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  • the annual Pflasterspektakel ('pavement spectacle') in Linz, Austria, features over 400 international street artists and attracts some 200,000 visitors each year?

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Linz
View of Linz from the Pöstlingberg mountain
View of Linz from the Pöstlingberg mountain
Coat of arms Location
Coat of arms of Linz
Map of Austria, position of Linz highlighted
Administration
Country  Austria
State Upper Austria
District Statutory city
Mayor Franz Dobusch (SPÖ)
Basic statistics
Area 96.048 km2 (37.1 sq mi)
Elevation 266 m  (873 ft)
Population 189,284  (1 April 2009)
 - Density 1,971 /km² (5,104 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate L
Postal codes 4010, 402x, 4030, 404x
Area codes 0732, 070
Website www.linz.at

Coordinates: 48°18′11″N 14°17′26″E / 48.30306°N 14.29056°E / 48.30306; 14.29056

Linz is the third-largest city of Austria and capital of the state of Upper Austria (German: Oberösterreich). It is located in the north centre of Austria, approximately 30 km south of the Czech border, on both sides of the river Danube. The population of the city is 189,284 (2009), and that of the Greater Linz conurbation is 271,000.

Contents

History

The Pöstlingberg church in Linz.

Origins

The city was founded by the Romans, who called it Lentia.[1] The name Linz was first recorded in 799 AD, after Bavarians expanded south and Linz became a center of trade.[2]

Holy Roman Empire

It was a provincial and local government city of the Holy Roman Empire, and an important trading point connecting several routes, on either side of the river Danube from the East to the West and Bohemia and Poland from north to the Balkans and Italy to the south. Being the city where the Habsburg Emperor Friedrich III spent his last years, it was, for a short period of time, the most important city in the empire.[3] It lost its status to Vienna and Prague after the death of the Emperor in 1493. One important inhabitant of the city was Johannes Kepler, who spent several years of his life in the city studying mathematics. He discovered, on 15 May 1618, the distance-cubed-over-time-squared — or 'third' — law of planetary motion. The local public university, Johannes Kepler University, is named for him. Another famous citizen was Anton Bruckner, who spent the years between 1855 and 1868 working as a local composer and church organist in the city. The local concert hall "Brucknerhaus" and a local private music and arts university are named after him.

A statue of Kepler in Linz

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler was born in the border town of Braunau am Inn but moved to Linz in his childhood. Hitler spent most of his youth in the Linz area, from 1898 until 1907, when he left for Vienna. The family lived first in the village of Leonding on the outskirts of town, and then in an apartment on the Humboldtstrasse in Linz itself. Hitler's parents are buried in Leonding.

Hermann-Göring-Werke

After elementary education in Leonding, Hitler was enrolled in the Realschule (school) in Linz, as was the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein.

Notorious Holocaust architect Adolf Eichmann also spent his youth in Linz.

The association of the city with Hitler's childhood warranted an allusion in a poem by W.H. Auden, September 1, 1939: "Accurate scholarship can/Unearth the whole offense/ From Luther until now/ That has driven a culture mad, Find what occurred at Linz...."

To the end of his life, Hitler considered Linz to be his "home town",[4] and envisioned extensive architectural schemes for it, wanting it to become the main cultural centre of the Third Reich. In order to make the city economically vibrant, Hitler initiated a major industrialization of Linz shortly before, and during, World War II. Many factories were dismantled in the newly-acquired Czechoslovakia and then reassembled in Linz, including the Hermann-Göring-Werke (now voestalpine). In addition to an ordnance depot, Linz has a benzol (oil)[1] plant which was bombed during the Oil Campaign on 16 October 1944.

The Mauthausen-Gusen, located near Linz, were the last Nazi concentration camps to be liberated by the Allies. While in operation, they were the source of quarrying for stone for Hitler's prestige projects across the Reich. The main camp in Mauthausen is just 25 kilometres (16 mi) away from Linz.

Today

After the war, the river Danube that runs through Linz — from the western side to the south-eastern side — which separates the Urfahr district in the north from the rest of Linz — served as the border between the Russian and American occupation troops. The Nibelungen bridge that spans the Danube river from the Hauptplatz (main square) was at that time Linz's version of Checkpoint Charlie. The Nibelungen Brücke with the two bridge head buildings is the only architectural plan Hitler ever carried out in Linz.

