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Ligao City
—  City  —
Map of Albay showing the location of Ligao City.
Ligao City is located in Philippines
Ligao City
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°13′N 123°31′E / 13.217°N 123.517°E / 13.217; 123.517Coordinates: 13°13′N 123°31′E / 13.217°N 123.517°E / 13.217; 123.517
Country  Philippines
Region Bicol Region (Region V)
Province Albay
District 3rd district of Albay
Barangays 55
 - Mayor Linda Gonzalez Lakas-CMD
 - Total 308.90 km2 (119.3 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 - Total 101,179
 - Density 327.5/km2 (848.3/sq mi)
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
Income class 4th class city; partially urban

Ligao City is a 4th class city in the province of Albay, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 101,179 people in 17,031 households. Ligao City is strategically located in the heart of the Third District of Albay. Ligao City is a newly created city being born only last March 24, 2001 during a plebiscite with an overwhelming Yes vote of 17,754 as against 1,387 No votes. It was created by virtue of R.A. No. 9008, signed by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo last February 21, 2001, known as an Act Converting the Municipality of Ligao into a Component City of the Province of Albay, the third city of the province and the sixth city in the Bicol Region.

Ligao City is located 502 kilometers south of Manila. Centrally located in the 3rd District of Albay, it is bounded on the north by the municipality of Oas; on the south by the municipality of Guinobatan, Tabaco on the east and Pioduran on the West. It is 27 kilometers from the Provincial Capitol of Albay and approximately 30 kilometers from Legazpi City.

Ligao has a total land area of 24,640 hectares, 23.05 percent of which are fertile flatlands suitable for high value crops and 76.95 percent are mountainous and hilly terrain with potential for agriculture and traversed by secondary rivers. Tertiary rivers originate from Mt. Masaraga and Mayon Volcano located at the south and eastern side of the city. Ligao's soil is generally fertile giving great flexibility practically to all types of crops. There are six common soil types found in the city: Ligao loam; Guinobatan sandy loam; Mauraro gravelly sandy loam; Libon silt; Tigaon clay and Sevilla clay. Ligao City is a 4th class city in the province of Albay composed of 55 barangays, 11 urban and 41 rural and with 3 coastal barangays. The 2000 Census placed its population at 90,603 in 17,031 households.

The population of Ligao City is a mixture of traits and culture because of its strategic location. Ligao City is centrally located in the 3rd district of Albay being the converging point of population from the surrounding municipalities of Pioduran on the west, Tabaco on the east, Oas and Polangui on the north and Guinobatan on the south. Because of the accessibility of the place lying along the Pan Philippine Highway that stretches from Aparri in the north through Davao in the south, people as far as these places has come to settle in Ligao City bringing along with them their own culture and tradition.

The dialects varies as the people who came to settle, from the Ilocano dialect to Kapampangan to Tagalog, Visayan and even transient Muslim traders with their own dialects. But Ligao City has a distinct dialect which differs in pronunciation, meaning and spelling even from other Bicol dialects. The local dialect is quite similar to Kinaray-a, a dialect in Antique.

Roman Catholic is the dominant religion accounting for 96.92 percent of the population as of 1995. Religious tolerance is practiced among the inhabitants as indicated by various denominations present in the city. SELECTED INDICATORS FOR LIGAO CITY

Total Population 2000 90,603

Male 2000 45,692
Female 2000 44,911

Population Growth Rate 2000 2.47 Sex Ratio (males per 100 females) 2000 101.7 Household Population 2000 90,536

Male 2000 45,658
Female 2000 44,878

Number of Households 2000 17,031 Average Household Size (Persons/HH) 2000 5.32 Number of Occupied Housing Units 2000 16,885 Households in Occupied Housing Units 2000 17,031 Source: 2000 Census of Population and Housing, National Statistics Office

City Profile - Ligao City, Albay


Infrastructure and Utilities

Road Network

Ligao City has a total road length of 237.36 kilometers, 66.75 kilometers of which are national roads, 43.96 kilometers are provincial roads, 9.17 kilometers are city roads and 117.48 kilometers of barangay roads.


Two cable television companies and four telephone companies operate within the city. Two courier services, a post office and two of the country's biggest cellular network providers (Smart and Globe) and an FM radio station (DZRH Radio Natin) also operate within the city providing the communication needs of the people.

