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Charles Lutwidge Dodgson
tinted monochrome 3/4-length photo portrait of seated Dodgson holding a book
Born 27 January 1832(1832-01-27)
Daresbury, Cheshire, England
Died 14 January 1898 (aged 65)
Guildford, Surrey, England
Pen name Lewis Carroll
Occupation Author, mathematician, Anglican clergyman, photographer
Nationality British
Genres Children's literature, fantasy literature, poetry, literary nonsense
Notable work(s) Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Through the Looking-Glass, "The Hunting of the Snark", "Jabberwocky"
.Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (pronounced /ˈdɒdsən/, DOD-sən; 27 January 1832 – 14 January 1898), better known by the pseudonym Lewis Carroll (/ˈkærəl/, KAH-rəl), was an English author, mathematician, logician, Anglican deacon and a photographer.^ Lewis Carroll, photographe victorien.
  • Lewis Carroll - Publicity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ Poet Home :: Poetry :: Short Stories :: Contact :: Charles Lutwidge Dodgson ("Lewis Carroll") – believed to be a self-portrait Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (IPA: [ˈdɒdsən] ) (January 27, 1832 – January 14, 1898), better known by the pen name Lewis Carroll , was an English author, mathematician, logician, Anglican clergyman and photographer.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He died on 14 January 1898.
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His most famous writings are Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its sequel Through the Looking-Glass, as well as the poems "The Hunting of the Snark" and "Jabberwocky", all examples of the genre of literary nonsense.^ (It has tenuous connections, mainly in vocabulary, with the famous poem "Jabberwocky" in Through the Looking Glass .
  • Great Science-Fiction & Fantasy Works: Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC greatsfandf.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Only $ 29.95 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland; Through the Looking Glass; and 'The Hunting of the Snark Read more.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll | Borders 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.borders.com.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His most famous writings are Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its sequel Through the Looking-Glass as well as the poems " The Hunting of the Snark " and "Jabberwocky", all examples of the genre of literary nonsense .
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.He is noted for his facility at word play, logic, and fantasy, and there are societies dedicated to the enjoyment and promotion of his works and the investigation of his life in many parts of the world, including the United Kingdom, Japan, the United States, and New Zealand.^ There are societies dedicated to the enjoyment and promotion of Lewis Carroll's works in many parts of the world including North America, Japan, the United Kingdom and New Zealand.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ He is noted for his facility at word play , logic, and fantasy , and there are societies dedicated to the enjoyment and promotion of his works and the investigation of his life in many parts of the world including the United States, Japan, the United Kingdom, and New Zealand.
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^ There are societies dedicated to the enjoyment and promotion of his works and the investigation of his life in many parts of the world including North America, Japan, the United Kingdom, and New Zealand.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

Antecedents

.Dodgson's family was predominantly northern English, with Irish connections.^ Dodgson's family was predominantly northern English, with Irish connections.
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^ Dodgson's family was predominantly northern English, with some Irish connections.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What is deemed most crucial and surprising is that the document seems to imply Dodgson's break with the family was not connected with Alice at all.
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.Conservative and High Church Anglican, most of Dodgson's ancestors were army officers or Church of England clergymen.^ Conservative and High Church Anglican, most of Dodgson's ancestors were army officers or Church of England clergymen.
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^ Conservative and High Church Anglican, most of Dodgson's ancestors belonged to the two traditional English upper-middle class professions: the army and the Church.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Young Charles' father was an active and highly conservative clergyman of the Anglican church who involved himself, sometimes influentially, in the intense religious disputes that were dividing the Anglican church.
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.His great-grandfather, also Charles Dodgson, had risen through the ranks of the church to become a bishop.^ His great-grandfather, also Charles Dodgson, had risen through the ranks of the church to become a preacher.
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^ His great-grandfather, also Charles Dodgson, had risen through the ranks of the church to become a bishop; his grandfather, another Charles, had been an army captain, killed in action in 1803 while his two sons were hardly more than babies.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ In it he reconciles his role as Lewis Carroll, author of a famous fairy tale, and Charles Dodgson, deacon and lecturer at Christ Church.
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His grandfather, another Charles, had been an army captain, killed in action in 1803 when his two sons were hardly more than babies.^ His grandfather, another Charles, had been an army captain, killed in action in 1803 when his two sons were hardly more than babies.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His great-grandfather, also Charles Dodgson, had risen through the ranks of the church to become a bishop; his grandfather, another Charles, had been an army captain, killed in action in 1803 while his two sons were hardly more than babies.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Captain Dodgson left two sons behind him--Hassard, who, after a brilliant career as a special pleader, became a Master of the Court of Common Pleas, and Charles, the father of the subject of this Memoir.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.His mother's name was Frances Jane Lutwidge.^ His mother's name was Frances Jane Lutwidge.
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^ His pen-name Lewis Carroll derived from his real name - Carroll (or Carolus) is the Latin for Charles, and Lewis is a form of Lutwidge, his middle name and mother's maiden name.
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^ His mother (Frances Jane Lutwidge) and father (Charles Dodgson) were first cousins, and unusually religious.
  • Lewis Carroll - Poems and Biography by Poetry Connection 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryconnection.net [Source type: General]

[1]
.The elder of these sons — yet another Charles — was Carroll's father.^ The elder of these sons – yet another Charles – was Carroll's father.
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^ The elder of these sons—yet another Charles—was Carroll's father.
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^ His grandfather, another Charles, had been an army captain, killed in action in 1803 when his two sons were hardly more than babies.
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.He reverted to the other family business and took holy orders.^ The elder of these, yet another Charles, reverted to the other family business and took holy orders.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ He reverted to the other family business and took holy orders .
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^ The elder of theseyet another Charlesreverted to the other family business and took holy orders.
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.He went to Rugby School, and thence to Christ Church, Oxford.^ Letter to my child-friend, Margaret Cunnynghame, Christ Church, Oxford; January 30th 1868.
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^ "OBJECTIONS, SUBMITTED TO THE GOVERNING BODY of 1873 Christ Church, Oxford, against certain proposed alterations in the Great Quadrangle."
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was a distinguished scholar, and took a double first at Christ Church, Oxford.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.He was mathematically gifted and won a double first degree, which could have been the prelude to a brilliant academic career.^ He was mathematically gifted and won a double first degree, which could have been the prelude to a brilliant academic career.
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^ He was mathematically gifted and won a double first degree which could have been the prelude to a brilliant academic career.
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  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]
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^ He was mathematically brilliant and won an astonishing double first which could have been, but turned out not to be, the prelude to a brilliant career.
  • Lewis Carroll - Biography, Works, and Message Board 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: Original source]

.Instead he married his first cousin in 1827 and became a country parson.^ Instead he married his first cousin in 1827 and retired into obscurity as a country parson.
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  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]
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^ Instead he married his first cousin in 1827 and became a country parson.
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[2]
.Young Charles' father was an active and highly conservative clergyman of the Anglican church who involved himself, sometimes influentially, in the intense religious disputes that were dividing the Anglican church.^ Young Charles' father was an active and highly conservative clergyman of the Anglican church who involved himself, sometimes influentially, in the intense religious disputes that were dividing the Anglican church.
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^ His mother (Frances Jane Lutwidge) and father (Charles Dodgson) were first cousins, and unusually religious.
  • Lewis Carroll - Poems and Biography by Poetry Connection 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryconnection.net [Source type: General]

^ Dodgson senior made some progress through the ranks of the church: he published some sermons, translated Tertullian, became an Archdeacon of Ripon Cathedral, and involved himself, sometimes influentially, in the intense religious disputes that were dividing the Anglican church.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He was High Church, inclining to Anglo-Catholicism, an admirer of Newman and the Tractarian movement, and did his best to instill such views in his children.^ He was High Church, inclining to Anglo-Catholicism, an admirer of Newman and the Tractarian movement, and he did his best to instill such views in his children.
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^ He was High Church, inclining to Anglo-Catholicism , an admirer of Newman and the Tractarian movement, and he did his best to instill such views in his children.
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^ He was High Church, inclining to Anglo-Catholicism, an admirer of Newman and the Tractarian movement, and he did his best to instil such views in his children.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.Young Charles, however, was to develop an ambiguous relationship with his father's values and with the Anglican church as a whole.^ Young Charles, however, was to develop an ambiguous relationship with his father's values and with the Anglican church as a whole.
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^ Young Charles' father was an active and highly conservative clergyman of the Anglican church who involved himself, sometimes influentially, in the intense religious disputes that were dividing the Anglican church.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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[3]
.Dodgson was born in the little parsonage of Daresbury near Warrington, Cheshire, the oldest boy but already the third child of the four-and-a-half-year-old marriage.^ Young Charles was born in the little parsonage of Daresbury in Warrington, Cheshire, the oldest boy but already the third child of the four-and-a-half year old marriage.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Young Charles was born in the little parsonage of Daresbury in Cheshire, the oldest boy but already the third child of the four-and-a-half year old marriage.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was born in the old parsonage at Daresbury.
  • Lewis Carroll (British author) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Eight more were to follow.^ Eight more were to follow.
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^ Eight more were to follow and, remarkably for the time, all of them – seven girls and four boys (including Edwin H. Dodgson) – survived into adulthood.
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^ Eight more were to follow and, remarkably for the time, all of them, seven girls and four boys, survived into adulthood.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.When Charles was 11, his father was given the living of Croft-on-Tees in North Yorkshire, and the whole family moved to the spacious Rectory.^ When Charles was 11, his father was given the living of Croft-on-Tees in north Yorkshire, and the whole family moved to the spacious Rectory.
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^ When Charles was 11, his father was given the living of Croft-on-Tees in North Yorkshire, and the whole family moved to the spacious Rectory.
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^ When Charles was 11 his father was given the living of Croft-on-Tees in north Yorkshire, and the whole family moved to the spacious Rectory.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.This remained their home for the next twenty-five years.^ This remained their home for the next twenty-five years.
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^ This remained their home for the next 25 years.
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  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Over the remaining twenty years of his life, throughout his growing wealth and fame, his existence remained little changed.
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Education

Rugby

.During his early youth, young Dodgson was educated at home.^ In the early years young Charles was educated at home.
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^ During the earlier times in his life, young Dodgson was educated at home.
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^ In his early years, young Dodgson was educated at home.
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.His "reading lists" preserved in the family testify to a precocious intellect: at the age of seven the child was reading The Pilgrim's Progress.^ His "reading lists" preserved in the family testify to a precocious intellect: at the age of seven the child was reading The Pilgrim's Progress.
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  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ His "reading lists" preserved in the family testify to a precocious intellect: at the age of seven the child was reading The Pilgrim's Progress .
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.He also suffered from a stammer — a condition shared by his siblings — that often influenced his social life throughout his years.^ He also suffered from a stammer—a condition shared by his siblings—that often influenced his social life throughout his years.
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^ Charles also suffered from another disability, a stutter that often influenced his social life throughout his years.
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  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ He also suffered from a stammer – a condition shared by his siblings – that often influenced his social life throughout his years.
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.At twelve he was sent away to a small private school at nearby Richmond (now part of Richmond School), where he appears to have been happy and settled.^ At twelve he was sent away to a small private school at nearby Richmond, where he appears to have been happy and settled.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Lewis Carroll - Biography, Works, and Message Board 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At twelve he was sent away to a small private school at nearby Richmond (now part of Richmond School ), where he appears to have been happy and settled.
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^ Also, the wealthy sent their children to prestigious private schools, and others simply enrolled in the free public schools, and governesses were still common as well.
  • ENG 463 Lewis Carroll - WolfWikis 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC wikis.lib.ncsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

But in 1846, young Dodgson moved on to Rugby School, where he was evidently less happy, for as he wrote some years after leaving the place:
I cannot say ... that any earthly considerations would induce me to go through my three years again ... .I can honestly say that if I could have been ...^ I can honestly say that if I could have been ...
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secure from annoyance at night, the hardships of the daily life would have been comparative trifles to bear
.[4]
.Scholastically, though, he excelled with apparent ease.^ Scholastically, though, he excelled with apparent ease.
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."I have not had a more promising boy his age since I came to Rugby", observed R.B. Mayor, the Mathematics master.^ "I have not had a more promising boy his age since I came to Rugby" observed R.B. Mayor, the Mathematics master.
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^ "I have not had a more promising boy his age since I came to Rugby" observed R.B. Mayor, the Maths master.
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^ The Mr. Mayor who is mentioned in this letter formed a very high opinion of his pupil's ability, for in 1848 he wrote to Archdeacon Dodgson: "I have not had a more promising boy at his age since I came to Rugby."
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

[4]

Oxford

.He left Rugby at the end of 1849 and, after an interval that remains unexplained, went on in January 1851 to Oxford, attending his father's old college, Christ Church.^ He left Rugby at the end of 1849 and, after an interval which remains unexplained, went on in January 1851 to Oxford, attending his father's old college, Christ Church.
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^ Christ Church, Oxford, _Dec_.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1850 he was accepted at Oxford, and went up in January 1851 to Christ Church, the largest college, where he was to spend the rest of his life.
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.He had been at Oxford only two days when he received a summons home.^ He had only been at Oxford two days when he received a summons home.
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  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A day or two after the first call came a note saying that he would be taking Isa home before long, and if we would like to see her he would stop on the way again.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.His mother had died of "inflammation of the brain" — perhaps meningitis or a stroke — at the age of forty-seven.^ His mother had died of "inflammation of the brain" perhaps meningitis or a stroke at the age of forty-seven.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ His mother had died of "inflammation of the brain" – perhaps meningitis or a stroke – at the age of forty-seven.
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^ His mother had died of "inflammation of the brain"perhaps meningitis or a strokeat the age of forty-seven.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2]
.His early academic career veered between high promise and irresistible distraction.^ His early academic career veered between high-octane promise and irresistible distraction.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His early academic career veered between high promise and irresistible distraction.
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.He did not always work hard, but was exceptionally gifted and so achievement came easily to him.^ He may not always have worked hard, but he was exceptionally gifted and achievement came easily to him.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]
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.In 1852 he received a First in Honour Moderations and was shortly thereafter nominated to a Studentship by his father's old friend, Canon Edward Pusey.^ In 1852 he received a first in Honour Moderations, and shortly after he was nominated to a Studentship, by his father's old friend Canon Edward Pusey.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1852 he received a First in Honour Moderations and was shortly thereafter nominated to a Studentship, by his father's old friend Canon Edward Pusey .
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^ The following year he received a first in Honour Moderations, and shortly after he was nominated to a Studentship (the Christ Church equivalent of a fellowship), by his father's old friend Canon Edward Pusey.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.However, a little later he failed an important scholarship through his self-confessed inability to apply himself to study.^ However, a little later he failed an important scholarship through his self-confessed inability to apply himself to study.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ Although Dodgson himself later denied that his "little heroine" was based on any real child, [3] he is widely assumed to have derived his own "Alice" from Alice Liddell.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, it does make the point that boys played an important part in Dodgsons photographic opus, and helps to lay the myth that he only liked little girls.

