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Limpopo
—  Province of South Africa  —
The Province of Limpopo
Motto: Peace, Unity and Prosperity
Map showing the location of Limpopo in the northern part of South Africa
Location of Limpopo in South Africa
Country  South Africa
Established 27 April 1994
Capital Polokwane
Districts
Government
 - Type Parliamentary system
 - Premier Cassel Mathale (ANC)
Area [1]
 - Total 123,910 km2 (47,841.9 sq mi)
Area rank 5th in South Africa
Highest elevation 2,126 m (6,975 ft)
Population (2007)[2]
 - Total 5,238,286
 Density 42.3/km2 (109.5/sq mi)
Population rank 5th in South Africa
Population density rank 4th in South Africa
Population groups [3]
 - Black African 97.5%
 - White 2.2%
 - Coloured 0.2%
 - Indian or Asian 0.2%
Languages [4]
 - Northern Sotho 54.8%
 - Tsonga 18.1%
 - Venda 16.8%
 - Afrikaans 2.6%
 - Tswana 2.1%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code ZA-LP
Website www.limpopo.gov.za

Limpopo (pronounced /lɪmˈpoʊpoʊ/) is the northernmost province of South Africa. The capital is Pietersburg, now renamed to Polokwane. The province was formed from the northern region of the Transvaal province in 1994, and initially named Northern Transvaal. The following year, it was renamed Northern Province, which remained the name until 11 June 2003, when the name of the province was formally changed to the name of its most important river, on the border with Zimbabwe and Botswana, after deliberation by the provincial government. Another notable consideration for the name was Mapungubwe, the area where the most ancient gold-using civilization of the province was discovered a few years earlier.

Contents

Law and government

The current premier of Limpopo province is Cassel Mathale of the African National Congress.

Geography

Limpopo Province shares international borders with districts and provinces of three countries: Botswana's Central and Kgatleng districts to the west and north-west respectively, Zimbabwe's Matabeleland South and Masvingo provinces to the north and northeast respectively, and Mozambique's Gaza Province to the east. The province is the link between South Africa and countries further afield in sub-Saharan Africa. On its southern flank from east to west, the province shares borders with Mpumalanga, Gauteng, and North West. Its border with Gauteng includes that province's Johannesburg-Pretoria axis, the most industrialized metropole on the continent. The province is at the centre of regional, national, and international developing markets.

The province contains much of the Waterberg Biosphere, a UNESCO-designated Biosphere Reserve. The Waterberg Biosphere, a massif of approximately 15,000 square kilometers, is the first region in the northern part of South Africa to be named as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO. The massif was shaped by hundreds of millions of years of riverine erosion to yield diverse bluff and butte landforms.[5] The Waterberg ecosystem can be characterised as a dry deciduous forest or Bushveld. Within the Waterberg, archaeological finds date to the Stone Age. Nearby are early evolutionary finds related to the origin of humans.

Municipalities

Limpopo Province is divided into five municipal districts, subdivided in 24 local municipalities:

Demographics

Population density in Limpopo
     <1 /km²      1–3 /km²      3–10 /km²      10–30 /km²      30–100 /km²      100–300 /km²      300–1000 /km²      1000–3000 /km²      >3000 /km²
Dominant home languages in Limpopo
     Afrikaans      English      Ndebele      Xhosa      Zulu      Northern Sotho      Sotho      Tswana      Swati      Venda      Tsonga      No language dominant

The population of Limpopo consists of several ethnic groups distinguished by culture, language and race. 97.3% of the population is Black, 2.4% is White, 0.2% is Coloured, and 0.1% is Indian/Asian.

The Northern Sotho (Sepedi) make up the largest number, being nearly 57%. The Tsonga (Shangaan) speakers comprise 23% while the Venda make up 12%. Afrikaans speakers make up 2.6% while English-speaking whites are less than one-half per cent.

Economy

The province is a typical developing area, exporting primary products and importing manufactured goods and services.

