The Full Wiki

Linden, New Jersey: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Linden, New Jersey
—  City  —
Location of Linden in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Linden, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°38′2″N 74°15′0″W / 40.63389°N 74.25°W / 40.63389; -74.25Coordinates: 40°38′2″N 74°15′0″W / 40.63389°N 74.25°W / 40.63389; -74.25
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Union
Incorporated January 1, 1925
Government
 - Mayor Richard J. Gerbounka (I)
Area
 - Total 11.2 sq mi (29.1 km2)
 - Land 10.8 sq mi (28.0 km2)
 - Water 0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)
Elevation [1] 16 ft (5 m)
Population (2006)
 - Total 39,874
 Density 3,645.5/sq mi (1,407.0/km2)
  [2]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07036
Area code(s) 908
FIPS code 34-40350[3][4]
GNIS feature ID 0877806[5]
Website www.linden-nj.org

Linden is a city in southeastern Union County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the New York Metropolitan Area, being about 13 miles southwest of Manhattan, and bordering Staten Island, a borough of New York City.

Linden was originally formed as a township on March 4, 1861, from portions of Elizabeth, Rahway and Union Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Cranford (March 14, 1871), Linden Borough (March 30, 1882) and Roselle (December 20, 1894). Linden was incorporated as a city by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on January 1, 1925, replacing both Linden Township and Linden Borough (which had been formed in 1882 from the township), based on the results of a referendum held on November 8, 1923.[6]

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.2 square miles (29.1 km²), of which, 10.8 square miles (28.0 km²) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.1 km²) of it (3.65%) is water.

Linden is bordered by many municipalities: to the northeast by Elizabeth, to the east by Staten Island via Arthur Kill, and to the southeast by Carteret in Middlesex County. To the southwest lies Rahway, to the west, Clark, Winfield and Cranford, and to the northeast, Roselle.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1930 21,206
1940 24,115 13.7%
1950 30,644 27.1%
1960 39,931 30.3%
1970 41,409 3.7%
1980 37,836 −8.6%
1990 36,701 −3.0%
2000 39,394 7.3%
Est. 2006 39,874 [2] 1.2%
Population 1930 - 1990.[7]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 39,394 people, 15,052 households, and 10,084 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,645.5 people per square mile (1,407.0/km²). There were 15,567 housing units at an average density of 1,440.6/sq mi (556.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 66.08% White, 22.80% African American, 0.14% Native American, 2.35% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.88% from other races, and 3.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.40% of the population.

There were 15,052 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,345, and the median income for a family was $54,903. Males had a median income of $39,457 versus $30,395 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,314. About 5.0% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Advertisements

Local government

The Mayor of Linden is Richard J. Gerbounka. Gerbounka, who served twelve years on the City Council and ran as an independent, defeating long-time mayor John T. Gregorio by an unofficial vote of 4,786 to 4,717. City Council President Robert Bunk was re-elected unopposed. Democrat Nominee Christopher J. Kolibas defeated independent Pat Hero in the 1st Ward race to replace retiring incumbent Edwin Schulhafer. Incumbent independent Robert Frazier was re-elected in the 9th Ward.[8]

The former longtime Mayor of Linden (term ended December 31, 2006) is 82-year-old John T. Gregorio, who served as mayor of Linden for 30, nonconsecutive years and was repeatedly tagged with scandal during his mayoral career, including one felony conviction, later pardoned, which forced him from office for two terms.[9]

Members of the City Council are[10]:

Federal, state and county representation

Linden is split between the Seventh, Tenth and Thirteenth Congressional Districts and is part of New Jersey's 22nd Legislative District.[11]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District, covering portions of Hunterdon County, Middlesex County, Somerset County and Union County, is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township). New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District, covering portions of Essex County, Hudson County, and Union County, is represented by Donald M. Payne (D, Newark). New Jersey's Thirteenth Congressional District, covering portions of Essex, Hudson, Middlesex, and Union Counties, is represented by Albio Sires (D, West New York). New Jersey is represented in the Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).

For the 2010-2011 Legislative Session, the 22nd District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nicholas Scutari (D, Linden) and in the Assembly by Jerry Green (D, Plainfield) and Linda Stender (D, Fanwood).[12] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham).[13] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[14]

Union County is governed by a nine-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, elected at-large to three-year terms on a staggered basis. Union County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairman Alexander Mirabella (Roselle Park), Freeholder Vice Chairman Daniel P. Sullivan (Elizabeth), Angel G. Estrada (Elizabeth), Chester Holmes (Rahway), Bette Jane Kowalski (Cranford), Rick Proctor (Rahway), Deborah P. Scanlon (Union), Rayland Van Blake (Plainfield), and Nancy Ward (Linden).[15]

Education

Public schools

The Linden Public Schools serve students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[16]) are eight elementary schools — School No. 1 (434 students), School No. 2 (307), School No. 4 (461), School No. 5 (354), School No. 6 (347), School No. 8 (314), School No. 9 (374), School No. 10 (356) — McManus Middle School (727) and Joseph E. Soehl Middle School (679) for grades 6-8 and Linden High School for grades 9-12 (1,929).

Private schools

Transportation

Highways

Linden is served by U.S. Route 1/9 and Route 27. It is also the western terminus of Interstate 278, which travels through all five boroughs of New York City.

The Garden State Parkway passes less than a mile west of the city limits. The New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) passes through the eastern portion of the city, with a few ramps that lead to the nearest exit (Exit 13) which just beyond the city limits in nearby Elizabeth.