.Even so, his talent as a mathematician won him the Christ Church Mathematical Lectureship, which he continued to hold for the next twenty-six years.^ Through his own laziness, he failed an important scholarship, but still his clear brilliance as a mathematician won him the Christ Church Mathematical Lectureship, which he continued to hold for the next 26 years.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Lewis Carroll - Biography, Works, and Message Board 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Even so, his talent as a mathematician won him the Christ Church Mathematical Lectureship, which he continued to hold for the next twenty-six years.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ He was a successful scholar, got a distinguished degree in mathematics at Christ Church, and became senior student and lecturer there in 1885.
  • Alice in Wonderland; Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC html.rincondelvago.com [Source type: Original source]

.The income was good, but the work bored him.^ The income was good, but the work bored him.
  • Lewis Carroll - Biography, Works, and Message Board 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ The income was good, but the work bored him and his stammer hampered him.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ His work bore good fruit, for in October he obtained First Class Honours in the Final Mathematical School.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many of his pupils were older and richer than he was, and almost all of them were uninterested.^ Many of his pupils were older and richer than he was, and almost all of them were uninterested.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many of his pupils were stupid, older than him, richer than him, and almost all of them were uninterested.
  • Lewis Carroll - Biography, Works, and Message Board 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, despite early unhappiness, Dodgson was to remain at Christ Church, in various capacities, until his death.^ He continued to teach at Christ Church until 1881, and remained in residence there until his death.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ However, despite early unhappiness, Dodgson was to remain at Christ Church, in various capacities, until his death.
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^ It is undisputed that throughout his growing wealth and fame, he continued to teach at Christ Church until 1881 , and that he remained in residence there until his death.
  • Lewis Carroll - Biography, Works, and Message Board 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: Original source]

[5]

Character and appearance

Health challenges

.The young adult Charles Dodgson was about six feet tall, slender, and deemed attractive, with curling brown hair and blue or grey eyes (depending on the account).^ The young adult Charles Dodgson was about six feet tall, slender and deemed attractive, with curling brown hair and blue or grey eyes (depending on the account).
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^ The young adult Charles Dodgson was about six feet tall, slender and handsome, with curling brown hair and blue eyes.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The young adult Charles Dodgson was about six foot tall, slender and handsome in a soft-focused dreamy sort of way, with curling brown hair and blue eyes.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Lewis Carroll - Biography, Works, and Message Board 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.He was described in later life as somewhat asymmetrical, and as carrying himself rather stiffly and awkwardly, though this may be on account of a knee injury sustained in middle age.^ He was described in later life as somewhat asymmetrical, or as carrying himself rather stiffly and awkwardly, though this may be on account of a knee injury sustained in middle age.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was described in later life as somewhat asymmetrical, and as carrying himself rather stiffly and awkwardly, though this may be on account of a knee injury sustained in middle age.
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^ At the age of seventeen, he suffered a severe attack of whooping cough, which was probably responsible for his chronically weak chest in later life.
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.As a very young child, he suffered a fever that left him deaf in one ear.^ As a very young child, he suffered a fever that left him deaf in one ear.
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^ At the unusually late age of seventeen, he suffered a severe attack of whooping cough which left him with poor hearing in his right ear and was probably responsible for his chronically weak chest in later life.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ At the age of seventeen, he suffered a severe attack of whooping cough which left him with poor hearing in his right ear and was probably responsible for his chronically weak chest in later life.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the age of seventeen, he suffered a severe attack of whooping cough, which was probably responsible for his chronically weak chest in later life.^ At the age of seventeen, he suffered a severe attack of whooping cough, which was probably responsible for his chronically weak chest in later life.
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^ At the unusually late age of seventeen, he suffered a severe attack of whooping cough which left him with poor hearing in his right ear and was probably responsible for his chronically weak chest in later life.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ At the age of seventeen, he suffered a severe attack of whooping cough which left him with poor hearing in his right ear and was probably responsible for his chronically weak chest in later life.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Another defect he carried into adulthood was what he referred to as his "hesitation", a stammer he acquired in early childhood and which plagued him throughout his life.^ The only overt defect he carried into adulthood was what he referred to as his "hesitation" a stammer he had acquired in early childhood and which was to plague him throughout his entire life.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Another defect he carried into adulthood was what he referred to as his "hesitation", a stammer he acquired in early childhood and which plagued him throughout his life.
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^ The only overt defect he carried into adulthood was what he referred to as his "hesitation", a stammer he acquired in early childhood and which plagued him throughout his life.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6]
.The stammer has always been a potent part of the conceptions of Dodgson; it is part of the belief that he stammered only in adult company and was free and fluent with children, but there is no evidence to support this idea.^ The stammer has always been a potent part of the myth.
  • Lewis Carroll - Biography, Works, and Message Board 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ It is part of the mythology that Carroll only stammered in adult company, and was free and fluent with children, but there is nothing to support this idea.
  • Lewis Carroll - Biography, Works, and Message Board 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no factual evidence to support a suggestion that he smoked cannabis.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7] .Many children of his acquaintance remembered the stammer while many adults failed to notice it.^ Many children of his acquaintance remembered the stammer; many adults failed to notice it.
  • Lewis Carroll - Biography, Works, and Message Board 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many children of his acquaintance remembered the stammer while many adults failed to notice it.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • � Lewis Carroll Data �"; 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is part of the mythology that Carroll only stammered in adult company, and was free and fluent with children, but there is nothing to support this idea.
  • Lewis Carroll - Biography, Works, and Message Board 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: Original source]

.Dodgson himself seems to have been far more acutely aware of it than most people he met; it is said he caricatured himself as the Dodo in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, referring to his difficulty in pronouncing his last name, but this is one of the many "facts" often-repeated, for which no firsthand evidence remains.^ Dodgson himself was far more acutely aware of it than most people he met; he caracatured himself as 'the Dodo' in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland ,referring to his difficulty in pronouncing his last name.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ But this was more than Alice had courage to do.
  • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

^ To this last, Alice reacts more with a fit of pique than with fear.

.He did indeed refer to himself as the dodo, but that this was a reference to his stammer is simply speculation.^ He did indeed refer to himself as the dodo, but that this was a reference to his stammer is simply speculation.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5]
.Although Dodgson's stammer troubled him, it was never so debilitating that it prevented him from applying his other personal qualities to do well in society.^ Although Dodgson's stammer troubled him, it was never so debilitating that it prevented him from applying his other personal qualities to do well in society.
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^ Although his stammer troubled him -- even obsessed him sometimes -- it was never bad enough to stop him using his other qualities to do well in society.
  • Lewis Carroll - Biography, Works, and Message Board 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although his stammer troubled him, even obsessed him sometimes, it was never bad enough to stop him using his other qualities to do well in society.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.At a time when people commonly devised their own amusements and when singing and recitation were required social skills, the young Dodgson was well-equipped to be an engaging entertainer.^ At a time when people devised their own amusements and singing and recitation were required social skills, the young Dodgson was well-equipped as an engaging entertainer.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ At a time when people commonly devised their own amusements and when singing and recitation were required social skills, the young Dodgson was well-equipped to be an engaging entertainer.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ The illustrations this time were by Sir John Tenniel; Dodgson evidently realised that a published book would need the skills of a professional artist.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.He reportedly could sing tolerably well and was not afraid to do so before an audience.^ He reportedly could sing tolerably well and was not afraid to do so before an audience.
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^ He could sing tolerably well and was not afraid to do so before an audience.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He could sing tolerably well and was not afraid to do so in front of an audience.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Lewis Carroll - Biography, Works, and Message Board 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.He was adept at mimicry and storytelling, and was reputedly quite good at charades.^ He was reputedly quite good at charades.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

[6]

Social connections

.In the interim between his early published writing and the success of the Alice books Dodgson began to move in the Pre-Raphaelite social circle.^ In the interim between his early published writing and the success of the Alice books, he began to move in the Pre-Raphaelite social circle.
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^ In the interim between his early published writing and the success of Alice, he began to move in the Pre-Raphaelite social circle.
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  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ This is a reprint (with additional material) of the book edited by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood first published in 1899 under the title of The Lewis Carroll Picture Book.
  • Gresham College | Lectures and Events 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.gresham.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He first met John Ruskin in 1857 and became friendly with him.^ He first met John Ruskin in 1857 and became friendly with him.
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  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ In October he made the acquaintance of John Ruskin, who in after years was always willing to assist him with his valuable advice on any point of artistic criticism.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.He developed a close relationship with Dante Gabriel Rossetti and his family, and also knew William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais, and Arthur Hughes, among other artists.^ Dodgson developed a close relationship with the Dante Gabriel Rossetti and his family, and also knew William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais and Arthur Hughes among other artists.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ He developed a close relationship with Dante Gabriel Rossetti and his family, and also knew William Holman Hunt , John Everett Millais , and Arthur Hughes among other artists.
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^ During the most productive part of his career, he made portraits of notable sitters such as John Everett Millais, Ellen Terry , Dante Gabriel Rossetti , Julia Margaret Cameron, Michael Faraday and Alfred, Lord Tennyson .
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.He also knew the fairy-tale author George MacDonald well — it was the enthusiastic reception of Alice by the young MacDonald children that convinced him to submit the work for publication.^ He also knew the fairy-tale author George MacDonald well - it was the enthusiastic reception of "Alice" by the young MacDonald daughters that convinced him to submit the work for publication.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ He also knew the fairy-tale author George MacDonald well—it was the enthusiastic reception of Alice by the young MacDonald children that convinced him to submit the work for publication.
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^ He also knew the fairy-tale author George MacDonald well — it was the enthusiastic reception of Alice by the young MacDonald children that convinced him to submit the work for publication.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6][8]

Artistic activities

Literature

.From a young age, Dodgson wrote poetry and short stories, both contributing heavily to the family magazine Mischmasch and later sending them to various magazines, enjoying moderate success.^ During this time Dodgson wrote a series of magazines to entertain his family.
  • Lewis Carroll Centenary, 1998 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC warlight.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From a young age, Dodgson wrote poetry and short stories, sending them to various magazines and enjoying moderate success.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During his writing career, Carroll wrote poetry and short stories, sending them to various magazines and enjoying moderate success.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.Between 1854 and 1856, his work appeared in the national publications, The Comic Times and The Train, as well as smaller magazines like the Whitby Gazette and the Oxford Critic.^ Between 1854 and 1856, his work appeared in the national publications, The Comic Times and The Train , as well as smaller magazines like the Whitby Gazette and the Oxford Critic .
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Between 1854 and 1856, his work appeared in the national publications, The Comic Times and The Train, as well as smaller magazines like the Whitby Gazette and the Oxford Critic.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Beginning in 1854 with two anonymous contributions to the Oxonian Advertiser , he published a wide variety of fiction, nonfiction, and poetry in newspapers and magazines, including the Whitby Gazette , the Comic Times , the Oxford Critic , the Illustrated London News , College Rhymes , Strand Magazine , All the Year Round , Aunt Judy's Magazine , Oxford University Herald , Pall Mall Gazette , and the Monthly Packet .
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most of this output was humorous, sometimes satirical, but his standards and ambitions were exacting.^ Most of this output was humorous, sometimes satirical , but his standards and ambitions were exacting.
  • � Lewis Carroll Data �"; 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of this output was humorous, sometimes satirical, but his standards and ambitions were exacting.
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^ Most of his output was humorous, sometimes satirical.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

"I do not think I have yet written anything worthy of real publication (in which I do not include the Whitby Gazette or the Oxonian Advertiser), but I do not despair of doing so some day," he wrote in July 1855.[6]
.In 1856 he published his first piece of work under the name that would make him famous.^ In 1856 he published his first piece of work under the name that would make him famous.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Lewis Carroll - Biography, Works, and Message Board 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]
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^ After the possible alternative titles Alice Among the Fairies and Alice's Golden Hour were rejected, the work was finally published as Alice's Adventures in Wonderland in 1865 , under the pen-name Dodgson had first used some nine years earlier -- Lewis Carroll.
  • Lewis Carroll - Biography, Works, and Message Board 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After the possible alternative titles Alice Among the Fairies and Alice's Golden Hour were rejected, the work was finally published as Alice's Adventures in Wonderland in 1865 under the Lewis Carroll pen-name Dodgson had first used some nine years earlier.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.A romantic poem called "Solitude" appeared in The Train under the authorship of "Lewis Carroll."^ A very predictable little romantic poem called " Solitude " appeared in The Train under the authorship of 'Lewis Carroll'.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ A romantic poem called "Solitude" appeared in The Train under the authorship of "Lewis Carroll."
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^ A very predictable little romantic poem called "Solitude" appeared in The Train under the authorship of "Lewis Carroll".
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.This pseudonym was a play on his real name; Lewis was the anglicised form of Ludovicus, which was the Latin for Lutwidge, and Carroll an Irish surname similar to the Latin name Carolus, from which the name Charles comes.^ This pseudonym was a play on his real name; Lewis was the anglicised form of Ludovicus , which was the Latin for Lutwidge , and Carroll being an anglicised version of Carolus , the Latin for Charles .
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lewis Carroll is the pseudonym of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson.

^ The first two were formed from the letters of his two Christian names, Charles Lutwidge; the others are merely variant forms of those names--Lewis = Ludovicus = Lutwidge; Carroll = Carolus = Charles.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

[2]

Alice

"The chief difficulty Alice found at first was in managing her flamingo"
.In the same year, 1856, a new Dean, Henry Liddell, arrived at Christ Church, bringing with him his young family, all of whom would figure largely in Dodgson's life and, over the following years, greatly influence his writing career.^ In the same year, 1856, a new Dean, Henry Liddell, arrived at Christ Church , bringing with him his young family, all of whom would figure largely in Dodgson's life and, over the following years, greatly influence his writing career.
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^ In the same year, a new Dean arrived at Christ Church, Henry Liddell , bringing with him a young wife and children, all of whom would figure largely in Dodgson's life over the following years.
  • Lewis Carroll - Biography, Works, and Message Board 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the same year, a new Dean, Henry Liddell, arrived at Christ Church, bringing with him a young wife and children, all of whom would figure largely in Dodgson's life over the following years.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.Dodgson became close friends with Liddell's wife, Lorina, and their children, particularly the three sisters: Lorina, Edith and Alice Liddell.^ Dodgson became close friends with Liddell's wife, Lorina, and their children, particularly the three sisters: Lorina, Edith and Alice Liddell.
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^ He became close friends with the mother and the children, particularly the three sisters Lorina, Alice and Edith.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Before this, the family of friend and mentor George MacDonald read Dodgson's incomplete manuscript, and the enthusiasm of the MacDonald children encouraged Dodgson to seek publication.
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.He was for many years widely assumed to have derived his own "Alice" from Alice Liddell.^ He was for many years widely assumed to have derived his own "Alice" from Alice Liddell.
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^ Six years later he told the Liddell children, after a boating party, the story of Alice's adventures underground , which he wrote down for Alice.
  • Alice in Wonderland; Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC html.rincondelvago.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass have inspired many musical pieces over the years, something on the order of 300 or so.

.This was given some apparent substance by the fact the acrostic poem at the end of Through the Looking Glass spells out her name, and that there are many superficial references to her hidden in the text of both books.^ This was given some apparent substance by the fact the acrostic poem at the end of Through the Looking Glass spells out her name, and that there are many superficial references to her hidden in the text of both books.
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^ In addition, there is also an acrostic poem at the end of Through the Looking Glass which supports this view.
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^ There are many such introductions in books.

