insects, amphibians, game birds, fish, mouse deer and even the fawns of roe deer.
  • The Leopard Cat prionailurus bengalensis species 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.leopardcat.8k.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[28] In Africa, mid-sized antelopes provide a majority of the leopard's prey, especially impala and Thomson's gazelles.[29] .In Asia the leopard preys on deer such as chitals and muntjacs as well as various Asian antelopes and Ibex.^ Special thanks to Fernando Albarracin , for his help with photos and information on the Leopard 2A6 and variants in Spain as well as in many other countries.
  • Main Battle Tank - Leopard 2 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.fprado.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Prey preference estimates in southern India showed that the most favoured prey of the leopard was the chital.[30] .A study at the Wolong Reserve in China revealed how adaptable the leopard's hunting behaviour is: over the course of seven years the vegetative cover receded, and the animals opportunistically shifted from primarily consuming tufted deer to instead pursuing bamboo rats and other smaller prey.^ Posted by: Cecil on November 3, 2007 5:28 AM I don't have the technical expertise to comment on APE. I've of course read the debate for years and am aware of the issues in how it may be affecting Leopard and OS X in general.
  • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

^ I am completely ignorant of the technical issues involved, but I have to believe that surely it can't be totally impossible for Unsanity or any other company to figure out how to restore that functionality to Leopard.
  • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

^ As a result of this, by 1976 it was agreed to study how Leopard 2 could be modified to meet US performance and constraints.
  • Main Battle Tank - Leopard 2 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.fprado.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[31]
The leopard stalks its prey silently and at the last minute pounces on its prey and strangles its throat with a quick bite. .Leopards often hide their kills in dense vegetation or take them up trees,[29] and are capable of carrying animals up to three times their own weight this way.^ If you do a lot of searches in Mail in Snow Leopard and often want to get to a message's parent folder, this is one easy way to do just that.
  • Snow Leopard | ITworld 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.itworld.com [Source type: General]

^ I also got ’stuck’ on the gray screen for a long time, but I eventually just reset my computer, and it booted right up into leopard, no problems!
  • CanHeSayThat » GUIDE: Installing OS X Leopard on a single-layer disc 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.canhesaythat.com [Source type: General]

^ Sometimes your leopard geckos will want to heat up, other times they will want to be cooler.
  • Leopard Gecko Care Sheet 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.geckosetc.com [Source type: General]

.The leopard is also the only big cat that can carry its prey up into a tree.^ If only someone else would take up the mantle of developing something for Leopard which would read SS themes, but I'm not holding my breath for that....
  • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

^ Essentially, you need to convert FileVault to a new Leopard format, and those FileVault-encrypted files apparently are backed up only during the logout process .
  • Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard FAQ 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.macintouch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you buy a new Mac with Leopard today, you will be eligible for the Snow Leopard Up-To-Date program, which is only $9.95.
  • Snow Leopard: An Even Better Leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC theappleblog.com [Source type: General]

.One survey of nearly 30 research papers found preferred prey weights of 10 to 40 kg (22–88 lb), with 25 kg (55 lb) most preferred.^ January 22, 2008 10:25 AM .
  • Tim Cole's InDesign BackChannel: InDesign & Leopard: UPDATE III 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC blogs.adobe.com [Source type: General]

^ The combat weight of the Leopard 2 is 55,000 kg, empty weight being 52,000 kg, and its hull has spaced multi-layer armor.
  • Main Battle Tank - Leopard 2 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.fprado.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tyler says: 1/25/2008 at 10:22 am Marcus, thank you.
  • Load OSX 10.5 Leopard on the eeePC 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC uneasysilence.com [Source type: General]

Along with impala and chital, a preference for bushbuck and common duiker was found. Other prey selection factors include a preference for prey in small herds, in dense habitat, and those that afford the predator a low risk of injury.[32]

Reproduction and life cycle

.Depending on the region, leopards may mate all year round (Asia and Africa) or seasonally during January to February (Manchuria and Siberia).^ Reproduction Mating Season: Can occur during any month but in captivity between December and March.
  • Clouded Leopard - Neofelis nebulosa - Facts - Defenders of Wildlife 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.defenders.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All references to time are based on a 2.0 GHz Core 2 Duo MacBook and your times may vary depending on processor and drive speed.
  • CanHeSayThat » GUIDE: Installing OS X Leopard on a single-layer disc 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.canhesaythat.com [Source type: General]

^ The company has said all along that Leopard would be a spring 2007 product, but Apple and Apple watchers have been obsessed with the iPhone since Jobs unveiled it in January at Macworld.
  • Apple puts a leash on its Leopard - CNET News 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The estrous cycle lasts about 46 days and the female usually is in heat for 6–7 days.[33] .Gestation lasts for 90–105 days.^ Note: Gestational age is expressed as menstrual weeks calculated either from the first day of the last normal menstrual period or by ultrasound measurements.
  • LEOPARD Syndrome -- GeneReviews -- NCBI Bookshelf 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

[19] .Cubs are usually born in a litter of 2–4 cubs,[34] but infant mortality is high and usually no more than 1–2 cubs survive beyond their infancy.^ It would be nice to have some sort of an update - even if it is nothing more than that they have no idea of when, or if things are going to be available.
  • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

^ I am using Leopard on several Macs with no “major” issues, other than the usual point release issues that Apple and developers are smacking down.
  • Rant: I want you to die, Leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.crunchgear.com [Source type: General]

^ Surviving Windows is easier than you think… MKS offers the power of an integrated all-in-one environment and provides you with the Power of UNIX on Windows Learn More .
  • Snow Leopard | ITworld 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.itworld.com [Source type: General]
  • Leopard | ITworld 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.itworld.com [Source type: General]

.Before giving birth, a female will find a cave, crevice among boulders, hollow tree, or thicket to make a den.^ Females give birth in rocky dens lined with their fur.
  • Snow Leopard Facts - Uncia uncial or Panthera uncial - Defenders of Wildlife - Defenders of Wildlife 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.defenders.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Cubs open their eyes after a period of 10 days. .The fur of the young tends to be longer and thicker than that of adults.^ Young leopard geckos have narrower digestive systems than adults, and it is easier for their system to become blocked if they consume sand.
  • Leopard Gecko Care Sheet 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.geckosetc.com [Source type: General]

