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Lerner Newspapers
Type Weekly newspapers, community journalism
Format Broadsheet
Owner Leo Lerner (founding owner)
Founded 1926
Ceased publication 2005
Headquarters Chicago

Lerner Newspapers was once the largest chain of weekly newspapers in the world. Founded by Leo Lerner, the chain was a force in community journalism in Chicago from 1926 to 2005.[1]

In its heyday, Lerner published 54 weekly and semi-weekly editions on the North and Northwest sides of Chicago and in suburban Cook, Lake and DuPage counties, with a circulation of some 300,000.[1] Editions included the Booster, Citizen, Life, News, News-Star, Skyline, Star, Times and Voice.[2]

Contents

Overview

The Lerner papers focused on community news and local issues, including a widely read police blotter, but also featured localized sections devoted to arts and entertainment, food, lifestyles and high-school and neighborhood sports, like "hyper-local" versions of daily newspapers.

At one time, the chain had its own printing plant at its headquarters in Chicago's Rogers Park neighborhood[3] and a network of satellite offices across the city and suburbs.

Journalists who got their start at Lerner include the late Mike Royko, Crain's Chicago Business columnist Greg Hinz, Chicago Sun-Times columnists Bill Zwecker and Robert Feder, sportscaster Bruce Wolf, novelist Bill Brashler, syndicated columnist Robert C. Koehler and Queer Eye for the Straight Guy personality Ted Allen.[1]

History

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Beginnings

Leo Lerner founded his namesake chain in 1926 with the Lincoln-Belmont Booster, turning it from a shopper to a real newspaper.

From 1924-28, Lerner worked in editorial positions on the Morton Grove News, the North Side Sunday Citizen and the Lincoln Belmont Booster. He then became a partner of A. O. Caplan in the management of the 16 Myers Newspapers, with a combined circulation of 219,000.[4].

By 1958, Lerner was president of a growing group of newspapers, including the Myers Publishing Co., the Lincoln Belmont Publishing Co., the Times Home Newspapers (J. L. Johnson Publishing Co.) and the Neighbor Press of Chicago.[4]

Decline and fall

After the deaths of Leo Lerner and his son and successor, Louis, the Lerner family sold the chain to Pulitzer Publishing, publishers of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, in 1985.[5] When it bought the chain of 52 weeklies for $9.1 million, Pulitzer hoped to win readers and advertising dollars from the Chicago Tribune and Chicago Sun-Times in the same way that the Suburban Journal weeklies were weakening the Post-Dispatch. Pulitzer planned to increase Lerner's combined circulation of about 300,000 to compete in the Chicago newspaper market, but the recession of the early 1990s eroded the chain's advertising base, over half of which was help-wanted classified ads, and the chain was unsuccessful in winning automotive and real estate ads away from the dailies.[6]

The sole weekly group in Pulitzer's stable, Lerner was left to founder. Pulitzer closed and merged many of its editions, until only 15 were left. Circulation had plummeted from 300,000 in 1985 to 100,000 by 1992. In 1992, Pulitzer was on the brink of shutting down the Lerner papers but, at the last minute, with final editions set in type, sold the chain's assets to Sunstates Corp. for a reported $4 million.[6]

Sunstates, an investment firm led by Clyde Engle, was in the business of buying moribund companies for tricky financial operations.[7] Under Sunstates, which owned a mixed bag of companies such as an insurance firm,[8] a chocolate factory,[9] a furniture factory[10] and an apple orchard,[11] but had never before run newspapers, the Lerner chain continued to erode while Sunstates managers constrained journalists to keep 9-to-5 hours and ordered senior newspaper staff to cook doughnuts and pick apples after orchard workers walked out.