.Dodgson himself, however, repeatedly denied in later life that his "little heroine" was based on any real child,[9][10] and frequently dedicated his works to girls of his acquaintance, adding their names in acrostic poems at the beginning of the text.^ "The Unreal Alice" and frequently dedicated his works to girls of his acquaintance, adding their names in acrostic poems at the beginning of the text.
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^ Although Dodgson himself later denied that his "little heroine" was based on any real child, [3] he is widely assumed to have derived his own "Alice" from Alice Liddell.
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^ Dodgson himself, however, repeatedly denied in later life that his "little heroine" was based on any real child, Cohen, Morton N. (ed), The Letters of Lewis Carroll , London: Macmillan, 1979.
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.Gertrude Chataway's name appears in this form at the beginning of The Hunting of the Snark, and no one has ever suggested this means any of the characters in the narrative are based on her.^ The very last words of his that appeared in print took the form of a preface to one of Mrs. Allen's tales, "The Lost Plum-Cake," (Macmillan & Co., 1898).
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The narrative voice knows each feeling, movement, and thought of all the characters that appear in the story we are studying.
  • Alice in Wonderland; Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC html.rincondelvago.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The main narrative voice, which is the crux of this story, hands over the voice to the other characters that appear in the novel.
  • Alice in Wonderland; Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC html.rincondelvago.com [Source type: Original source]

[10]
.Though information is scarce (Dodgson's diaries for the years 1858–1862 are missing), it does seem clear that his friendship with the Liddell family was an important part of his life in the late 1850s, and he grew into the habit of taking the children (first the boy, Harry, and later the three girls) on rowing trips to nearby Nuneham Courtenay or Godstow.^ First meets the Liddell family in February.
  • Lewis Carroll Centenary, 1998 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC warlight.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Though information is scarce (Dodgson's diaries for the years 1858-1862 are missing), it does seem clear that his friendship with the family was an important part of his life in the late 1850s, and he grew into the habit of taking the children (first the boy, Harry, and later the three girls) on rowing trips to nearby Nuneham Courtenay or Godstow.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By mid-December 1863 the friendship between Dodgson and the Liddell girls was over.
  • Lewis Carroll Centenary, 1998 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC warlight.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

[11]
.It was on one such expedition, on 4 July 1862, that Dodgson invented the outline of the story that eventually became his first and largest commercial success.^ It was on one such expedition, on 4 July 1862, that Dodgson invented the outline of the story that eventually became his first and largest commercial success.
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^ It was on one such expedition, in 1862, that Dodgson invented the outline of the story that eventually became his first and largest commercial success; the first Alice book.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ It was on one such expedition, in 1862, that Dodgson invented the outline of the story that eventually became his first and largest commercial success the first Alice book.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Having told the story and been begged by Alice Liddell to write it down, Dodgson eventually (after much delay) presented her with a handwritten, illustrated manuscript entitled Alice's Adventures Under Ground in November 1864.[11]
.Before this, the family of friend and mentor George MacDonald read Dodgson's incomplete manuscript, and the enthusiasm of the MacDonald children encouraged Dodgson to seek publication.^ Before this, the family of friend and mentor George MacDonald read Dodgson's incomplete manuscript, and the enthusiasm of the MacDonald children encouraged Dodgson to seek publication.
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^ Cohen further notes that the children's mothers were encouraged to be present, and asks if these precautions were the result of Dodgson "insuring himself against slip-ups."
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^ I know MacDonald and Dodgson were friends and Dodgson photographed the family a number of times, but I guess I am interested in the literary connectionss, > .
  • lewiscarroll : Message: Re: [lewiscarroll] Re: George MacDonald 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC groups.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1863, he had taken the unfinished manuscript to Macmillan the publisher, who liked it immediately.^ Later he took the little book to Macmillan the publisher, who liked it immediately.
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  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1863, he had taken the unfinished manuscript to Macmillan the publisher, who liked it immediately.
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.After the possible alternative titles Alice Among the Fairies and Alice's Golden Hour were rejected, the work was finally published as Alice's Adventures in Wonderland in 1865 under the Lewis Carroll pen name, which Dodgson had first used some nine years earlier.^ Alice, the Fawn in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll ( 2000) .
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Alice's Adventures In Wonderland by Lewis Carroll Only $ 14.95 IN STOCK Dispatched in 24 hours .

^ Dodgsons work on the manuscript of Alices Adventures Under Ground is compelling evidence that the relationship was not over.

[8] .The illustrations this time were by Sir John Tenniel; Dodgson evidently thought that a published book would need the skills of a professional artist.^ The illustrations this time were by Sir John Tenniel; Dodgson evidently realised that a published book would need the skills of a professional artist.
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  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ First and most famous would be Sir John Tenniel.

^ With fifty illustrations by John Tenniel.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.The overwhelming commercial success of the first Alice book changed Dodgson's life in many ways.^ The overwhelming commercial success of the first Alice book changed Dodgson's life in many ways.
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^ This is a reprint (with additional material) of the book edited by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood first published in 1899 under the title of The Lewis Carroll Picture Book.
  • Gresham College | Lectures and Events 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.gresham.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With the immediate, phenomenal success of Alice, the story of the author's life becomes effectively divided in two: the continuing story of Dodgson's real life and the evolving myth surrounding "Lewis Carroll."
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.The fame of his alter ego "Lewis Carroll" soon spread around the world.^ Lewis Carroll materials are in collections around the world.
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The fame of his alter ego "Lewis Carroll" soon spread around the world.
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^ Many wild theories have been woven around the life of Lewis Carroll.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He was inundated with fan mail and with sometimes unwanted attention.^ He was inundated with fan mail and with sometimes unwanted attention.
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.Indeed, according to one popular story that Dodgson denied decades later, Queen Victoria herself enjoyed Alice In Wonderland so much that she suggested he dedicate his next book to her, and was accordingly presented with his next work, a scholarly volume entitled An Elementary Treatise on Determinants.^ Carroll, according to the story, obligingly did so dedicate it, but the work happened to be a mathematical opus (which did not amuse her) entitled An Elementary Treatise on Determinants .
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^ In later years the story went around, which Dodgson firmly denied, that Queen Victoria had been utterly charmed by Alice's adventures in Wonderland ' .
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^ Indeed, according to one popular story that Dodgson denied decades later, Queen Victoria herself enjoyed Alice In Wonderland so much that she suggested he dedicate his next book to her, and was accordingly presented with his next work, a scholarly volume entitled An Elementary Treatise on Determinants .
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[12][13] .He also began earning quite substantial sums of money.^ He also began earning quite substantial sums of money.
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.However, he continued with his seemingly disliked post at Christ Church.^ However, he didn't use this income as a means of abandoning his seemingly disliked post at Christ Church.
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^ He continued to teach at Christ Church until 1881, and remained in residence there until his death.
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^ Even so, his talent as a mathematician won him the Christ Church Mathematical Lectureship, which he continued to hold for the next twenty-six years.
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[8]
.Late in 1871, a sequel — Through the Looking-Glass And What Alice Found There — was published.^ Gratified by the reception of the first story, Carroll wrote to Macmillan in August of the following year that he had an idea for a sequel, eventually titled Through the Looking-Glass, And What Alice Found There .
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, and Through the Looking Glass, and the Hunting of the Snark by Lewis Carroll ( 1982) .
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ (Through the Looking-Glass) .

.(The title page of the first edition erroneously gives "1872" as the date of publication.^ (The title page of the first edition erroneously gives "1872" as the date of publication.
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^ It was published in 1871 (dated 1872), again illustrated by Tenniel, and was perhaps even more inventive than the first book.
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14]) .Its somewhat darker mood possibly reflects the changes in Dodgson's life.^ Its somewhat darker mood possibly reflects the changes in Dodgson's life.
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^ The overwhelming commercial success of the first Alice book changed Dodgson's life in many ways.
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.His father had recently died (1868), plunging him into a depression that lasted some years.^ His father had recently died (1868), plunging him into a depression that lasted some years.
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^ His father had recently died (1868), plunging him into a depression that would last some years.
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^ Dodgson was an inveterate letter-writer - in the last 35 years of his life, he sent and received some 50,000 letters, cataloguing them all.
  • Gresham College | Lectures and Events 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.gresham.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8]

The Hunting of the Snark

.In 1876, Dodgson produced his last great work, The Hunting of the Snark, a fantastical "nonsense" poem, exploring the adventures of a bizarre crew of variously inadequate beings, and one beaver, who set off to find the eponymous creature.^ In 1876, Dodgson produced his last great work, The Hunting of the Snark , a fantastic "nonsense" poem, exploring the adventures of a bizarre crew of variously inadequate beings, and one beaver, who set off to find the eponymous creature.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He published Through the Looking-Glass and what Alice Found There in 1872; his great Joycean mock-epic The Hunting of the Snark , in 1876 (inspired by and dedicated to his other great child-friend after Alice Liddell, Gertrude Chataway), and his last novel, the two-volume Sylvie and Bruno , in 1889 and 1893 respectively.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ He published Through the Looking-Glass and what Alice Found There in 1872; his great Joycean mock-epic The Hunting of the Snark, in 1876 (inspired by and dedicated to his other great child-friend after Alice Liddell, Gertrude Chataway), and his last novel, the two-volume Sylvie and Bruno, in 1889 and 1893 respectively.
  • Lewis Carroll biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (author: ) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti reputedly became convinced the poem was about him.^ The painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti reputedly became convinced the poem was about him.
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^ He developed a close relationship with Dante Gabriel Rossetti and his family, and also knew William Holman Hunt , John Everett Millais , and Arthur Hughes among other artists.
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^ MRS. ROSSETTI AND HER CHILDREN, DANTE GABRIEL, CHRISTINA, AND WILLIAM _From a photograph by Lewis Carroll_, 1863.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

[8]

Photography

Photo of Alice Liddell taken by Lewis Carroll (1858).
Xie Kitchin, photographed by Lewis Carroll, 1876
.In 1856, Dodgson took up the new art form of photography, first under the influence of his uncle Skeffington Lutwidge, and later his Oxford friend Reginald Southey.^ In 1856, Dodgson took up the new art form of photography, first under the influence of his uncle Skeffington Lutwidge, and later his Oxford friend Reginald Southey.
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^ In 1856, Dodgson took up the new art form of photography, first under the influence of his uncle Skeffington Lutwidge, and later his Oxford friend Reginald Southey and art photography pioneer Oscar Rejlander.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Cohen concedes that Dodgson "apparently convinced many of his friends that his attachment to the nude female child form was free of any eroticism," but adds that "later generations look beneath the surface" (p 229).
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.He soon excelled at the art and became a well-known gentleman-photographer, and he seems even to have toyed with the idea of making a living out of it in his very early years.^ He soon excelled at the art and became a well-known gentleman-photographer, and he seems even to have toyed with the idea of making a living out of it in his very early years.
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^ Where the noise came from, she couldn't make out: the air seemed full of it, and it rang through and through her head till she felt quite deafened.
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^ But it is probable that Lewis Carroll himself would use this to make short notes to jog his memory, and then he would probably write the idea out in his journal.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

[8]
.A recent study by Roger Taylor and Edward Wakeling[15] exhaustively lists every surviving print, and Taylor calculates that just over fifty percent of his surviving work depicts young girls, though this may be a highly distorted figure as approximately 60% of his original photographic portfolio is now missing,[16] so any firm conclusions are difficult.^ A recent study by Roger Taylor and Edward Wakeling [5] exhaustively lists every surviving print, and Taylor calculates that just over fifty percent of his surviving work depicts young girls.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The definitive work on his photography ( Roger Taylor's Lewis Carroll, Photographer (2002) exhaustively lists every surviving print, and Taylor calculates that just over fifty percent of his surviving work depicts young girls.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Her work has been paralleled by that of Hugues Lebailly whose studies of Dodgson's artistic and social interests also support the idea that the image of his 'obsession' with little girls was largely simplistic or mythic in origin.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.Dodgson also made many studies of men, women, male children and landscapes; his subjects also include skeletons, dolls, dogs, statues and paintings, and trees.^ He also made many studies of men, women, male children and landscapes; his subjects also include skeletons, dolls, dogs, statues and paintings, trees, scholars, scientists, old men, and, indeed, little girls.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He also made some landscapes and anatomy studies.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ He himself taught most of its contents to many children, and found them to take a real intelligent interest in the subject.
  • Gresham College | Lectures and Events 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.gresham.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His studies of nude children were long presumed lost, but six have since surfaced, five of which have been published and are available online.^ They were long presumed lost, but six nudes have since surfaced, four of which have been published and another two of which little is known.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Good-bye, feet!"Alice and all her many friends will never be forgotten so long as books for children are published.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Lewis Carroll, Photographer of Children: Four Nude Studies .
  • de Freitas Books-Works of Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.defreitasbooks.com [Source type: General]

[17]
Photo of John Everett Millais and his wife Effie Gray with two of their children, signed by Effie (c. 1860)
.He also found photography to be a useful entrée into higher social circles.^ He also found photography to be a useful entrée into higher social circles.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He also found photography to be a useful entre into higher social circles.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.During the most productive part of his career, he made portraits of notable sitters such as John Everett Millais, Ellen Terry, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Julia Margaret Cameron, Michael Faraday and Alfred, Lord Tennyson.^ Once he had a studio of his own, he made portraits of notable sitters such as John Everett Millais, Ellen Terry, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Julia Margaret Cameron and Alfred, Lord Tennyson.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ During the most productive part of his career, he made portraits of notable sitters such as John Everett Millais, Ellen Terry, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Julia Margaret Cameron, Michael Faraday and Alfred, Lord Tennyson.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dodgson developed a close relationship with the Dante Gabriel Rossetti and his family, and also knew William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais and Arthur Hughes among other artists.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

[8]
.Dodgson abruptly ceased photography in 1880. Over 24 years, he had completely mastered the medium, set up his own studio on the roof of Tom Quad, and created around 3,000 images.^ Dodgson abruptly ceased to photograph in 1880.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Over 24 years he had completely mastered the medium, set up his own studio at the top of Tom Quad, and created around 3,000 images.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Over 24 years, he had completely mastered the medium, set up his own studio on the roof of Tom Quad, and created around 3,000 images.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Fewer than 1,000 have survived time and deliberate destruction.^ Fewer than 1,000 have survived time and deliberate destruction.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Less than 1000 have survived time and deliberate destruction.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.His reasons for abandoning photography remain uncertain.^ His reasons for abandoning photography remain uncertain.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.With the advent of Modernism, tastes changed, and his photography was forgotten from around 1920 until the 1960s.^ With the advent of Modernism tastes changed, and his photography was forgotten from around 1920 until the 1960s.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With the advent of Modernism tastes changed, and his photography became forgotten from around 1920 until the 1960s.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

Inventions

.To promote letter writing, Dodgson invented The Wonderland Postage-Stamp Case in 1889. This was a cloth-backed folder with twelve slots, two marked for inserting the then most commonly used 1d.^ Wonderland Postage-stamp Case .
  • Byron W. Sewell and Susan R. Sewell: A Preliminary Inventory of Their Collection of Lewis Carroll at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.lib.utexas.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ To promote letter writing Carroll invented The Wonderland Postage-Stamp Case in 1889.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was a cloth-backed folder with twelve slots, two marked for inserting the then most commonly used 1d.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

stamp, and one each for the other current denominations to 1s. .The folder was then put into a slip case decorated with a picture of Alice on the front and the Cheshire Cat on the back.^ The folder was then put into a slip case decorated with a picture of Alice on the front and the Cheshire Cat on the back.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For lovers of Alice, the Cheshire Cat, the Queen of Hearts and the Lewis Carroll, this wonderful set of one dozen postcards (2 of each image) is just the ticket!
  • SilverCrowCreations - Alice in Wonderland & Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.silvercrowcreations.com [Source type: General]

^ Large-size versions of the famous illustrations of Alice, Cheshire Cat, Mad Hatter and all the others.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

All could be conveniently carried in a pocket or purse. .When issued it also included a copy of Carroll's pamphletted lecture, Eight or Nine Wise Words About Letter-Writing.^ When issued it also included a copy of Carroll's pamphletted lecture, Eight or Nine Wise Words About Letter-Writing .
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But Collingwood also points out that he specifically chooses not to write in detail about certain things, which include Lewis Carroll's teenage years.
  • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]

^ Carroll sought to work out many of his preoccupations in these books: including questions about fatalism, free will, and ritual in religious practice.
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18][19]
.Another invention is a writing tablet called the Nyctograph for use at night that allowed for note-taking in the dark; thus eliminating the trouble of getting out of bed and striking a light when one wakes with an idea.^ A day or two after the first call came a note saying that he would be taking Isa home before long, and if we would like to see her he would stop on the way again.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ 'I was thinking,' Alice said very politely, 'which is the best way out of this wood: it's getting so dark.
  • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lion (she was getting quite used to being called 'the Monster').
  • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