^ I found the young leopard geckos adapted to eating mealworms from a dish much faster than adults, but the adults learned eventually when they got really hungry.
  • Leopard Gecko Care Sheet 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.geckosetc.com [Source type: General]

Their pelage is also more gray in color with less defined spots. .Around three months the infants begin to follow the mother out on hunts.^ The young follow their mother on hunts at three months and remain with her through their first winter.
  • Snow Leopard Facts - Uncia uncial or Panthera uncial - Defenders of Wildlife - Defenders of Wildlife 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.defenders.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At one year of age leopard young can probably fend for themselves but they remain with the mother for 18–24 months.^ The young follow their mother on hunts at three months and remain with her through their first winter.
  • Snow Leopard Facts - Uncia uncial or Panthera uncial - Defenders of Wildlife - Defenders of Wildlife 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.defenders.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Young leopard geckos have narrower digestive systems than adults, and it is easier for their system to become blocked if they consume sand.
  • Leopard Gecko Care Sheet 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.geckosetc.com [Source type: General]

^ They already show themselves publically partying about the FUD about APE made it way to Leopard.
  • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

[35]
.Leopards have been reported to reach 21 years of age in captivity.^ Lifespan: While little is known about their lifespan in the wild, clouded leopards have been known to live up to 17 years in captivity.
  • Clouded Leopard - Neofelis nebulosa - Facts - Defenders of Wildlife 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.defenders.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They have, however, been known to live for as long as 21 years in captivity.
  • Snow Leopard Facts - Uncia uncial or Panthera uncial - Defenders of Wildlife - Defenders of Wildlife 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.defenders.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[36]

Social structure and home range

.
Female leopard in the Sabi Sands area of South Africa.
^ Leopard tortoise ( Stigmochelys pardalis pardalis ) in South Africa.
  • Leopard Tortoise Care Sheet 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.reptilechannel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Note the white spot on its tail, used for communicating with cubs while hunting or in long grass[16]
.Studies of leopard home range size have tended to focus on protected areas, which may have led to skewed data; as of the mid-1980s, only 13% of the leopard range actually fell within a protected area.^ The previous version was only compatible with a Leopard-based Mac if booted from the product CD. Data Backup The Leopard-compatible Data Backup 3 is now available.
  • Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard: Software Incompatibilities 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.macintouch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Turner syndrome, found only in females, is distinguished from LEOPARD syndrome (LS) by demonstration of an X- chromosome abnormality on cytogenetic studies.
  • LEOPARD Syndrome -- GeneReviews -- NCBI Bookshelf 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ While your garden-variety Mac zealot may bristle at this suggestion, people who actually beta tested Leopard know what I'm talking about.
  • Paul Thurrott's SuperSite for Windows: Apple Mac OS X 10.5 'Leopard' Review 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.winsupersite.com [Source type: General]

[37] .In their IUCN survey of the literature, Nowell and Jackson suggest male home territories vary between 30–78 square kilometers (km2), but just 15–16 km2 for females.^ Posted by: James on January 16, 2008 8:15 AM Maybe they just got tired of our/Apple's s**t...
  • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

[17] .Research in a conservation area in Kenya shows similar territory sizes and sex differential: 32.8 km2 ranges for males, on average, and 14 km2 for females.^ Females often grow larger than males, however depending on the origin of the specimen this may be reversed, or male and females may be of similar size.
  • Leopard Tortoise Care Sheet 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.reptilechannel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[38] .In Nepal, somewhat larger male ranges have been found at about 48 km2, while female ranges are in-keeping with other research, at 17 km2; female home territories were seen to decrease to just five to seven km2 when young cubs were present, while the sexual difference in range size seemed to be in positive proportion to overall increase.^ Multiple males and females may be kept together as they are not territorial like African spurred tortoises.
  • Leopard Tortoise Care Sheet 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.reptilechannel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Females often grow larger than males, however depending on the origin of the specimen this may be reversed, or male and females may be of similar size.
  • Leopard Tortoise Care Sheet 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.reptilechannel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Males may always be distinguished from females by their concaved plastron and larger tail.
  • Leopard Tortoise Care Sheet 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.reptilechannel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[39] .However, significant variations in the size of home territories have been suggested across the leopard's range.^ It has a large natural range resulting in geographic variations in size, color and temperature tolerance.
  • Leopard Tortoise Care Sheet 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.reptilechannel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Namibia, for instance, research that focussed on spatial ecology in farmlands outside of protected areas found ranges that were consistently above 100 km2, with some more than 300 km2; admitting that their data were at odds with others', the researchers also suggested little or no sexual variation in the size of territories.^ Aside from the iPhone, however, there's some evidence that Leopard might have been more buggy than Apple is letting on.
  • Apple puts a leash on its Leopard - CNET News 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Below Meigh April 13, 2007 6:45 AM PDT Other than some investors not seeing black (green), this is a good thing.
  • Apple puts a leash on its Leopard - CNET News 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It doesn't prove anything, but it does suggest that interface-altering programs may be more broken than normal stuff.
  • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

[37] Virtually all sources suggest that males do have larger ranges. .There seems to be little or no overlap in territory amongst males, although overlap exists between the sexes; one radio-collar analysis in the Ivory Coast found a female home range completely enclosed within a male's.^ That said, there is one real difference between Vista and Leopard.
  • Paul Thurrott's SuperSite for Windows: Apple Mac OS X 10.5 'Leopard' Review 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.winsupersite.com [Source type: General]

^ There is no one with a gun to your head making you use it, so calm down.
  • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

^ While there is currently no fix available, we hope to see one in 10.6.2.
  • Snow Leopard installation help from Joe Kissell: Take Control of Upgrading to Snow Leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.takecontrolbooks.com [Source type: General]