Population development

Church of Saints Michael and Ursula, Linz
Year Population
1900 83,356
1951 184,685
1961 195,978
1971 204,889
1981 199,910
1991 203,044
2001 183,504
2006 188,968

The agglomeration includes (parts of) 13 other municipalities with together 271,000 inhabitants. Linz is also part of the Linz-Wels-Steyr metropolitan area of Upper Austria, home to around one third of the state's population (460,000 people) and second-largest urban area in Austria.[5][6]

Districts

Linz is divided into 9 districts and 36 statistical quarters. They are:

  1. Innenstadt: Altstadtviertel, Rathausviertel, Kaplanhofviertel, Neustadtviertel, Volksgartenviertel, Römerberg-Margarethen
  2. Waldegg: Freinberg, Froschberg, Keferfeld, Bindermichl, Spallerhof, Wankmüllerhofviertel, Andreas-Hofer-Platz-Viertel
  3. Lustenau: Makartviertel, Franckviertel, Hafenviertel
  4. St. Peter
  5. Kleinmünchen: Kleinmünchen, Neue Welt, Scharlinz, Bergern, Neue Heimat, Wegscheid, Schörgenhub
  6. Ebelsberg
  7. Urfahr: Alt-Urfahr, Heilham, Hartmayrsiedlung, Harbachsiedlung, Karlhofsiedlung, Auberg
  8. Pöstlingberg:Pöstlingberg, Bachl-Gründberg
  9. St. Magdalena: St. Magdalena, Katzbach, Elmberg

Economy

Linz is an industrial city. The Voestalpine AG is a large steel concern (founded as the "Hermann Göring Werke" during World War II), and which is known for the LD- ("Linz-Donawitz") procedure for the production of steel, and the former "Chemie Linz" chemical group, which has been split up into several companies. This has made Linz one of Austria's most important economic centres. Linz is also the home of Pez ( makers of peppermint candy).

Traffic

Linz also serves as an important transportation hub for the region of both Upper Austria and, to a lesser degree, southern Bohemia. The "Blue Danube" Linz Airport lies about 6.25 miles (10 km) southwest of the town centre. Direct flights include Frankfurt, Düsseldorf and Vienna with additional seasonal routes added during the summer and winter months. Ryanair flies to London Stansted Airport.

The city lies on Austria's main rail axis, the so-called "Westbahn", linking Vienna with western Austria, Germany and Switzerland. There are also varying types of river transport on the Danube; from industrial barges to tourist cruise ships.

Main sights

The Brucknerhaus.
The Eisenbahnbrücke (railway bridge) at night, with the more modern VöestAlpine bridge in the background

The main street "Landstraße" leads from the "Blumauerplatz" to the main square. In the middle of this square the high "Pestsäule" ("plague column", also known as "Dreifaltigkeitssäule" (Dreifaltigkeit means Holy Trinity)) was built to remember the people who died in the plague epidemics.[7][8]

Near the castle, being the former seat of Friedrich the III — the oldest Austrian church is located: Sankt/Saint Martins church. It was built during early medieval Carolingian times.[9]

Other sights include:

  • Pöstlingberg-Kirche: pilgrimage church on the Pöstlingberg hill
  • Gugl Stadium, is home to the LASK (Linzer Athletik Sport Klub), which is claimed to be the third oldest soccer club in Austria.[12]

Culture

The Lentos Art Museum.

The city is now home to a vibrant music and arts scene that is well-funded by the city and the state of Upper Austria. Between the Lentos Art Museum and the "Brucknerhaus", is the "Donaulände", which is also referred to as "Kulturmeile" ("culture mile"). This is a park alongside the river, which is used mainly by young people to relax and meet in summer. It is also used for the Ars Electronica Festival and the "Linz Fest".[15] Linz has other culture institutions, such as the Posthof, which is near the harbour,[16] and the Stadtwerkstatt, which is by the Danube river.[17] Linz is the European Capital of Culture in 2009, along with Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania.[18]

Art

The recently built Lentos (2003) is a modern art gallery, presenting art from the 20th and 21st centuries. It is situated on the south banks of the river Danube. The building can be illuminated at night from the inside with blue, pink, red, and violet, due to its glass casing.

The Ars Electronica Center (AEC) is a museum and research facility on the north bank of the Danube (in the Urfahr district), across the river from the Hauptplatz (main square). The AEC is a significant world center for new media arts, attracting a large gathering of technologically-oriented artists every year for the Ars Electronica festival. The AEC museum is home to one of the few public 3D CAVEs in Europe.