.The device consisted of a gridded card with sixteen squares and system of symbols representing an alphabet of Dodgson's design.^ He designed a card with square holes in a regular grid.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ These symbols were designed to look somewhat like the letters or numbers they represented.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.Among the games he devised outside of logic there are a number of word games, including an early version of what today is known as Scrabble.^ His reverence for sacred things was so great that he was never known to relate a story which included a jest upon words from the Bible.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These objects are mentioned in his book Symbolic Logic, but I would like to know if there are references to them in any other known writings.
  • lewiscarroll : Message: Re: [lewiscarroll] Re: George MacDonald 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC groups.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dodgson believed that symbolic logic could be understood by his many child-friends, and devised The Game of Logic in order to help them sort out syllogisms.
  • Gresham College | Lectures and Events 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.gresham.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He also appears to have invented, or at least certainly popularised, the Word Ladder (or "doublet" as it was known at first); a form of brain-teaser that is still popular today: the game of changing one word into another by altering one letter at a time, each successive change always resulting in a genuine word.^ He also appears to have invented, and certainly popularised, the Word Ladder (or "doublet" as it was known at first): a form of brain-teaser which is still popular today: the game of changing one word into another by altering one letter at a time, each successive change always resulting in a genuine word.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nor, I venture to think, are the results of the modern system more successful than those of the old one.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Fill out this form to ensure your group is one of the first to be migrated to the new message search system.
  • lewiscarroll : Message: Re: [lewiscarroll] Re: George MacDonald 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC groups.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

For instance, CAT is transformed into DOG by the following steps: CAT, COT, DOT, DOG.[8]
.Other items include a rule for finding the day of the week for any date; a means for justifying right margins on a typewriter; a steering device for a velociam (a type of tricycle); new systems of parliamentary representation;[20] more nearly fair elimination rules for tennis tournaments; a new sort of postal money order; rules for reckoning postage; rules for a win in betting; rules for dividing a number by various divisors; a cardboard scale for the college common room he worked in later in life, which, held next to a glass, ensured the right amount of liqueur for the price paid; a double sided adhesive strip for things like the fastening of envelopes or mounting things in books; a device for helping a bedridden invalid to read from a book placed sideways; and at least two ciphers for cryptography.^ Little maidens, when you look On this little story-book, Reading with attentive eye Its enticing history, Never think that hours of play Are your only HOLIDAY, And that in a HOUSE of joy Lessons serve but to annoy: If in any HOUSE you find Children of a gentle mind, Each the others pleasing ever-- Each the others vexing never-- Daily work and pastime daily In their order taking gaily-- Then be very sure that they Have a life of HOLIDAY. .
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | January 27| Up-Helly-Aa Up-Halliday Chrysostom Lewis Carroll paedophile pedophile Grace Darlings Wales 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day?
  • Browse By Author: C - Project Gutenberg 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Alice said afterwards she had never seen such a fuss made about anything in all her life—the way those two bustled about— and the quantity of things they put on—and the trouble they gave her in tying strings and fastening buttons—'Really they'll be more like bundles of old clothes that anything else, by the time they're ready!'
  • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

[8]

Mathematical work

.Within the academic discipline of mathematics, Dodgson worked primarily in the fields of geometry, matrix algebra and mathematical logic, producing nearly a dozen books.^ L: Logic and mathematical works .
  • Byron W. Sewell and Susan R. Sewell: A Preliminary Inventory of Their Collection of Lewis Carroll at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.lib.utexas.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Following Sylvie and Bruno Concluded , he was to produce shorter works, including several publications on logic.
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1865, Dodgson wrote his only algebra book, An Elementary Treatise on Determinants, with their Application to Simultaneous Linear Equations and Algebraical Geometry .
  • Gresham College | Lectures and Events 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.gresham.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

His contributions to mathematics are considered unremarkable..March 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Dodgson also developed new ideas in the study of elections and committees.^ A blunter term for this is propaganda , where the writer aims to make people react in pre-determined ways, rather than creatively involving them in the development of new ideas.
  • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]

.He worked as a mathematics tutor at Oxford, a position that enabled him some financial security.^ A Guide to the Mathematical Student in Reading, Reviewing, and Working Examples , as Dodgson (Oxford: John Henry & James Parker, 1864).
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "GENERAL LIST OF (MATHEMATICAL) SUBJECTS, AND 1863 CYCLE FOR WORKING EXAMPLES." Oxford: Printed at the University Press.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

Philosophy

.In 1895, Dodgson developed a philosophical regressus-argument on deductive reasoning in his article "What the Tortoise Said to Achilles", which appeared in one of the early volumes of the philosophical journal Mind.^ 'I shouldn't have minded it so much,' said Tweedledum, 'if it hadn't been a new one.'
  • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

.The article was reprinted in the same journal a hundred years later, in 1995, with a subsequent article by Simon Blackburn titled Practical Tortoise Reasoning.^ The book was reprinted later that year to the satisfaction of both the author and the artist.
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[21]

The later years

.Over the remaining twenty years of his life, throughout his growing wealth and fame, his existence remained little changed.^ Charles also suffered from another disability, a stutter that often influenced his social life throughout his years.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Losing his father forced him to grow up after all those years of ivory tower life in Christ Church.
  • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]

^ For the next 20 years, until the end of his life, he remained in exile.
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | January 27| Up-Helly-Aa Up-Halliday Chrysostom Lewis Carroll paedophile pedophile Grace Darlings Wales 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

.He continued to teach at Christ Church until 1881, and remained in residence there until his death.^ It is undisputed that throughout his growing wealth and fame, he continued to teach at Christ Church until 1881, and that he remained in residence there until his death.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ January takes up residence at Christ Church.
  • Lewis Carroll Centenary, 1998 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC warlight.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In May 1850 he matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford, and thus embarked upon an association that was to remain constant until his death.
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His last novel, the two-volume Sylvie and Bruno, was published in 1889 and 1893 respectively.^ He published Through the Looking-Glass and what Alice Found There in 1872; his great Joycean mock-epic The Hunting of the Snark , in 1876 (inspired by and dedicated to his other great child-friend after Alice Liddell, Gertrude Chataway), and his last novel, the two-volume Sylvie and Bruno , in 1889 and 1893 respectively.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ He has two enchanting children, Sylvie and Bruno, whose fairy adventures form a major part of the novel.
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One_ piece of work, at any rate, I am clear ought to be done this year, and it will take months of hard work: I mean the second volume of "Sylvie and Bruno."
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.It achieved nowhere near the success of the Alice books.^ It was on one such expedition, in 1862, that Dodgson invented the outline of the story that eventually became his first and largest commercial success; the first Alice book.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

Its intricacy was apparently not appreciated by the contemporary readers, and the reviews and its sales, only 13,000 copies, were disappointing.[22][23]
The only occasion on which (as far as is known) he travelled abroad was a trip to Russia in 1867, which he recounts in his "Russian Journal" which was first commercially published in 1935.[24]
.He died on 14 January 1898 at his sisters' home, "The Chestnuts" in Guildford, of pneumonia following influenza.^ He died on 14 January 1898.
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He died at his sister's home in Guildford on January 14, 1898 of pneumonia following influenza.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dies at Guildford on the 14th of January and is buried there.
  • Lewis Carroll Centenary, 1998 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC warlight.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

.He was 2 weeks away from turning 66 years old.^ He was a fortnight away from turning sixty-six years old.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He is buried in Guildford at the Mount Cemetery.^ He is buried in Guildford at the Mount Cemetery.
  • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8]

Controversies and mysteries

Priesthood

.Dodgson had been groomed for the ordained ministry in the Anglican Church from a very early age and was expected, as a condition of his residency at Christ Church, to take holy orders within four years of obtaining his master's degree.^ January takes up residence at Christ Church.
  • Lewis Carroll Centenary, 1998 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC warlight.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was expected to take priest's orders, and he said "no".
  • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]

^ Dodgson didn't get the Senior Scholarship, but he did get the Mathematics Lectureship at Christ Church.
  • Gresham College | Lectures and Events 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.gresham.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

However, he evidently became reluctant to do this. .He delayed the process for some time but eventually took deacon's orders on 22 December 1861. But when the time came a year later to progress to priestly orders, Dodgson appealed to the dean for permission not to proceed.^ However, he only ever took Deacon's Orders.
  • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]

^ I dare say you know History better than I do) and that he lived in England; so that naturally it took her some time to find him.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In his diary, Carroll records that Dean Liddell said he had probably already lost his studentship by not taking full Orders within 4 years, and in any case he was obliged to do it now.
  • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]

.This was against college rules, and initially Dean Liddell told him he would have to consult the college ruling body, which would almost undoubtedly have resulted in his being expelled.^ Yet Carroll was apparently prepared to defy Liddell, flout college rules, ignore university tradition, fail to keep the solemn vow with which he had accepted his studentship.
  • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]

^ In the same year, a new Dean, Henry Liddell, arrived at Christ Church, bringing with him a young wife and children, all of whom would figure largely in Dodgson's life over the following years.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Another reference to College impositions occurs further on in his Diary, at a time when he was a Lecturer: "Spoke to the Dean about F--, who has brought an imposition which his tutor declares is not his own writing, after being expressly told to write it himself."
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, for unknown reasons, Dean Liddell changed his mind overnight and permitted Dodgson to remain at the college, in defiance of the rules.^ Yet Carroll was apparently prepared to defy Liddell, flout college rules, ignore university tradition, fail to keep the solemn vow with which he had accepted his studentship.
  • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]

[25] .Uniquely amongst Senior Students of his time Dodgson never became a priest.^ Dodgson was a student of Christ Church and a senior member of his college.

^ He never proceeded to full priests orders although he noted from time to time in his diaries that he was still "reading for ordination" well after taking deacons orders.

^ In course of time this Mr. Dodgson became Bishop of Ossory and Ferns, and he was subsequently translated to the see of Elphin.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.There is currently no conclusive evidence about why Dodgson rejected the priesthood.^ There is no evidence of impropriety or scandal.
  • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]

^ And there are many myths that have grown up about the biographical details and character of Charles L. Dodgson.

^ If I am going to convince you that these statements about Dodgson are mythical and untrue, I will need to provide you with strong and compelling evidence.

Some have suggested his stammer made him reluctant to take the step, because he was afraid of having to preach.[26] .Wilson[27] quotes letters by Dodgson describing difficulty in reading lessons and prayers rather than preaching in his own words.^ Dodgson described the difficulty in this diary entry from 1862.

^ I am able to give his earliest impressions of school-life in his own words, for one of his first letters home has been fortunately preserved.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Carroll's mother described in her own letters how closely involved he was with them as a boy, and Collingwood states that all his life his siblings thought a lot of him.
  • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]

.But Dodgson did indeed preach in later life, even though not in priest's orders, so it seems unlikely his impediment was a major factor affecting his choice.^ It refers to the problem of stammering, which plagued Dodgson throughout his life, emphasizing his shyness and becoming a major factor when he considered acceptance of any public-speaking engagements: .
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dean Liddell's biography doesn't even mention "Alice", even though there is a whole chapter on Liddell's family life.
  • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]

^ In this strange church, which is believed to have been the first of its kind, Mr. Dodgson conducted service and preached every Sunday evening!
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.March 2008" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Wilson also points out that the then Bishop of Oxford, Samuel Wilberforce, who ordained Dodgson, had strong views against members of the clergy going to the theatre, one of Dodgson's great interests.^ Dodgson saw a great deal of the Tennysons after this, and photographed the poet himself and various members of his family.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite such strictures Dodgson seemed able to conform to the degree required for that margin of "academic safety," though, as Clark points out, "The many absurdities in the Oxford University Statutes were not lost on a humorist of Charles Dodgson's calibre."
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For instance, Anne Clark points out strong connections between some of the characters in the poem and people mentioned in Notes by an Oxford Chiel , published two years earlier in 1874.
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Others have suggested that he was having serious doubts about the Anglican church.[citation needed] It is known that he was interested in minority forms of Christianity (he was an admirer of FD Maurice) and "alternative" religions (theosophy).[28] .Dodgson became deeply troubled by an unexplained sense of sin and guilt at this time (the early 1860s), and frequently expressed the view in his diaries that he was a "vile and worthless" sinner, unworthy of the priesthood.^ The 26 April entry in Carroll's diary reveals his sense of relief: "after nine years' interval, I have my time wholly at my own disposal."
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In course of time this Mr. Dodgson became Bishop of Ossory and Ferns, and he was subsequently translated to the see of Elphin.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

[29], and this sense of sin and unworthiness may well have had an impact on his decision to abandon the priesthood.
.There is currently no certain explanation of why he rejected the priesthood, or why he was, at this time in his life, assailed by a sense of guilt and sin.^ There are brief hints at a soaring sense of the spiritual and the divine; small moments that reveal a rich and intensely lived inner life.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ No, not in all the History of England—it couldn't, you know, because there never was more than one Queen at a time.
  • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Alice), there was no way of guessing, but she was gone, and Alice began to remember that she was a Pawn, and that it would soon be time for her to move.
  • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

The missing diaries

.At least four complete volumes[30] and around seven pages[31] of text are missing from Dodgson's 13 diaries.^ To a large extent, this myth is based on a missing page from the diary.

^ Lewis Carroll's Diaries The Private Journals of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) the First Complete Version of the Nine Surviving Volumes with Notes and Annotations by Lewis Carroll, Edward Wakeling, Lewis Carroll Society ( 2005) .
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

The loss of the volumes remains unexplained; the pages have been deliberately removed by an unknown hand. .Most scholars assume the diary material was removed by family members in the interests of preserving the family name, but this has not been proven.^ Even rare excerpts from the magazines Carroll created as a child for members of his family are featured here, alongside images of his most famous characters.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

[32] .Except for one page, the period of his diaries from which material is missing is between 1853 and 1863 (when Dodgson was 22–32 years old).^ There are letters between Dodgson and all members of the Liddell family that continued for many years.

^ His diaries are missing between 1858 and May 1862, but comments about his own sin, unworthiness and weakness were to last for some years.
  • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]

^ When one is close on sixty years old, it seems presumptuous to count on years and years of work yet to be done....
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

[33][34]
Many theories have been put forward to explain the missing material. .A popular explanation for one particular missing page (27 June 1863) is that it might have been torn out to conceal the belief that Dodgson had proposed marriage on that day to the 11-year-old Alice Liddell.^ Young Charles was born in the little parsonage of Daresbury in Warrington, Cheshire, the oldest boy but already the third child of the four-and-a-half year old marriage.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day?
  • Browse By Author: C - Project Gutenberg 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The page covers the remaining entry for 27 June, and whatever was written for 28 and 29 June 1863.

.However, there has never been any evidence to suggest this was so, and a paper[35] that was discovered by Karoline Leach in the Dodgson family archive in 1996 offers some evidence to the contrary.^ There are letters between Dodgson and all members of the Liddell family that continued for many years.

^ This suggests that there was some noticeable discomfort or turbulence during Carroll's teenage years, greater than is usual.
  • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]

^ Was there some ongoing problem between them which was never resolved?
  • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]

The "cut pages in diary" document, in the Dodgson family archive in Woking, UK.
.This paper, known as the "cut pages in diary document", was compiled by various members of Carroll's family after his death.^ Even rare excerpts from the magazines Carroll created as a child for members of his family are featured here, alongside images of his most famous characters.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ The catalogue was compiled in 1989 and contains this reference: "Notes (on a page torn from a small notebook) entitled Cut pages in Diary, and relating to Vol.

^ In addition, the Dodgson family apparently destroyed all Lewis Carroll's childhood and teenage diaries, which he kept from the age of nine, with just a 3 year gap when he was at Rugby.
  • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]

.Part of it may have been written at the time the pages were destroyed, though this is unclear.^ These were written many times over, and I had to present the pages to him, without one blot or smudge, at the end of the week.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a whole I think it proved successful, though the first part was rather too long: several of the views may safely be omitted in the next performance."

The document offers a brief summary of two diary pages that are now missing, including the one for 27 June 1863. The summary for this page states that Mrs. Liddell told Dodgson there was gossip circulating about him and the Liddell family's governess, as well as about his relationship with "Ina", presumably Alice's older sister, Lorina Liddell. The "break" with the Liddell family that occurred soon after was presumably in response to this gossip.[36][37] .An alternate interpretation has been made regarding Carroll's rumored involvement with "Ina": Lorina was also the name of Alice Liddell's mother.^ Dodgson photographed Alice and Lorina Liddell again in his studio on 25 June 1870.