Water Supply

Ligao City Water District serves a total of 3,197 households in the urban area collected from 23 spring sources. Springs are the major source of water for human consumption, irrigation, aquatic resources and agri-industrial use. Almost 90 percent of water supply is sourced from spring, the rest of the needs are taken from ground water. Ground water has been unreliable both in supply and quality due to lowering of groundwater level as well as the presence of chemicals in the ground.


There are 13 private pre-schools located in the urban barangays. This is not to mention the pre-schools integrated in the public school system in the elementary schools located in Ligao West Central School, Ligao East Central School and in Pandan Elementary School. These three elementary schools are under the Model of Excellence Program prescribed by the Harrington Foundation. Pre-school education is also being offered in 74 day care centers situated in 55 barangays citywide manned by day care volunteers hired by the City Government. All the teaching materials in the day care centers are provided free by the local government.

The public elementary schools of Ligao City are covered by two school districts - the West and East District. The West District covers 20 schools while the East District is composed of 27 schools. There are four private elementary schools in the city.

The city is operating and maintaining the Ligao Community College. Having no facilities of its own, the college is using the school facilities of the Ligao National High School. Courses offered include Bachelor of Science major in PEHM, English, Math, Economics, Political Science and Associate in Arts. Computer courses such as Computer Secretarial and Computer Technician are being offered by two privately-run technical schools, the Albay Institute of Technology and the Mayon Institute of Science and Technology. The Information Technology Center located at the Ligao National High School compound offers free computer courses to the city's constituents. The curriculum is TESDA accredited and the graduates are presented with TESDA certificates.


The name Ligao is derived from the local word "ticao", once an abundant tree whose poisonous leaves were used to catch fish in rivers or creeks. Most Ligaoeños, however, believe that the name Ligao was originally "licau" which means to take the long way around or to turn away from the ordinary or usual route.

Ligao started as a small settlement known as Cavasi in the 16th century. It grew in population as it attracted natives from nearby settlements. Eventually, power struggles among ambitious and aggressive leaders caused trouble as they created divisions among the settlement. There arose five divisions led by maginoos (chieftains): Pagkilatan, Maaban, Sampoñgan, Makabongay and Hokoman. Peace was only restored when Chieftain Pagkilatan was appointed supreme leader over the entire settlement with the approval of the other chieftains.

The town was founded as a barrio of Polangui in 1606, being ceded to Oas in 1665, and finally becoming an independent municipality in 1666.


Ligao City is politically subdivided into 55 barangays.

  • Abella
  • Allang
  • Amtic
  • Bacong
  • Bagumbayan (Pob.)
  • Balanac
  • Baligang
  • Barayong
  • Basag
  • Batang
  • Bay
  • Binanowan
  • Binatagan (Pob.)
  • Bobonsuran
  • Bonga
  • Busac
  • Busay
  • Cabarian
  • Calzada (Pob.)
  • Catburawan
  • Cavasi
  • Culliat
  • Dunao (Pob.)
  • Francia
  • Guilid (Pob.)
  • Herrera
  • Layon
  • Macalidong
  • Mahaba
  • Malama
  • Maonon
  • Nasisi
  • Nabonton
  • Oma-oma
  • Palapas
  • Pandan
  • Paulba
  • Paulog
  • Pinamaniquian
  • Pinit
  • Ranao-ranao
  • San Vicente
  • Santa Cruz (Pob.)
  • Tagpo
  • Tambo
  • Tandarora
  • Tastas
  • Tinago (Pob.)
  • Tinampo
  • Tiongson
  • Tomolin
  • Tuburan
  • Tula-tula Grande
  • Tula-tula Pequeño
  • Tupas

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Ligao City is in the province of Albay in the Philippines.

Get in

Philippine National Railways is currently unavailable for use, Most of the trains are dilapidated.

By plane

Legaspi City Domestic Airport is an hour away from the city, Philippine Airlines flies daily from Manila to Legaspi vice versa, Cebu Pacific flies daily from Manila to Legaspi vice versa.

By bus

Buses operate daily from Manila to Legaspi vice versa, Try Philtranco, Cagsawa Tours, Penafrancia Tours, RSL Tours, or any of the dozen more bus companies.

