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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Duke Leopold III of Austria (November 1, 1351 – July 9, 1386) from the Habsburg family, was Duke of Austria from 1365 to 1379, and Duke of Styria and Carinthia (Inner Austria) in 1365–1386.


Born in Vienna, Leopold was a younger son of Duke Albert II, and younger brother of the Dukes Rudolf IV the Founder and Albert III. His mother, Johanna of Pfirt, was 51 when she gave birth to him and died shortly after. He first was the administrator of Tyrol, and was jointly charged with the rule of the Habsburg lands with Albert after Rudolf's death. However, by the Treaty of Neuberg of September 9, 1379, he became the exclusive ruler of Styria (including Wiener Neustadt), Carinthia, Carniola, the Windish March, Gorizia, the Habsburgs' possessions in Friuli, Tyrol and Further Austria. In 1368 he acquired Freiburg im Breisgau, in 1375 Feldkirch and in 1382 Trieste.

However, his attempts to expand his position in Switzerland and Swabia failed, when he died in the Battle of Sempach in 1386.

Family and children

He was married 23 February 1365 to Viridis Visconti (1352–1414), second eldest daughter of Barnabò Visconti, Lord of Milan and Beatrice Regina della Scala, and had the following children:

  1. William
  2. Leopold
  3. Ernest the Iron
  4. Frederick
  5. Elisabeth (1378–1392)
  6. Katharina (1385–?) Abbess of St. Klara in Wien

He was succeeded by his eldest son William. Other sons included Leopold, future Duke of Further Austria, Ernest the Iron, future Duke of Inner Austria, and Frederick, future Duke of Further Austria.

Preceded by
Rudolf IV
Duke of Austria
with Albert III
Succeeded by
Albert III of Austria
Duke of Styria
with Albert III (1365–1379)
Succeeded by
Leopold IV
Duke of Carinthia
with Albert III (1365–1379)
Count of Tyrol
with Albert III (1365–1379)


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