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Leopold III
Prince of Lippe
Reign 1 January 1851 - 8 December 1875
Born September 1, 1821 (1821-09)
Birthplace Detmold
Died December 8, 1875 (1875-12-09) (aged 54)
Place of death Detmold
Predecessor Leopold II
Successor Woldemar
Consort Elisabeth of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
Royal House Lippe
Father Leopold II
Mother Emilie of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen

Leopold III, Prince of Lippe (Paul Friedrich Emil Leopold 1 September 1821 - 8 December 1875) was the sovereign of the Principality of Lippe reigning from 1851 until his death.


Early life and ascension

Leopold III was born in Detmold the eldest child of Leopold II, the reigning prince of Lippe and his consort Princess Emilie of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (1800-1867). Being the heir apparent to the throne from birth he had the title Hereditary Prince.

He succeeded as Prince of Lippe on 1 January 1851 following the death of his father.[1] A year after succeeding to the throne Leopold was married on 17 April 1852 in Rudolstadt to Princess Elisabeth of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (1833-1896) the daughter of Prince Albert of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.


In 1854 Leopold issued two sovereign edicts. The first on 9 March placed the Catholic Church on an equal footing with the state Calvinist religion. The second six days later on 15 March was to grant the same status to the Lutherans.[2]

Lippe went through various changes during his reign. At his ascension the principality was a member of the German Confederation, and Leopold supported Prussia during the Austro-Prussian War of 1866. Following the war and the dissolution of the German Confederation, Lippe joined the North German Confederation on its creation in 1867. Lippe would then remain a member of the North German Confederation until the creation of the German Empire in 1871 following the Franco-Prussian War.

Prince Leopold was one of the main promoters of the creation of the Hermann monument in the Teutoburg Forest which was opened by the German Emperor William I in the summer of 1875.[1] A few months after the unveiling of the monument Leopold died in Detmold. As he was childless his brother Woldemar succeeded him as Prince of Lippe.

The composer Johannes Brahms was a member of the prince's household between 1857 and 1859 as a conductor and music teacher to his sister Princess Friederike.



  1. ^ a b "Obituary. Prince Leopold II of Lippe-Detmold.". New York Times. 1875-12-10. p. 4.  
  2. ^ "Lippe". The Catholic Encyclopedia. 1913. pp. 276.  
Leopold III, Prince of Lippe
Born: 1 September 1821 Died: 8 December 1875
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Leopold II
Prince of Lippe
Succeeded by


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