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Linares is a city located in the Andalusian province of Jaén, Spain. It is considered the second most important city in that province and had a population of 62,347 in the most recent census. The altitude is 419 meters and the total area of the municipality is 195.15 km2. It is located on kilometer 120 on the Valencia-Córdoba highway (N-322) and is 51 kilometers from the capital, Jaén.[1]

The city is well connected to the rest of Spain. The Autovia de Andalucia, NIV Madrid-Cádiz, is located 12 kilometers to the west at Bailén. There is a railroad station at Linares-Baeza, with lines connecting Madrid and Cádiz, and Madrid-Granada-Almería.

Linares dates to antiquity and earned much of its revenue from the lead mines located there. It was also at Linares that Carthaginian general Hannibal married the local Iberian princess Himilce on the eve of the Second Punic War.

Around the middle of the nineteenth century Linares became an important mining center with lead mines nearby. The smelting of lead, the manufacture of lead sheets and pipes, and the production of by-product silver from the lead ores led to a significant population increase. The 6,000 inhabitants in 1849 became 36,000 in 1877. This commercial and industrial growth brought the concession of the title of city in 1875.

Glazed ceramic tile tableau celebrating the apparition in 1227 of the Virgin Mary in Linares.

Until recently Linares was heavily involved in the mining and smelting of lead and the production of gunpowder, dynamite and rope were staples of the local economy. The last mine closed in 1991. Today the mines have been abandoned but Linares is home to Santana Motors which produces all-terrain vehicles for the Spanish Army such as the Anibal model. There is also a factory producing trains (CAF), another one producing components for wind turbines (Grupo Daniel Alonso y Gamesa), and a beet sugar plant (Azucareras Reunidas de Jaen S.A.), which now produces biodiesel from colza oil, palm oil, soybeans, and sunflower oil.

Linares is also the place where the annual Linares chess tournament is held.

The bull ring in Linares is famous for the death of bullfighter Manolete (Manuel Rodríguez Sánchez). On the 28th of August every year, people place flowers on his statue in Linars. Manolete's death is remembered in the ring by putting a bunch of roses in the place where he fell.

Linares is the birthplace of classical guitarist Andrés Segovia,singer Raphael and the hometown of jazz vocalist Virginia Maestro and Venerable Manuel Lozano Garrido.

Sister cities

External links

Notes and references

  1. ^ Linares : Situación

Coordinates: 38°06′N 3°38′W / 38.1°N 3.633°W / 38.1; -3.633

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

LINARES, a town of southern Spain, in the province of Jaen, among the southern foothills of the Sierra Morena, 1375 ft. above sea-level and 3 m. N.W. of the river Guadalimar. Pop. (1900) 3 8, 2 45. It is connected by four branch railways with the important argentiferous lead mines on the north-west, and with the main railways from Madrid to Seville, Granada and the principal ports on the south coast. The town was greatly improved in the second half of the 19th century, when the town hall, bull-ring, theatre and many other handsome buildings were erected; it contains little of antiquarian interest save a fine fountain of Roman origin. Its population is chiefly engaged in the lead-mines, and in such allied industries as the manufacture of gunpowder, dynamite, match for blasting purposes, rope and the like. The mining plant is entirely imported, principally from England; and smelting, desilverizing and the manufacture of lead sheets, pipes, &c., are carried on by British firms, which also purchase most of the ore raised. Linares lead is unsurpassed in quality, but the output tends to decrease. There is a thriving local trade in grain, wine and oil. About 2 m. S. is the village of Cazlona, which shows some remains of the ancient Castulo. The ancient mines some 5 m. N., which are now known as Los Pozos de Anibal, may possibly date from the 3rd century B.C., when this part of Spain was ruled by the Carthaginians.


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