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Agriculture

The bushveld is cattle country, where extensive ranching operations are often supplemented by controlled hunting. About 80% of South Africa's hunting industry is found in Limpopo. Sunflowers, cotton, maize and peanuts are cultivated in the Bela-Bela and Modimolle areas. Modimolle is also known for its table-grape crops.

Tropical fruit, such as bananas, litchis, pineapples, mangoes and pawpaws, as well as a variety of nuts, are grown in the Tzaneen and Makhado areas. Tzaneen is also at the centre of extensive tea and coffee plantations.

Mining

Limpopo's rich mineral deposits include platinum group metals, iron ore, chromium high- and middle-grade cooking coal, diamonds, antimony, phosphate and copper, as well as mineral reserves like gold, emeralds, scheelite, magnetite, vermiculite, silicon and mica. Base commodities such as black granite, corundum and feldspar are also found. Mining contributes to over a fifth of the provincial economy.

Infrastructure and communications

The province has excellent road, rail, and air links. The N1 route from Johannesburg, which extends the length of the province, is the busiest overland route in Africa in terms of cross-border trade in raw materials and beneficiated goods. The port of Durban, Africa’s busiest, is served directly by the province, as are the ports of Richards Bay and Maputo. The Polokwane International Airport is situated in Polokwane, the capital of the province.

Education

The branch is charged with the responsibility of effecting quality education and training for all. It was during this time that the branch had to shape up its direction and co-ordinate all professional developments and support. Policies, systems and procedures had to be developed. This was not easily achievable due to lack of person power to effect change.

Hereunder follows a brief description of the activities which the branch carried out.

Curriculum Development & Education Technology

The greater part of this was characterised by a series of workshop on awareness and training on Curriculum 2005. Learning programmes were developed up to the selection of the relevant learning materials for grade 1 for 1998. The new curriculum for Grade 1 was subjected to a trailing phase with few selected pilot schools. This was seen as a breakthrough in breaking with the past in terms of philosophy and methodology of approach to concepts and information.

In order for teaching and learning to be effective workshops were also conducted on Technology Enhanced Learning Initiative. This was seen as a marriage between theory and practice to improvise for the effectiveness of the learning experience. Pilot schools were selected for Technology 2005 which in spite of the lack of necessary equipment, was seen as a success.

Structural Affairs and Statistics

There was not much progress realised in this area due to the lack of person power and necessary equipments. There was almost total dependence on outsourcing which in a way crippled this department in terms of building capacity to the skeleton staff available. The department could not capture all the necessary data. In order to plan proper In order to plan properly one should have access to information and also develop management systems for the sake of control and monitoring. Although a number of a strategic planning unit is seen as a handicap towards development.

Early Childhood Development

Much progress was made in this area through the assistance of UNICEF which provided technical assistance towards the development of ECD policy document. All stakeholders participated to produce a policy document.

Projects and Funding

There was an advocacy campaign to educate the communities on the delivery of basic educational needs e.g. classroom provisioning.

The directorate drew proposals for Japan International Cooperation Agency and was instrumental in effecting the Interactive Tele-teaching Programme with funds from Limpopo Education Development Trust. Business plans for the RDP projects were developed and also funding proposal for the Presidential Education Initiative which involved foreign countries. Workshops on ABET were conducted focusing on the implementation of the new policy. Stakeholders were involved with the national department taking the lead towards the development of action plans.