Music

The Brucknerhaus, the most important concert hall in Linz is named after Anton Bruckner. It is situated just some 200 meters away from the "Lentos". It is home to the "Bruckner Orchestra", and is frequently used for concerts, as well as Balls and other events.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote his Symphony No. 36 (1783) in Linz for a concert to be given there, and the work is known today as the Linz Symphony. The first version of Anton Bruckner's Symphony No. 1 in C minor is known as the Linz version.

Colleges and universities

Amongst the many "Gymnasien" (high schools) in Linz, is Linz International School Auhof (LISA), which is one of four IB (International Baccalaureate) schools in Austria, and uses English as main language for instruction.

Born in Linz

Living in Linz:

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Linz is twinned with:

Notes

  1. ^ Paul Hofmann (1987-04-05). "Letting Linz Castle cast a spell". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?sec=travel&res=9B0DEED9163BF936A35757C0A961948260&scp=5. Retrieved 2008-12-02.  
  2. ^ "Linz City Travel Guide". About Austria. http://www.aboutaustria.org/capitals/linz.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-15.  
  3. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe". The Peerage. http://www.thepeerage.com/p11357.htm#i113570. Retrieved 2008-04-15.  
  4. ^ Kershaw, Ian. Hitler: 1889–1936: Hubris. New York: Norton, 1998. p.15
  5. ^ City of Linz Website statistik.at – Retrieved 31 October 2007
  6. ^ Population linz.at/zahlen – Retrieved 31 October 2007
  7. ^ The Plague Column liwest.at – Retrieved 31 October 2007
  8. ^ The top of the column linz.at – Retrieved 31 October 2007
  9. ^ "St. Martin's Church, Linz (in English)". Linz City Tourist Board. http://www.linz.at/english/Tourism/1146.asp. Retrieved 2008-04-06.  
  10. ^ "Mariendom (New Cathedral in Linz)". Mariendom. http://www.dioezese-linz.at/redaktion/index.php?page_new=2500. Retrieved 2008-04-06.  
  11. ^ Brucknerhaus andreas-praefcke.de – Retrieved 31 October 2007
  12. ^ "LASK". LASK. http://lask.at/content/lask/home/startseite/index_ger.html. Retrieved 2008-04-06.  
  13. ^ George Tabori. "Mein Kampf: Farce in fünf Akten" (in German). Landestheater. http://www.landestheater-linz.at/490_DE-Stuecke-Stueckinfo.htm?stueckid=173. Retrieved 2008-04-06.  
  14. ^ "Die Spielzeit 2007/2008". Landestheater. http://www.landestheater-linz.at/257_DE. Retrieved 2008-04-06.  
  15. ^ The Lentos homepage lentos.at – Retrieved 10 November 2007
  16. ^ "Welcome Posthof 04 2008". Posthof. http://www.posthof.at/. Retrieved 2008-04-06.  
  17. ^ "Stadtwerkstadt". Stadtwerkstadt. http://www.servus.at/stwst/. Retrieved 2008-04-06.  
  18. ^ "European Capital of Culture". Linz Tourist Board. http://www.linz09.at/en/index.html. Retrieved 2008-04-06.  
  19. ^ "Fred Astaire (1899–1987) aka Frederick Austerlitz". Hyde Flippo. http://www.germanhollywood.com/astaire.html#pop4. Retrieved 2008-08-24.  
  20. ^ "Andrew Edge". Andrew Edge. http://www.andrewedge.com/. Retrieved 2008-04-06.  
  21. ^ "Doug Hammond biog". Doug Hammond. http://www.doughammond.org/. Retrieved 2008-04-06.  
  22. ^ Sulzer, Balduin. "Das musikalische Nashorn" (in German). Gerhard Brössner. http://www.ooejo.eduhi.at/Freiberufliches/Das%20musikalische%20Nashorn/Das%20musikalische%20Nashorn.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-06.  

Further reading

  • Satchell, Tim. Astaire, The Biography. Hutchinson, London. 1987. ISBN 0-09-173736-2

See also

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

The Hauptplatz - Main Square
The Hauptplatz - Main Square

Linz [1] is the third largest city in Austria with 188,968 inhabitants, is the capital of the federal province of Upper Austria and forms the heart of Austria´s second strongest economic region. Linz is by the Danube (Donau) river. The tourist slogan of the city is "In Linz beginnt's" ("It starts in Linz").

Understand

Linz is an industrial city (with huge steel and chemical works) which was bombed during World War II - and was one of the few cities of Nazi-Germany that escaped total destruction. While Linz does indeed have a sizable "Altstadt" (old town) it may be disappointing to those tourists familiar with the charm of Graz or Salzburg. Linz is primarily a student and industrial town and while not particularly beautiful, is more representative of a "real" Austrian city vs. the almost fairy tale like quality of Salzburg.

