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Lilium lancifolium
Tiger Lily
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Lilium
Species: lancifolium
Binomial name
Lilium lancifolium
Thunb.

Lilium lancifolium (syn. L. tigrinum) is a species of lily native to northern and eastern Asia, including Japan. It is one of several species of lily to which the common name Tiger lily is applied, and is the species most widely known by this name.

Contents

Growth

Like other true lilies, the flowers are borne on an erect stem 80–200 cm tall, clothed with the more or less linear leaves 6–9 cm long and 1–2 cm broad. It is one of a very small number of species that produce aerial bulblets, known as bulbils, in the leaf axils along the stem. These can be used to propagate the plant. Flowers on the plant last for a short period of time before they wither and are replaced by newer flowers.

Cultivation and uses

Picture001.jpg

It is cultivated in Asia for its edible bulbs. It is also grown as an ornamental plant for its bold flowers, and has become naturalised in parts of North America.

While most parts of the plant are edible for humans, the pollen is considered poisonous. All parts of the plant are toxic to cats, resulting in kidney failure in a few days after eating it.

Sub-species

Named sub-species in cultivation include;

  • flaviflorum (Makino), yellow flowers.
  • fortunei (Matthews), large form with woolly stems,
  • splendens (Matthews), vigorous plant with larger flowers.

See also

References

  • European Garden Flora; vol. 1, 1986.

External links

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Lilium lancifolium

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Liliales
Familia: Liliaceae
Subfamilia: Lilioideae
Genus: Lilium
Species: Lilium lancifolium

Name

Lilium lancifolium Thunb.

Reference

Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. London 2:333. 1794

Vernacular names

Deutsch: Tigerlilie
English: Tiger lily
日本語: オニユリ
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Lilium on Wikimedia Commons.

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