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Linfen
—  Prefecture-level city  —
Chinese transcription(s)
 - Traditional 臨汾
 - Simplified 临汾
 - Pinyin Línfén
Location in Shanxi
Linfen is located in China
Linfen
Location in China
Coordinates: 36°5′N 111°31′E / 36.083°N 111.517°E / 36.083; 111.517
Country China
Province Shanxi
City seat Yaodu District (尧都区)
Area
 - Total 20,275 km2 (7,828.2 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 - Total 4,172,000
 - Density 205.8/km2 (532.9/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 041000
Area code(s) 0357
Website http://www.linfen.gov.cn/

Linfen (simplified Chinese: 临汾traditional Chinese: 臨汾pinyin: Línfén) is a prefecture-level city in southern Shanxi province, People's Republic of China. It is situated along the banks of the Fen River. It was known as Pingyang (平阳) during the Spring and Autumn Period. It has an area of 20,275 square kilometers[1] and a population of 4,172,000 as of the end of 2007.[2]

Contents

History

According to legend, the site of present-day Linfen was the capital of Yao, a legendary ruler more than 4000 years ago. In the 1980s, Linfen was nicknamed "The Modern Fruit and Flower Town". However, because of the proliferation of coal-burning power plants, the city has become smoggy and dust-covered.

Administrative divisions

Economy

Notable industries of the Linfen area include coal mining and food processing.

Pollution

A study by the Blacksmith Institute found Linfen to be the most polluted city in the world[3]. It has also been chosen as one of the world's ten dirtiest cities by the Popular Science website[4].

References

  1. ^ "Geography of Linfen" (in Chinese). Lifen Government's official website. http://www.linfen.gov.cn/go.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-09.  
  2. ^ "Democraphics of Linfen" (in Chinese). Linfen Government's official website. http://www.linfen.gov.cn/go-4.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-09.  
  3. ^ World's Worst Polluted Places — by the Blacksmith Institute (accessed 2008-08-19)
  4. ^ The World's 10 Worst Cities .

External links

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Linfen
—  Prefecture-level city  —
Chinese transcription(s)
 - Traditional 臨汾
 - Simplified 临汾
 - Pinyin Línfén
Linfen (red) in Shanxi province (orange) and China
Coordinates: 36°5′N 111°31′E / 36.083°N 111.517°E / 36.083; 111.517Coordinates: 36°5′N 111°31′E / 36.083°N 111.517°E / 36.083; 111.517
Country China
Province Shanxi
City seat Yaodu District (尧都区)
Area
 - Total 20,275 km2 (7,828.2 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 - Total 4,172,000
 Density 205.8/km2 (532.9/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 041000
Area code(s) 0357
Website http://www.linfen.gov.cn/

Linfen (simplified Chinese: 临汾; traditional Chinese: 臨汾; pinyin: Línfén) is a prefecture-level city in southern Shanxi province, People's Republic of China. It is situated along the banks of the Fen River. It was known as Pingyang (平阳) during the Spring and Autumn Period. It has an area of 20,275 square kilometers[1] and a population of 4,172,000 as of the end of 2007.[2]

Contents

History

According to legend, the site of present-day Linfen was the capital of Yao, a legendary ruler more than 4000 years ago. In the 1980s, Linfen was nicknamed "The Modern Fruit and Flower Town". However, because of the proliferation of coal-burning power plants, the city has become smoggy and dust-covered.

Geography & Location

Linfen, Shanxi, China

The city of Linfen is situated in the southwestern part of the Shanxi Province, at the lower reaches of the Fen River, covering an area of 1,304 square kilometers and with a population of about 680,000, with more than 4 million in the area. Geographical coordinates are: northern latitude from 35º23’ to 36º37’, eastern longitude from 110º22’ to 112º34. The whole region features offers open spaces and various, diversified terrain. The city sits in a basin, geographically, which limits exacerbates the pollution problems.