While industry in Linz is still financially important, it is slowly diversifying by helping small companies and encouraging tourism. The city gets a lot of international media attention because of its annual Ars Electronica Festival[2]; an international festival for Electronic Art. It also hosts the "Klangwolke" ("sound-cloud"); a big cultural Open-Air spectacle with modern and traditional music and a massive light show, which is held in September. Linz has become the "European Capital of Culture" in 2009, by virtue of an independent cultural development and an innovative culture and art scene.

Get in

By plane

The Blue Danube Airport of Linz is located outside the city, but there is a bus service to Linz from the airport, which takes about 20 minutes and costs around €3. A taxi costs around €25-30. Alternately, you can fly to the better-connected Vienna airport and take the train to Linz.

By train

Linz has hourly Intercity and Eurocity connections to Salzburg and Vienna, and from there to all important European capitals and major cities. Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB)[3] has online timetables and offers various ticketing options.

By car

Linz is connected with Vienna, Salzburg, and Munich via the A1 Autobahn/motorway ; the Muehlviertel A7 Autobahn , and the south of Austria (Graz (Styria), Klagenfurt (Carinthia)) via the A9 Autobahn. It is also connected to Germany via Passau. There are plans to extend a motorway north to the Czech Republic, but work is not expected to start until 2009. The best way to drive north is currently on the B125 Bundesstrasse/B-road.

By boat

All shipping-enterprises of Linz are listed here: [4] There is regular passenger boat service on the Danube from and to Vienna and Passau, Germany. A list of Austrian passenger services on the Danube can be found here: [5]

Get around

Linz has a very good public transport service. A map of the tram (red) and bus lines is available [6], as well as an on-line time table [7]. A one-day ticket is €3,40 for over 14-year-olds, & €1,70 for under 14-year-olds. There is also a 4-stop ticket for €0.80. Students can buy an 'Aktivpass', which allows you to buy a monthly card for €10.00, which is valid for all lines, and you get all tickets at half price. Tickets are purchased from the electronic vending machines at each stop, as well as tobacco and newspaper shops.

Linz City Ticket

The Linz City Ticket (€20,00) enables an individual and independent tour through the Danube city. Available at the Tourist Office and in many hotels.

The "Linz City Ticket" includes:

  • A Restaurant voucher for € 10,00
  • Sightseeing Tour on the Linz City Express train (an electric train with 5 separate wagons, sitting 6-9 people)
  • Admission to 12 museums of the city including "Ars Electronica Center" and "Lentos"
  • Picture Postcard of Linz (different pictures)
  • "Pöstlingberg Experience" ticket, valid for a ride up & down on the Pöstlingberg tram.
  • Ride on the Linz Grotto railway
  • Admission to the Botanical Gardens
  • Admission to the Linz zoo
  • 20% reduction for a boat trip Linz - Aschach - Linz
  • 14% reduction (€6,- instead of €7,-) for the daily sightseeing tour of Linz
  • Railway day ticket to the Hallstatt salt mines, at €26,50 instead of €45,90

See

When strolling through the heart of the city, one can literally sense its history. The lanes of the old town, which lies directly at the foot of the castle, communicate the feeling of past ages. Splendid town residences and chapter houses are worthy of closer scrutiny, as are the many inner courtyards hidden discretely behind arched gates. Moreover, the spacious, baroque main square with its lively hustle and bustle is never far away.

Linz is also a city of churches. With its 134m tower and space for 20,000 people, the New Cathedral is Austria´s largest church. In addition, the city landmark, the pilgrimage basilica on the Pöstlingberg, is also clearly in view. A symbol of Linz is the Lentos Museum of modern art, which has a striking glass facade that is illuminated at night with alternating colours.

Events

Linz is a synonym for variety that is found at open air events, in bars and restaurants and in the theatre and on concert stages of the city. In late April, the yearly Crossing Europe [8] film festival for young european film features works with unconventional, courageous filmic positions. At Whitsun, the Linz Festival [9] offers a cultural open-air festival in the Danube park, while in July the international "Pflasterspektakel" [10] brings over 500 clowns, acrobats and mimes to the city´s streets. Moreover, September sees the musical "Cloud of Sounds" [11] in the Donaupark, the Ars Electronica Festival [12] and the Bruckner Festival.

The Linz markets provide an opportunity to browse, and sample, whether at the weekly markets or the twice yearly Fair/Carneval Urfahraner Jahrmarkt [13], which is Austria´s oldest public festival.