Educational Institutions

  • Other educational institutions
    • Southern Africa Wildlife College

Sports

  • Soccer

See also

References

  1. ^ Burger, Delien, ed (2009). "The land and its people". South Africa Yearbook 2008/09. Pretoria: Government Communication & Information System. p. 24. ISBN 978-0-621-38412-3. http://www.gcis.gov.za/resource_centre/sa_info/yearbook/2009/chapter1.pdf. Retrieved 23 September 2009. 
  2. ^ "Community Survey 2007: Basic results" (PDF). Statistics South Africa. p. 2. http://www.statssa.gov.za/publications/CS2007Basic/CS2007Basic.pdf. Retrieved 23 September 2009. 
  3. ^ "Statistical release P0301: Community Survey, 2007 (Revised version)" (PDF). Statistics South Africa. p. 25. http://www.statssa.gov.za/publications/P0301/P0301.pdf. Retrieved 7 October 2009. 
  4. ^ "Table: Census 2001 by province, language, population group and gender.". Census 2001 Interactive Tables. Statistics South Africa. http://www.statssa.gov.za/timeseriesdata/pxweb2006/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=Language%20by%20province&ti=Table%3A+Census+2001+by+province%2C+language%2C+population+group+and++gender%2E&path=../Database/South%20Africa/Population%20Census/Census%202001%20-%20NEW%20Demarcation%20boundaries%20as%20at%209%20December%202005/Provincial%20level%20-%20Persons/&lang=1. Retrieved 28 January 2010. 
  5. ^ C.Michael Hogan, Mark L. Cooke and Helen Murray, The Waterberg Biosphere, Lumina Technologies, May 22, 2006. [1]

External links

Coordinates: 24°00′S 29°30′E / 24°S 29.5°E / -24; 29.5


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Limpopo Province, South Africa: South Africa’s northernmost province, Limpopo, borders onto Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Botswana, making it the ideal entrance to Africa. Limpopo takes up 10.2% of South Africa's total land area. Named after the great Limpopo River that flows along its northern border, this province is rich in wildlife, spectacular scenery and a wealth of historical and cultural treasures.

The Great North Road from Pretoria was first carved by the creaking wheels of ox wagons. Today, when you follow the footsteps of the Voortrekkers, you'll travel on fast, safe roads and enjoy every modern amenity as you go. Known as the Great North, Limpopo is land of legend. Ruins and relics abounds in ancient forests, sparkling trout waters, hot mineral springs and waterfalls. Much of it has remained unchanged for centuries, offering unlimited opportunities in Limpopo for the enjoyment of untamed Africa. Limpopo is home to ancient lands and pre-historic secrets. This is home to Modjadji, the fabled Rain Queen, the Stone Age and Iron Age relics of Makapansgat Valley and the treasures of Mapungubwe that date back to time immemorial.

Limpopo
Limpopo

Dramatic contrasts in landscape and vegetation are symbolic of the Limpopo Province. Encompassing dry savannah plains, steep valleys and majestic mountain ranges, the province is one of legend and of the early pioneers during the Great Trek.

The province was formerly known as the Northern Province and includes vast areas of the Kruger National Park and many private reserves. In the North coffee, tea and citrus plantations can be found due to the more exotic climate above the Tropic of Capricorn.

The province in divided into four tourism regions; The Capricorn region, The Bushveld Region; The Soutpansberg region and The Valley of the Oliphants.

  • Northern (the Limpopo part of the Kruger National Park)
  • Soutpansberg
  • Bushveld
  • Capricorn
  • Valley of the Elephants
  • Polokwane The Provincial Capital (Formerly Pietersburg) Capital of Limpopo and ideally situated for game viewing, Kruger National Park visits, cultural & historical experience and break-aways into the mountains.
  • Bela-Bela (Warmbaths) In the sunshine town of Bela-Bela there is something for every need; from fun activities like our world famous cable-ski, to conference facilities.
  • Giyani
  • Haenertsburg With the rush waning the town grew steadily, providing for its inhabitants while retaining its rural charm.
  • Hoedspruit Hoedspruit provides access to the Kruger Park and various surrounding game reserves and is the ideal base to explore South Africa`s wildlife from
  • Lephalale (Ellisras) West of the Mogol River in the distinctive bushveld landscape of the foothills of the Waterberg Range lies the busy town of Lephalale.
  • Makhado Situated in a tropical area surrounded by senic splendour Makhado (previously Louis Trichardt) offers the visitor a variety of leisure activities.
  • Modimolle (Nylstroom) The commercial centre of the Waterberg plateau, Modimolle (Nylstroom) is a popular local tourist destination given its attractive surrounding and excellent facilities.
  • Mokopane(Potgietersrus)

Just two hours from Gauteng, the town acts as the perfect getaway destination and the ideal stopover for travellers en route to Botswana, Zimbabwe and the Kruger National Park.