[40]
.The leopard is solitary and, aside from mating, interactions between individuals appear to be infrequent.^ (Some developers appear to have been caught by late Leopard changes made between the last seed release developers received and the official release available now.
  • Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard: Software Incompatibilities 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.macintouch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[40] Aggressive encounters have been observed, however. .Two of five males studied over a period of a year at a game reserve in South Africa died, both violently.^ The program is developed within the frame of collaboration decided in 1995 between the Ministries of Defense of both countries, in which also was included the cession of use by a period of five years of 108 Leopard 2A4 from the German Army to the Spanish Army.
  • Main Battle Tank - Leopard 2 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.fprado.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The contract is worth $3 million and runs over a period of two years.
  • Main Battle Tank - Leopard 2 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.fprado.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One was initially wounded in a male–male territorial battle over a carcass; taken in by researchers, it was released after a successful convalescence only to be killed by a different male a few months later.^ A month later, from a company that's consider a premiere third part "Holy Grail", after a major system release, and there's nobody "answering the phone"?
  • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

^ "Apple's choice was to either push back the release a few months or ship a very, very buggy 10.5.0."
  • Apple puts a leash on its Leopard - CNET News 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cisco had this problem before with an earlier Mac OS X release (I don't remember) but later fixed it, only to be broken again after Leopard.
  • Special Report: VPN tips and reports with Leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.macwindows.com [Source type: General]

A second was killed by another predator, possibly a spotted hyena. A third of the five was badly wounded in intraspecific fighting, but recovered.[41]

Ecology

Distribution and habitat

Former (red) and present (green) range of the leopard
.Data from 1996 found that the leopard has the largest distribution of any wild cat,[17] occurring most in certain parts of southern Asia and widely in eastern and central Africa,[25]although populations before and since have shown a declining trend and are fragmented outside of subsaharan Africa.^ Since the Leopard upgrade, I haven't found GDS to be very helpful..
  • How to Change the World: Top Ten Leopard Tips 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC blog.guykawasaki.com [Source type: General]

.The IUCN notes that within sub-Saharan Africa the species is "still numerous and even thriving in marginal habitats" where other large cats have disappeared, but that populations in North Africa may be extinct.^ Matt says: 1/15/2008 at 7:58 am It’s illegal to install OSX on hardware other than mac hardware, so even if you buy OSX it’s still illegal.
  • Load OSX 10.5 Leopard on the eeePC 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC uneasysilence.com [Source type: General]

^ I believe Apple has added numerous things into OS X because of iPhone R&D. Though this has spurred innovation within Apple even further, it has simultaneously elongated OS X development.
  • Apple puts a leash on its Leopard - CNET News 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Asia, data on distribution is not consistent: populations in Southwest and Central Asia are small and fragmented; in the northeast portion of the range, they are critically endangered; but in the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and China, the leopard is still relatively abundant.^ This had been bugged to Apple during the betas of Leopard but they still shipped it with the PPC only version of the libraries.
  • Special Report: VPN tips and reports with Leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.macwindows.com [Source type: General]

[2]
Leopards live mainly in grasslands, woodlands and riverside forests. The animal has primarily been studied in open savannah habitats, which may have biased common descriptions. .It is generally considered nocturnal, for instance, but radio-tracking and scat analysis in West Africa has found that rainforest leopards are more likely to be diurnal and crepuscular.^ Apple, like Microsoft with Windows Vista, promised more than it delivered with Leopard, and even went so far as to promise secret new features that never materialized.
  • Paul Thurrott's SuperSite for Windows: Apple Mac OS X 10.5 'Leopard' Review 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.winsupersite.com [Source type: General]

.Forest leopards are also more specialized in prey selection and exhibit seasonal differences in activity patterns.^ They said that if you select their special promo shipping for the Snow Leopard that you should have it delivered to your door step on Friday.
  • Snow Leopard Thoughts ~ Chris Pirillo 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC chris.pirillo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[42] While associated with the savanna and rainforest, the leopard is exceptionally adaptable: in the Russian Far East, the animal inhabits temperate forests where winter temperatures reach a low of −25 °C.[14]

Ecological role

.Leopards must compete for food and shelter with other large predators like lions, tigers, spotted hyenas and both African and Asiatic wild dogs.^ Of course, Boot Camp, like so many Leopard features, has actually been around for a while, this time as a free beta for Tiger.
  • Paul Thurrott's SuperSite for Windows: Apple Mac OS X 10.5 'Leopard' Review 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.winsupersite.com [Source type: General]

^ Unsanity has 9 shareware products and about 4 free products that *must* work in Leopard, and APE requires some of these other products be updated first.
  • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

^ What is frustrating is that I and others like me DON'T have the option to go back to tiger until this works out.
  • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

.These animals may steal the leopard's kill or devour its young.^ With all of these personality features in mind, some more mild-mannered dog owners may not be a good fit for the Catahoula Leopard.
  • Catahoula Leopard Dog Breed Information & Pictures (Catahoula Cur, Catahoula Hog Dog) 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.terrificpets.com [Source type: General]

A single lion or tiger is capable of killing an adult leopard. .Leopards have adapted to live alongside these other predators by hunting at different times of the day, and by avoiding areas frequented by them.^ Other readers have reported that the problem also occurs with VMware Fusion, only with Leopard, with different VPN clients.
  • Special Report: VPN tips and reports with Leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.macwindows.com [Source type: General]

^ Living Area: The Catahoula Leopard dog breed is best suited to the country, or to living on a farm in order to run and explore during the day.
  • Catahoula Leopard Dog Breed Information & Pictures (Catahoula Cur, Catahoula Hog Dog) 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.terrificpets.com [Source type: General]

^ Among these "new" features are a time slider, auto zoom, and the ability to display the DVD player application on top of other windows.
  • Paul Thurrott's SuperSite for Windows: Apple Mac OS X 10.5 'Leopard' Review 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.winsupersite.com [Source type: General]

.In search of safety, the leopard will often stash its young or a recent kill high up in a tree.^ If you do a lot of searches in Mail in Snow Leopard and often want to get to a message's parent folder, this is one easy way to do just that.
  • Snow Leopard | ITworld 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.itworld.com [Source type: General]

^ Because of their high intelligence, the Catahoula Leopard is often trying to learn new things and will be curious about their environment.
  • Catahoula Leopard Dog Breed Information & Pictures (Catahoula Cur, Catahoula Hog Dog) 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.terrificpets.com [Source type: General]

^ It's been described up here on this blog several times, and it afflicts some users of Leopard, more often those with PPC machines.
  • Tim Cole's InDesign BackChannel: InDesign & Leopard: UPDATE III 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC blogs.adobe.com [Source type: General]