During the universities lecture periods (october-january/march-june) there is a wide range of student parties among the campuses of the 4 universities in Linz. Particularly interesting might be the weekly Mensafest every thursday in Dornach/Urfahr on the campus of Johannes-Kepler-University [14] and the gatherings at the Sommerhaus Hotel [15] during the SAICCA program that runs mid-May through mid-June.

  • New cathedral, Herrenstraße 26, open M-Sa 7:30AM-9AM, Su 8AM-7PM. The construction of the neo-Gothic cathedral was already initiated in 1855 by F.J. Rudiger, then Bishop of Linz, and the foundation stone was laid in 1862. The building was designed by the Cologne cathedral builder Vinzenz Statz. The cathedral was consecrated in 1924. The height of the tower was limited to 134 m (as it was not permitted to surpass St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna ).The cathedral can accommodate 20.000 worshippers and is also notable for its stained glass windows, including the famous "Linz Window" with scenes from the history of Linz (left front). At Christmas the crypt church contains one of the largest nativity scenes, measuring 12 m in length.
  • Old cathedral, Domgasse 3. Daily 7AM-7PM.Designed according to drawings by Pietro Francesco Carlone, the cathedral was built between 1669 and 1678. It was the cathedral church of the diocese of Linz from 1785-1909. The single-nave Baroque church has lateral chapels and galleries, as well as a closed choir and stucco work by J.P. Spaz and G.B. Mazza. The marble high altar is by Colomba and Barberini with a picture by Antonio Bellucci. The Aloisian altar picture is by Bartolomeo Altomonte. The choir pews originate from the former monastery church in Garsten, while the organ by Franz Xaver Krismann derives from Engelzell monastery. From 1856-1868 Anton Bruckner served as the cathedral organist.
  • Pöstlingbergkirche(Wallfahrtsbasilika), Am Pöstlingberg 1. Daily 8AM-6PM. This pilgrimage church, dedicated to the Seven Sorrows of the Virgin Mary and perched high above the roofs of the city, is the landmark of the Upper Austrian capital. It was built in 1748 according to plans by Matthias Krinner. The church is popular for weddings because of the unique location.
  • St. Martin's Church, Römerstraße/ Ecke Martinsgasse. This is regarded as the oldest original church still in existence in Austria. It was first documented in 799. A rectangular building that is no longer visible, partially extending into the nave, probably dates from the Agilofingian period (before 788). During the Carolingian period (after 788), the central structure was erected using debris from Roman buildings. This can be seen on both the inside and outside, while the ground plan is marked by stone slabs. The building was redesigned as a bay church in the 11th century and the pillar arches were filled in. There are Romanesque and Gothic door and window arches dating from later alterations. Inside the building, Roman stone inscriptions and a furnace can be seen. The first bay contains a copy of the Volto-Santo picture by Lucca (around 1440). The interior of the church can be viewed through a glass door. Entrance into the church is only permitted with a tourist guide.
  • Trinity Column, in the middle of the Main Square. One of Austria's most attractive closed squares, there stands the 20 m high Baroque Trinity Column (completed in 1723). Carved in white marble by Sebastian Stumpfegger according to a model from Antono Beduzzi, the column bears three inscriptions. These announce the dedication of the column to the Holy Trinity by the guilds, the Emperor and the people of Linz in gratitude for deliverance from the dangers of war (1704), fire (1712) and plague (1713). The column is flanked by the patron saints Sebastian, Florian and Carlo Borromeo.
  • Linz castle. The Linz castle is first documented in 799. It was entirely rebuilt in 1477 by Emperor Friedrich III, and there are partial remains of the defensive walls, the bastions and the west entrance (Friedrichstor). The latter is adorned by a stone coat-of-arms (1481) bearing the inscription "AEIOU" ("The whole world is subject to Austria") and the imperial initials. Around 1600, during the rule of Rudolph II, the castle was redesigned and expanded according to plans by the Dutch master builder Anton Muys. The powerful four-story block with two inner courtyards and the main gate to the city (Rudolfstor 1604) date from this time. During the Napoleonic wars the building served as a military hospital, and it was here that the great city fire of 1800 broke out (destruction of the south wing and a part of the transept). Beginning in 1811, the remaining buildings were used as the provincial prison and from 1851 until 1945 as a barracks. Between 1953 and 1963, the fortress was rebuilt and restored as the Upper Austrian Castle Museum. It contains permanent exhibitions of art from the Middle Ages to the present day, historical weapons and musical instruments, coins, folklore and technical history, as well as the Kastner collection. There are special exhibitions each year.
  • Bischofshof. The bishop's residence is the most important secular Baroque building in the city. Commissioned by Kremsmünster monastery (1721-26), it was built by Michael Pruckmayr according to plans by Jakob Prandtauer, who was also responsible for the monasteries in Melk and St. Florian. The impressive lattice gate on the staircase is by Valentin Hoffmann (1727).
  • Lentos, [16].
  • Ars Electronica Center, [17].
  • Castle Museum Linz, [18].
  • LinzGenesis and Museum of the History of Dentistry in Upper Austria, [19].
  • StifterHaus, [20].
  • Landesgalerie (Provincial gallery), [21].
  • Nordico - Museum of the City of Linz, [22].
  • The O.K Center for Contemporary Art, [23].
  • Biology Center Dornach, [24].
  • Historical Customs and Finance Collection, [25].
  • Military History Collection in Ebelsberg Castle, [26].

