Liberty, Texas: Wikis

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Liberty, Texas
—  City  —
Location of Liberty, Texas
Coordinates: 30°3′27″N 94°47′48″W / 30.0575°N 94.79667°W / 30.0575; -94.79667Coordinates: 30°3′27″N 94°47′48″W / 30.0575°N 94.79667°W / 30.0575; -94.79667
Country United States
State Texas
County Liberty
Area
 - Total 35.4 sq mi (91.7 km2)
 - Land 35.1 sq mi (90.8 km2)
 - Water 0.4 sq mi (0.9 km2)
Elevation 30 ft (9 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 8,033
 Density 229.2/sq mi (88.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 77575
Area code(s) 936
FIPS code 48-42568[1]
GNIS feature ID 1339866[2]

Liberty is a city in and the county seat of Liberty County, Texas, United States[3] and a part of the Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown metropolitan area. The population was 8,033 at the 2000 census.

Liberty is the third oldest city in the state—established in 1831 on the banks of the Trinity River. The city also has an exact replica of the Liberty Bell from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Its area code is 936 and its ZIP code is 77575.

Contents

History

Liberty Texas is a very Racist town and have acitve kkk members in moss hill Spanish settlers first came to the area around 1752, and called it Atascocita. Later, the American settlement of Liberty was officially established in 1831 as the "Villa de la Santissima Trinidad de la Libertad".[4] After Mexico was granted independence from Spain in 1822, the new country allowed immigration to Mexican Texas from other countries for the first time. Although immigration was supposed to be controlled by empresarios who had been granted large tracts of land, many people from the United States who were legally allowed to be in the area, were allowed by those empresarios to settle in areas not under the purview of those empresarios and thus in violation of the terms of the land grants.

A large group of these legal immigrants to the area, then settled illegally in an area known as Atascocito, near the Trinity River, despite the fact that the Mexican Constitution of 1824 prohibited immigrants from settling with 26 miles (42 km) of the coast. Current (2009) GPS technology reveals that the distance from the center of the courthouse square in Liberty to the shoreline on Bolivar peninsula @ Crystal Beach to be in excess of 35 statute miles. The courthouse square is no further than 1/4 mile from the established center of the original site of "Villa de la Santissima Trinidad de la Libertad". In January 1831, a new state land commissioner, Jose Francisco Madero, arrived to grant land titles to people who had settled in the area before 1830. The local military commander, Colonel Juan Davis Bradburn, believed that only the federal government had the authority to grant titles in the area near the coast, and that as the representative of the federal government he was the only individual who could authorize surveys of the land.[5]

Bradburn arrested Madero and his assistant, Jose Maria Carbajal. Within 10 days, Bradburn received orders from his superiors to release the men. Madero issued deeds as quickly as he could.[6] Madero then established an official council, an ayuntamiento, for the residents in the disputed area, which became Liberty.[4] Although Bradburn believed that Liberty was created illegally, as the town was too close to the coast, he made no attempt to interfere with its establishment.[7] On December 9, however, Bradburn's superior, commandant general Manuel Mier y Teran, ordered Bradburn to dismantle the town and establish the ayuntamiento at Anahuac.[8][9]

Geography

Liberty is located at 30°3′27″N 94°47′48″W / 30.0575°N 94.79667°W / 30.0575; -94.79667 (30.057546, -94.796662)[10].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.4 square miles (91.7 km²), of which, 35.0 square miles (90.8 km²) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (0.9 km²) of it (1.02%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 8,033 people, 2,860 households, and 2,053 families residing in the city. The population density was 229.2 people per square mile (88.5/km²). There were 3,187 housing units at an average density of 90.9/sq mi (35.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.54% White, 13.11% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 9.25% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.83% of the population.

There were 2,860 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,325, and the median income for a family was $41,369. Males had a median income of $33,013 versus $24,688 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,635. About 12.4% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.7% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.

Local News Media

Education

The city of Liberty is served by the Liberty Independent School District.It has a two story high school.

Architectural Landmark

Liberty is the home of the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, the historical depository for the 10 counties originally carved form Atascosito-Liberty district of the Republic of Mexico. Archives and displays show development of region, artifacts, furniture, Jean Lafitte's journals, and 1826 census. It also contains the Texana collection of former Governor Price Daniel. The center is two miles north of Liberty on Texas 146, one mile west on F.M. 1011.

Transportation

Liberty Municipal Airport, a general aviation airport is located approximately 6 miles east of Liberty, just north of the intersection of FM 160 east with FM 2830. The runway is 3,801 ft. long and is orienteded 16 - 34 ( 160 degrees - 340 degrees ).

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b Henson (1982), p. 66.
  5. ^ Henson (1982), pp. 58–62.
  6. ^ Henson (1982), pp. 63, 65.
  7. ^ Henson (1982), p. 67.
  8. ^ Henson (1982), p. 77.
  9. ^ Edmondson (2000), p. 148.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Sources

  • Henson, Margaret Swett (1982), Juan Davis Bradburn: A Reappraisal of the Mexican Commander of Anahuac, College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, ISBN 9780890961353 

External links

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