^ The concern is for the governess and Lorina "Ina" Liddell, the latter now in her fourteenth year, protecting their honour and reputation.

^ He became close friends with the mother and the children, particularly the three sisters Lorina, Alice and Edith.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.What is deemed most crucial and surprising is that the document seems to imply Dodgson's break with the family was not connected with Alice at all.^ Everybody seemed satisfied with this, though Alice felt a little nervous at the idea of trains jumping at all.
  • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There are letters between Dodgson and all members of the Liddell family that continued for many years.

^ The surprising thing starts to seem that he ever bothered to sit down all by himself and write out Alice in Wonderland at all - but I'll come to that later.
  • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]

.However, until a primary source is discovered, the events of 27 June 1863 remain inconclusive.^ The page covers the remaining entry for 27 June, and whatever was written for 28 and 29 June 1863.

^ (See June 27, 1863)."

Migraine and epilepsy

.In his diary for the year 1880 Dodgson recorded experiencing his first episode of migraine with aura, describing very accurately the process of 'moving fortifications' that are a manifestation of the aura stage of the syndrome.^ Dodgson described the difficulty in this diary entry from 1862.

^ He kept a record of the people to whom he gave copies of the first published edition (1866) in a list in his diary.

^ Katharine, by her own admission, was but a very small child when she first met Dodgson.

[38] .Indeed a condition, Alice in Wonderland Syndrome, has been named after it.^ Written down expressly for Alice Liddell, the story was originally entitled ALICE'S ADVENTURES UNDERGROUND, but it is also known as ALICE IN WONDERLAND, and it was published under the name of Lewis Carroll.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

Also known as micropsia and macropsia, it is a brain condition affecting the way objects are perceived by the mind. .For example, an afflicted person may look at a larger object, like a basketball, and perceive it as if it were the size of a golf ball.^ 'You may look in front of you, and on both sides, if you like,' said the Sheep: 'but you can't look all round you—unless you've got eyes at the back of your head.'
  • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

Dodgson also suffered two attacks in which he lost consciousness. He was diagnosed by three different doctors; a Dr. Morshead, Dr. Brooks, and Dr. Stedman, believed the attack and a consequent attack to be an "epileptiform" seizure (initially thought to be fainting, but Brooks changed his mind). .Some have concluded from this he was a lifetime sufferer from this condition, but there is no evidence of this in his diaries beyond the diagnosis of the two attacks already mentioned.^ There is no evidence of impropriety or scandal.
  • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]

^ Some biographers have attempted to link this in with the ups and downs of his relationship with Alice, but there seems to be no link at all between his expressions of distress and his extremely few (and not always flattering) references to Alice Liddell in his diaries.
  • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]

^ Many people believe he was a drug addict (though there is no evidence at all for this) because some of his images and ideas echo those produced under the influence of hallucinogens.
  • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]

[39] .Some authors, in particular Sadi Ranson, have suggested Carroll may have suffered from temporal lobe epilepsy in which consciousness is not always completely lost, but altered, and in which the symptoms mimic many of the same experiences as Alice in Wonderland.^ It has been conjectured that he suffered from temporal lobe epilepsy, which can produce odd visions and states of mind, and he also had an interest in fits, seizures and other medical matters.
  • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]

^ Sally Field Reading Alice's Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll ( 2000) When Alice follows a strange rabbit down a rabbit hole and passes through a looking glass, she has a series of curious experiences, and meets the Mad Hatter, the fiendish Queen of Hearts, and many other odd characters.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Alice, the Fawn in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll ( 2000) .
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.Carroll had at least one incidence in which he suffered full loss of consciousness and awoke with a bloody nose, which he recorded in his diary and noted that the episode left him not feeling himself for "quite sometime afterward". This attack was diagnosed as possibly "epileptiform" and Carroll himself later wrote of his "seizures" in the same diary.^ At the unusually late age of seventeen, he suffered a severe attack of whooping cough which left him with poor hearing in his right ear and was probably responsible for his chronically weak chest in later life.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Twelve hours later another steamer, the James Gray of Whitby, and her crew suffered the same fate on the notorious Tusker Rock near Porthcawl.
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | January 27| Up-Helly-Aa Up-Halliday Chrysostom Lewis Carroll paedophile pedophile Grace Darlings Wales 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ But it is probable that Lewis Carroll himself would use this to make short notes to jog his memory, and then he would probably write the idea out in his journal.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

However, it is important to remember that no Victorian diagnoses of neurological problems can be relied upon today. Little was known about the workings of the brain and most of the standard diagnostic tests of today were not available in the nineteenth century.

Suggestions of paedophilia

Evelyn Hatch, 1879, age 8, photo by Dodgson
.Dodgson's friendships with young girls, together with his perceived lack of interest in romantic attachments to adult women, and psychological readings of his work – especially his photographs of nude or semi-nude girls[40] – have all led to speculation that he was a paedophile.^ Suggestions of pedophilia only evolved many years after his death, when his well-meaning family had suppressed all evidence of these adult friendships in order to try to preserve his reputation, thus giving a false impression of a man only interested in little girls.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Allegations of pedophilia Dodgson's undeniable fondness for little girls, the sheer number of his child friends, his collection of the early child photographs by Oscar Rejlander, his love of the London theatres before the child-actress reforms, and psychological readings of his work, especially his photographs of nude or semi-nude girls and his sketchbooks featuring his own drawings of such, have all led to speculation that he was a pedophile, albeit probably a celibate one.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ According to Leach, Reed was the first to claim that all of Carroll's female friendships ended when the girls reached puberty (around 16 in 1870s England), though Reed apparently only intended to suggest that Dodgson was thereby a pure man untainted by touch of lust for adult flesh.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.This possibility has underpinned numerous modern interpretations of his life and work, particularly Dennis Potter's play Alice and his screenplay for the motion picture, Dreamchild, and even more importantly Robert Wilson's Alice, and a number of recent biographies, including Michael Bakewell's Lewis Carroll: A Biography (1996), Donald Thomas's Lewis Carroll: A Portrait with Background (1995), and Morton N. Cohen's Lewis Carroll: A Biography (1995).^ Morton Cohen is more cautious when he reported the alleged marriage proposal ( Lewis Carroll, A Biography , pp.

^ The issue was rekindled in 1995 with the authoritative Lewis Carroll, a Biography by Morton Cohen.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ After the possible alternative titles Alice Among the Fairies and Alice's Golden Hour were rejected, the work was finally published as Alice's Adventures in Wonderland in 1865 under the Lewis Carroll pen-name Dodgson had first used some nine years earlier.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.All of these works more or less unequivocally assume that Dodgson was a paedophile, albeit a repressed and celibate one.^ No, not in all the History of England—it couldn't, you know, because there never was more than one Queen at a time.
  • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But he got on capitally with his work, and seldom returned home without one or more prizes.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Now I'm sure you don't want me to be laid up with all these diseases; so please don't praise me _any_ more!
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

Cohen claims Dodgson's "sexual energies sought unconventional outlets", and further writes:
.
We cannot know to what extent sexual urges lay behind Charles's preference for drawing and photographing children in the nude.^ Cohen writes: "We cannot know to what extent sexual urges lay behind Charles's preference for drawing and photographing children in the nude.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Apparently Winnie, Enid's sister, had seen some photographs of nude children taken by Carroll while Carroll and Winnie were visiting a friend.
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other notable Victorian-era photographers who took images of nude children include Julia Margaret Cameron and Francis Meadow Sutcliffe.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.He contended the preference was entirely aesthetic.^ He contended the preference was entirely aesthetic.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.But given his emotional attachment to children as well as his aesthetic appreciation of their forms, his assertion that his interest was strictly artistic is naïve.^ But given his emotional attachment to children as well as his aesthetic appreciation of their forms, his assertion that his interest was strictly artistic is naïve.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.He probably felt more than he dared acknowledge, even to himself.^ Alice felt even more indignant at this suggestion.
  • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I am fond of children (except boys), and have more child-friends than I could possibly count on my fingers, even if I were a centipede (by the way, _have_ they fingers?
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Even a joke should have some meaning—and a child's more important than a joke, I hope.
  • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

[40]
.Cohen notes that Dodgson "apparently convinced many of his friends that his attachment to the nude female child form was free of any eroticism", but adds that "later generations look beneath the surface" (p. 229).^ Cohen concedes that Dodgson "apparently convinced many of his friends that his attachment to the nude female child form was free of any eroticism," but adds that "later generations look beneath the surface" (p 229).
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Cohen further notes that the children's mothers were encouraged to be present, and asks if these precautions were the result of Dodgson "insuring himself against slip-ups."
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ There are many such examples of child-friends in their old age dredging up memories that have become like "Chinese whispers" far removed from the truth.

.Cohen and other biographers argue that Dodgson may have wanted to marry the 11-year-old Alice Liddell, and that this was the cause of the unexplained "break" with the family in June 1863.[41] But there has never been significant evidence to support the idea, and the 1996 discovery of the "cut pages in diary document" (see above) might imply that the 1863 "break" had less to do with Alice, but was perhaps connected with rumours involving her older sister Lorina, or possibly their governess.^ So where did the myth that Dodgson wanted to marry Alice Liddell come from?

^ He wanted to marry Alice Liddell .

^ There simply is no evidence to support the notion that he wanted to marry Alice, or anyone else if it comes to that.

.Some writers, e.g., Derek Hudson and Roger Lancelyn Green, stop short of identifying Dodgson as a paedophile, but concur that he had a passion for small female children and next to no interest in the adult world.^ Where does Dodgsons over-riding passion for children come from?

^ Dodgson took no further notice of the children, but only for ten days.

^ Lewis Carroll's own position as an author did not prevent him from taking a great interest in children's books and their writers.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.The accepted view of Dodgson's biography has been challenged recently by a group of scholars led by Hugues Lebailly and Karoline Leach and others, who argue that Dodgson's diaries and letters reveal him to have been very different in many key aspects from the traditional image.^ According to Leach, who cites much prima facie evidence, Dodgson's real life was very different from the accepted biographical image.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ There are letters between Dodgson and all members of the Liddell family that continued for many years.

^ However, I promised him we would send each other _very_ few more letters--"Only two thousand four hundred and seventy, or so," I said.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.They and others established Contrariwise, the Association for new Lewis Carroll studies.^ This book is a new compilation of Carroll's surviving puzzles and games, assembled and edited by Edward Wakeling, a Lewis Carroll scholar and writer on mathematics.
  • SilverCrowCreations - Alice in Wonderland & Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.silvercrowcreations.com [Source type: General]

^ Morton Cohen, ed., The Letters of Lewis Carroll , 2 volumes (New York: Oxford University Press, 1979).
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His impressions were later recorded in "Journal of a Tour of Russia 1867," published as The Russian Journal, and Other Selections from the Works of Lewis Carroll (1935).
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[42] .Leach's book, In the Shadow of the Dreamchild, in particular has raised a considerable amount of controversy.^ Karoline Leach's work and the 'Carroll Myth' A new analysis of Dodgson's sexual proclivities (and indeed the evolution of the entire process of his biography) appears in Karoline Leach's 1999 book, In the Shadow of the Dreamchild .
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

Lebailly has endeavoured to set Dodgson's child-photography within the "Victorian Child Cult", which perceived child-nudity as essentially an expression of innocence. .Lebailly claims that studies of child nudes were mainstream and fashionable in Dodgson's time and that most photographers, including Oscar Gustave Rejlander and Julia Margaret Cameron, made them as a matter of course.^ Once he had a studio of his own, he made portraits of notable sitters such as John Everett Millais, Ellen Terry, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Julia Margaret Cameron and Alfred, Lord Tennyson.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Dodgson's practice of photographing or sketching nude girls has added to speculation that he was a pedophile (see below).
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ It's assumed that Dodgson either destroyed or returned the nude photographs to the families of the girls he had photographed.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.Lebailly continues that child nudes even appeared on Victorian Christmas cards – implying a very different social and aesthetic assessment of such material.^ Better quantitative ratings of hardness are mostly obtained with two very different kinds of instruments, which may well measure different characteristics of the material under test.
  • Physics - Numericana 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC home.att.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Even so, such writing was probably enough to raise the eyebrows of some Victorian parents.
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Lebailly concludes that it has been an error of Dodgson's biographers to view his child-photography with 20th or 21st century eyes, and to have presented it as some form of personal idiosyncrasy, when it was in fact a response to a prevalent aesthetic and philosophical movement of the time.^ Dodgson was a great teaser, and some biographers have fallen into the trap of taking literally what he said in jest.

^ With the "child-centred" view of Dodgson that prevails in books, newspapers, journals and television programmes, I thought it might be interesting to see how this view fits the data I have assembled.

.Leach posed a new analysis of Dodgson's sexuality.^ Karoline Leach's work and the 'Carroll Myth' A new analysis of Dodgson's sexual proclivities (and indeed the evolution of the entire process of his biography) appears in Karoline Leach's 1999 book, In the Shadow of the Dreamchild .
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.She argues that the allegations of pedophilia rose initially from a misunderstanding of Victorian morals, as well as the mistaken idea, fostered by Dodgson's various biographers, that he had no interest in adult women.^ She claims that the image of Dodgson's alleged pedophilia was built out of a failure to understand Victorian morals, as well as the mistaken idea that Dodgson had no interest in adult women which evolved out of the minds of various biographers.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ He was in fact keenly interested in adult women and apparently enjoyed several relationships with women, married and single.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ It is part of the mythology that Dodgson only stammered in adult company, and was free and fluent with children, but there is no evidence to support this idea.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

.She termed the traditional image of Dodgson "the Carroll Myth".[43] She asserts his diaries show he was also keenly interested in adult women, married and single, and enjoyed several scandalous (by the social standards of his time) relationships with them.^ He was in fact keenly interested in adult women and apparently enjoyed several relationships with women, married and single.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ She termed this simplified, often frankly fictional image 'the Carroll Myth'.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ But who were these women that Dodgson showed interest in.

.In later life, many of those he described as "child-friends" were girls in their late teens and even twenties.^ Cohen concedes that Dodgson "apparently convinced many of his friends that his attachment to the nude female child form was free of any eroticism," but adds that "later generations look beneath the surface" (p 229).
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ There are many such examples of child-friends in their old age dredging up memories that have become like "Chinese whispers" far removed from the truth.

^ I am fond of children (except boys), and have more child-friends than I could possibly count on my fingers, even if I were a centipede (by the way, _have_ they fingers?
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

[44] .She argues that suggestions of pedophilia evolved only many years after his death, when his well-meaning family had suppressed all evidence of his relationships with women in an effort to preserve his reputation, thus giving a false impression of a man interested only in little girls.^ Suggestions of pedophilia only evolved many years after his death, when his well-meaning family had suppressed all evidence of these adult friendships in order to try to preserve his reputation, thus giving a false impression of a man only interested in little girls.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ According to Leach, Reed was the first to claim that all of Carroll's female friendships ended when the girls reached puberty (around 16 in 1870s England), though Reed apparently only intended to suggest that Dodgson was thereby a pure man untainted by touch of lust for adult flesh.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ However, it does make the point that boys played an important part in Dodgsons photographic opus, and helps to lay the myth that he only liked little girls.

.Similarly, Leach traces the claim that many of Carroll's female friendships ended when the girls reached the age of 14 to a 1932 biography by Langford Reed,[45] who Leach claims intended to suggest from this that Dodgson was a "pure man" untainted by sexual desire.^ According to Leach, Reed was the first to claim that all of Carroll's female friendships ended when the girls reached puberty (around 16 in 1870s England), though Reed apparently only intended to suggest that Dodgson was thereby a pure man untainted by touch of lust for adult flesh.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Suggestions of pedophilia only evolved many years after his death, when his well-meaning family had suppressed all evidence of these adult friendships in order to try to preserve his reputation, thus giving a false impression of a man only interested in little girls.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ Commenting on the complexities of Carroll's personality, Reed observes that the children who knew Carroll felt that he shared a commonality with them that was almost on the level of a sacred kinship.
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46]
Sherry L. Ackerman argues that the Carroll Myth also extends to traditional, mainstream views of Carroll's spirituality.[47] .Ackerman proposes that Carroll, rather than being a conservative Victorian Anglican, was actually a mystic.^ The text goes on to state that Queen Victoria was bemused rather than amused to receive one of Carrolls mathematical treatises!