Culture

Linz has established an international reputation due to its extensive cultural life. You can visit the "culture mile" along the Danube, which stretches from the Brucknerhaus concert hall and the Lentos art museum and the Ars Electronica Center on the northern bank of the river. Linz also possesses a number of stage companies, which offer something for everybody in the form of a range of evening entertainment that extends from classic opera to modern dance theatre.

From June to August the Linz cultural summer features cabaret, open-air concerts and theatre on virtually daily basis at venues that are as varied as the programme itself. These include the bars and squares of the inner city, as well as the romantic Rose Garden high above the rooftops. Moreover, throughout the year, the "Posthof" features "contemporary culture at the harbour" with national and international performers.

  • Brucknerhaus, [27].
  • Posthof, [28].
  • Stadtwerkstatt, [29].
  • Kulturzentrum Hof, [30].
  • Haus der Architektur.

Do

There are lots of things to do in Linz. Here are a few possibilities:

Old Town Walking Tour, [31].

  • Old City Hall
  • Trinity Column
  • Church of the Minor Friars
  • Landhaus
  • Mozarthaus
  • Kremsmünstererhaus
  • Linz Castle
  • St. Martin’s Church
  • Provincial Theatre
  • Bischofshof
  • New Cathedral
  • Karmeliterkirche
  • Ursulinenkirche
  • Seminary Church
  • Nordico Museum of the City of Linz
  • Old Cathedral
  • Linz Parish Church
  • Stifterhaus
  • Keplerhaus
  • Pöstlingberg tram, [32]. The historic "Pöstlingbergbahn", Europe’s steepest mountain railway, is not operating any more. A new mountain railway is being built right now and is supposed to start operating in summer 2009. In the meantime, you can take Bus No. 50 from Hauptplatz (main square) to the top of Pöstlingberg.
  • The Grotto Railway, [33]. Located in fortifications built by emperor Maximilian. Riding on the "dragon express", a mini-train in the shape of the mythological beast, the visitor travels through a brightly lit landscape of fairy tale scenes. A 1:7 scale model of the Linz "Hauptplatz" at the turn of the century is situated in the cellar of the citadel’s tower. In the side passages, there are depictions of episodes from famous fairy tales. Lift for handicapped visitors!
  • Linz Zoo, [34]. Over 800 animals await you on your visit to the local and exotic fauna. There are cuddly animals to hold, a selected collection of mammals (llamas, pygmy cows, sheep, goats,...), a variety of birds (parrots, ostriches, ...) and reptiles (crocodiles, iguanas, snakes,...). They are all to be found at the zoo, which is located half-way up the Pöstlingberg. As an excursion destination the children’s zoo is always popular with the little ones.
  • Wallfahrtsbasilika, [35]. This pilgrimage church, dedicated to the Seven Sorrows of the Virgin Mary and perched high above the roofs of the city, is the landmark of the Upper Austrian capital. It was built in 1748 according to plans by Matthias Krinner. The church is popular for weddings because of the unique location.
  • Botanical Gardens, [36]. The Botanical Gardens on the "Gugl" are among the most beautiful in Europe. Over an area of 43,000 m², there are more than 8,000 various types of plants to admire. In the five greenhouses the splendour of exotic specimens predominates the garden’s unique collection of cacti, the finest in Europe. The natural conditions allow the exhibited plants to be grouped in complete landscapes, so that visitors can imagine they are in the middle of the plant’s natural habitat.