  • Musina Situated in the lovely Limpopo Valley, close to the border to Zimbabwe. Sub-tropical climate, in the midst of game and nature reserves, this is an ultimate destination for a traveller in Southern Africa.
  • Phalaborwa Phalaborwa, situated next to the Kruger Park, is a modern town and a major provider of ore for South Africa's mining industry.
  • Thabazimbi Massive iorn-ore reserves brought about the establishment of Thabazimbi – gateway to Marakele National Park.
  • Thohoyandou Thohoyandou is the centre for southern Venda situated in a beautiful area and offering many fascinating tourist attractions.
  • Tzaneen A busy town in the picturesque Letaba district with tropical and subtropical farming and only 90 minutes drive from Kruger National Park.
  • Vaalwater Vaalwater, in the Waterberg, is surrounded by game farms and nature reserves and is an excellent eco-destination.
  • Mapungubwe National Park
  • Baobab Tree Reserve

Agriculture

Agriculture offers attractive opportunities for investment, with the Polokwane International Airport offering potential for direct export. Limpopo produces key crops of mangoes, papayas, citrus, avocado, tomatoes and potatoes, while more than 700,000 tons of timber is produced every year from 170 plantations, with equal quantities of hard and soft woods. The climate is well suited for cut rose, peach and almond production.

Pre-feasibility studies indicate that peach and almond production is viable. Investigations have also been conducted into the potential for cassava and bamboo production. Soil and climatic conditions in large parts of the province are well suited to these commodities and ready markets for almost any level of production can be found in the province, in the country and in sub-Saharan Africa.

Cassava and bamboo are suitable for the production of staple foods and animal fodder. The first commercial cassava starch plantation was established in in 1999, with yields significantly higher than in the Far East and South America.

Bamboo can also be used for building materials suited to subtropical and tropical climates. Several large irrigation facilities are also underutilised and could form the basis for mutually rewarding public-private partnerships. Pre-feasibility studies of these projects indicate sound viability for subtropical fruit and citrus production.

Climate

The Limpopo Province enjoys hot yet pleasant summers and dry winters. The weather is characterised by almost year-round sunshine. It can get very hot in summer (October through to March), with temperatures rising to 27ºC (80.6 ºF) and sometimes reaching temperatures in the mid 30ºs Celsius (mid-90s Fahrenheit). This is mild compared to the Lowveld where some towns such as Phalaborwa have been known to reach 45ºC (116ºF). One of the great attractions is the Kruger National Park, where tourists can expect summer temperatures around the 30ºC (86ºF) mark.

Mining

Limpopo diverse mining activities include diamonds, iron ore, coal, copper and phosphates. The world's largest reserves of platinum group metals are to be found in the centre of the province, which also has rich deposits of chrome, vanadium, nickel and titanium. Large coal reserves occur in most of the western part of the province and are associated with significant quantities of natural gas or coal bed methane. A joint South African and US feasibility study is being conducted to assess the potential of these reserves.

The province is also the world's largest producer of antimony, a strategic element used in alloys and medicine. There are also a host of smaller operations extracting a range of minerals including gold, emeralds, mica, scheelite, black granite, potassium and silica. The potential of a new ilmenite, magnetite and vanadium mine is being assessed.

