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Leopold II
Prince of Lippe
Leopold II zur Lippe.jpg
Reign 4 April 1802 - 1 January 1851
Born November 6, 1796 (1796-11-06)
Birthplace Detmold
Died January 1, 1851 (1851-02) (aged 54)
Place of death Detmold
Predecessor Leopold I
Successor Leopold III
Consort Emilie of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
Royal House Lippe
Father Leopold I
Mother Pauline of Anhalt-Bernburg

Leopold II, Prince of Lippe (Paul Alexander Leopold; 6 November 1796 - 1 January 1851) was the sovereign of the Principality of Lippe. Succeeding to the throne in 1802 he assumed control of the government in 1820 from his mother who had been acting as regent due to his age at ascension.

Biography

Leopold II was born in Detmold the eldest child of Leopold I the reigning prince of Lippe and his consort Princess Pauline of Anhalt-Bernburg (1769-1820). He succeeded as Prince of Lippe on his fathers death on 4 April 1802. However as he was just six years old his mother Princess Pauline would act as regent until 3 July 1820 when he assumed control of the government.[1] During the regency, his mother had introduced a constitution in 1819 which created an assembly which at the time had more executive powers than any other assembly in Germany.[2]

In 1825 he constructed a Court Theatre. Among those to perform at the theatre were Albert Lortzing and Ludwig Devrient who were employed there from 1826 to 1833.[3]

In the last years of his reign the revolutions of 1848 broke out across all of Germany. Following his death in Detmold he was succeeded on the throne by his eldest son Leopold III.[4]

Marriage and children

Prince Leopold was married in Arnstadt on 23 April 1820 to Princess Emilie of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (1800-1867). They had nine children.

References

  1. ^ Almanach de Gotha (87th ed.). Justus Perthes. 1850. p. 38.  
  2. ^ Knight, Charles (1839). Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. p. 37.  
  3. ^ Gadberry, Glen W (1995). Theatre in the Third Reich, the Prewar Years: Essays on Theatre in Nazi Germany. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 33, 34. ISBN 0313295166.  
  4. ^ "The Gentleman's Magazine". 1851. pp. 335.  
Leopold II, Prince of Lippe
Born: 6 November 1796 Died: 1 January 1851
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Leopold I
Prince of Lippe
1802-1851
Succeeded by
Leopold III
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