Linfen is home to Shanxi Normal University 山西师范大学 with nearly 20,000 graduate and undergraduate students.

In 2005 Linfen was the unlikely host of the Miss Universal Bikini Contest. The ocean is thousands of miles away and there are only two public pools.

Administrative divisions

Map
[[File:|400px]]
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2003 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Yaodu District 尧都区 Yáodū Qū 770,000 1,304 590
2 Houma City 侯马市 Hóumǎ Shì 230,000 274 839
3 Huozhou City 霍州市 Huòzhōu Shì 290,000 765 379
4 Quwo County 曲沃县 Qǔwò Xiàn 230,000 437 526
5 Yicheng County 翼城县 Yìchéng Xiàn 310,000 1,149 270
6 Xiangfen County 襄汾县 Xiāngfén Xiàn 480,000 1,304 368
7 Hongdong County 洪洞县 Hóngdòng Xiàn 730,000 1,494 489
8 Gu County 古县 Gǔ Xiàn 90,000 1,190 76
9 Anze County 安泽县 Ānzé Xiàn 80,000 1,961 41
10 Fushan County 浮山县 Fúshān Xiàn 130,000 938 139
11 Ji County 吉县 Jí Xiàn 100,000 1,779 56
12 Xiangning County 乡宁县 Xiāngníng Xiàn 230,000 2,024 114
13 Pu County 蒲县 Pú Xiàn 100,000 1,508 66
14 Daning County 大宁县 Dàníng Xiàn 60,000 963 62
15 Yonghe County 永和县 Yǒnghé Xiàn 60,000 1,212 50
16 Xi County 隰县 Xí Xiàn 100,000 1,412 71
17 Fenxi County 汾西县 Fénxī Xiàn 140,000 875 160

Economy

Notable industries of the Linfen area include coal mining and food processing.

Pollution

It has been mentioned by Blacksmith Institute as one of the most polluted cities in the world, and the world's dirtiest city by The Mother Nature Network. It has also been chosen as one of the world's ten dirtiest cities by the Popular Science website.[3]

Linfen's pollution problems began with the economic boom of the late 1990s and sped up after 2002, when domestic energy demand spiked, coal prices jumped, and the reins on private mine owners were loosened. At its low point, in 2004, Linfen had only 15 days out of 365 with an acceptable level of air pollution (two or above on the index). But now, Yang said, the cleanup was equally dramatic. The first step was to block coal trucks at the city's boundaries; suddenly there was much less coal dust. Next came heating: In 2006 alone, Linfen added enough gas-fired central heating to reach more than half of the city's 4.1 million people, and it knocked down 197 large coal-fired boilers and more than 600 smaller, family-size boilers. Now 85 percent of the city uses natural gas rather than coal for their heating.

References

  1. ^ "Geography of Linfen" (in Chinese). Lifen Government's official website. http://www.linfen.gov.cn/go.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-09. 
  2. ^ "Demographics of Linfen" (in Chinese). Linfen Government's official website. http://www.linfen.gov.cn/go-4.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-09. 
  3. ^ The World's 10 Worst Cities

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Linfen (临汾 ; Línfén) is a city in Shanxi.

Get in

Linfen is on the main rail line which runs through Shanxi. It is also accessible by bus from most major cities nearby.

