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Lime
Unripened Key limes
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Citrus
Lime, raw (edible parts)
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 126 kJ (30 kcal)
Carbohydrates 11 g
Sugars 1.7 g
Dietary fiber 3 g
Fat 0.2 g
Protein 0.7 g
Water 88 g
Vitamin C 29 mg (48%)
Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient database

Lime is a term referring to a number of different fruits, both species and hybrids, citruses, which have their origin in the Himalayan region of India and which are typically round, green to yellow in color, 3–6 cm in diameter, and containing sour and acidic pulp. Limes are often used to accent the flavours of foods and beverages. They are usually smaller than lemons, and a source of vitamin C. Limes are grown all year round and are usually sweeter than lemons.

Limes are a small citrus fruit, Citrus aurantifolia, whose skin and flesh are green in color and which have an oval or round shape with a diameter between one to two inches. Limes can either be sour or sweet, with the latter not readily available in the United States. Sour limes possess a greater sugar and citric acid content than lemons and feature an acidic and tart taste, while sweet limes lack citric acid content and are sweet in flavor.

Contents

Uses

Cooking

Zesting a lime

In cooking, lime is valued both for the acidity of its juice and the floral aroma of its zest. It is a very common ingredient in authentic Mexican, Southwestern United States, Vietnamese and Thai dishes. It is also used for its pickling properties in ceviche. Additionally, the leaves of lime are used in southeast Asian cuisine. The use of dried limes (called black lime or loomi) as a flavouring is typical of Persian cuisine and Iraqi cuisine, as well as in Gulf-style baharat (a spice mixture that is also called kabsa or kebsa). Lime is an essential ingredient of any cuisine from India and many varieties of pickles are made e.g. Sweetened lime pickle, salted pickle, Lemon Chutney [1] [2]. Lime juice drink is the essential freshner and is the most popular in Summers.Limes are also an essential element in Tamil cuisine.

Lime leaves are also a herb in South, East, and particularly Southeast Asia. In Vietnam, people have boiled chicken with lime leaves and a mixture of salt, black pepper and lime juice.

Other uses

In order to prevent scurvy during the 19th century, British sailors were issued a daily allowance of citrus such as lemon, and later switched to lime[3], which was not as effective at preventing scurvy but led over time to the nickname "limey" for all Britons. It was later discovered that this beneficial effect derived from the 4-fold higher quantities of Vitamin C lemon juice contains compared to the West Indian limes used by the British.

Lime extracts and essential oils are frequently used in perfumes, cleaning products, and aromatherapy. Lime is also used occasionally to enhance vision by many Asian martial artists. It is done by squeezing a drop or two on the inside corner of the eye.[citation needed] Lime juice may also be used to increase performance during intercourse, by squeezing a couple small drops into the member.

In India, the lime is used in Tantra for removing evil spirits. It is also combined with Indian chilis to make a protective charm to repel the evil eye[4] . Furthermore, it was believed that hanging limes over sick peoples cured them of the illness by repelling evil spirits lurking inside the body.

Production trends

Lemon and lime output in 2005

India with ~16% of worlds overall lemon and lime output tops the production list, followed by Mexico (~14.5%), Argentina (~10%), Brazil (~8%) and Spain (~7%).

Promotional photo for California limes, 1948
Top ten lemon and limes producers — 2007
Country Production (Tonnes) Footnote
 India 2060000 F
 Mexico 1880000 F
 Argentina 1260000 F
 Brazil 1060000 F
 Spain 880000 F
 People's Republic of China 745100 F
 United States 722000
 Turkey 706652
 Iran 615000 F
 Italy 546584
 World 13032388 A
No symbol = official figure, P = official figure, F = FAO estimate, * = Unofficial/Semi-official/mirror data, C = Calculated figure A = Aggregate (may include official, semi-official or estimates);

Source: Food And Agricultural Organization of United Nations: Economic And Social Department: The Statistical Division


Plants known as "lime"

Gallery

References

  1. ^ http://www.tarladalal.com/recipe.asp?id=3420
  2. ^ Lime picklehttp://cooks.ndtv.com/showonlyrecipe.asp?cond=find&id=2400&category=Condiments≈
  3. ^ State of knowledge about scurvy
  4. ^ http://mumbaidailyphotoblog.blogspot.com/2006/12/nimbu-mirchi.html

Simple English

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