^ Max Trell has suggested that Carroll was actually in love with the real Alice...and proposed honourable marriage to her directly or through her parents (p.

.She links Carroll to the nineteenth century Neoplatonic Revival in Great Britain, as well as to accompanying trends of theosophy and spiritualism.^ Wikipedia The Origins and Destiny of Imperial Britain Nineteenth Century Europe (English) (as Author) Cramer, Ambrosio .
  • Browse By Author: C - Project Gutenberg 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

.The concept of the Carroll Myth has been opposed by some leading Carroll scholars, in particular Morton N. Cohen and Martin Gardner.^ On the relationship between Tenniel and Dodgson, a new book entitled Lewis Carroll and His Illustrators: Collaborations and Correspondence 1865-1898 has just been published by Cornell University Press in which Morton Cohen and I tackle this subject in some depth.

^ Morton Cohen, ed., The Letters of Lewis Carroll , 2 volumes (New York: Oxford University Press, 1979).
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Morton Cohen is more cautious when he reported the alleged marriage proposal ( Lewis Carroll, A Biography , pp.

Cohen repudiates Leach's position as being simply a plea for the defence, and, in a recent article in the Times Literary Supplement labeled Leach and her supporters as 'revisionists' attempting to rewrite history. .Gardner was likewise dismissive in an article published by the Lewis Carroll Society of North America.^ As a long-time member of the Lewis Carroll Societies of North America and Canada, I've enjoyed the company of Carrollians far and wide; in fact, on reflection, I think my wife and I enjoy their company more than the books themselves!
  • de Freitas Books-Works of Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.defreitasbooks.com [Source type: General]

^ There are societies dedicated to the enjoyment and promotion of Lewis Carroll's works in many parts of the world including North America, Japan, the United Kingdom and New Zealand.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ His impressions were later recorded in "Journal of a Tour of Russia 1867," published as The Russian Journal, and Other Selections from the Works of Lewis Carroll (1935).
  • Lewis Carroll : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Similarly, in a review published in Victorian Studies (Vol.^ In a review of the title in Victorian Studies (Vol.43, No.4) reviewer Donald Rackin wrote, "As a piece of biographical scholarship, Karoline Leach's In the Shadow of the Dreamchild is difficult to take seriously".
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

43, No 4), Donald Rackin wrote, "As a piece of biographical scholarship, Karoline Leach's In the Shadow of the Dreamchild is difficult to take seriously".

Works

Literary works

.

Mathematical works

  • A Syllabus of Plane Algebraic Geometry (1860)
  • The Fifth Book of Euclid Treated Algebraically (1858 and 1868)
  • An Elementary Treatise on Determinants, With Their Application to Simultaneous Linear Equations and Algebraic Equations
  • Euclid and his Modern Rivals (1879), both literary and mathematical in style
  • Symbolic Logic Part I
  • Symbolic Logic Part II (published posthumously)
  • The Game of Logic
  • Some Popular Fallacies about Vivisection
  • Curiosa Mathematica I (1888)
  • Curiosa Mathematica II (1892)
  • The Theory of Committees and Elections, collected, edited, analyzed, and published in 1958, by Duncan Black

See also

Alfred C. Berol Collection of Lewis Carroll

.The Alfred C. Berol Collection of Lewis Carroll is housed in the Fales Library at New York University.^ Fantastic Alice by ( 1995) A collection of original stories combines the imaginations of popular modern fantasy writers with the characters of Lewis Carroll, in a colorful anthology of new Wonderland adventures.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ The Humorous Verse of Lewis Carroll by Lewis Carroll ( 1960) Verse, puzzles, "The Hunting of the Snark", acrostics, poems from larger works--largest collection of Carroll verse in print.
  • Books by Lewis Carroll - Bibliography and List of Works 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.biblio.com [Source type: General]

^ On the relationship between Tenniel and Dodgson, a new book entitled Lewis Carroll and His Illustrators: Collaborations and Correspondence 1865-1898 has just been published by Cornell University Press in which Morton Cohen and I tackle this subject in some depth.

.One of the foremost collections of Lewis Carroll materials in the United States, it contains Carroll's correspondence, drawings, manuscripts (firsts, autographed copies, presentation copies, and proofs),and photographs.^ "THE FIRST EARRING" _From a drawing by Lewis Carroll_.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He did not talk "Alice," of course; authors don't generally _talk_ their books, I imagine; but it was undoubtedly Lewis Carroll who was present with us.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For lovers of Alice, the Cheshire Cat, the Queen of Hearts and the Lewis Carroll, this wonderful set of one dozen postcards (2 of each image) is just the ticket!
  • SilverCrowCreations - Alice in Wonderland & Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.silvercrowcreations.com [Source type: General]

.It also includes drawings by his illustrators Harry Furniss and John Tenniel.^ With fifty illustrations by John Tenniel.
  • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His relationship with his illustrator, John Tenniel, was strained and terminated after the publication of Through the Looking-Glass .

^ It was illustrated brilliantly the first time, by John Tenniel, and most people think of Alice in Wonderland through the imagery of Tenniel's illustrations or Walt Disney's animated film.
  • Lewis Carroll Centenary, 1998 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC warlight.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

.Additionally, the collection contains a number of ephemeral materials related to Lewis Carroll.^ Carroll published verse and related materials .
  • Byron W. Sewell and Susan R. Sewell: A Preliminary Inventory of Their Collection of Lewis Carroll at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.lib.utexas.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Schiller, Justin G. Carroll-related materials .
  • Byron W. Sewell and Susan R. Sewell: A Preliminary Inventory of Their Collection of Lewis Carroll at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.lib.utexas.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ A Houston Christmas Carroll , and related material (X2.20-21) .
  • Byron W. Sewell and Susan R. Sewell: A Preliminary Inventory of Their Collection of Lewis Carroll at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.lib.utexas.edu [Source type: Academic]

.This ephemera illustrates Carroll's work's contemporary and enduring cultural impact, as well as Alfred C. Berol's correspondence and notes on the gathering of the materials in the collection.^ T: Collections and selections of Carroll's works .
  • Byron W. Sewell and Susan R. Sewell: A Preliminary Inventory of Their Collection of Lewis Carroll at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.lib.utexas.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Sewell, Byron W. Adventures in Collecting Lewis Carroll, page proofs and related materials (X2.19) .
  • Byron W. Sewell and Susan R. Sewell: A Preliminary Inventory of Their Collection of Lewis Carroll at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.lib.utexas.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The collection contains material supplementary to published editions of Carroll's works, as well as other near-print, nonprint, and ephemeral materials.
  • Byron W. Sewell and Susan R. Sewell: A Preliminary Inventory of Their Collection of Lewis Carroll at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.lib.utexas.edu [Source type: Academic]

[48] The Fales Library guide to the Alfred C. Berol Collection of Lewis Carroll.

Notes

  1. ^ "Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (Lewis Carroll): A Brief Biography". Victorianweb.org. 2004-11-25. http://www.victorianweb.org/authors/carroll/bio1.html. Retrieved 2010-03-11. 
  2. ^ a b c Cohen, Morton N. (26 November 1996). Lewis Carroll: A Biography. Vintage Books. pp. 30–35. ISBN 978-0-679-74562-4. 
  3. ^ Cohen, Morton N. (26 November 1996). Lewis Carroll: A Biography. Vintage Books. pp. 200–2. ISBN 978-0-679-74562-4. 
  4. ^ a b Collingwood, Stuart Dodgson. The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll, 18.
  5. ^ a b Leach, Karoline In the Shadow of the Dreamchild Ch. 2.
  6. ^ a b c d Leach, Karoline In the Shadow of the Dreamchild Ch. 2
  7. ^ Leach, p. 91
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Cohen, Morton N. (26 November 1996). Lewis Carroll: A Biography. Vintage Books. pp. 100–4. ISBN 978-0-679-74562-4. 
  9. ^ Cohen, Morton N. (ed), The Letters of Lewis Carroll, London: Macmillan, 1979.
  10. ^ a b Leach, Karoline In the Shadow of the Dreamchild Ch. 5 "The Unreal Alice"
  11. ^ a b Leach, Karoline In the Shadow of the Dream Child Ch. 4
  12. ^ Wilson, Robin (17 November 2008). .Lewis Carroll in Numberland: His Fantastical Mathematical Logical Life.^ This book is a new compilation of Carroll's surviving puzzles and games, assembled and edited by Edward Wakeling, a Lewis Carroll scholar and writer on mathematics.
    • SilverCrowCreations - Alice in Wonderland & Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.silvercrowcreations.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood .
    • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]
    • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Langford Reed, The Life of Lewis Carroll (1932) .

    W.W. Norton. ISBN 978-0-393-06027-0.
     
  13. ^ "Lewis Carroll – Logician, Nonsense Writer, Mathematician and Photographer". The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. BBC. 26 August 2005. http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A4462670. Retrieved 2009-02-12. 
  14. ^ Cohen, Morton (24 June 2009). Introduction to "Alice in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass". Random House. ISBN 978-0-553-21345-4. 
  15. ^ Taylor, Roger; Wakeling, Edward (25 February 2002). Lewis Carroll, Photographer. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-07443-6. 
  16. ^ how much evidence is there?
  17. ^ "The Photography of Lewis Carroll — The Photography of Lewis Carroll". Photographyoflewiscarroll.googlepages.com. http://photographyoflewiscarroll.googlepages.com/. Retrieved 2010-03-11. 
  18. ^ Flodden W. Heron, "Lewis Carroll, Inventor of Postage Stamp Case" in Stamps, vol. 26, no. 12, 25 March 1939
  19. ^ "Lewis Carroll Related Postage Stamps". The Lewis Carroll Society. 28 April 2005. http://lewiscarrollsociety.org.uk/pages/inspired/stamps.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-12. 
  20. ^ Black, Duncan; McLean, Iain; McMillan, Alistair; Monroe, Burt L.; Dodgson, Charles Lutwidge. A Mathematical Approach to Proportional Representation. ISBN 978-0-7923-9620-8. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=PN1dAAAACAAJ. 
  21. ^ Carroll, Lewis, "What the Tortoise Said to Achilles", Mind n.s. 4 (1895), 278-280; rpt. in Mind 104 (1995), 691-693. Simon Blackburn, "Practical Tortoise Reasoning", Mind 104 (1995), 695 ff.
  22. ^ Angelica Shirley Carpenter (2002). Lewis Carroll: Through the Looking Glass. Lerner. p. 98.ISBN 978-0822500735.
  23. ^ Thomas Christensen (1991). "Dodgson's Dodges". rightreading.com.
  24. ^ Chronology of Works of Lewis Carroll
  25. ^ Dodgson's MS diaries, volume 8, 22–24 October 1862
  26. ^ Cohen, Morton N. (26 November 1996). Lewis Carroll: A Biography. Vintage Books. p. 263. ISBN 978-0-679-74562-4. 
  27. ^ Wilson, Robin (17 November 2008). .Lewis Carroll in Numberland: His Fantastical Mathematical Logical Life.^ This book is a new compilation of Carroll's surviving puzzles and games, assembled and edited by Edward Wakeling, a Lewis Carroll scholar and writer on mathematics.
    • SilverCrowCreations - Alice in Wonderland & Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.silvercrowcreations.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood .
    • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]
    • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Langford Reed, The Life of Lewis Carroll (1932) .

    W.W. Norton. pp. 103–104. ISBN 978-0-393-06027-0.
     
  28. ^ Leach, In the Shadow of the Dreamchild (new edition), 2009, p. 134
  29. ^ Dodgson's MS diaries, volume 8, see prayers scattered throughout the text
  30. ^ Leach, p. 48
  31. ^ Leach, p. 51
  32. ^ Leach, pp. 48–51
  33. ^ Leach, p. 52
  34. ^ Wakeling, Edward (April 2003). "The Real Lewis Carroll / A Talk given to the Lewis Carroll Society". 1855 ... 1856 ... 1857 ... 1858 ... 1862 ... 1863. http://www.wakeling.demon.co.uk/page3-real-lewiscarroll.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-14. 
  35. ^ Dodgson Family Collection, Cat. No. F/17/1. "Cut Pages in Diary". (For an account of its discovery see The Times Literary Supplement, 3 May 1996.)
  36. ^ Leach, Karoline In the Shadow of the Dreamchild pp. 170–2.
  37. ^ "Text available on-line". Looking for Lewis Carroll. http://www.lewiscarroll.cc/cutpages.html. Retrieved 2007-05-04. 
  38. ^ "The Diaries of Lewis Carroll", vol 9 p. 52
  39. ^ "The Diaries of Lewis Carroll", vol 9
  40. ^ a b Cohen, Morton N. (26 November 1996). Lewis Carroll: A Biography. Vintage Books. pp. 166–167, 254–255. ISBN 978-0-679-74562-4. 
  41. ^ Cohen, Morton N. (26 November 1996). Lewis Carroll: A Biography. Vintage Books. pp. 100–4. ISBN 978-0-679-74562-4. 
  42. ^ "Contrariwise, the Association for new Lewis Carroll studies". Carrollmyth.com. http://carrollmyth.com/contrariwise/index.html. Retrieved 2010-03-11. 
  43. ^ "The Carroll Myth". http://carrollmyth.com/. Retrieved 2009-02-12. 
  44. ^ Leach, pp. 16–17
  45. ^ Leach, p. 33
  46. ^ Leach, p. 32
  47. ^ Ackerman, Sherry L. (2008). Behind the Looking Glass. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. ISBN 1-84718-486-3. 
  48. ^ "Guide to The Alfred C. Berol Collection of Lewis Carroll 1845–1993 MSS 57". Dlib.nyu.edu. http://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/html/fales/berol.html. Retrieved 2010-03-11. 

References

  • Black, Duncan (1958). The Circumstances in which Rev. C. L. Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) wrote his Three Pamphlets and Appendix: Text of Dodgson's Three Pamphlets and of 'The Cyclostyled Sheet' in The Theory of Committees and Elections, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Bowman, Isa (1899), The Story of Lewis Carroll, Told by the Real Alice in Wonderland, London: Dent
  • Cohen, Morton N. (1995), Lewis Carroll: A Biography, London: Macmillan. .(ISBN 0-333-62926-4)
  • Collingwood, Stuart Dodgson (1898), The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll, London: T. Fisher Unwin
  • Dogson, Charles L., Euclid and His Modern Rivals; Macmillan, 1879 (reissued by Cambridge University Press, 2009; ISBN 9781108001007)
  • Graham-Smith, Darien (2005), Contextualising Carroll, University of Wales, Bangor: PhD Thesis ([1])
  • Huxley, Francis (1976), The Raven and the Writing Desk.^ London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1899.
    • de Freitas Books-Works of Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.defreitasbooks.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Austin, TX & London: University of Texas Press, 1975.
    • de Freitas Books-Works of Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.defreitasbooks.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The Letters of Lewis Carroll .
    • de Freitas Books-Works of Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.defreitasbooks.com [Source type: General]

    (ISBN 0-06-012113-0).
  • Kelly, Richard, Lewis Carroll. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1990.
  • Kelly, Richard, ed. .Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Press, 2000.
  • Leach, Karoline (1999), In the Shadow of the Dreamchild: A New Understanding of Lewis Carroll, London: Peter Owen Publishers
  • Lennon, Florence Becker (1947), Lewis Carroll, London: Cassell
  • Reed, Langford (1932), The Life of Lewis Carroll, London: W. and G. Foyle
  • Sunghyun Kim, 'Political Unconscious in Fantastic Narrative: Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland' (Korean), Yonsei University Graduate School, 2005
  • Taylor, Alexander L., Knight (1952), The White Knight, Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd
  • Taylor, Roger & Wakeling, Edward, Lewis Carroll, Photographer.^ Dodgson, Charles Lutwidge Wikipedia Alice's Abenteuer im Wunderland (German) (as Author) Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (English) (as Author) Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (English) (as Author) Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (English) (as Author) Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (English) (as Author) Alice's Adventures in Wonderland HTML Edition (English) (as Author) Alice's Adventures in Wonderland Illustrated by Arthur Rackham.
    • Browse By Author: C - Project Gutenberg 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Alexander Taylor suggested that Dodgson was in love with Alice and contemplated marriage ( The White Knight , pp.

