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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nakhon Si Thammarat (Thai: นครศรีธรรมราช) (alternative English transliteration: Nakhon Sri Thammarat from Pali Nagara Sri Dhammaraja) is a town in southern Thailand, capital of the Nakhon Si Thammarat Province and the Nakhon Si Thammarat district. It is about 610 km (380 miles) south of Bangkok, on the east coast of the Malay Peninsula. The city was the administrative center of southern Thailand during most of its history. Originally a coastal city, silting moved the coastline away from the city. The city has a much larger north to south extension than west to east, which dates back to its original location on a flood-save dune. The modern city centre around the train station is located north of Old Town.

It is one of the most ancient cities of Thailand, previously Kingdom of Ligor, and contains many buildings and ruins of historical significance. With the fall of the Siamese capital of Ayutthaya in 1767 it regained independence, but returned to its allegiance on the founding of Bangkok. In the 17th century British, Portuguese and Dutch merchants set up factories there and carried on an extensive trade.

The current name comes from the Sanskrit, Sri Dharma Raja.

As of 2005, the city has a population of 105,417.

Contents

History

Location of Malay peninsula

The city of Nakhon Si Thammarat is one of the oldest towns of southern Thailand. Its origins are not fully known. Most historians recognize the Tambralinga kingdom of Chinese records as a precursor of Nakhon Si Thammarat. The town chronicles of this time are hardly separable from legend, but they do tell of an abandonment and refounding of the town, which would explain the break in history between Tambralinga and Nakhon Si Thammarat.
References to a country named Poling appear in Chinese chronicles from the Tang dynasty period down to the early Ming dynasty. Many scholars identify Poling with Maling and Danmaling was one of the member-states of Sanfoqi (the Chinese equivalent to Srivijaya) in the central part of the Malayu Peninsula or now a day the southern Thailand. Consequently, Poling may also be equated to the Tambralingarat (Tambralinga state) that appear in Indian sources. By the end of the 12th century, Tambralinga had become independent of Srivijaya kingdom. Its rapid rise to prominence since the 13th century till the beginning of 14th century, Tambralinga had occupied the entire Malay Peninsula and become one of the dominant Southeast Asian states. By the end of the 14th century, Tambralinga had become a part of Siam (now Thailand) named Nakhon Si Thammaraj.
At the time of the Sukhothai kingdom, the Nakhon Si Thammarat kingdom was already listed as one of the kingdoms under control of the Thai, which it has remained during most of its history. It was usually known as Ligor to European merchants in the 16th century. At the end of the 19th century, the kingdom was finally fully absorbed into Siam by converting it into the Monthon Nakhon Si Thammarat. With the abolishment of the monthon system in 1932, the town now is simply a provincial capital.

Wat Phra Mahathat Woromaha Vihan

Chedi Phra Baromathat

Wat Phra Mahathat (Thai วัดพระมหาธาตุวรมหาวิหาร) is the most important temple of Nakhon Si Thammarat and southern Thailand. It was constructed at the time of the founding of the town, and contains a tooth relic of Buddha. The 78 m high chedi is surrounded by 173 smaller ones. While the chedi is now in Sri Lankan style, it is said to be built on top of an earlier Srivijaya style chedi. The chedi completed a renovation in early 2009 and now appears like new.

At the base of the chedi is a gallery named Viharn Tap Kaset, decorated with many Buddha statues and elephant heads emerging from the chedi. Viharn Phra Song Ma is the buildings which contains the staircase which leads to a walkway around the chedi above the gallery. At the bottom of the staircase are demon giants (yak) as guardians. Adjoining to the north is the Viharn Kien, which contains a small temple museum.

South of the chedi is the large ubosot building, the Viharn Luang. The monk living quarters are located across the street in a separate temple, Wat Na Phra Boromathat.

The chedi is the symbol of the Nakhon Si Thammarat province, present in the seal of the province. It is also displayed on the 25 satang coin.

Temple in Si Thammarat
Buddha statue in Si Thammarat

City wall

Northern Gate

The city chronicle already mentions a fortification when the town was refounded in 1278. Restorations were recorded at the time of King Ramesuan (14th century), as well as King Narai (1686). The latter one was supported by the French engineer M. de la Mare.

The walls spread 456 m from East to West, and 2238 m North to South, thus enclosing an area of about one square kilometre. The northern wall had only one gate, called Prathu Chai Nua or Prathu Chai Sak, also the southern wall had only one gate. To the east there were three gates, which connected the town with the sea. To the west were five gates. Today only the northern gate still exists, together with a short stretch of the northern city wall.

