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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lilium superbum
Lilium superbum in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, North Carolina
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Lilium
Species: L. superbum
Binomial name
Lilium superbum

Lilium superbum is a species of true lily native to the eastern and central regions of North America.[1][2][3] Common names include, Turk's Cap Lily,[4] Turban Lily, Swamp lily or American Tiger Lily.[5]

Lilium superbum grows from 3-7 feet high, typically 3-7 blooms, but exceptional specimens have been observed with up to 40 flowers on each stem.[6] It is capable of growing in wet conditions. [7] It is fairly variable in size, form, and color.[8] The color is known to range from a deep yellow to orange to a reddish-orange "flame" coloring, with reddish petal tips.[9] The flowers have a green star at their center than can be used to distinguish Lilium superbum from the Asiatic "Tigerlilies" that frequently escape from cultivation.[10] The species ranges from New Hampshire south to Florida, and west to Missouri and Arkansas.[11]

The roots were a food source for Native Americans, and the flowers provide nectar for Hummingbirds and larger insects.[12][13]



It is listed as endangered in Florida and New Hampshire, threatened in Kentucky, and exploitably vulnerable in New York.[14]


The common name, which is shared by other species, is derived from the reflexed shape of the flower petals, which superficially resemble a type of hat worn by early Turks.[15]


External links



Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Lilium superbum


Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Liliales
Familia: Liliaceae
Subfamilia: Lilioideae
Genus: Lilium
Species: Lilium superbum


Lilium superbum L.


Sp. pl. ed. 2, 1:434. 1762

Vernacular names

Deutsch: Amerikanische T├╝rkenbundlilie
Fran├žais: Lis superbe
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Lilium on Wikimedia Commons.


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