    ^ Sewell, Byron W. Adventures in Collecting Lewis Carroll, page proofs and related materials (X2.19) .
    • Byron W. Sewell and Susan R. Sewell: A Preliminary Inventory of Their Collection of Lewis Carroll at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.lib.utexas.edu [Source type: Academic]

    Princeton University Press, 2002. (ISBN 0691074437). Catalogues nearly every Carroll photograph known to be still in existence.
  • Wilson, Robin (2008). .Lewis Carroll in Numberland: His Fantastical Mathematical Logical Life.^ This book is a new compilation of Carroll's surviving puzzles and games, assembled and edited by Edward Wakeling, a Lewis Carroll scholar and writer on mathematics.
    • SilverCrowCreations - Alice in Wonderland & Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.silvercrowcreations.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood .
    • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]
    • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Langford Reed, The Life of Lewis Carroll (1932) .

    London: Allen Lane. .ISBN 9780713997576. 
  • Wullschläger, Jackie, Inventing Wonderland, (ISBN 0-7432-2892-8)—also looks at Edward Lear (of the "nonsense" verses), J. M. Barrie (Peter Pan), Kenneth Grahame (The Wind in the Willows), and A. A. Milne (Winnie-the-Pooh).
  • n.n., Dreaming in Pictures: The Photography of Lewis Carroll.^ Choose from the following pieces of writing: PRESENTS FOR WONDERLAND ADVENTURES OF ALICE MY DISLIKED CHARACTER IN LEWIS CARROLL'S ALICE IN WONDERLAND ALICE AND THE ARROGANT CATERPILLAR WHAT I TAKE WITH ME CHILDHOOD DREAMS ALICE IN MURDERLAND .
    • Lewis Carroll Centenary, 1998 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC warlight.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ AIW (Alice in Wonderland) TTLG (Through the Looking-Glass) LCSNA (Lewis Carroll Society of North America) LCSC (Lewis Carroll Society of Canada) .
    • de Freitas Books-Works of Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.defreitasbooks.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This Bandersnatch Unpress Edition of Lewis Carroll's Through The Looking Glass is placed in the public domain by its preparer, Nicholas A Vargish.
    • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Yale University Press & SFMOMA, 2004. (Places Carroll firmly in the art photography tradition.^ In Lewis Carroll, Photographer (Princeton University Press, 2002), which I co-wrote with Roger Taylor, I estimated the proportion of photographs in his output as follows: .

    ^ A CIRCULAR ABOUT THE "SCHOOL OF DRAMATIC ART." 1882 Oxford: Printed at the University Press.
    • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    )

External links

.

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.
'Twas brillig and the slithy toves,
Did gyre and gimble in the wabe;
All mimsy were the borogoves,
And the mome raths outgrabe.
^ Did gyre and gimble in the wabe.” .
  • Alice in Wonderland; Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC html.rincondelvago.com [Source type: Original source]

^ 'Twas brillig, and the slithy toves Did gyre and gimble in the wabe: All mimsy were the borogoves, And the mome raths outgrabe.
  • Jabberwocky - Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.design.caltech.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • The Straight Dope: Do anagrams in Lewis Carroll's poems prove he was Jack the Ripper? 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.straightdope.com [Source type: General]

^ This sounded very hopeful, so Alice repeated the first verse: `Twas brillig, and the slithy toves Did gyre and gimble in the wabe; All mimsy were the borogoves, And the mome raths outgrabe.
  • Literature.org - The Online Literature Library 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.literature.org [Source type: Original source]

~ Through the Looking-Glass
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (27 January 183214 January 1898) was a British author, mathematician, Anglican clergyman, logician, and amateur photographer; better known by the pen name Lewis Carroll
See also: Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass

Contents

Sourced

.
I have said it thrice:
What I tell you three times is true.
  • I charm in vain; for never again,
    All keenly as my glance I bend,
    Will Memory, goddess coy,
    Embody for my joy
    Departed days, nor let me gaze
    On thee, my fairy friend!^ Bookmark quote "What I tell you three times is true."
    • Carroll, Lewis Quotes on Quotations Book 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC quotationsbook.com [Source type: General]

    ^ 'You never said a word like it!'
    • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Progress Quotes Add to Favorite List What I tell you three times is true.

    • "To my Child-friend" in The Game Of Logic (1886)

The Hunting of the Snark (1874)

.Just the place for a Snark!^ Just the place for a Snark!
  • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "Just the place for a Snark!
  • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "Just the place for a Snark!"
  • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

  • IF — and the thing is wildly possible — the charge of writing nonsense were ever brought against the author of this brief but instructive poem, it would be based, I feel convinced, on the line (in Fit the Second)
    "Then the bowsprit got mixed with the rudder sometimes."
    .In view of this painful possibility, I will not (as I might) appeal indignantly to my other writings as a proof that I am incapable of such a deed: I will not (as I might) point to the strong moral purpose of this poem itself, to the arithmetical principles so cautiously inculcated in it, or to its noble teachings in Natural History — I will take the more prosaic course of simply explaining how it happened...^ In view of this painful possibility, I will not (as I might) appeal indignantly to my other writings as a proof that I am incapable of such a deed: I will not (as I might) point to the strong moral purpose of this poem itself, to the arithmetical principles so cautiously inculcated in it, or to its noble teachings in Natural History — I will take the more prosaic course of simply explaining how it happened...
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In view of this painful possibility, I will not (as I might) appeal indignantly to my other writings as a proof that I am incapable of such a deed: I will not (as I might) point to the strong moral purpose of this poem itself, to the arithmetical principles so cautiously inculcated in it, or to its noble teachings in Natural History—I will take the more prosaic course of simply explaining how it happened.
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Be what you would seem to be - or, if you'd like it put more simply - never imagine yourself not to be otherwise than what it might appear to others that what you were or might have been was not otherwise than what you had been would have appeared to them to be otherwise.
    • Lewis Carroll quotes, quotations, phrases, words 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.icelebz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • Preface
.
You may seek it with thimbles — and seek it with care;
You may hunt it with forks and hope;
You may threaten its life with a railway-share;
You may charm it with smiles and soap...
  • As this poem is to some extent connected with the lay of the Jabberwock, let me take this opportunity of answering a question that has often been asked me, how to pronounce "slithy toves."^ 'You may seek it with thimbles—and seek it with care; You may hunt it with forks and hope; You may threaten its life with a railway-share; You may charm it with smiles and soap—' " .
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We hope you will return often.

    ^ "To seek it with thimbles, to seek it with care; To pursue it with forks and hope; To threaten its life with a railway-share; To charm it with smiles and soap!
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    .The "i" in "slithy" is long, as in "writhe"; and "toves" is pronounced so as to rhyme with "groves."^ As this poem is to some extent connected with the lay of the Jabberwock, let me take this opportunity of answering a question that has often been asked me, how to pronounce "slithy toves."
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The "i" in "slithy" is long, as in "writhe"; and "toves" is pronounced so as to rhyme with "groves."
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Again, the first "o" in "borogoves" is pronounced like the "o" in "borrow."^ Again, the first "o" in "borogoves" is pronounced like the "o" in "borrow."
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I have heard people try to give it the sound of the "o" in "worry."^ I have heard people try to give it the sound of the "o" in "worry."
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I have heard people try to give it the sound of the "o" in "worry.
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Lewis Carroll 21 people liked it "Well, I never heard it before, but it sounds uncommon nonsense."
    • Quotes by Lewis Carroll (page 1 of 4) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Such is Human Perversity.^ Such is Human Perversity.
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    • Preface
  • ".Just the place for a Snark!^ Just the place for a Snark!
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Just the place for a Snark!
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Just the place for a Snark!"
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    " the Bellman cried,
    As he landed his crew with care;
    Supporting each man on the top of the tide
    By a finger entwined in his hair.
    • Fit the First : The Landing
  • ".Just the place for a Snark!^ Just the place for a Snark!
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Just the place for a Snark!
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Just the place for a Snark!"
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I have said it twice:
    That alone should encourage the crew.
    ^ I have said it twice: That alone should encourage the crew.
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .Just the place for a Snark!^ Just the place for a Snark!
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Just the place for a Snark!
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Just the place for a Snark!"
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I have said it thrice:
    What I tell you three times is true.
    "
    • Fit the First : The Landing
  • There was one who was famed for the number of things
    He forgot when he entered the ship:
    His umbrella, his watch, all his jewels and rings,
    And the clothes he had bought for the trip.^ No you were right the first time.
    • Phantasmagoria: The Visions of Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.stephenking.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Bookmark quote "What I tell you three times is true."
    • Carroll, Lewis Quotes on Quotations Book 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC quotationsbook.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Progress Quotes Add to Favorite List What I tell you three times is true.

    .He had forty-two boxes, all carefully packed,
    With his name painted clearly on each:
    But, since he omitted to mention the fact,
    They were all left behind on the beach.
    ^ He had forty-two boxes, all carefully packed, With his name painted clearly on each: But, since he omitted to mention the fact, They were all left behind on the beach.
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ So I have packed them all in it very carefully.
    • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Humpty Dumpty, in fact, subscribed to an extreme form of nominalism, according to which all that is common to a group of particulars is their being called by the same name.

    .
    • Fit the First : The Landing
  • He had bought a large map representing the sea,
    Without the least vestige of land:
    And the crew were much pleased when they found it to be
    A map they could all understand.^ He had bought a large map representing the sea, Without the least vestige of land: And the crew were much pleased when they found it to be A map they could all understand.
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Emsie recovered in time to go to America, with her mother and Isa and Nellie: and they all enjoyed the trip much; and Emsie has a London engagement.
    • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But the danger was past—they had landed at last, With their boxes, portmanteaus, and bags: Yet at first sight the crew were not pleased with the view, Which consisted to chasms and crags.
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Fit the Second : The Bellman's Speech
  • 'Other maps are such shapes, with their islands and capes!^ "Other maps are such shapes, with their islands and capes!
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]


    .But we've got our brave captain to thank'
    (So the crew would protest) 'that he's bought us the best —
    A perfect and absolute blank!'
    ^ But we've got our brave Captain to thank: (So the crew would protest) "that he's bought us the best— A perfect and absolute blank!"
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ What I was going to say,' said the Dodo in an offended tone, `was, that the best thing to get us dry would be a Caucus-race.'
    • Alice's Adventures in Wonderland: Chapter III: A Caucus-Race and a Long Tale 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.cs.indiana.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Alri thanks for bein our mates check out our songs and let us know what you think thanks WeWereSuperheroes Nov 1 2009 1:26 PM .
    • Lewis (Lewis Carroll) | MySpace 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • Fit the Second : The Bellman's Speech
  • Then the bowsprit got mixed with the rudder sometimes:
    A thing, as the Bellman remarked,
    That frequently happens in tropical climes,
    When a vessel is, so to speak, "snarked."^ Fit the Second : The Bellman's Speech Then the bowsprit got mixed with the rudder sometimes: A thing, as the Bellman remarked, That frequently happens in tropical climes, When a vessel is, so to speak, "snarked."
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ IF — and the thing is wildly possible — the charge of writing nonsense were ever brought against the author of this brief but instructive poem, it would be based, I feel convinced, on the line (in Fit the Second) "Then the bowsprit got mixed with the rudder sometimes."
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Fit the Second : The Bellman's Speech You may seek it with thimbles — and seek it with care; You may hunt it with forks and hope; You may threaten its life with a railway-share; You may charm it with smiles and soap — ("That's exactly the method," the Bellman bold In a hasty parenthesis cried, "That's exactly the way I have always been told That the capture of Snarks should be tried!"
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    • Fit the Second : The Bellman's Speech
.
But oh, beamish nephew, beware of the day,
If your Snark be a Boojum!
^ 'But oh, beamish nephew, beware of the day, If your Snark be a Boojum!
  • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

.For then
You will softly and suddenly vanish away,
And never be met with again!
  • But the principal failing occurred in the sailing,
    And the Bellman, perplexed and distressed,
    Said he had hoped, at least, when the wind blew due East
    That the ship would not travel due West!^ But the principal failing occurred in the sailing, And the Bellman, perplexed and distressed, Said he had hoped, at least, when the wind blew due East That the ship would not travel due West!
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ For then You will softly and suddenly vanish away, And never be met with again!'
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ For then You will softly and suddenly vanish away, And never be met with again!
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    • Fit the Second : The Bellman's Speech
  • You may seek it with thimbles — and seek it with care;
    You may hunt it with forks and hope;
    You may threaten its life with a railway-share;
    You may charm it with smiles and soap —
    .("That's exactly the method," the Bellman bold
    In a hasty parenthesis cried,
    "That's exactly the way I have always been told
    That the capture of Snarks should be tried!"
    ^ "That's exactly the method," the Bellman bold In a hasty parenthesis cried, "That's exactly the way I have always been told That the capture of Snarks should be tried!"
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Fit the Second : The Bellman's Speech You may seek it with thimbles — and seek it with care; You may hunt it with forks and hope; You may threaten its life with a railway-share; You may charm it with smiles and soap — ("That's exactly the method," the Bellman bold In a hasty parenthesis cried, "That's exactly the way I have always been told That the capture of Snarks should be tried!"
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Each thought he was thinking of nothing but "Snark" And the glorious work of the day; And each tried to pretend that he did not remark That the other was going that way.
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    )
    ."'But oh, beamish nephew, beware of the day,
    If your Snark be a Boojum!
    ^ 'But oh, beamish nephew, beware of the day, If your Snark be a Boojum!
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    .For then
    You will softly and suddenly vanish away,
    And never be met with again!'
    ^ The Sheep took the money, and put it away in a box: then she said 'I never put things into people's hands—that would never do—you must get it for yourself.'
    • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Fit the Third : The Baker's Tale
  • You may charge me with murder — or want of sense -
    (we are all of us weak at times):
    But the slightest approach to a false pretence
    was never among my crimes!^ That’s really all what you want from a publisher.
    • Lewis Carroll : SFFaudio 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.sffaudio.com [Source type: General]

    ^ "You may charge me with murder—or want of sense— (We are all of us weak at times): But the slightest approach to a false pretense Was never among my crimes!
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It's high time you were all in bed!'
    • Alice's Adventures in Wonderland: Chapter III: A Caucus-Race and a Long Tale 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.cs.indiana.edu [Source type: Original source]