Lions are occasionally successful in climbing trees and fetching leopard kills,[43] and if motivated, an adult tiger might also scale a tree to acquire food.
.Nowell and Jackson note that resource portioning occurs where the leopard shares range with the lion or tiger: the leopard tends to take smaller prey (usually less than 75 kg) where its large feline cousins are present.^ I have installed 23 leopards in the last few weeks and EVERYONE is happier than when they were on Tiger.
  • Rant: I want you to die, Leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.crunchgear.com [Source type: General]

^ Two changes I noticed almost immediately: take a snapshot of a section of the screen and the item is saved with a name other than the usual Picture 1 – that’s a welcome fix.
  • Leopard | hertenberger.co.za 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC hertenberger.co.za [Source type: General]

^ In Tiger, it would usually take 5-10 seconds to load all the widgets.
  • How to Change the World: Top Ten Leopard Tips 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC blog.guykawasaki.com [Source type: General]

[17] .One tropical forest study suggests that leopards do not always avoid the larger cats by hunting at different times.^ Tried installing different software, using Leopards own Network pane, adjusting settings here and there, as suggested by people.
  • Special Report: VPN tips and reports with Leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.macwindows.com [Source type: General]

^ I didn't find one; instead I found a suggestion to upgrade to the latest version (what, so that it could deactivate itself immediately upon Leopard's launch?
  • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

.With relatively abundant prey, tigers and leopards were seen to successfully coexist without competitive exclusion or inter-species dominance hierarchies that may be more common to the savanna.^ It may be because I upgraded to Leopard over an existing Tiger installation and had to reinstall the VPN client after the install.
  • Special Report: VPN tips and reports with Leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.macwindows.com [Source type: General]

^ With all of these personality features in mind, some more mild-mannered dog owners may not be a good fit for the Catahoula Leopard.
  • Catahoula Leopard Dog Breed Information & Pictures (Catahoula Cur, Catahoula Hog Dog) 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.terrificpets.com [Source type: General]

[44]

Hybrids

Pumapard, 1904
.A pumapard is a hybrid animal resulting from a union between a leopard and a puma.^ Canada will also buy 100 Leopard 2A4 tanks, as a result of a government-to-government agreement between the Netherlands and Canadian governments.
  • Main Battle Tank - Leopard 2 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.fprado.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Three sets of these hybrids were bred in the late 1890s and early 1900s by Carl Hagenbeck at his animal park in Hamburg, Germany. Most did not reach adulthood. One of these was purchased in 1898 by Berlin Zoo. A similar hybrid in Berlin Zoo purchased from Hagenbeck was a cross between a male leopard and a female puma. Hamburg Zoo's specimen was the reverse pairing, the one in the black and white photo, fathered by a puma bred to an Indian leopardess.[45] Whether born to a female puma mated to a male leopard, or to a male puma mated to a female leopard, pumapards inherit a form of dwarfism. Those reported grew to only half the size of the parents. .They have a puma-like long body (proportional to the limbs, but nevertheless shorter than either parent), but short legs.^ They adhere to a loose, old Apple API that was intended more for uses like TextExtras than Inquisitor.
  • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

^ Apple's actions make it look like they care more about getting new customers with the iPhone than their existing primary customer base with the Mac.
  • Apple puts a leash on its Leopard - CNET News 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The coat is variously described as sandy, tawny or greyish with brown, chestnut or faded rosettes.[45]

Leopards and humans

A mosaic depicting Dionysus on a leopard. 4th century BC. Pella, Greece.
.Leopards have been known to humans since prehistory and have featured in the art, mythology and folklore of many countries where they have historically occurred, such as ancient Greece, Persia and Rome, as well as some where they have not existed since for several millennia, such as England.^ This problem occurred sporadically since I installed leopard.
  • Tim Cole's InDesign BackChannel: InDesign & Leopard: UPDATE III 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC blogs.adobe.com [Source type: General]

^ They would be insurmountable in that we're not going to be releasing patches for those versions to fix any problems that exist with Leopard.
  • Tim Cole's InDesign BackChannel: InDesign & Leopard: UPDATE III 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC blogs.adobe.com [Source type: General]

^ The system can be used to test the fire control components of a wide cross section of combat vehicles, including the M48 and Leopard 1 as well as Greece's newly acquired Leopard 2.
  • Main Battle Tank - Leopard 2 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.fprado.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The modern use of the leopard as an emblem for sport or a coat of arms is much more restricted to Africa, though numerous products worldwide have used the name.^ After internally calling early versions Puma and Cheetah, Apple started using Jaguar as the product name for Mac OS X 10.2, followed by Panther (10.3) and Tiger (10.4).
  • Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard FAQ 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.macintouch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Posted by: MattyG on November 5, 2007 1:47 PM I simply refuse to upgrade to Leopard until I can use all of my Unsanity products.
  • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

^ Short of going back to Tiger and waiting for the Leopard update with the fix before reinstalling it again, there's not much more I can recommend.
  • Tim Cole's InDesign BackChannel: InDesign & Leopard: UPDATE III 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC blogs.adobe.com [Source type: General]

.Leopard domestication has also been recorded – several leopards were kept in a menagerie established by King John at the Tower of London in the 13th century; in around 1235 three of these animals were given to Henry III by the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II.^ An alternative improvement program was initiated, divided into three stages, and known as KWS I, KWS II, and KWS III (the Roman numerals do not denote chronological order).
  • Main Battle Tank - Leopard 2 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.fprado.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46]

Heraldry

Coat of arms of the German state of Baden-Württemberg
.The lion passant guardant or leopard is a frequently used charge in heraldry, most commonly appearing in groups of three.^ Apple also claims that the Leopard VPN client has "increased compatibility with the most widely used VPN servers on the Internet."
  • Special Report: VPN tips and reports with Leopard 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.macwindows.com [Source type: General]

^ I use most of Unsanity's haxies, and I miss them in Leopard.
  • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

^ Posted by: Daryn on October 28, 2007 6:29 PM I use most of Unsanity's haxies, and I miss them in Leopard.
  • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