Special shows and exhibitions throughout the year present special attractions. The bus number 27 goes straight to the Botanical Gardens every 15 minutes from Taubenmarkt station, on foot you need about 30 minutes.

  • City Express, [37]. Touristy fun little train that takes you around downtown. Good chance to get off your feet and warm up in the winter.
  • Danube, [38]. The cultural town Linz~Danube is the ideal starting point for a ship tour. Everyone will find his individual ship adventure in the large variety of cruise line offers. Whether you are looking for a round trip, a scheduled tour or a cruise for a special occasion, e.g. Christmas party on the Danube, your captain and his crew is already waiting for you on board of the ship.
  • Donauschiffahrt Wurm und Köck
  • Donauschifffahrt Schaurecker
  • ÖGEG: Dampfschiff Schönbrunn
  • Donau Touristik
  • The Moviemento [39] and City cinemas both show films that are not mainstream in original languages with German subtitles.
  • The Posthof, [40]. Has modern music, dance and comedy performances, which is located near the port.
  • The Stadtwerkstatt (near the AEC). Popular meeting point for young people with an alternative lifestyle. They often have gigs with unknown bands.
  • KAPU[41]. Popular meeting point for young people with an alternative lifestyle. They often have gigs with unknown bands. Nirvana played at the KAPU about one year before they became world-famous.
  • The Phoenix Theater, [42]. Shows modern plays that are also suitable for teenagers.

Eat

Eating in Linz depends on your budget, and taste. Be prepared to search far and wide for open restaurants on Sundays. The entire Altstadt seems to close down Sunday nights leaving tourists restaurant choices only in adjoining districts.

  • Jindrak, Herrenstraße 22-24, Tel.0732/779258. M-Sa 8AM-6PM A pastry shop serving the local speciality Linzer Torte (a cake).
  • Coffee world, Landstraße 17-25 (first floor of the Shopping-Center Passage). M-Th. 8:30AM-10PM, F,Sa 8:30AM-1AM, Sun. 8:30AM-8PM.
  • P'AA, Altstadt 28, Tel. +43(732)77646, [43]. Nice restaurant (serves vegetarian food) and lounge in the Altstadt. M-Sa from 11AM-2.30PM and 5:30PM-12AM.
  • Gelbes Krokodil. The Yellow Crocodile is next to/a part of the Moviemento Cinema; downstairs below street level.
  • Stadtbräu Josef. Landstraße 49, M-Su 10AM-4PM.
  • Katunga, Klammstrasse 6, [44]. Open daily from about 5pm. An African restaurant with spicy food and good vegetarian options.
  • NIU, Klammstraße 1, [45]. Described as fusion/asian. But whatever they call it, it's good, healthy, and smoke-free. Small, so make reservation if you want a table, otherwise counter service.
  • There are many luncheonettes in the city, offering a variety of food, such as Chinese food, kebab, pizza and typical Austrian snacks such as Bratwürstel (fried sausage) with Sauerkraut, Bosner or Bosna (a special hot-dog with fried sausage and a special curry-ketchup-onion sauce), Käsekrainer (a sausage interlaid with cheese).
  • Alte Welt, Hauptplatz 4, [46]. The name ("Old World") suits this restaurant and bar perfectly. The entrance is in a small courtyard, with seemingly uncontrolled growing plants. The inside reminds of an inn from former times. The often changing menu ranges from typical Austrian dishes to mediterranean cuisine, at a reasonable price. A variety of cultural events take place in the wine cellar. 7€ for lunch.  edit
  • Falafel-Fastfood, Graben. Serving tasty falafel-sandwiches for 3 EUR.  edit

Drink

Drinking in Linz is varied and not that cheap; although if you drink outside of the city centre you will find that the cost of drinks are less than in the centre.

Local beers and warm "Glühwein" (hot, spiced/mulled wine) in winter. Upper-Austrian's "national drink" is Most (it´s cider but not fizzy), and Zipfer, Gösser, and Kaiser beer. There are many Austrian beers, of course.