Get around

By bicycle,car,tricycle and many more vehicles roam the city.


Malison Spring Resort is located in Bonga, Ligao City one can get a full view of the majestic Mayon Volcano and Malison Lake. One can go swimming, fishing and boating.

  • Kawa Kawa Hill is located in Tuburan, Ligao City its is just 2km away from the heart of the city. One can experience the calm winds and fresh air on top of the hill. You can also get a full view of the city and as well as other barangays.
  • Ligao City Hall is also another place of interest in the city one can still see the original structure and the inauguration plaque by the late Sen. Domingo Imperial inside.
  • St. Stephen Protomartyr Church is another place of interest one can still see the original blocks and structure of the church.
  • Friendly Library Training School,
  • Aletheia Christian Academy,
  • St. Mary's Academy of Ligao(SMAL),
  • VanderPol Christian Academy, Layon (South side of Ligao City). The VanderPol Christian Academy is U.S. Based International School that is recognized in both the US and Philippines  edit


Check out the local market and small shops. Shopping is not at par with the bigger Legaspi market but there are items of comparable quality, and sometimes, the prices may even be a bit lower. The following products are not exclusively available in Ligao, but are widely available and regarded as of high quality.

Woven fibre products made of Abaca, Hemp, Banana fibres etc. made into items like Mats, Bags, Totes, Screens, etc.

  • Our Children's Montessori Foundation, Inc., Samson St., Sta. Cruz, 052-485-15-13.  edit


Craving late night food? Looking to bust that hangover? Check out noodle and congee stands near the bus terminals, try the Pansit(noodles with hard-boiled eggs and a splash of chili and vinegar), balut (boiled fertilized duck eggs), or Goto (rice congee with ginger, chicken and an optional boiled egg, served with patis or fish sauce and some cracked peppers). Or Feeling like shopping for grubs? Head straight to the city market, previously busy on Thursdays and Sundays but recently more accessible and pretty much open from mornings until the evening hours all week. For the more adventurous traveller who is not squeamish about trying street food, it would be worth the adventure to seek out the following food favourites in this city:

  • Pancit Rinuguan:fresh egg noodles in meat broth, sauteed garlic and spring onions, topped with a tart and savory stew of cubed pork, tripe, various innards and pork blood. Ask for directions to Deling and Boy del Valle's noodle shop. Most people in the city know them and swear by their pansit rinuguan.
  • Sinapot Is another street food favorite; ripe sliced saba bananas dipped in rice flour and sugar batter, held by cacao leaves, and fried in hot coconut oil until crisp.
  • Puto sa abab, a rice cake steamed in coconut shells and filled with some type of coconut jam. A variation of the puto sa abab uses purple yam added to the ground rice.
  • Carinderias - The local Carinderias are a delight and sample linutong balaw (shrimp paste with chilis and pork cooked in coconut milk until reduced and creamy). Another Ligao specialty is the pinangat(pork, coconut and shrimp paste, and sometimes, river crabs, wrapped in taro leaves and cooked in coconut cream). also ask for charcoal grilled pork belly or chops. THey are great paired with a soy, chili and vinegar dressing, and lots of steamed white rice. They are usually sold to take home. There are also little stands not far from the Catholic Church where pork bits on a stick, roast chicken and various other grilled meats are sold. These stands are usually open way past midnight.
  • Pili nut products brittles, salted, roasted, mazapan de pili
  • Santan coconut jam with slivers of pili nuts. Great with toast or even over ice cream!
  • Dried fish products: Ligao is not far from coastal areas with abundant fish and seafood, hence, the wonderful array of dried and smoked fish products. A word of caution: do not attempt to bring these items through international flights unless they are packed and sealed.


Jollibee, a popular national chain serving burgers, fried chicken, spaghetti and quick fastfood fare.

Kuyang's Grill,run by Marcelo Garcia, is a full dining restaurant with an al fresco patio and banquet area, a large kitchen ,a menu of local food favorites.

Mexita Pizza Parlor

  • Ligao City Travel Lodge,
  • Ligao City Pension House,
  • Ricardo's Place ,
  • Sambitan Tourist Inn.
  • There are two police substations in the city.
  • The city has a low crime rate 0.9%, but always be alert as bad elements lurk around you.
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