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Folio 27r from the Lindisfarne Gospels contains the incipient from the Gospel of Matthew.

The Lindisfarne Gospels is an illuminated Latin manuscript of the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John in the British Library. The manuscript was produced on Lindisfarne in Northumbria in the late 7th century or early 8th century, and is generally regarded as the finest example of the kingdom's unique style of religious art, a style that combined Anglo-Saxon and Celtic themes, what is now called Hiberno-Saxon art, or Insular art.[1] The manuscript is complete (though lacking its original cover), and is astonishingly well-preserved considering its great age.

Contents

History

The Lindisfarne Gospels are presumed to be the work of a monk named Eadfrith, who became Bishop of Lindisfarne in 698 and died in 721.[2] Current scholarship indicates a date around 715, and it is believed they were produced in honour of St. Cuthbert. The Gospels are richly illustrated in the insular style, and were originally encased in a fine leather binding covered with jewels and metals made by Billfrith the Anchorite in the 8th century. During the Viking raids on Lindisfarne, however, this cover was lost, and a replacement made in 1852.[3] The text is written in insular script.

In the 10th century an Old English translation of the Gospels was made: a word-for-word gloss inserted between the lines of the Latin text by Aldred, Provost of Chester-le-Street.[3] This is the oldest extant translation of the Gospels into the English language.[3]

The Gospels were taken from Durham Cathedral during the dissolution of the monasteries, ordered by Henry VIII, and were acquired in the early 17th century by Sir Robert Cotton from Thomas Walker, Clerk of the Parliaments.[3] Cotton's library came to the British Museum in the 18th century, and from there to the British Library in London when this was separated from the British Museum.[4]

Campaign to relocate

A campaign exists to have the gospels housed in the North East of England, a move vigorously opposed by the British Library and condemned by international scholars.[5][6] Several possible locations have been mooted, including Durham Cathedral, Lindisfarne itself or one of the museums in Newcastle upon Tyne or Sunderland.[3] A modern facsimile copy of the Gospels is now housed in the Durham Cathedral Treasury, where it can be seen by visitors.[3]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Celtic and Anglo-Saxon Art: Geometric Aspects Derek Hull, Published 2003 Liverpool University Press. ISBN 0-85323-549-X (Google books link)
  2. ^ Lindisfarne Gospels British Library. Retrieved 2008-03-21
  3. ^ a b c d e f Let Gospels come home Sunderland Echo, 2006-09-22. Retrieved 2008-03-21
  4. ^ Time line British Library. Retrieved 2008-03-21
  5. ^ Viz creator urges gospels return BBC News Online, 2008-03-20. Retrieved 2008-03-21
  6. ^ http://www.parliament.the-stationery-office.com/pa/ld199798/ldhansrd/vo980402/text/80402-20.htm Hansard. Retrieved 2009-03-25

References

  • Calkins, Robert G. Illuminated Books of the Middle Ages. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1983.
  • De Hamel, Christopher. A History of Illuminated Manuscripts. Boston: David R. Godine, 1986.
  • Walther, Ingo F. and Norbert Wolf. Codices Illustres: The world's most famous illuminated manuscripts, 400 to 1600. Köln, TASCHEN, 2005.

Further reading

  • Brown, Michelle P., The Lindisfarne Gospels: Society, Spirituality and the Scribe. London: The British Library, 2003

External links

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