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Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia
Viceroy
Provincial/State
Shield-NovaScotia.png
Shield of the Lieutenant Governor
Incumbent:
Mayann Francis
ONS DHumL(hc)
Style:
Her Honour
The Honourable
Appointed by:
Michaëlle Jean
as Governor General of Canada
First viceroy:
Sir Charles Hastings Doyle
Formation:
1 July 1867

The Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia (pronounced /lɛfˈtɛnənt/) is the viceregal representative in Nova Scotia of, as she operates in the provincial jurisdiction, the Canadian monarch and head of state, Queen Elizabeth II, who resides predominantly in her oldest realm, the United Kingdom. The Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia is appointed in the same manner as the other provincial viceroys in Canada, and is similarly tasked with carrying out most of the monarch's constitutional and ceremonial duties.[1] The present, and 30th, Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia is Mayann Francis, who has served in the role since 7 September 2006.

Contents

Role and presence

The Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia is vested with a number of governmental duties, and is also expected to undertake various ceremonial roles. For instance, the Lieutenant Governor acts as patron, honorary president, or an honorary member of certain Nova Scotia institutions, such as the Multicultural Association of Nova Scotia, the Nova Scotia Salmon Association, and the Royal Canadian Legion (Nova Scotia-Nunavut Command).[2] Also, The viceroy, him or herself a member and Chancellor of the order,[3] will induct deserving individuals into the Order of Nova Scotia, and upon installation automatically becomes a Knight or Dame of Justice and the Vice-Prior in Nova Scotia of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem.[4] The viceroy further presents numerous other provincial honours and decorations, as well as various awards that are named for and presented by the Lieutenant Governor; these are generally created in partnership with another government or charitable organization and linked specifically to their cause.[5] These honours are presented at official ceremonies, which count amongst hundreds of other engagements the Lieutenant Governor partakes in each year, either as host or guest of honour; the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia in 2006 undertook 289 engagements, and 384 in 2007.[6]

Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia.

At these events, the Lieutenant Governor's presence is marked by the post's official flag, consisting, unlike most other viceregal flags in Canada, of the Royal Union Flag defaced with the shield of the Arms of Her Majesty in Right of Nova Scotia surrounded by a circle of 18 green maple leaves. This is the last of the Canadian governors' flags to retain the original design set out by Queen Victoria in 1869, though for a period in the 1950s, the Lieutenant Governor used a flag bearing simply the arms of the province.[7] Within Nova Scotia, the Lieutenant Governor also follows only the sovereign in the province's order of precedence, preceding even other members of the Canadian Royal Family and the Queen's federal representative.

History

The office of Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia came into being in 1786, when the government of William Pitt adopted the idea that Nova Scotia, along with New Brunswick, Quebec, and Prince Edward Island, should have as their respective governors a single individual. The earlier post of Governor of Nova Scotia thus came to be occupied by the overreaching authority of the Governor-in-Chief, who was represented in the colony by a lieutenant. The modern incarnation of the office, however, was established in 1867, upon Nova Scotia's entry into Confederation.[8] Since that date, 30 Lieutenant Governors have served the province, amongst whom were notable firsts, such as Myra Freeman – the first female Lieutenant Governor of the province – and Mayann Francis – the first Lieutenant Governor of West Indian ancestry. The shortest mandate by a Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick was Joseph Howe, for three weeks in July 1873, while the longest was MacCallum Grant, from 1916 to 1925.

See also

References

  1. ^ Victoria (29 March 1867), Constitution Act, 1867, V.58, Westminster: Queen's Printer, http://www.solon.org/Constitutions/Canada/English/ca_1867.html, retrieved 15 January 2009  
  2. ^ Office of the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia. "The Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia > Role and Responsibilities > Patronage". Queen's Printer for Nova Scotia. http://lt.gov.ns.ca/en/roles-and-responsibilities.aspx#patronage. Retrieved 11 July 2009.  
  3. ^ Elizabeth II (12 March 2007), Order of Nova Scotia Act, 6, Halifax: Queen's Printer for Nova Scotia, http://www.canlii.org/eliisa/highlight.do?text=order+of+nova+scotia&language=en&searchTitle=Search+all+CanLII+Databases&path=/en/ns/laws/stat/sns-2001-c-9/latest/sns-2001-c-9.html, retrieved 21 June 2009  
  4. ^ "Canada Wide > About Us > The Order of St. John > The Order of St. John in Canada". St. John Ambulance Canada. http://www.sja.ca/Canada/AboutUs/TheOrder/Pages/TheOrderofStJohninCanada.aspx. Retrieved 2 June 2009.  
  5. ^ Office of the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia. "The Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia > Lieutenant Governor's Awards". Queen's Printer for Nova Scotia. http://lt.gov.ns.ca/en/awards.aspx. Retrieved 11 July 2009.  
  6. ^ Berezovsky, Eugene (2009), Staff of Canadian Monarchist News, ed., $1.52 per Canadian: The Cost of Canada's Constitutional Monarchy (4 ed.), Toronto: Monarchist League of Canada, p. 3, http://www.monarchist.ca/new/docs/cc2009.pdf, retrieved 15 May 2009  
  7. ^ Nelson, Phil (13 December 2008). "Flags of the World > Nova Scotia > Flag of the Lieutenant-Governor". http://flagspot.net/flags/ca-ns.html#lg. Retrieved 11 July 2009.  
  8. ^ Victoria 1867, V.63

External links

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