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Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba: Wikis

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Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba
Viceroy
Provincial/State
Shield-Manitoba.png
Shield of the Lieutenant Governor
Manitoba-lieutenant-governor-philip-lee7.jpg
Incumbent:
Philip S. Lee
CM OM
Style:
His Honour
The Honourable
Appointed by:
Michaëlle Jean
as Governor General of Canada
First viceroy:
Sir Adams George Archibald
Formation:
15 July 1870
William Johnston Tupper, 12th Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba, from 1934 to 1940.

The Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba (pronounced /lɛfˈtɛnənt/) is the viceregal representative in Manitoba of, as she operates in the provincial jurisdiction, the Canadian monarch and head of state, Queen Elizabeth II, who resides predominantly in her oldest realm, the United Kingdom. The Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba is appointed in the same manner as the other provincial viceroys in Canada, and is similarly tasked with carrying out most of the monarch's constitutional and ceremonial duties.[1] The present, and 24th, Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba is Philip S. Lee, who has served in the role since 4 August 2009.

Contents

Role and presence

The Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba is vested with a number of governmental duties, and is also expected to undertake various ceremonial roles. The Lieutenant Governor, him or herself a member and Chancellor of the order,[2] will induct deserving individuals into the Order of Manitoba, and upon installation automatically becomes a Knight or Dame of Justice and the Vice-Prior in Manitoba of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem.[3] The viceroy further presents other provincial honours and decorations, as well as various awards that are named for and presented by the Lieutenant Governor; these are generally created in partnership with another government or charitable organization and linked specifically to their cause.[4] These honours are presented at official ceremonies, which count amongst hundreds of other engagements the Lieutenant Governor partakes in each year, either as host or guest of honour; in 2006, the Lieutenant Governor of Alberta undertook 334 engagements, and 284 in 2007.[5]

Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba.

At these events, the Lieutenant Governor's presence is marked by the post's official flag, consisting of a blue field bearing the shield of the Arms of Her Majesty in Right of Manitoba surmounted by a crown and surrounded by ten gold maple leaves, symbolizing the ten provinces of Canada. Within Manitoba, the Lieutenant Governor also follows only the sovereign in the province's order of precedence, preceding even other members of the Canadian Royal Family and the Queen's federal representative.

History

The office of Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba came into being in 1870, upon Manitoba's entry into Canadian Confederation,[6] and evolved from the earlier position of Lieutenant Governor of the Northwest Territories, though the occupants continued to simultaneously act as Lieutenant Governors of the Northwest Territories and later as Lieutenant Govenrors of Keewatin District, until the latter was divided into Saskatchewan and Alberta in 1905. Since 1867, 23 Lieutenant Governors have served the province, amongst whom were notable firsts, such as Pearl McGonigal – the first female Lieutenant Governor of the province – and W. Yvon Dumont – the first Métis Lieutenant Governor. The shortest mandate by a Lieutenant Governor of Alberta was Adams George Archibald, from August 1870 to October 1872, while the longest was Roland Fairbairn McWilliams, from 1 November 1940 to 1 Auugust 1953.

See also

References

  1. ^ Victoria (29 March 1867), Constitution Act, 1867, V.58, Westminster: Queen's Printer, http://www.solon.org/Constitutions/Canada/English/ca_1867.html, retrieved 15 January 2009  
  2. ^ Office of the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba. "Awards > Order of Manitoba > Summary of Provisions". Queen's Printer for Manitoba. http://lg.gov.mb.ca/awards/order/provisions.html. Retrieved 21 June 2009.  
  3. ^ "Canada Wide > About Us > The Order of St. John > The Order of St. John in Canada". St. John Ambulance Canada. http://www.sja.ca/Canada/AboutUs/TheOrder/Pages/TheOrderofStJohninCanada.aspx. Retrieved 2 June 2009.  
  4. ^ Office of the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba. "Awards". Queen's Printer for Manitoba. http://lg.gov.mb.ca/awards/summary.html. Retrieved 2 July 2009.  
  5. ^ Berezovsky, Eugene (2009), Staff of Canadian Monarchist News, ed., $1.52 per Canadian: The Cost of Canada's Constitutional Monarchy (4 ed.), Toronto: Monarchist League of Canada, p. 3, http://www.monarchist.ca/new/docs/cc2009.pdf, retrieved 15 May 2009  
  6. ^ Victoria (12 May 1870), Manitoba Act, 1870, 6, Westminster: Queen's Printer, http://www.solon.org/Constitutions/Canada/English/ma_1870.html, retrieved 16 June 2009  

External links


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