Public Transportation

Local public transportation is provided by New Jersey Transit with bus service to Elizabeth, Perth Amboy and Newark.

New Jersey Transit buses 112 and 115 provide local service and interstate service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan.

Linden Train station is on the NJ Transit's North Jersey Coast Line and the Northeast Corridor Line.

Airport

Linden Airport is a small general aviation facility located on the eastern side of the city along U.S. Route 1/9.

Newark Liberty International Airport is approximately 15 minutes away.

Industry

Together with Elizabeth, Linden is home to the Bayway Refinery, a ConocoPhillips refining facility that helps supply petroleum-based products to the New York/New Jersey area, producing approximately 230,000 barrels per day.

In the mid-20th century, Linden was the headquarters for the Regal Records and the De Luxe Records record labels, as well as the budget record label Springboard International Records.

For many years, Linden was also home to a General Motors manufacturing plants, which produced cars from 1937 through 2005. The plant produced Oldsmobile, Pontiac, Buick and other GM automobiles, but also produced planes during World War II.[17] As of Spring of 2008 most of the plant has been torn down for redevelopment by Duke Realty Corporation. Plans for a large shopping mall (which would include a Sonic Drive-In) are rumored but unconfirmed.

Linden, together with Rahway, is home to Merck & Co., one of the world's leading pharmaceutical companies. The site of this pharmaceutical company recently celebrated 100 years in Rahway and Linden.

Popular culture

AND1 Mixtape Vol. 2

Linden was chosen as the primary filming location for Volume 2 of the popular streetball video series, AND1 Mixtapes.[18] As one of the original five streetballers to sign with AND1, Waliyy Dixon, a Linden native who also goes by the nickname "Main Event," helped host a night of basketball at 4th Ward Park.[18] Over 2,000 people came to watch what would become the second video installment of the most popular retail marketing campaign in United States history.[18]

The Wrestler

Several scenes from the 2008 Mickey Rourke film The Wrestler, later nominated for several Academy Awards, were filmed in Linden.[19]

Valentine's Day (2010)

A short sequence from the 2010 film Valentine's Day was filmed in Linden.[citation needed]

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Linden, New Jersey, Geographic Names Information System, accessed May 22, 2008.
  2. ^ a b Census data for Linden city, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 1, 2007.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 239.
  7. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed March 1, 2007.
  8. ^ Gerbounka upsets Gregorio in Linden, Home News Tribune, November 8, 2006.
  9. ^ A Man of Influence, New Jersey Monthly, May 2006.
  10. ^ City of Linden. Accessed April 18, 2008.
  11. ^ 2008 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters, p. 59. Accessed September 30, 2009.
  12. ^ "Legislative Roster: 2010-2011 Session". New Jersey Legislature. http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/members/roster.asp. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  13. ^ "About the Governor". New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/about/. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  14. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/lt/. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  15. ^ Board of Chosen Freeholders, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed February 20, 2008.
  16. ^ Data for the Linden Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 18, 2007.
  17. ^ GM to End Blazer/Jimmy Production and Close New Jersey Plant, Automobile.com, dated December 6, 2004.
  18. ^ a b c Palmer, Chris (2004). AND1 Streetball: All the ballers, moves, slams and shine. HarperCollins. http://books.google.com/books?id=xuhA3VHGhigC&pg=PA38&lpg=PA38&dq=linden+new+jersey+and1+volume+2&source=bl&ots=VVfvQSOB0W&sig=bytKh9UeshMqsgVfH1sdJfJEzMQ&hl=en&ei=2jM4StmPOs3OlAf09KHxDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6. Retrieved June 16, 2009. 
  19. ^ Jordan, Chris (22 February 2009). "Linden go-go bar gets its close-up in Oscar-nominated 'The Wrestler'". MyCentralJersey.com. http://www.mycentraljersey.com/article/20090222/NEWS/902200372&referrer=FRONTPAGECAROUSEL. Retrieved 14 September 2009. 
  20. ^ "Biography of Tiffany Andrade", Miss New Jersey USA Website. Accessed April 20, 2008.
  21. ^ http://armchairgm.wikia.com/John_Charles
  22. ^ "A JERSEY P.O.W. AMONG RELEASED; Freeing of Navigator Brings Happy Tears in Linden", The New York Times, March 5, 1973. Accessed December 5, 2007.
  23. ^ Linden Athletic Hall of Fame. Accessed January 30, 2009.
  24. ^ Pezzano, Chuck. "BOHN, DORIN-BALLARD REAP MORE ACCOLADES", The Record (Bergen County), February 24, 2002. Accessed May 13, 2007. "Parker Bohn III of Jackson and Carolyn Dorin-Ballard of Linden were named honorary captains of the recently announced All-America teams in polls conducted by the American Bowling Congress and Women's International Bowling Congress."
  25. ^ Caballero, Paula. "INSIDE BOWLING Sisters have historic meeting in LPBT finals", Fort Worth Star-Telegram, June 23, 1997. Accessed May 13, 2007. " Cathy Dorin of Linden, N.J., outdueled sister Carolyn Dorin-Ballard of North Richland Hills, 245-203, Thursday in the first stepladder match of the $65,000 Sam's Town Tunica Mid South Classic in Memphis, Tenn."
  26. ^ Calvin Duncan. The Draft Review. 2009. Retrieved on 15 September 2009.
  27. ^ Crehan, Herbert F. "Red Sox Heroes of Yesteryear", p. 191. Accessed May 13, 2007. "I was the last one cut, but I headed home to Linden, New Jersey, Figuring I had better get a job."

External links


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message