[47] .The heraldric leopard lacks spots and sports a mane, making it visually almost identical to the heraldric lion, and the two are often used interchangeably.^ Intel Macs refuse to install Leopard on an APM disk, so, if you want to do this, you have two choices: Install Leopard using a PowerPC-based Mac, or clone the Leopard installation from a GPT disk to an APM disk (e.g.
  • Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard FAQ 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.macintouch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These traditional lion passant guardants appear in the coat of arms of England and many of its former colonies; more modern naturalistic (leopard-like) depictions appear on the coat of arms of several African nations including Benin, Malawi, Somalia, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Gabon which uses a black panther.^ Modern composite (Chobham) armor may be several times more efficient against Chemical Energy than RHA of the same thickness.
  • Main Battle Tank - Leopard 2 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.fprado.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Apple, like Microsoft with Windows Vista, promised more than it delivered with Leopard, and even went so far as to promise secret new features that never materialized.
  • Paul Thurrott's SuperSite for Windows: Apple Mac OS X 10.5 'Leopard' Review 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.winsupersite.com [Source type: General]

^ Of course, Boot Camp, like so many Leopard features, has actually been around for a while, this time as a free beta for Tiger.
  • Paul Thurrott's SuperSite for Windows: Apple Mac OS X 10.5 'Leopard' Review 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.winsupersite.com [Source type: General]

[48]

Tourism

A female leopard in the Sabi Sands of South Africa near a game vehicle
.Park reserves in several countries operate wildlife touring programs that allow visitors to observe leopards in their natural habitat.^ This allows the crew of the LEOPARD 2 PSO to defend themselves on all sides, and to observe and open fire on upper stores of urban buildings.
  • Main Battle Tank - Leopard 2 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.fprado.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Sabi Sands Private Game Reserve in South Africa is one such establishment that offers safari ventures. .Sri Lanka offers two leopard habitats, Yala National Park and Wilpattu National Park, where wildlife tours are available.^ FileMaker 9/FileMaker 9 Advanced A Version 9.0v3 updater is available to address the two known Leopard issues (including Instant Web Publishing).
  • Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard: Software Incompatibilities 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.macintouch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Four forward and two reverse gears are available through a torque converter, enabling the Leopard 2 to turn on the spot if required.
  • Main Battle Tank - Leopard 2 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.fprado.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In India, leopards can be seen in the Madhya Pradesh and Uttarakhand national parks.
.While luxury establishments may boast the fact that wild animals can be seen at close range on a daily basis, the leopard’s camouflage and propensity to hide and stalk pray make leopard sighting rare.^ Passive protection: - The Leopard 2 A4 configuration with the main and secondary sights are closed with new armor-modules.
  • Main Battle Tank - Leopard 2 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.fprado.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ My boyfriend, who deals with graphics and advertising on a daily basis, has set his eyes on updating to Leopard.
  • How to Change the World: Top Ten Leopard Tips 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC blog.guykawasaki.com [Source type: General]

[49] For example, in Sri Lanka’s Yala National Park, leopards have been ranked by visitors to be among the least visible of all animals in the park despite the high concentration of leopards in the park reserve.[50]

Man-eating

The Panar Leopard, shot by Jim Corbett in 1910 after killing 400 people
.While most leopards avoid humans, they may occasionally be targeted as prey.^ Search for Application Enhancer files (which may have been installed by other programs) and eliminate them to avoid the possibility of the Leopard " blue screen of death ".
  • Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard FAQ 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.macintouch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most healthy leopards prefer wild prey to humans, but injured, sickly or struggling cats with a shortage of regular prey may resort to hunting humans and become habituated to it.^ Leopard provides a neat interface (in the Sharing preference pane, under the File Sharing service) to choose which folders or volumes to share, and to set which users may access and modify files.
  • How to Change the World: Top Ten Leopard Tips 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC blog.guykawasaki.com [Source type: General]

.Two extreme cases occurred in India: the first leopard, dubbed "the Leopard of Rudraprayag", may have killed over 125 people; the second, dubbed the "Panar Leopard", was believed to have killed more than 400, after injury by a poacher made it unable to hunt normal prey.^ Aside from the iPhone, however, there's some evidence that Leopard might have been more buggy than Apple is letting on.
  • Apple puts a leash on its Leopard - CNET News 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lentigines are the most prominent manifestation of the LEOPARD syndrome and are present in more than 90% of the patients; however, an absence of the feature does not exclude the diagnosis of the syndrome.
  • LEOPARD Syndrome: eMedicine Dermatology 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Apple made a very public commitment to the iPhone, and while sales may slow on their computer due to the delayed upgrade, a poor release could kill the iPhone forever.
  • Apple puts a leash on its Leopard - CNET News 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[51][52] Both creatures were in turn killed by the hunter Jim Corbett.[53] .Man-eating leopards are considered bold by feline standards and may enter human settlements for prey, more so than lions and tigers.^ Is Leopard significantly faster than Tiger?
  • Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard FAQ 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.macintouch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aside from the iPhone, however, there's some evidence that Leopard might have been more buggy than Apple is letting on.
  • Apple puts a leash on its Leopard - CNET News 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Modern composite (Chobham) armor may be several times more efficient against Chemical Energy than RHA of the same thickness.
  • Main Battle Tank - Leopard 2 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.fprado.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[54] Kenneth Anderson, who had first hand experience with many man-eating leopards, described them as far more threatening than tigers:
.
Although examples of such animals are comparatively rare, when they do occur they depict the panther [leopard] as an engine of destruction quite equal to his far larger cousin, the tiger.^ But the previous beta versions should have pointed out such bugs quite clearly, didn't they ?
  • Tim Cole's InDesign BackChannel: InDesign & Leopard: UPDATE III 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC blogs.adobe.com [Source type: General]

^ It seems quite ODD that they are willing to communicate such news (see the post by Machiavelligz above) to individuals but not to a group of anxious and loyal former clients.
  • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

^ Unlike Tiger and earlier versions of Mac OS X, printers in Leopard do not automatically quit when done.
  • Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard FAQ 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.macintouch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Because of his smaller size he can conceal himself in places impossible to a tiger, his need for water is far less, and in veritable demoniac cunning and daring, coupled with the uncanny sense of self preservation and stealthy disappearance when danger threatens, he has no equal...
—Kenneth Anderson, Nine Man-Eaters and One Rogue, Chapter II The Spotted Devil of Gummalapur