In 2000, in a surreptitious arrangement that came to be known as the "Lerner Exchange,"[12] Sunstates sold the chain to a company fronted by Canadian press baron Conrad Black, who resold it to Hollinger International. This and other illegal maneuvers by Black and sidekick David Radler, Sun-Times publisher, ultimately led to their conviction on fraud charges when they were found to have looted millions from the company.[13]

Amid Hollinger reorganization (ultimately to the Sun-Times Media Group) in the wake of the scandal, the company merged Lerner Newspapers into its longtime suburban rival, Pioneer Press, in 2005. Pioneer management quickly dropped the now-embarrassing Lerner name and killed all Lerner's suburban editions. Pioneer continued to print a handful of city of Chicago newspapers with the old nameplates — the Booster, News-Star, Skyline and Times — converting them from broadsheet to tabloid, until January 2008, when the company announced it was pulling out of urban publishing entirely. At the last moment, the Booster, News-Star and Skyline titles were sold to the Wednesday Journal, another Chicago-area weekly group.[14][15]

In March 2009, the Wednesday Journal announced that it was dropping the News-Star and the Booster, along with the Bucktown/Wicker Park edition of the Chicago Journal (into which a Booster edition had been merged).[16] Although reduced to operating from his home, Ron Roenigk, the publisher of Inside Publications, said he would be buying the two former Lerner nameplates, largely to get their legal advertising.[17]

Editions

Booster

Leo Lerner launched his empire with the 1926 purchase of the Lincoln-Belmont Booster. In 2005, Pioneer Press sold The Booster to the Wednesday Journal, which resold it in 2008 to Inside Publications.

The Booster covered various North Side neighborhoods, including Avondale, Irving Park, Lake View, Lincoln-Belmont, Lincoln Park, Logan-Armitage, North Center, Roscoe Village and Sheridan Center.[2] The Wednesday Journal-published editions covered Lake View, North Center and Roscoe Village.[16]

Royko had his start at the Lincoln-Belmont Booster.[18]

Citizen

Founded as the Ravenswood Citizen, and dating back until at least 1905, the Citizen was acquired by Lerner in the late 1920s and folded into other editions in 1930.[2]

Life

The Life newspapers ran from the 1920s through 2005, beginning with a Rogers Park edition, and later expanding into covering Chicago's northern suburbs, including, at various times, Buffalo Grove, Deerfield, Des Plaines, Evanston, Ft. Sheridan, Glenview, Highland Park, Highwood, Lake County, Lake Forest, Lincolnwood, Morton Grove, Niles, Niles Township, Northbrook, Skokie and Wheeling.[2]

Pulitzer shut down most of the Life editions in the 1980s. When Pioneer Press folded the papers in 2005, editions covered Lincolnwood, Morton Grove, Niles and Skokie.

News-Star

Beginning as separate News and Star editions, later combined, the News-Star (also called the News and Star Budget[19]) covered the Far North Side. In 2005, Pioneer Press sold the nameplate to the Wednesday Journal, which resold it in 2008 to Inside Publications.

Communities covered by the various versions included Albany Park, Edgewater, Lake View, Lincoln Square, North Park, North Town, Ravenswood, Rogers Park, Sauganash and Uptown.[2] The Wednesday Journal-published editions covered Edgewater, Ravenswood, Rogers Park and Uptown.[16]

Skyline

Launched by Lerner in the 1960s, the Skyline covered the Gold Coast, Lincoln Park, the Loop and the Near North Side, with an emphasis on society gossip. The Skyline was the only Lerner paper not to cover school sports. In 2005, Pioneer Press sold the nameplate to the Wednesday Journal, which continues to publish it, covering the Gold Coast, Lincoln Park, Old Town and River North.[16]

Queer Eye's Allen was a Skyline reporter.

Times

Acquired in the 1950s, and also called the New Times[19] and the Times Home Newspapers,[4][19] the Times editions covered the Northwest Side and near-west suburbs, including the city neighborhoods Albany Park, Belmont-Cragin, Dunning, Edison Park, Edgebrook, Harlem-Foster, Harlem-Irving, Higgins-Oriole, Jefferson Park, Logan Square, Mayfair, Montrose, O'Hare, Norwood Park and Portage Park and suburban areas including Elmwood Park, Franklin Park, Harwood Heights, Norridge, Northlake, River Grove, Schiller Park and Leyden and Proviso townships.[2]

At the time Pioneer Press took over and folded the papers in 2005, the Times covered Edison Park, Jefferson Park, Norwood Park and Portage Park in the city and the suburban communities of Elmwood Park, Harwood Heights, Norridge and River Grove.

