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Libyan resistance movement: Wikis

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History

The Libyan resistance movement was firstly lead by Mr. Omar Mukhtar (Arabic عمر المختار ‘Umar Al-Mukhtār) (1862 - September 16, 1931) was from the tribe of Mnifa, born in a small village called Janzour located in the eastern part of Barqa He was the leader of the resistance movement against the Italian colonization of Libya for more than twenty years from 1912. Later King Idris and his Senussi tribe in the provinces of Cyrenaica and Tripolitania against the Italian colonization after 1929, when Italy changed its political promises of moderate "protectorate" to the Senussi (done in 1911) and - because of Mussolini - started to take complete colonial control of Libya.

Resistance was crushed by General Rodolfo Graziani in the 1930s and the country was fully controlled by the Italians with the help of Arab fascists, at the point that many Libyan colonial troops fought on the side of Italy between 1940 and 1943. In 1940 the Libyans in the coastal areas were granted Italian citizenship as part of the fascist efforts to create the Greater Italia in Tripolitania and Cyrenaica. This fact reduced the appeal of the Libyan resistance movement to few Arab/Berbers populations of the Fezzan area only, but this was practically inexistent until the arrival of French troops in the area in 1942. At the close of World War II the British and French decided to make King Idris the Emir of an independent Libya in 1951.

15,000 Chadian soldiers fought for Free France during WWII, which included several campaigns in the Fezzan.[1]

Anecdote

It was also a widely held story that Colonel Gadaffi's tribe crushed an Italian garrison in the south of Fezzan, near the border with Chad, which is implausible, since the tribe were in fact operating on the Tripolitania/Fezzan border through out the war. The Fezzan was occupied by the Free French in 1943.

See also

References

  1. ^ S. Decalo, 53
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