  • Guangsheng Temple, at the foot of Huoshan Mountain (17 km northeast of Hongdong Town, which is north of Linfen City). Guangsheng Temple was established in the Eastern Han Dynasty in 147. The temple, originally known as the Julushe Temple before being renamed Guangsheng in 769, was damaged in a major earthquake in 1303, during the Yuan Dynasty, and was rebuilt thereafter. The temple experienced many repairs during the Ming and Qing Dynasties (1368-1911), but the structures have kept the architectural style of the Yuan Dynasty. The highlight of Guangsheng Temple is the spectacular Feihong Pagoda ("Flying Rainbow Pagoda"), the largest and best preserved glazed pagoda in China. Octagonal in shape and nearly 500 years old, this 13-storey pagoda glimmers on sunny days, with the sunlight reflecting off of the many multi-colored glazed tiles which cover the 47-meter tall tower. The many eaves of the structure feature glazed Buddha, birds, beasts, dragons, guardians, warriors, other figures, and all sorts of plants, all exquisitely sculpted and still in excellent shape after over four centuries. At the corner of each eave, a wind chime dangles from a ceramic dragon, with 114 such bells in all. While the Feihong Pagoda is the main feature of the Upper Temple, visitors should not neglect the other strucures in the temple, which are quite spectacular as well. Guangsheng Temple consists of an Upper Temple and a Lower Temple, and the buildings in this complex contain many exquisite sculptures, mainly from the Ming Dynasty.  edit
  • Hukou Waterfall, Southwestern Shanxi along the border with Shaanxi Province (Ji County (Jixian) is the nearest substantial town, 45km away. Best accessed from the major city of Linfen. Hukou can also be reached from Yannan City in Shaanxi Province, on the other side of the river.). The Hukou Waterfall is the second largest waterfall in China and the largest on the legendary Yellow River. As a result it is often claimed that this is "the only yellow waterfall in the world." At Hukou, located right on the border between Shanxi and Shaanxi Provinces, the 300-meter-wide Yellow River suddenly narrows and is forced violently through a 20-meter-wide gorge before falling turbulently into a stone pond 30 meters below prior to continuing its voyage towards the sea. Over 1000 cubic meters of water per second rush frothily through this narrow opening in the rock, somewhat resembling water being poured from a giant teapot. It is this appearance, plus all of this mist which the waterfall throws off, which gives rise to the waterfall's Chinese name, "Kettle Spout Falls." With viewing platforms just above the falls, visitors can view the Hukou Waterfall from close up.  edit
  • Yao Temple (尧庙; Yáomiào), (Located 3 km to the south of Linfen.). Yao Temple was built to honor Emperor Yao, one of the most respected emperors in Chinese history. According to ancient legend, Emperor Yao became emperor of China around 2350 B.C., over 4300 years ago. He was much respected for his humility, unpretentiousness, and caring devotion to his country and his people. The original temple honoring Emperor Yao was built some 1700 yeasrs ago, with the temple having been moved to its present site in 658. It was substantially renovated during the Qing Dynasty under the orders of Emperor Kangxi. The temple was used to hold memorial ceremonies for the legendary sage-king. The main buildings include the Five Phoenix Palace (built during the reign of Emperor Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty) and the Guanyun Hall, which was built during the Tang Dynasty and which features a 2.8-meter-tall multi-colored sculpture of Emperor Yao. Between these two buildings is a platform with a well. Legend has it that this well was dug by Yao and that it was the first well in China, from which people learned how to dig wells to tap underground water. In the gardens of the temple is a drum which is believed to be the largest in the world as well as a stele which dates from the Yuan Dynasty and which is an important source of information about a major earthquake which happened in ancient times. ¥40.  edit
  • Linfen Drum Tower (Dazhonglou), Gulou Road (In roundabout at intersection of Gulou N, E, S, and W Roads). This impressive drum tower, located at the center of a busy roundabout in central Linfen, is the second tallest drum tower in China. (At 43.75 meters tall, it is just a bit shorter than the one in Beijing.) Also known as Dazhonglou, this magnificent square tower was built in the Northern Song Dynasty, approximately 1000 years ago, and has been rebuilt a number of times since then, most recently in 1984. This drum tower is supported by 12 massive wooden pillars, each one meter in diameter. The building contains no nails and is held together by a series of interlocking wooden pieces. Visitors may climb to the top, and the drum on display is not the original one, but the bell on display is some 800 years old.  edit

Stay safe

One should generally not plan to stay in Linfen for long as it is the most polluted city in the world.

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