Voice

Sometimes called the Voice and Advisor Register,[19] the original Voice editions covered Chicago's northwest suburbs, including Addison, Bartlett, Bensenville, Bloomingdale, DuPage County, Elk Grove Village, Glendale Heights, Hanover Park, Hoffman Estates, Itasca, Medinah, Roselle, Rosemont, Schaumburg, Streamwood and Wood Dale.[2][19]

Pulitzer shut the original Voice down in 1990.

In the mid-1990s, Sunstates reused the Voice name for a small, short-lived group of north suburban tabloids, launched as shoppers, and then expanded into regular editions covering community news and features, with longtime Chicago journalist Leah A. Zeldes as managing editor. The tabloids covered Glenview, Northbrook and Park Ridge.[19]

Journalists

Prominent journalists who worked for Lerner Newspapers include:

See also

Illinois Newspaper Project

Newspapers of the Chicago metropolitan area

References

  1. ^ a b c "Lerner Newspapers". Chicago Tribune. 2005-02-17. http://dimbeautyofchicago.blogspot.com/2007/08/lerner-newspapers.html. Retrieved 2008-11-17.  
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Internet archive: Chicago Public Library holdings
  3. ^ Forgotten Chicago
  4. ^ a b c Leo A. Lerner, papers at Syracuse University
  5. ^ Thomson Financial Mergers & Acquisitions
  6. ^ a b Funding Universe
  7. ^ "Cases and Codes". FindLaw. http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/cgi-bin/getcase.pl?court=7th&navby=case&no=961929. Retrieved 2008-11-17.  
  8. ^ "Sunstates Corp/DE - 8-K". SEC Info. 1996-12-24. http://www.secinfo.com/d354x.8e.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-17.  
  9. ^ "ROCKY MOUNTAIN CHOCOLATE FACTORY INC - RMCF Proxy Statement (definitive) (DEF 14A) ITEM 1. ELECTION OF DIRECTORS". EDGAR. 2005-06-22. http://sec.edgar-online.com/2005/06/22/0001035704-05-000301/Section5.asp. Retrieved 2008-11-17.  
  10. ^ "Sunstates Corp/DE - DEF 14C". SEC Info. 1998-07-21. http://www.secinfo.com/d354x.7b.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-17.  
  11. ^ "Sunstates Corp/DE - 10-K". SEC Info. 1994-12-31. http://www.secinfo.com/d354x.a4.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-17.  
  12. ^ "Hollinger International Inc - 8-K - EX-99.2". SEC Info. 2004-08-30. http://www.secinfo.com/dsvr4.1A52.c.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-17.  
  13. ^ Farrell, Greg (2007-12-10). "Conrad Black sentenced to 6 years in prison". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/money/media/2007-12-10-black-sentencing_N.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-17.  
  14. ^ "News Bites". Chicago Reader Blogs. 2008-01-24. http://blogs.chicagoreader.com/news-bites/2008/01/24/wednesday-journal-buying-three-pioneer-press-paper/. Retrieved 2008-11-17.  
  15. ^ "Saved by the Sell". Chicago Reader. 2008-02-28. http://www.chicagoreader.com/features/stories/hottype/080228//. Retrieved 2009-02-22.  
  16. ^ a b c d "Chicago Journal keeping 2 weekly newspapers, selling 2, closing 1", Chicago Journal, March 5, 2009
  17. ^ Wednesday Journal Inc. dropping three Chicago papers, March 5, 2009
  18. ^ St. James Encyclopedia of Pop Culture
  19. ^ a b c d e f Illinois Newspaper Project
  20. ^ Daily Herald | Editor known for her caring ways "She worked as a reporter and copy editor for Lerner Newspapers before joining the Daily Herald in 1993."

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