Notes

  1. ^ Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds), ed (2005). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/browse.asp?id=14000250. 
  2. ^ a b c d Breitenmoser, U., Breitenmoser-Wursten, C., Henschel, P. & Hunter, L. (2008). Panthera pardus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 9 October 2008.
  3. ^ "Mammal: Leopard". Zoological Society of San Diego. http://www.sandiegozoo.org/animalbytes/t-leopard.html. Retrieved 13 February 2010. 
  4. ^ a b ""Leopard"". Online Etymology Dictionary. Douglas Harper. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=leopard. Retrieved 2007-11-30. 
  5. ^ Monier-Williams, et al. p.647
  6. ^ (Latin) Linnaeus, C (1758). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. (Editio decima, reformata. ed.). Holmiae. (Laurentii Salvii).. http://dz1.gdz-cms.de/index.php?id=img&no_cache=1&IDDOC=265100. 
  7. ^ Monier-Williams et al. p.616
  8. ^ Monier-Williams et al. p.631
  9. ^ a b c d Johnson, W.E., Eizirik, E., Pecon-Slattery, J., Murphy, W.J., Antunes, A., Teeling, E. & O'Brien, S.J. (2006). "The Late Miocene radiation of modern Felidae: A genetic assessment.". Science 311 (5757): 73–77. doi:10.1126/science.1122277. PMID 16400146. 
  10. ^ Turner, A. (1987). "New fossil carnivore remains from the Sterkfontein hominid site (Mammalia: Carnivora)". Annals of the Transvaal Museum 34: 319–347. ISSN 0041-1752. 
  11. ^ Yu L & Zhang YP (2005). "Phylogenetic studies of pantherine cats (Felidae) based on multiple genes, with novel application of nuclear beta-fibrinogen intron 7 to carnivores" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 35 (2): 483–495. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2005.01.017. PMID 15804417. http://202.203.208.84/SCI/2005SCI/2005/Li%20Yu%EF%BC%882005M.P.E).pdf. 
  12. ^ Wozencraft, W. C. (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds). ed. Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 548. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3. 
  13. ^ Bininda-Emonds, Olaf R.P.; Decker-Flum, Denise M.; et al. (2001). "The utility of chemical signals as phylogenetic characters: an example from the Felidae" (PDF). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 72: 1–15. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2001.tb01297.x. http://www.personal.uni-jena.de/~b6biol2/Publications/FatCats.pdf. Retrieved 2008-06-07. 
  14. ^ a b c Uphyrkina, O.; Johnson, E.W.; et al. (November 2001). "Phylogenetics, genome diversity and origin of modern leopard, Panthera pardus". Molecular Ecology 10 (11): 2617–2633. doi:10.1046/j.0962-1083.2001.01350.x. PMID 11883877. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/links/doi/10.1046/j.0962-1083.2001.01350.x?cookieSet=1. Retrieved 2008-08-06. 
  15. ^ a b c d Miththapala, Sriyanie; Seidensticker, John; O'Brien, Stephen J. (August 1996). "Phylogeographic Subspecies Recognition in Leopards (P. pardus): Molecular Genetic Variation.". Conservation Biology 10 (4): 1115–1132. doi:10.1046/j.1523-1739.1996.10041115.x. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/links/doi/10.1046/j.1523-1739.1996.10041115.x. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  16. ^ a b Animal bytes Mammals: Leopards San Diego Zoo. Accessed 6 March 2010.
  17. ^ a b c d e Nowell, K.; Jackson, P. eds. (1996). Wild Cats. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. (see Panthera Pardus, pp. 24 – 29.)
  18. ^ a b "Leopard". African Wildlife Foundation. http://www.awf.org/content/wildlife/detail/leopard. Retrieved 2007-09-21. 
  19. ^ a b Kindersley, Dorling (2001,2005). Animal. New York City: DK Publishing. ISBN 0-7894-7764-5. 
  20. ^ a b Eizirik, Eduardo; Yuhki, Naoya; et al. (May 2003). "Molecular genetics and evolution of melanism in the cat family". Current Biology 13 (5): 448–453. doi:10.1016/S0960-9822(03)00128-3. PMID 12620197. http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=14600002. Retrieved 2008-06-07. 
  21. ^ a b Sunquist, Fiona (Dec/Jan 2007). "Malaysian Mystery Leopards". National Wildlife Magazine 45 (1). http://www.nwf.org/nationalwildlife/printerFriendly.cfm?issueID=112&articleID=1413. Retrieved 2008-06-07. 
  22. ^ "Melanism in Felines". Wildlife of Ethiopia. Biological Society of Ethiopia. April 2001. 
  23. ^ Gamble, Cyndi; Rodney Griffiths (2004). Leopards: Natural History & Conservation. Voyageur Press. ISBN 0896586561. 
  24. ^ a b c d Hartwell, S.. "Mutant leopards". Messybeast.com. Britain. http://www.messybeast.com/genetics/mutant-leopards.html. Retrieved 20 February 2010. 
  25. ^ a b Bies, LeeAnn. "Panthera pardus". Animal Diversity Website. University of Michigan. http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Panthera_pardus.html. Retrieved 6 June 2008. 
  26. ^ a b "Animal bytes – Panthera pardus". Sea World. http://www.seaworld.org/animal-info/Animal-bytes/animalia/eumetazoa/coelomates/deuterostomes/chordata/craniata/mammalia/carnivora/leopard.htm. Retrieved 6 June 2008. 
  27. ^ Estes, R. (1991). The Behavior Guide to African Mammals, Including Hoofed Mammals, Carnivores, Primates Los Angeles, The University of California Press.
  28. ^ Schaller, p. 290
  29. ^ a b Schaller, p. 291