Ratchadamnoen street, Nakhon Si Thammarat Downtown

Educational institutions

Secondary schools: Nakhon Si Thammarat has three large schools: Kanlayanee Si Thammarat School and Benjamarachutit School, both public secondary schools with grades 7 to 12;and Srithammarat Suksa School, a private pre-kindergarten through grade 12 school.

Universities: Nakhon Si Thammarat has two famous universities: Walailak University (the largest university in Thailand) and Nakhon Si Thammarat Rajaphat University.

Museums

References

  • Stuart Munro-Hay. Nakhon Sri Thammarat - The Archaeology, History and Legends of a Southern Thai Town. ISBN 974-7534-73-8

External links

Coordinates: 8°26′11″N 99°57′47″E / 8.43639°N 99.96306°E / 8.43639; 99.96306

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Nakhon Si Thammarat article)

From Wikitravel

Nakhon Si Thammarat (นครศรีธรรมราช) is the provincial capital of Nakhon Si Thammarat Province.

Get in

By plane

Thai Air asia (www.airasia.com) and Nok air (www.nokair.com) both have daily flight from Bangkok Donmuang Airport.

By train

There are rapid and express trains departing from Bangkok Railway Station to Nakhon Si Thammarat at 5:35PM and 7:15PM respectively. For more information, contact tel. 1690, 0 2223 7010, 0 2223 7020 or call Nakhon Si Thammarat train station at tel. 0 7535 6364, 0 7534 6129.

By bus

Regular and air-conditioned buses of the Transport Co. and private companies depart from Bangkok’s Southern Bus Terminal. The trip takes about 12 hours. Air-conditioned buses, varying in 3 types, leave Bangkok at the following times:

VIP Bus: 5:15PM and 7PM Standard 1 Bus: 9AM, 6PM and 8.30PM Standard 2 Bus: 6:40AM, 6PM, 8PM and 10PM

For more information, contact tel. 0 2435 1199-200 (air-conditioned buses). Nakhon Si Thammarat Bus Station tel: 0 7534 1125.

Travel within the province is easy with mini-bus service around the city. Transport to nearby provinces includes vans, taxis, buses, and trains.

See

--Wat Phra Mahathat (Thai วัดพระมหาธาตุวรมหาวิหาร) is the most important temple of Nakhon Si Thammarat and southern Thailand. It was constructed at the time of the founding of the town, and contains a tooth relic of Buddha. The 78 m high chedi is surrounded by 173 smaller ones. While the chedi is now in Sri Lankan style, it is said to be built on top of an earlier Srivijaya style chedi. At the base of the chedi is a gallery named Viharn Tap Kaset, decorated with many Buddha statues and elephant heads emerging from the chedi. Viharn Phra Song Ma is the buildings which contains the staircase which leads to a walkway around the chedi above the gallery. At the bottom of the staircase are demon giants (yak) as guardians. Adjoining to the north is the Viharn Kien, which contains a small temple museum. South of the chedi is the large ubosot building, the Viharn Luang. The monk living quarters are located across the street in a separate temple, Wat Na Phra Boromathat. The chedi is the symbol of the Nakhon Si Thammarat province, present in the seal of the province. It is also displayed on the 25 satang coin.

--The City Wall The city chronicle already mentions a fortification when the town was refounded in 1278. Restorations were recorded at the time of King Ramesuan (14th century), as well as King Narai (1686). The latter one was supported by the French engineer M. de la Mare. The walls spread 456 m from East to West, and 2238 m North to South, thus enclosing an area of about one square kilometre. The northern wall had only one gate, called Prathu Chai Nua or Prathu Chai Sak, also the southern wall had only one gate. To the east there were three gates, which connected the town with the sea. To the west were five gates. Today only the northern gate still exists, together with a short stretch of the northern city wall.

Buy

--"Yan Li Pao(ย่านลิเภา) is a Thai traditional basketry which originated from the southern part of Thailand, they are very nice but they might come in high prices so you must always bargain with the dealer.

--"Kanom La Tod"(ขนมลาทอด) is a crispy fried sweetened flour which is folded into small bite size pieces.

--"Kanom La Nim"(ขนมลานิ่ม) is a ready-to-eat sweetened flour which comes in sheet, they cannot be preserved for more than a week.

HANDICRAFTS:

Shadow Puppets are made from dried hide. The hide is pounded until it is almost clear, then cut into intricate characters. It is possible to visit "Suchart House" .