Other key investment opportunities include: The provincial department of economic affairs has conducted pre-feasibility studies on four mining projects for which prospectuses are soon to be prepared. Extraction of platinum from chrome tailings at several mines appears to be a profitable opportunity for private sector investment. A significant deposit of graphite in the northwestern part of the province is also awaiting development. Very large deposits of vanadium in the western part of the province are another investment opportunity. A pre-feasibility study has also been conducted for the mining by emergent groups of vanadiferous magnetite in the southern part of the province.

Understand

Limpopo borders the following provinces: Mpumalanga, Gauteng, North-West

Languages

Sepedi (52%), Xitsonga (22%), Tshivenda (16%).

Get in

By car

The N1 runs from Cape Town, Bloemfontein and the Gauteng to the Limpopo Province and straight through it and on to Harare in Zimbabwe.

Car Hire and Transport Services Public roads in South Africa are well developed and well sign-posted with driving done on the left hand side of the road. Drivers must have an international drivers license and a minimum of 5 years driving experience to hire a car in South Africa. This last statement may not be true for all nationalities, with a European drivers license you can drive legally in South Africa for up to 1 year.

By plane

Hoedspruit has an airport with regular flights to Johannesburg.

Polokwane International Airport Pietersburg / Polokwane International Airport is situated five kilometres from town. There is no bus service to town, but major car hire companies have rental kiosks at the airport and taxis are also readily available.

  • Rock Climbing
  • Mashovhela Lodge, Morning Sun Reserve N1 (14km north of Makhado), 0027129916930, [1]. Experience the African bush, Feel the beat of Venda drums in the heart of the Soutpansberg ZAR680. (22 56'35.66 S,29 53' 23.2E) edit

Limpopo Game Reserves

With its vast expanses of bushveld wilderness habituated by an abundance of wildlife species, the Limpopo Province is the perfect destination for nature and wildlife enthusiasts. The Limpopo province is predominantly rural with the result that large areas still remain untouched by human development.

  • Balule Game Reserve Valley of the Olifants
  • Klaserie Nature Reserve Valley of the Olifants
  • Mabula Private Game Reserve Waterberg
  • Manyeleti Game Reserve Valley of the Olifants
  • Marakele National Park Waterberg
  • Thornybush Game Reserve Valley of the Olifants
  • Timbavati Game Reserve Valley of the Olifants
  • Tshukudu Game Reserve Valley of the Olifants
  • Umhlametsi Game Reserve Valley of the Olifants
  • Welgevonden Private Game Reserve Waterberg
  • Kololo Game Reserve Waterberg
  • Zwahili Private Reserve Luxury en-suite rooms and elegant tented camps await you. Embrace a true African experience in comfort, style, and luxury.

This exclusive private game lodge is situated 2 hours North of Johannesburg in a malaria free area at the foot of the Waterberg in the bushveld region of the Limpopo Province.

Here at Zwahili where the most spectacular sunsets are experienced from the extended timber deck, you'll find unsurpassed peace and tranquillity while in the distance nocturnal life comes alive. As the Southern Cross and Orion's belt garland the dome of the night sky, the distant smell of campfire from the open-air boma welcomes the guests back from their early evening game drive. The faint call of tribal drums announces an array of culinary delights to appease even the most discerning palates. Game viewing, conducted by an experienced ranger offers sighting of giraffe, cheetah, civet cat, caracal, zebra, blue wildebeest, eland, impala, red hartebeest, ostrich, gemsbuck, waterbuck, blesbuck, kudu, bush pig,warthog, and numerous smaller antelope. Bird watching over 300 species of African bird life with rare sightings such as lizard buzzard and brown snake eagle. The world-renowned Nylsvley bird sanctuary is in close proximity for aspiring birdwatchers. Guided bush walks and excursions ascending “Witkop” going back in time to when the “bittereinders”, at the helm of a Boer General, utilized this koppie as a hideout from the British for almost two years. “Witkop” stands proud in bearing homage to a period in history long forgotten.