  30. ^ JBNHS Vol. 104(2), Food habits of Leopard (Panthera Pardus Fusca) Dhole (Cuon Alpinus) and striped Hyena (Hyaena Hyaena) in a tropical dry thorn forest of Southern India, C. Arivazhagan, R. Arumugam and K. Thiyagesan, Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Karnataka, India, Indian Institute of Science Field station, Masinagudi, The Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, India, Department of Zoology, A.V.C. College, Mannampandal, Mayiladuthurai, Tamil Nadu, India.
  31. ^ Johnson, Kenneth G.; Weng, Wei; et al. (August 1993). "Food Habits of Asiatic Leopards (Panthera pardus fusea) in Wolong Reserve, Sichuan, China". Journal of Mammalogy 74 (3): 646–650. doi:10.2307/1382285. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1382285. Retrieved 2008-06-13. 
  32. ^ Hayward, M. W.; Henschel, P.; et al. (October 2006). "Prey preferences of the leopard (Panthera pardus)". Journal of Zoology 270 (2): 298–313. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.2006.00139.x. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2006.00139.x. Retrieved 2007-09-13. 
  33. ^ Sadleir R (1966). "Notes on the Reproduction of the larger Felidae". Int. Zoo Yearbook: Vol 6. London: Zool. Soc. London. pp. 184–87. 
  34. ^ "Leopard". wildcatconservation.org. 2008. http://www.wildcatconservation.org/Leopard_(Panthera_pardus).html. Retrieved 6 June 2008. 
  35. ^ "Leopard (Pantehra pardus); Physical characteristics and distribution". http://brainmuseum.org/Specimens/carnivora/leopard/index.html. Retrieved 7 June 2008. 
  36. ^ Crandall, L (1964). The management of wild animals in captivity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 
  37. ^ a b Marker, L. L.; Dickman, A. J. (March 2005). "Factors affecting leopard (Panthera pardus) spatial ecology, with particular reference to Namibian farmlands" (PDF). South African Journal of Wildlife Research 35 (2). http://www.cheetah.org/ama/orig/leopard.pdf. Retrieved 2007-09-13. 
  38. ^ Mizutani, F.; Jewell, P. A. (1998). "Home-range and movements of leopards (Panthera pardus) on a livestock ranch in Kenya". Journal of Zoology 244: 269–286. doi:10.1017/S0952836998002118. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=40975. Retrieved 2007-09-13. 
  39. ^ Odden, Morten; Wegge, Per (2005). "Spacing and activity patterns of leopards Panthera pardus in the Royal Bardia National Park, Nepal". Wildlife Biology 11: 145–152. doi:10.2981/0909-6396(2005)11[145:SAAPOL2.0.CO;2]. http://www.bioone.org/perlserv/?request=get-document&doi=10.2981%2F0909-6396(2005)11%5B145%3ASAAPOL%5D2.0.CO%3B2. Retrieved 2007-09-13. 
  40. ^ a b Jenny, D. (November 1996). "Spatial organization of leopards Panthera pardus in Tai National Park, Ivory Coast: Is rainforest habitat a "tropical haven"?". Journal of Zoology 240 (3): 427–440. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.1996.tb05296.x. http://md1.csa.com/partners/viewrecord.php?requester=gs&collection=ENV&recid=4026878&q=Panthera+pardus+habitat&uid=1040057&setcookie=yes. Retrieved 2007-09-13. 
  41. ^ Hunter, Luke; Balme, Guy; et al. (2003). "The landscape ecology of leopards (Panthera pardus) in northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: A preliminary project report." (PDF). Ecological Journal 5: 24–30. http://www.biolsci.monash.edu.au/research/leopards/docs/ecojournal-2003.pdf. Retrieved 2007-09-16. 
  42. ^ Jenny, David; Zuberbühler, Klaus (September 2005). "Hunting behaviour in West African forest leopards". African Journal of Ecology 43 (3): 197–200. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2028.2005.00565.x. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2005.00565.x. Retrieved 2008-05-23. 
  43. ^ Schaller, p. 293
  44. ^ Karanth, K. Ullas; Sunquist, Melvin E. (2000). "Behavioural correlates of predation by tiger (Panthera tigris), leopard (Panthera pardus) and dhole (Cuon alpinus) in Nagarahole, India". Journal of Zoology 250: 255–265. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.2000.tb01076.x. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=40765. Retrieved 2008-06-05. 
  45. ^ a b Jen Stevenson. "Le Pumapard". The Strand. http://media.www.thestrand.ca/media/storage/paper404/news/2005/03/17/Features/Le.Pumapard-891758.shtml. Retrieved 16 June 2008. 
  46. ^ Owen, James (November 3, 2005). "Medieval Lion Skulls Reveal Secrets of Tower of London "Zoo"". National Geographic Magazine. National Geographic. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/11/1103_051103_tower_lions.html. Retrieved 2007-09-05. 
  47. ^ Strickland, Debra Higgs; Debra Hassig (1999). The Mark of the Beast: The Medieval Bestiary in Art, Life, and Literature. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0815329520. 
  48. ^ Pedersen, Christian Fagd (1971). The International Flag Book in Color. Morrow. 
  49. ^ Wines, Michael. (24 Oct. 2004). “In South Africa, It’s All in the Game”. The New York Times.
  50. ^ U.M.I.R.K. Weerasinghe, Dayananda Kariyawasm and Mangala De Zoysa “Ruhuna (Yala) National Park in Sri Lanka: Visitors, Visitation, and Eco-Tourism”. University of Ruhuna
  51. ^ Hart, Donna; Robert W. Sussman (2005). Man the Hunted: Primates, Predators, and Human Evolution. Westview Press. ISBN 0813339367. 
  52. ^ Tougias, p.147
  53. ^ Capstick, Peter Hathaway (1978). Death in the Long Grass. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0312186134. 
  54. ^ Anderson, Kenneth. Nine Man-Eaters and one Rogue, Allen & Unwin Ltd, 1954.