    .
    I said it in Hebrew — I said it in Dutch —
    I said it in German and Greek:
    But I wholly forgot (and it vexes me much)
    That English is what you speak!
    ^ "I said it in Hebrew—I said it in Dutch— I said it in German and Greek: But I wholly forgot (and it vexes me much) That English is what you speak!"
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ 'I hope so,' the Knight said doubtfully: 'but you didn't cry so much as I thought you would.'
    • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In that case,' said the Dodo solemnly, rising to its feet, `I move that the meeting adjourn, for the immediate adoption of more energetic remedies--' `Speak English!'
    • Alice's Adventures in Wonderland: Chapter III: A Caucus-Race and a Long Tale 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.cs.indiana.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Fit the Fourth : The Hunting
  • As to temper the Jubjub's a desperate bird,
    Since it lives in perpetual passion:
    Its taste in costume is entirely absurd —
    It is ages ahead of the fashion.^ "As to temper the Jubjub's a desperate bird, Since it lives in perpetual passion: Its taste in costume is entirely absurd— It is ages ahead of the fashion: .
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Fit the Fourth : The Hunting As to temper the Jubjub's a desperate bird, Since it lives in perpetual passion: Its taste in costume is entirely absurd — It is ages ahead of the fashion.
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Should we meet with a Jubjub, that desperate bird, We shall need all our strength for the job!"
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Fit the Fifth : The Beaver's Lesson
  • They sought it with thimbles, they sought it with care;
    They pursued it with forks and hope;
    They threatened its life with a railway-share;
    They charmed it with smiles and soap.^ Preface You may seek it with thimbles — and seek it with care; You may hunt it with forks and hope; You may threaten its life with a railway-share; You may charm it with smiles and soap...
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Fit the Fifth : The Beaver's Lesson They sought it with thimbles, they sought it with care; They pursued it with forks and hope; They threatened its life with a railway-share; They charmed it with smiles and soap.
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Fit the Second : The Bellman's Speech You may seek it with thimbles — and seek it with care; You may hunt it with forks and hope; You may threaten its life with a railway-share; You may charm it with smiles and soap — ("That's exactly the method," the Bellman bold In a hasty parenthesis cried, "That's exactly the way I have always been told That the capture of Snarks should be tried!"
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Lewis Carroll - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    • Fit the Eighth : The Vanishing
  • In the midst of the word he was trying to say,
    In the midst of his laughter and glee,
    He had softly and suddenly vanished away —
    For the Snark was a Boojum, you see.
    • Fit the Eighth : The Vanishing

Sylvie and Bruno (1889)

Is all our Life, then but a dream
Seen faintly in the goldern gleam
Athwart Time's dark resistless stream?
  • Is all our Life, then but a dream
    Seen faintly in the goldern gleam
    Athwart Time's dark resistless stream?
    Bowed to the earth with bitter woe
    Or laughing at some raree-show
    We flutter idly to and fro.
    .Man's little Day in haste we spend,
    And, from its merry noontide, send
    No glance to meet the silent end.
    ^ Man's little Day in haste we spend, And, from the merry noontide, send No glance to meet the silent end.
    • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • I do not know if 'Alice in Wonderland' was an original story — I was, at least, no conscious imitator in writing it — but I do know that, since it came out, something like a dozen story-books have appeared, on identically the same pattern. The path I timidly explored believing myself to be 'the first that ever burst into that silent sea' — is now a beaten high-road: all the way-side flowers have long ago been trampled into the dust: and it would be courting disaster for me to attempt that style again.^ Alice in Wonderland: now with dragons .
    • Was Lewis Carroll's interest in Alice sinister? | World news | The Guardian 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

    ^ How they all came out of it Alice couldn't guess.
    • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ 'And a long way beyond it on each side,' Alice added.
    • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    • Preface
.
I suppose every child has a world of his own — and every man, too, for the matter of that.
^ There is something touching about a man who fights the hardest fight in the world: his own desire.
  • Was Lewis Carroll's interest in Alice sinister? | World news | The Guardian 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

.I wonder if that's the cause for all the misunderstanding there is in Life?
  • I believe this thought, of the possibility of death — if calmly realised, and steadily faced would be one of the best possible tests as to our going to any scene of amusement being right or wrong. If the thought of sudden death acquires, for you, a special horror when imagined as happening in a theatre, then be very sure the theatre is harmful for you, however harmless it may be for others; and that you are incurring a deadly peril in going.^ One of the secrets of life is that all that is really worth the doing is what we do for others.
    • Lewis Carroll quotes, quotations, phrases, words 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.icelebz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Surely you can find out negatively, that I am all right!
    • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ However, there would be no harm, she thought, in asking if the game was over.
    • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Be sure the safest rule is that we should not dare to live in any scene in which we dare not die.
    But, once realise what the true object is in life — that it is not pleasure, not knowledge, not even fame itself, 'that last infirmity of noble minds' — but that it is the development of character, the rising to a higher, nobler, purer standard, the building-up of the perfect Man — and then, so long as we feel that this is going on, and will (we trust) go on for evermore, death has for us no terror; it is not a shadow, but a light; not an end, but a beginning!
    ^ This is the true end and object of acting--to raise the mind above itself, and out of its petty cares.
    • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He also liked the pleasures of cultural life art galleries, the theatre, trips to London, pantomimes, light musical entertainment, magic shows, end-of-pier extravaganzas, and visits to the seaside with friends; not the activities of a parish priest.

    ^ So you'll go very quickly through the Third Square—by railway, I should think—and you'll find yourself in the Fourth Square in no time.
    • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Preface
  • I suppose every child has a world of his own — and every man, too, for the matter of that.^ There is something touching about a man who fights the hardest fight in the world: his own desire.
    • Was Lewis Carroll's interest in Alice sinister? | World news | The Guardian 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

    ^ The Tasmanian Gaming Commission estimated that Australians were spending $20.6 billion per annum on gambling, or more than $20 per week for every man, woman and child.
    • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | January 27| Up-Helly-Aa Up-Halliday Chrysostom Lewis Carroll paedophile pedophile Grace Darlings Wales 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

    ^ At this rate indeed, our motto will be, Every man his own Dictionary.

    .I wonder if that's the cause for all the misunderstanding there is in Life?
    • Chapter 4 : A Cunning Conspiracy
  • He thought he saw an Elephant,
    That practised on a fife:
    He looked again, and found it was
    A letter from his wife.^ Dodgson was an inveterate letter-writer - in the last 35 years of his life, he sent and received some 50,000 letters, cataloguing them all.
    • Gresham College | Lectures and Events 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.gresham.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ He published 'Through the Looking-Glass and what Alice found there' in 1872, and his last novel the two volume 'Sylvie and Bruno' in 1889 and 1893 respectively.
    • Casebook: Jack the Ripper - Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.casebook.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Dean Liddell's biography doesn't even mention "Alice", even though there is a whole chapter on Liddell's family life.
    • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]


    'At length I realise,' he said,
    'The bitterness of Life!' .
    • Chapter 5 : A Beggar's Palace
  • He thought he saw a Banker's Clerk
    Descending from the bus:
    He looked again, and found it was
    A Hippopotamus:
    'If this should stay to dine,' he said,
    'There won't be much for us!'^ He published 'Through the Looking-Glass and what Alice found there' in 1872, and his last novel the two volume 'Sylvie and Bruno' in 1889 and 1893 respectively.
    • Casebook: Jack the Ripper - Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.casebook.org [Source type: General]

    ^ The original, the one that established her and Carroll's fame, was Alice's Adventures in Wonderland ; the successor, like and yet very unlike, was Through the Looking Glass and what Alice found there .
    • Great Science-Fiction & Fantasy Works: Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC greatsfandf.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ 'I hope so,' the Knight said doubtfully: 'but you didn't cry so much as I thought you would.'
    • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    • Chapter 7 : The Baron's Embassy
  • The West is the fitting tomb for all the sorrow and the sighing, all the errors and the follies of the Past: for all its withered Hopes and all its buried Loves! From the East comes new strength, new ambition, new Hope, new Life, new Love! Look Eastward! Aye, look Eastward!" .
    • Chapter 25 : Looking Eastward
  • Fading, with the Night, the memory of a dead love, and the withered leaves of a blighted hope, and the sickly repinings and moody regrets that numb the best energies of the soul: and rising, broadening, rolling upward like a living flood, the manly resolve, and the dauntless will, and the heavenward gaze of faith — the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen!
    "Look Eastward!^ I give to other little maids A smile, a kiss, a look, Presents whose memory quickly fades, I give to these--a Book.
    • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ However, I'll consider if I will or not--meanwhile, I send a little thing to give you an idea of what I look like when I'm lecturing.
    • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And a " borogove " is a thing shabby-looking bird with its feathers sticking out all round -- something like a live mop.'
    • Literature.org - The Online Literature Library 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.literature.org [Source type: Original source]

    Aye, look Eastward!"
    • Chapter 25 : Looking Eastward

Letters of Lewis Carroll to his Child-Friends (1933)

Quotations from A Selection from the Letters of Lewis Carroll to his Child-Friends (1933) edited by Evelyn M. Hatch
.
  • They did things very simply in those days: if you had a lot of money, you just dug a hole under the hedge, and popped it in: then you said you had "put it in the bank"
    • Letter to Mary MacDonald (14 November 1873), p.24
  • My best love to yourself-to your mother my kindest regards-to your small, fat, impertinent, ignorant brother my hatred.^ P. S. My best love to yourself, to your Mother my kindest regards, to & your small, fat, impertinent, ignorant brother my hatred.I think that is all.
    • Gresham College | Lectures and Events 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.gresham.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ 'What sort of things do you remember best?'
    • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ My best love to yourself--to your Mother my kindest regards--to your small, fat, impertinent, ignorant brother my hatred.
    • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Letter to Maggie Cunnynghame (30 January 1868), p.43
  • Some children have a most disagreeable way of getting grown-up: I hope you won't do anything of that sort before we meet again.^ Euclid sums up saying:- Let me carry with me the hope that I have convinced you of the importance, if not the necessity, of retaining my order and numbering, and my method of treating straight lines, angles, right angles, and ( most especially ) parallels.

    ^ Letter to my child-friend, Margaret Cunnynghame, Christ Church, Oxford; January 30th 1868.
    • Gresham College | Lectures and Events 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.gresham.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ "You are old," said the youth, "as I mentioned before, And have grown most uncommonly fat; Yet you turned a back-somersault in at the door - Pray, what is the reason of that?"
    • Lewis Carroll Centenary, 1998 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC warlight.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Letter to Dolly Argles (? 28 April 1868), p.52
  • As to dancing, my dear, I never dance, unless I am allowed to do it in my own peculiar way.^ Letter to my child-friend, Margaret Cunnynghame, Christ Church, Oxford; January 30th 1868.
    • Gresham College | Lectures and Events 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.gresham.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ My dear Kathleen,--I was really pleased to get your letter, as I had quite supposed I should never see or hear of you again.
    • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He is challenging the nominalists on their own ground yet in a way that is a gentle parody of 'Dialogues' One of my favourite of all Carroll passages.

    .There is no use trying to describe it: it has to be seen to be believed.^ "There is no use trying," said Alice; "one can't believe impossible things."
    • SilverCrowCreations - Alice in Wonderland & Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.silvercrowcreations.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If it is more than a hundred miles, I can't come to see you, and there is no use to talk about it.
    • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There has been much speculation that Dodgson used psychoactive drugs, however there is no direct evidence that he ever did.
    • Lewis Carroll :: English Language Poet :: English Poetry 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.poet.me.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The last house I tried it in, the floor broke through. .But then it was a poor sort of floor--the beams were only six inches thick, hardly worth calling beams at all: stone arches are much more sensible, when any dancing, of my peculiar kind, is to be done.^ Only six inches!
    • Gresham College | Lectures and Events 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.gresham.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ 'It's a poor sort of memory that only works backwards,' the Queen remarked.
    • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ 'Crabs, and all sorts of things,' said the Sheep: 'plenty of choice, only make up your mind.
    • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Did you ever see the Rhinoceros, and the Hippopotamus, at the Zoological Gardens, trying to dance a minuet together?^ In the midst of the word he was trying to say, In the midst of his laughter and glee, He had softly and suddenly vanished away— For the Snark was a Boojum, you see.
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ [The Dormouse] went on: ‘—that begins with an M, such as mouse-traps, and the moon, and memory, and muchness, you know you say things are “much of a muchness”—did you ever see such a thing as a drawing of a muchness?’ .

    ^ I have just been to Mr. Price to see how I did in the papers, and the result will I hope be gratifying to you.
    • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    It is a touching sight.
    .
    Give any message from me to Amy that you think will be most likely to surprise her.
    ^ (I don’t — I think his assumption is right, but you give me pause with your comments above.
    • The Math Factor Podcast » Yoak: Lewis Carroll – Some Chance I’m Being Obtuse 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC mathfactor.uark.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Then he looked very grave indeed, and said, "I think you must have been giving too many kisses."
    • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Now I think you must be content; this is a longer letter than most will get.
    • The Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll by Stuart Dodgson Collingwood - Full Text Free Book (Part 6/7) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Letter to Gaynor Simpson (27 December 1873), pp.90-1
  • Of course you know what a Snark is?^ "Come, listen, my men, while I tell you again The five unmistakable marks By which you may know, wheresoever you go, They warranted genuine Snarks.
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I don’t know where Dinn may be,” said the Mock Turtle; “but, if you’ve seen them so often, of course you know what they’re like?” .
    • Alice in Wonderland - The Lobster-Quadrille (by Lewis Carroll) 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.authorama.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "You must know —-" said the Judge: but the Snark exclaimed "Fudge!"
    • Carroll, Lewis: The Hunting Of The Snark 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    .If you do, please tell me: for I haven't an idea what it is like.^ Would you tell me, please?'
    • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ 'Please, would you tell me what you call yourself?'
    • Carroll, Lewis: Through The Looking Glass 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC unpress.bandersnatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And would you tell me, please, why do you smell so very good ?” .
    • If Lewis Carroll Had Written Twilight: An Alice's Adventures in Wonderland/Twilight Mashup | Lit Drift: Storytelling in the 21st Century 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.litdrift.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • Letter to Florence Balfour (6 April 1876)

Quotes about Dodgson

.
  • All old Dadgerson's dodges one conning one's copying and that's what wonderland's wanderlad'll flaunt to the fair.^ The surprising thing starts to seem that he ever bothered to sit down all by himself and write out Alice in Wonderland at all - but I'll come to that later.
    • Lewis Carroll's Creativity 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC contrariwise.cc [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Of all the books I've published, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland is the one that I felt the most worried about.
    • Lewis Carroll Centenary, 1998 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC warlight.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A near fine copy of this excellent chronological arrangement of all of LC's writings collected into one volume.
    • de Freitas Books-Works of Lewis Carroll 15 January 2010 11:33 UTC www.defreitasbooks.com [Source type: General]

External links

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Simple English

File:Lewis Carroll
Lewis Carroll in 1863

Lewis Carroll was the pen name of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (27 January 1832 – 14 January 1898), a British writer, logician (maths expert), Anglican clergyman, and photographer. He is most famous for his story Alice's Adventures in Wonderland which he told to a young friend, Alice Liddel, when he took the girl and two of her sisters on a boat trip. Alice enjoyed the story and asked Dodgson to write it down. Carroll then wrote a second story about Alice called Through the Looking Glass. Both stories are still popular with people all over the world. He was a lecturer in mathematics at Christ Church, Oxford, and wrote some books on the subject. [1]

Contents

Works

Literary works

  • A Tangled Tale
  • Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1865)
  • Facts
  • He thought he saw an elephant
  • Rhyme? And Reason? (also published as Phantasmagoria)
  • Pillow Problems
  • Sylvie and Bruno
  • Sylvie and Bruno Concluded
  • The Hunting of the Snark (1876)
  • Three Sunsets and Other Poems
  • Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There (includes "Jabberwocky" and "The Walrus and the Carpenter") (1871)
  • What the Tortoise Said to Achilles

Mathematical works

  • A Syllabus of Plane Algebraic Geometry (1860)
  • The Fifth Book of Euclid Treated Algebraically (1858 and 1868)
  • An Elementary Treatise on Determinants, With Their Application to Simultaneous Linear Equations and Algebraic Equations
  • Euclid and his Modern Rivals (1879), both literary and mathematical in style
  • Symbolic Logic Part I
  • Symbolic Logic Part II (published posthumously)
  • The Game of Logic
  • Some Popular Fallacies about Vivisection
  • Curiosa Mathematica I (1888)
  • Curiosa Mathematica II (1892)
  • The Theory of Committees and Elections, collected, edited, analyzed, and published in 1958, by Duncan Black

References

  1. Wakeling, Edward; Lewis Carroll (1992). Edward Wakeling. ed. Lewis Carroll's games and puzzles. Courier Dover Publications. ISBN 9780486269221. 


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 26, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Lewis Carroll, which are similar to those in the above article.








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