Yan Liphao is a clinging vine that grows in the area. It split into threads and woven into beautiful products. The Yan Liphao Centre ,at Ban Tha Rua (Route No. 4019), 11 km from the town.

Pha Yok is a rare cloth woven only in Nakhon Si Thammarat. The patterns and colours of the fabric are exquisite.

Other crafts include neilloware, silverware and bronzeware. There are a lot of souvenir shops along Tha Chang Road.

Sleep

Budget

GoDood at Khanom. Rooms with air-cond, 400 baht/night.

Eak Hotel, 101/14 Akkhara Withi Rd., Ampher Khanom. 180-200 baht

Thaksin Hotel1584/23 Si Prat Rd, Tel: (075) 34 2790 Fax: (075) 34 2790, Single 490 THB, Double 550 THB

Thai Hotel 1375 Ratchadamnoen Rd, Kahon Si Thammarat. Tel: (075) 34 1509 Fax: (075) 34 4858, Total rooms: 235, Sgl fan private b'room 220 THB, Dbl fan private b'room 270 THB, Sgl A/C private b'room 340 THB, Dbl A/C private b'room 380 THB & 750 THB for junior suite.

Thai Li Hotel 1130 Ratchadamnoen Rd. Tel: (075) 35 6948. 20 rooms only. Sgl fan private b'room 140 THB, Dbl fan private b'room 200 THB

Bua Long Hotel 1487/19 Chamroenwithi Rd, Tel: (075) 34 1002 Fax: (075) 34 3418, located near night market. The large rooms are clean and it's hard to beat at 170B for a single room with a bathroom. The owners are very genuine. This is a safe place to hang your hat for a night or two. It have 235 rooms. Sgl fan private b'room 170 THB, Dbl fan private b'room 240 THB, Sgl A/C private b'room 340 THB, Dbl A/C private b'room 420 THB

Sunthorn Hotel 95-97 Moo 1, Tambol Sichon, Ampher Sichon. 120 Baht/night

Sakol Hotel,1414/1 Buranaram Rd. 120-180 baht

Sai Lom Bunglow, 300/2 Moo 1, Tambol Sichon, Ampher Sichon. 120-500 BT/night

Siam Hotel 1403/17 Chamroenwithi Rd, Nakhon Si Thammarat Tel: (075) 35 6090, located both the train station & night market. The price for a single with fan is more expensive than other hotels. However, the price for an air-con room is very affordable. The bathrooms could use an upgrade.60 rooms, Sgl fan private b'room 200 THB, Dbl A/C private b'room 300 THB

Phech Phai Lin 1835/38-39 Yommarat Rd, Tel: (075) 341 896, near to train station. The polite staff are the biggest asset here. Unfortunately, the rooms look more like a YMCA sans the Village People than a hotel and the appearance makes the hotel look run down. 78 rooms, Dbl A/C private b'room 360 THB

Montien Hotel 1509/40 Yommarat Rd, Tel: (075) 341 908 Fax: (075) 345 561, right beside the train station and opposite the night market. The rooms are average, the staff speak limited English and the hotel isn't even signposted in English. It's not worth spending the extra money especially when the Thai Hotel is just down the road. Total rooms: 80, Sgl fan private b'room 260 THB, Dbl fan private b'room 290 THB, Dbl A/C private b'room 450 THB

Nakhon Hotel A cheaper version of the Bua Long, 1477/5 Yommarat Rd, Nakhon Si Thammarat Tel: (075) 35 6318, is a junior varsity hotel. The rooms are large but badly in need of a paint job and the bathrooms are in dire need of a makeover but at least the beds are comfortable. The staff speak a little English. Total rooms: 42, Dbl fan private b'room 140 THB, 180B with TV, Dbl A/C private b'room 350 THB

Splurge

Racha Kiri Resort & SPA, Situated at peninsula of Nai Plou Beach . Just a 15 minute drive from the ferry pier to Koh Samui or 50 minutes from Airport of Nakornsri Thammarat and Surat Thani

The Ekman Garden Resort is a family driven small hotel, where the guest will find calm, beauty and a friendly atmosphere. The owners speak Swedish, English and Thai

Twin Lotus Hotel, situated amidst elegantly landscaped gardens in the traditional historic southern city.Superior Room at 1,464 Baht nett/room/night incl. ABF

The Ligor City Hotel incorporates natural materials and textures in an elegant Thai southern design with full use of traditional materials such as silk and teak woods.

Routes through Nakhon Si Thammarat
BangkokTrang  N noframe S  Hat YaiSungai Kolok
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