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Oxeye daisy
White Ox-eye daisy flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Leucanthemum
Species: L. vulgare
Binomial name
Leucanthemum vulgare
Lam.

The oxeye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare, syn. Chrysanthemum leucanthemum), also known as the marguerite, is a widespread flowering plant native to Europe and the temperate regions of Asia. It is one of a number of plants to be called by the common name daisy. It is also sometimes called moon daisy or dog daisy.

Contents

Growth

Ox-Eye Daisy.jpg

It is a perennial prostrate herb with small flower head (not larger than 5 cm) that consists of about 20 white ray flowers and numerous yellow disc flowers, growing on the end of the stem. The stem is mostly unbranched and sprouts laterally from a creeping rootstock.

The leaves are dark green on both sides. The basal and middle leaves are petiolate, obovate to spoon-shaped, and serrate to dentate. The upper leaves are shorter, sessile, and borne along the stem.

It produces an abundant number of flat seeds without pappus. It spreads also vegetatively by rooting underground stems.

The oxeye daisy is a typical meadow flower, growing in a variety of plant communities such as dry fields and meadows, but also under scrubs, open-canopy forests, and waste places. It thrives in a wide range of conditions and prefers heavy and damp soils. It was introduced in parts of North America, Australia, and New Zealand, where it is now a common weed displacing native plant species in some areas. It is difficult to control or eradicate, since a new plant can regenerate from rhizome fragments. However, in North Carolina, it is planted on roadsides by the highway department.[1]

Uses

The un-opened buds can be marinated and used in a similar way to capers [2]

He loves me, he loves me not

The game "He loves me, he loves me not" (effeuiller la marguerite in French) is associated with this flower.

References

  1. ^ "Wildflowers Find Favor With Highway Gardeners" article by Felicity Barringer in the New York Times August 29, 2007
  2. ^ Ox-eye Daisy Capers at Forbes wild foods. Retrieved December 12, 2006.

See also

External links

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Leucanthemum vulgare

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids II
Ordo: Asterales
Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Anthemideae
Genus: Leucanthemum
Species: Leucanthemum vulgare

Name

Leucanthemum vulgare Lam.

References

  • Fl. franç. 2:137. 1779 ("1778")
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]

Vernacular names

English: Oxeye daisy
ქართული: მინდვრის გვირილა
Русский: Нивяник обыкновенный
Suomi: Päivänkakkara
Svenska: Prästkrage
Türkçe: Beyaz ay papatyası
中文: 法蘭西菊
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Leucanthemum vulgare on Wikimedia Commons.

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