From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Linux gaming refers to playing or developing video games for Linux operating systems. This can refer to open source games that run natively on Linux, or commercial games that have Linux ports. Generally speaking, there is a mindset that there are few games available for Linux.
Free and open source games
, a space flight simulation.
, a first-person shooter.
A few original open source video games have attained notability:
- AssaultCube is a first-person shooter
- Battle for Wesnoth is a turn-based strategy game
- Blob Wars: Metal Blob Solid is a 2D platform game
- BZFlag is a 3D First person tank shooter (With jumping)
- Chromium B.S.U. is a fast paced, arcade-style, top-scrolling space shooter
- Crimson Fields is a turn-based tactical wargame.
- CodeRED: Alien Arena is a sci-fi first-person shooter derived from the Quake II engine
- Cube 2: Sauerbraten is a 3D first-person shooter with an integrated map editing mode
- Glest is a real-time strategy game, with optional multiplayer
- NetHack and Angband are text-based computer role-playing games
- Netrek is a Star Trek themed multiplayer 2D space battle game
- Nexuiz is a first-person shooter
- OpenArena is a standalone Quake III Arena game
- Project: Starfighter a multi-directional, objective based shoot-em-up
- Racer a free car simulator
- Teeworlds is a fast-paced sidescrolling shoot 'em up multiplayer game
- TORCS (The Open Racing Car Simulator) - considered one of the best open-source racing simulators, with realistic graphics and vehicle handling.
- Tremulous is a 3D first-person shooter/real-time strategy game
- Tux Racer is a 3D racing game featuring Tux
- Urban Terror is a standalone Quake III Arena first-person shooter. (Proprietary mod)
- Vega Strike is a space flight simulation
- Warsow is a Quake-like, fast-paced first-person shooter
Clones and remakes
, a well known remake of the popular Civilization
, a popular adaption of the game Puzzle Bobble
, a popular clone of the mmorpg classic Diaspora
There are a larger number of open source clones and remakes of classic games:
- Cave Story is a platformer reminiscent of the Metroid and Castlevania series.
- Various remakes of Doom, Wolfenstein 3D, and Quake are based on the engines for these games
- FreeCiv is a remake of Civilization II
- FreeOrion - considered one of the best open-source space games, is based on Master of Orion.
- Frets on Fire is a remake of Guitar Hero
- Frozen Bubble is an adaptation of Puzzle Bobble
- Grid Wars is a remake of Geometry Wars
- Head Over Heels, a ZX-Spectrum action platformer, was remade for Linux, Windows, Mac OS X, and BeOS.
- Hedgewars clone of worms. Worms replaced with hedgehogs.
- N is an Adobe Flash game inspired by Lode Runner and Soldat
- NAEV is a space shooter inspired by Escape Velocity
- OpenBVE is a open-source clone of BVE Trainsim
- OpenTTD is a remake of Transport Tycoon Deluxe
- Pingus is a remake of Lemmings
- Scorched 3D is a 3D adaptation of Scorched Earth
- Spring originally is a remake of Total Annihilation, but actually is a platform for real time strategy games
- StepMania is a remake of Dance Dance Revolution
- SuperTux is a remake of Super Mario
- SuperTuxKart and TuxKart are remakes of Mario Kart
- Ur-Quan Masters is based on the original source code for Star Control II
- Warzone 2100 is a real-time strategy and real-time tactics hybrid computer game. Originally published by Eidos Interactive and later released as open source.
- Wormux, an open source clone of the Worms game using free software project mascots instead of worms.
is a popular commercial game that can be run natively on Linux
In some cases, developers have released Linux versions of their games directly.
Main Article: id Software
id Software together with Raven Software ported Doom 3, the Quake series, Return to Castle Wolfenstein and Enemy Territory: Quake Wars. id Software's Timothee Besset has stated he hopes to port Rage to Linux.
Unreal Tournament 2004 running on BeaFanatIX Linux
Main Article: Epic Games
Epic Games released Unreal Tournament 2003 and Unreal Tournament 2004 and they will port Unreal Tournament 3.
These games were ported for them by Ryan C. Gordon.
Serious Sam II
was the first game ported directly by Croteam to Linux
Main Article: Croteam
Croteam released the Serious Sam series, with the first game ported by Ryan C. Gordon and with the second self-ported.
Illwinter Game Design
Main Article: Illwinter Game Design
Illwinter Game Design released Conquest of Elysium II, Dominions: Priests, Prophets and Pretenders, Dominions II: The Ascension Wars, and Dominions 3: The Awakening for Linux.
Main Article: Introversion Software
Introversion released Darwinia, Uplink, and DEFCON.
Main Article: Frictional Games
Frictional Games released Linux version of both Penumbra: Black Plague and Penumbra: Overture, as well as the expansion pack Penumbra: Requiem. They also intend to release their upcoming game Amnesia: The Dark Descent for Linux simultaneously with the Windows and Mac OS X versions.