  • Walker, Hauptplatz/Main Square. Open daily. A large bar/burger restaurant. Games room and occasional live music. Good breakfast menus. Great burgers.
  • Chelsea Pub, Domgasse 5 - 0732 779 409, [47]. Open daily. In 2006, it came second in "The Best Irish Pub" competition in Austria. An English-named Irish pub that serves Guinness, and has a friendly atmosphere for Austrians and English native-speakers. Large open-sandwiches and occasionally has English or Irish crisps. Shows sports programmes on a daily basis.
  • Kitty Kiernan's, Hessenplatz 19. Now closed.
  • Remembar, Passage Kaufhaus (Passage Dept. store). Large and airy, on two floors, with enough "hip/cool" clientele to satisfy the needs of people with enough money to spend.
  • Stadtwerkstatt, Kirchengasse 4 (close to the Ars Electonica Center). Has a nice cafe and live dj's (reggae,house,world music,hiphop) in the evening (daily starting at 10PM) Local bands (rock, punk, hiphop) appear at weekends. Concerts take place in a stage area upstairs (away from the bar) and are around €10. DJ's in the bar.
  • Unfassbar, Johann-Konrad-Vogel Strasse 11, 0735 797776. A music-themed pub that allows customers to choose the music that they want to hear. It has Table-Football that costs nothing to play. Occasional live music and monthly art exhibitions by local artists. Not open on Sundays.
  • Smaragd, Altstadt 2. Regular live-concerts in the dance cellar and a beer garden on the street in summer.
  • Eiskönig, Landstraße 31 (next to the U-Hof), [48]. monday-saturday from 10AM to 10 PM. You shouldn't miss Upper Austrias best italian Icecream-store. They have a multiplicity of Icecream flavours, something for every taste You will also get coffe and austrian specialities like "Apfelstrudel" or "Topfenpalatschinken". Smoke free.  edit
  • Thüsen Tak, Waltherstraße 21. A small hard rock pub. Books and posters lining the walls. Be prepared for cigarette haze and talkative, not-always-sober regulars of all ages. Mike, the friendly owner, occasionaly serves a hearty meal for a reasable price.  edit
  • Exxtrablatt, Spittelwiese. until 2am. Cosy cafe/bar. Sit outside in the summer untill 11pm, or walk down the stairs into a large room. You'll notice typical (for Austria) coffee house tables/stools, and classic movie posters covering the walls. You get a good selection of beers and wines, and the usual long drinks/cocktails. They serve burgers and snacks, including some vegetarian. For dessert, there's a delicious chocolate cake.  edit
  • Hotel Mühlviertlerhof, Graben 24-26, Tel 070 772268, [49].
  • ApartmentHaus Anna, 4020 Linz, Fadingerstraße 5, Tel (0)732/784711, [50]. For longer term stays. Two streets away from the main street.

Get out

Linz is a good stepping-off point for a trip into Southern Bohemian region of Czech Republic. Trains go to Ceske Budejovice and on to Prague.

To the south you can travel by train or car to the wonderful region of Salzkammergut, with its picturesque lakes and mountains. Some nice towns are: Gmunden, Bad Ischl, Hallstatt, Bad Aussee, and many more. To the west is Salzburg.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

LINZ, capital of the Austrian duchy and crownland of Upper Austria, and see of a bishop, 117 m. W. of Vienna by rail. Pop. (1900) 58,778. It lies on the right bank of the Danube and is connected by an iron bridge, 308 yds. long, with the markettown of Urfahr (pop. 12,827) on the opposite bank. Linz possesses two cathedrals, one built in1669-1682in rococo style, and another in early Gothic style, begun in 1862. In the Capuchin church is the tomb of Count Raimondo Montecucculi, who died at Linz in 1680. The museum Francisco-Carolinum, founded in 1833 and reconstructed in 1895, contains several important collections relating to the history of Upper Austria. In the Franz Josef-Platz stands a marble monument, known as Trinity Column, erected by the emperor Charles VI. in 1723, commemorating the triple deliverance of Linz from war, fire, and pestilence. The principal manufactories are of tobacco, boatbuilding, agricultural implements, foundries and cloth factories. Being an important railway junction and a port of the Danube, Linz has a very active transit trade.

Linz is believed to stand on the site of the Roman station Lentia. The name of Linz appears in documents for the first time in 799 and it received municipal rights in 1324. In 1490 it became the capital of the province above the Enns. It successfully resisted the attacks of the insurgent peasants under Stephen Fadinger on the 21st and 22nd of July 1626, but its suburbs were laid in ashes. During the siege of Vienna in 1683, the castle of Linz was the residence of Leopold I. In 1741, during the War of the Austrian Succession, Linz was taken by the Bavarians, but was recovered by the Austrians in the following year. The bishopric was established in 1784.

See F. Krackowitzer, Die Donaustadt Linz (Linz, 1901).


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Simple English

Linz is a city in Austria with about 185,000 inhabitants. It is the capital City of Upper Austria. There is the famous artcenter "Lentos" or the "Brucknerhaus" for concerts.

Other websites

  • Linz a picture tour through Linz (German)







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