The Full Wiki

More info on Liberia – United States relations

Liberia – United States relations: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Liberia – United States relations
Liberia   United States
Map indicating location of Liberia and USA
     Liberia      United States

Liberia – United States relations are bilateral relations between Liberia and the United States.

Contents

History

U.S. relations with Liberia date back to 1819 when the US Congress appropriated $100,000 for the establishment of Liberia.[1]. The United States officially recognized Liberia in 1862 and the two nations shared very close diplomatic, economic, and military ties until the 1990s. During World War II, Liberia joined the Allied Forces and Monrovia was host to important Allied logistics bases. Liberia was also home to Firestone's rubber plantation, which was established shortly after World War I. This plantation was a large arms manufacturer for the Allied Forces during World War II.[2][3]

Liberian President Tolbert and U.S. President Jimmy Carter (in car, left) in Monrovia

Liberian and United States relationships became strained between 1971 and 1980 due to Liberian president William R. Tolbert's establishment of diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union and other Eastern Bloc countries.[4] In 1978, United States president Jimmy Carter made the first official presidential visit to Liberia.[3]

During the 1980s, the United States forged especially close ties with Liberia as part of a Cold War effort to suppress socialist and Marxist movements in Africa.[2] Samuel Doe's government was seen by American strategists as being especially important to their Cold War policies in Africa and his government took actions to protect American interests in the region. Liberia received between $500 million and $1.3 billion dollars during the 1980s from the United States government through direct and indirect channels.[5] Furthermore, Liberia was home to a relay station for Voice of America, a large navigation tower, and the CIA's main African base for the majority of this period.[3]

The rise of Charles Taylor's government, the Liberian Civil War, regional instability and human rights abuses interrupted the previously close relations between Liberia and the United States. Although Charles Taylor's election in 1997 was monitored by the Economic Community of West African States and Jimmy Carter, the United States officially held that Taylor was illegitimately elected due to the violent circumstances leading up to his election.[3][6] During Taylor's presidency, the United States cut direct financial and military aid to the Liberian government, withdrew Peace Corps operations, imposed a travel ban on senior Liberian Government officials, and frequently criticized Charles Taylor's government.[1][7] Much of the Liberian-American tension from this period stems from the Liberian government's acknowledged support for the Revolutionary United Front, a rebel group in Sierra Leone and surrounding region.[2] Due to intense pressure from the international community and the United States, Charles Taylor resigned his office on August 11, 2003.[4]

The resignation and exile of Charles Taylor in 2003 brought changes in diplomatic ties between the United States and Liberia. On July 30, 2003, the United States proposed a UN Security Council draft resolution to authorize the deployment of a multi-national stabilization force.[6][8] Despite stated concerns about prosecution in the International Criminal Court, United States president George W. Bush sent 200 marines to Monrovia's airport to support the peace-keeping effort. The United States also deployed warships along Liberia's coast as part of the stabilization effort.[9] The United States committed $1.16 billion to Liberia between the years of 2004 and 2006.[1][10]

USAID

The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) implements the U.S. Government's development assistance program. USAID's post-conflict rebuilding strategy focuses on reintegration and is increasingly moving towards a longer-term development focus. Rehabilitation efforts include national and community infrastructure projects, such as building roads, refurbishing government buildings, and training Liberians in vocational skills. USAID also funds basic education programs, improving education for children, focusing on girls, and training teachers. In the health area, USAID programs include primary health care clinics, HIV/AIDS prevention, and a large malaria program. USAID supports rule of law programs, establishing legal aid clinics and victim abuse centers, training judges and lawyers, community peace building and reconciliation efforts, and anti-corruption projects to promote transparency and accountability in public sector entities. USAID is also providing support to strengthen the legislature and other political processes. USAID is strengthening civil society's role in delivering services and advocating good governance. Total USAID funding program for these programs in FY 2007 was $65.9 million.

In 2009, A 17.5 million dollar contract was offered to Liberia with the International Foundation for Electoral Systems as the conduit.[11] This money is meant to support the Presidential election of 2011 and the General Election of 2014.[11]

U.S. Officials

Principal U.S. Officials include:

  • Ambassador--Linda Thomas-Greenfield
  • Deputy Chief of Mission—Brooks A. Robinson
  • Management Counselor—Michael Bajek
  • Political/Economic Counselor—Steven Koutsis
  • Economic Officer—Lucy Abbott
  • Public Affairs Officer—Meg Riggs
  • Consular Officer—Alma Gurski
  • Acting USAID Director—Rick Scott
  • Chief, Office of Security Cooperation—Colonel Al Rumphrey

The U.S. Embassy is located in Monrovia.

See also

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of State (Background Notes).

External links

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message