References

  • Allsen, Thomas T. (2007). ."Natural History and Cultural History: The Circulation of Hunting Leopards in Eurasia, Seventh-Seventeenth Centuries". in Mair, Victor H..^ Genotype-phenotype analysis and natural history of left ventricular hypertrophy in LEOPARD syndrome.
    • LEOPARD Syndrome: eMedicine Dermatology 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

    Contact and Exchange in the Ancient World. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press. pp. 116–135. ISBN 9780824828844.
     
  • Khalaf-von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2005). The Arabian Leopard (Panthera pardus nimr). Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 42, June 2005. pp. 1–8. (in German).
  • Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2006). The Chinese leopard (Panthera pardus japonensis, Gray 1862) in Neunkirchen Zoo, Neunkirchen, Saarland, Germany. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 60, December 2006. pp. 1–10.
  • Monier-Williams, Sir Monier; Prof. E. Leumann, Ph.D., Prof. C. Cappeller, Ph.D., et al. (1976). A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. Delhi: Banarsidass. ISBN 0842602860. .http://web.archive.org/web/20080109145112/http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/mwview/index.php?sfx=jpg.^ Please keep an eye on our official lines of communication (website - http://www.unsanity.com, blog - http://www.unsanity.org, newsletters - http://www.unsanity.com/list, etc.
    • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

    ^ ID=5665698#5665698 http://www.macfixit.com/article.php?story=200710261517596#comments .
    • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Yesterday, I saw a web site to sell this, it’s website is http://www.allfreeship.com.i want to know who used it,tell me ok?
    • Load OSX 10.5 Leopard on the eeePC 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC uneasysilence.com [Source type: General]

    .Retrieved 2007-11-30.
     
  • Schaller, George B. (1972).^ Posted by: Cierán on December 30, 2007 5:11 PM After gently encouraging, I am now pretty bitter.
    • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Posted by: Martin on December 30, 2007 11:40 PM I just upgraded to Leopard, but I should have read this before...
    • Unsanity.org: Leopard! 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.unsanity.org [Source type: General]

    The Serengeti Lion. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226736393. 
  • DeRuiter, D. J.; Berger, L. R. (2000). "Leopards as Taphonomic Agents in dolomitic Caves—Implications for bone Accumulations in the Hominid-bearing Deposits of South Africa". Journal of Archaeological Science 27 (8): 665–684. doi:10.1006/jasc.1999.0470. 
  • Taylor, Peter (2005). Beyond Conservation: A Wildland Strategy. Earthscan. ISBN 1844071979. 
  • Tougias, Michael (2007). When Man Is the Prey: True Stories of Animals Attacking Humans. Macmillan. ISBN 0312373007. 

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also leopard

German

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Leopard
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Panthera pardus close up.jpg

Noun

Leopard m. (genitive Leoparden, plural Leoparden), female Leopardin f.
  1. leopard

Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki

(Heb. namer, so called because spotted, .Song 4:8), was that great spotted feline which anciently infested the mountains of Syria, more appropriately called a panther (Felis pardus).^ A black form, in which the ground colour, as well as the spots, is black, is widely known as the black panther; it is more common in the Far East than in other parts of the range of the leopard.
  • leopard (mammal) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Black leopards, which appear to be almost solid in color because their spots are hard to distinguish, are commonly called black panthers.

^ By some the panther (Felis pardus) is regarded as a variety of leopard.

Its fierceness (Isa 11:6), its watching for its prey (Jer 5:6), its swiftness (Hab 1:8), and the spots of its skin (Jer 13:23), are noticed. .This word is used symbolically (Dan 7:6; Rev 13:2).^ This word is used symbolically (Dan.
  • Leopard Definition | Definition of Leopard at Dictionary.com 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: General]

This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.
what mentions this? (please help by turning references to this page into wiki links)
This article needs to be merged with LEOPARD (Jewish Encyclopedia).

Simple English

Leopard
Fossil range: Late Pliocene or Early Pleistocene to Recent
File:Leopard
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Panthera
Species: P. pardus
Binomial name
Panthera pardus
Linnaeus, 1758
File:Wiki-Panthera
File:Leopard on the
A Leopard on a tree.

A leopard (Panthera pardus) is a big feline of the genus Panthera. It lives in Africa and Asia.

Contents

Appearance

Leopards generally have yellow fur with dark rosettes and spots, and a lighter colored underside. But there can be a lot of differences in the different leopard subspecies. There are also often leopards who are completely black, those are also called black panthers. Male leopards are about 30% larger than female leopards.[2]

Habitat

Originally the leopard lived in all of Africa (but not in the Sahara) and southern Asia. But today many leopard subspecies, especially in Asia, are endangered, disappearing or dying. The leopard lives in the largest range of all big cats, and because of this it has a lot of different subspecies. Leopards also live in a lot of different environments: rainforests, forests, mountains and savannas.

Life

The leopard is mostly active at night. It can climb very well, and it stays up in trees a lot of its time. It mostly eats middle-big mammals, but also birds, reptiles and insects. Leopards hunt at different times of the day, and they also use different methods for hunting. Most often leopards will secretly move towards their prey and attack it when they are close, or hide and wait for it to come close. After the hunt, leopards often take their prey up on a tree, or sometimes hide it, so that other animals cannot take it away.

Leopards usually live alone and try not to meet another leopard. They only come together to mate. Young leopards leave their mothers after 13 - 18 months.

Leopards mostly eat monkeys, but rodents, reptiles, amphibians, insects, birds and fish are also eaten.[3] Leopards do not usually eat humans, but sometimes leopards that are hurt or sick can eat people when they do not have enough to eat.[4] A leopard in India is believed to have eaten more than 125 people.[5]

Subspecies

There are nine subspecies of leopards recognized today, one in Africa and eight in Asia. They are:

  • African leopard P.p pardus
  • Amur leopard P.p orientalis
  • Arabian leopard P.p nimr
  • Indian leopard P.p fusca
  • Indo Chinese leopard P.p delacouri
  • Javan leopard P.p melas
  • North Chinese leopard P.p japonensis
  • Persian leopard P.p saxicolor
  • Sri Lankan leopard P.p kotiya

References

  1. Cat Specialist Group (2002). Panthera pardus. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 12 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
  2. Kindersley, Dorling (2001, 2005). Animal. New York City: DK Publishing. ISBN 0-7894-7764-5.
  3. Schaller, George B. (1972). The Serengeti Lion. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226736393.
  4. Hart, Donna; Robert W. Sussman (2005). Man the Hunted: Primates, Predators, and Human Evolution. Westview Press. ISBN 0813339367.
  5. Tougias, Michael (2007). When Man Is the Prey: True Stories of Animals Attacking Humans. Macmillan. ISBN 0312373007.

Other websites

Look up Leopard in Wikispecies, a directory of species
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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 25, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Leopard, which are similar to those in the above article.








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