Main Article: S2games
Savage: The Battle for Newerth
was the first S2games product ported to Linux
S2games released Linux clients for their titles Savage: The Battle for Newerth and Savage 2: A Tortured Soul. Their clone of Warcraft 3 Defense of the Ancients, Heroes of Newerth, is currently in closed beta.
Main Article: Wolfire Games
Wolfire Games released a Linux version of their game Lugaru and they will release its sequel Overgrowth for Linux. David Rosen's Black Shades was also ported to Linux.
Main Article: Independent video game development
Independent developer 2D Boy released World of Goo for Linux. RPGs Eschalon: Book I and Penny Arcade Adventures: On the Rain-Slick Precipice of Darkness were developed cross-platform from the start of development, including a Linux version. Sillysoft released Linux versions of their game Lux and its various versions.
MP Entertainment released Hopkins FBI and Crack dot com released Abuse for Linux, becoming some of the first developers to do so. Philos Laboratories released a Linux version of Theocracy on the retail disk. GLAMUS GmbH released a Linux version of their game Mobility. Xatrix Entertainment released a Linux version of Kingpin: Life of Crime. Bioware released Neverwinter Nights for Linux. Unigine Corp is also developing a Linux friendly action game using its Unigine engine, and one of its licensees has plans to release their Afterfall Universe franchise for Linux and another plans to releases their game Primal Carnage for Linux.
More commonly, an independent company has taken on the task of porting prominent Windows games to Linux.
Civilization: Call to Power was the first game ported by Loki
Main Article: Loki Software
Loki Software was the first such company, and between 1998 and 2002 ported Civilization: Call to Power, Descent³, Eric's Ultimate Solitaire, Heavy Gear II, Heavy Metal: F.A.K.K.², Heretic II, Heroes of Might and Magic III, Kohan: Immortal Sovereigns, Myth II: Soulblighter, Postal, Railroad Tycoon II, Quake III Arena, Rune, Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri, Sim City 3000, Soldier of Fortune, Tribes 2, and MindRover to Linux.
Main Article: Tribsoft
Tribsoft created a Linux version of Jagged Alliance 2 by Sir-Tech Canada before shutting down in 2002.
Linux Game Publishing
Shadowgrounds Survivor is the latest game ported by LGP
Main Article: Linux Game Publishing
Linux Game Publishing was founded in 2001 in response to the impending demise of Loki, and has brought Creatures: Internet Edition, Candy Cruncher, Majesty: Gold Edition, NingPo MahJong, Hyperspace Delivery Boy!, Software Tycoon, Postal²: Share The Pain, Soul Ride, X2: The Threat, Gorky 17, Cold War, Knights and Merchants: The Shattered Kingdom, Ballistics, X3: Reunion, Jets'n'Guns, Sacred: Gold, Shadowgrounds, and Shadowgrounds Survivor to Linux. Some of these games were ported for them by Ryan C. Gordon and Gorky 17 was ported by Hyperion Entertainment.
See Also: Ryan C. Gordon
icculus.org has ported Aliens versus Predator, Duke Nukem 3D, Medal of Honor: Allied Assault, Rise of the Triad, America's Army, Devastation, and Prey.
Main Article: RuneSoft
The German publisher RuneSoft was founded in 2000. They ported the games Northland, Robin Hood: The Legend of Sherwood, Airline Tycoon Deluxe, Ankh, Ankh: Heart of Osiris, Barkanoid 2, and Jack Keane to Linux.
Main Article: Hyperion Entertainment
Hyperion Entertainment ports games to several systems, they have so far ported Shogo: Mobile Armor Division and SiN to Linux.
Massively multiplayer online role-playing games
can be run using the Java Runtime Environment.
is a free software MMORPG that runs on Linux
This is a selected list of MMORPGs that are native on Linux.
Upcoming Linux Games
is expected to have a Linux release
is a free software project under-development
for Linux is currently in open beta
The following is a list of upcoming-games for the Linux platform.
- Amnesia: The Dark Descent
- Iron Sky: Operation Highjump
These are games where some interest in Linux has been shown, but has not been officially confirmed.
Emulation and compatibility layers
Wine running Blood II: The Chosen on Fedora
There are also APIs, virtual machines, and machine emulators that provide binary compatibility:
Currently, many games can run without serious problems in a compatibility layer called Wine.
This is a list from the wine application database of games that run flawlessly. There are many more.
As far as development is concerned, library support for Linux gaming is provided by OpenGL, ALSA, OpenAL and SDL, a cross-platform multimedia wrapper around system-dependent libraries, as well as Pygame. The DRI project provides open source video card drivers, and NVIDIA and ATI also release binary kernel modules for their video cards. Linux also runs on several game consoles, including the Xbox, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, GameCube, and Wii which allows game developers without an expensive game development kit to access console hardware.
Directories and Lists
People and Companies