Safety Measures

Take the same safety precautions as you would in any other international city or town, particularly when sightseeing in built-up urban areas. Avoid unnecessary displays of valuables including jewelery, cash or audio/visual recording equipment. Do not walk in deserted places or go out alone at night. Always lock your car doors and keep the windows closed. The use of travellers' cheques or credit cards is more advisable than carrying large amounts of cash with you. » Police Emergency - Tel 10111 » Ambulance - Tel 10117

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

LIMPOPO, or Crocodile, a river of S.E. Africa over 1000 m. in length, next to the Zambezi the largest river of Africa entering the Indian Ocean. Its head streams rise on the northern slopes of the Witwatersrand less than 300 m. due W. of the sea, but the river makes a great semicircular sweep across the high plateau first N.W., then N.E. and finally S.E. It is joined early in its course by the Marico and Notwani, streams which rise along the westward continuation of the Witwatersrand, the ridge forming the water-parting between the Vaal and the Limpopo basins. For a great part of its course the Limpopo forms the north-west and north frontiers of the Transvaal. Its banks are well wooded and present many picturesque views. In descending the escarpment of the plateau the river passes through rocky ravines, piercing the Zoutpansberg near the northeast corner of the Transvaal at the Toli Azime Falls. In the low country it receives its chief affluent, the Olifants river (45 0 m. long), which, rising in the high veld of the Transvaal east of the sources of the Limpopo, takes a more direct N.E. course than the main stream. The Limpopo enters the ocean in 25° 15' S. The mouth, about 1000 ft. wide, is obstructed by sand-banks. In the rainy season the Limpopo loses a good deal of its water in the swampy region along its lower course. Highwater level is 24 ft. above low-water level, when the depth in the shallowest part does not exceed 3 ft. The river is navigable all the year round by shallow-draught vessels from its mouth for about Too m., to a spot known as Gungunyana's Ford. In flood time there is water communication south with the river Komati. At this season stretches of the Limpopo above Gungunyana's Ford are navigable. The river valley is generally unhealthy.

The basin of the Limpopo includes the northern part of the Transvaal, the eastern portion of Bechuanaland, southern Matabeleland and a large area of Portuguese territory north of Delagoa Bay. Its chief tributary, the Olifants, has been mentioned. Of its many other affluents, the Macloutsie, the Shashi and the Tuli are the most distant north-west feeders. In this direction the Matoppos and other hills of Matabeleland separate the Limpopo basin from the valley of the Zambezi. A little above the Tuli confluence is Rhodes's Drift, the usual crossing-place from the northern Transvaal into Matabeleland. Among the streams which, flowing north through the Transvaal, join the Limpopo is the Nylstroom, so named by Boers trekking from the south in the belief that they had reached the river Nile. In the coast region the river has one considerable affluent from the north, the Chengane, which is navigable for some distance.

The Limpopo is a river of many names. In its upper course called the Crocodile that name is also applied to the whole river, which figures on old Portuguese maps as the Oori (or Oira) and Bembe. Though claiming the territory through which it ran the Portuguese made no attempt to trace the river. This was first done by Captain J. F. Elton, who in 1870 travelling from the Tati goldfields sought to open a road to the sea via the Limpopo. He voyaged down the river from the Shashi confluence to the Toli Azime Falls, which he discovered, following the stream thence on foot to the low country. The lower course of the river had been explored1868-1869by another British traveller - St Vincent Whitshed Erskine. It was first navigated by a sea-going craft in 1884, when G. A. Chaddock of the British mercantile service succeeded in crossing the bar, while its lower course was accurately surveyed by Portuguese officers in 18 951896. At the junction of the Lotsani, one of the Bechuanaland affluents, ,„with the Limpopo, are ruins of the period of the Zimbabwes.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Wikipedia

English

Proper noun

Limpopo

  1. (geography) A river of Africa that rises near Johannesburg and flows about 1,770 km (1,100 miles) to the Indian Ocean in Mozambique.

Translations


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