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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Liocranid sac spiders
Liocranum rupicola
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Araneomorphae
Superfamily: Corinnoidea
Family: Liocranidae
Simon, 1897

many others

30 genera, > 150 species

Liocranid sac spiders consist of about 160 species of wandering spiders in 30 or so genera. The best known are those in the Holarctic genus Agroeca. Various genera of rather obscure spiders are included in the family, which still lacks a diagnosis. Two species in the North American genus Neoanagraphis are found in often hyperarid conditions in the Mojave, Sonoran and Chihuahuan Deserts. The females apparently live in animal burrows and the males wander and are often caught in pitfall traps.



The categorization into subfamilies follows Joel Hallan's Biology Catalog.

Egg sac of Agroeca brunnea
  • Cybaeodinae
  • Cybaeodes Simon, 1878 (Mediterranean)
  • Donuea Strand, 1932 (Madagascar)
  • Hesperocranum Ubick & Platnick, 1991 (USA)
  • Heterochemmis F. O. P-Cambridge, 1900 (Mexico)
  • Itatsina Kishida, 1930 (China, Korea, Japan)
  • Jacaena Thorell, 1897 (Myanmar, Thailand)
  • Laudetia Gertsch, 1941 (Dominica)
  • Liocraninae Simon, 1897
  • Apostenus Westring, 1851 (Africa, Europe, North America)
  • Argistes Simon, 1897 (Namibia, Sri Lanka)
  • Coryssiphus Simon, 1903 (South Africa)
  • Liocranoeca Wunderlich, 1999 (USA, Europe, Russia)
  • Liocranum L. Koch, 1866 (Cuba, Europe to Georgia, Mediterranean, New Guinea)
  • Liparochrysis Simon, 1909 (Australia)
  • Mesiotelus Simon, 1897 (Mediterranean, Central Asia, Africa)
  • Mesobria Simon, 1897 (St. Vincent)
  • Montebello Hogg, 1914 (Australia)
  • Neoanagraphis Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936 (USA, Mexico)
  • Paratus Simon, 1898 (Sri Lanka)
  • Plynnon Deeleman-Reinhold, 2001 (Borneo, Sumatra)
  • Rhaeboctesis Simon, 1897 (Africa)
  • Sagana Thorell, 1875 (Europe to Georgia)
  • Scotina Menge, 1873 (Europe, Algeria, Russia, Malta)
  • Sesieutes Simon, 1897 (southern Asia)
  • Sphingius Thorell, 1890 (southern Asia)
  • Sudharmia Deeleman-Reinhold, 2001 (Sumatra)
  • Teutamus Thorell, 1890 (southern Asia)
  • Agraecina Simon, 1932 (Western Mediterranean, Romania, Canary Islands)
  • Agroeca Westring, 1861 (Holarctic)
  • Andromma Simon, 1893 (Africa)
  • Brachyanillus Simon, 1913 (Spain, Algeria)

See also


External links



Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Liocranum rupicola


Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Taxon: Neocribellatae
Series: Entelegynae
Sectio: Dionycha
Superfamilia: Corinnoidea
Familia: Liocranidae
Subfamiliae: Cybaeodinae - Liocraninae - Paratinae - incertae sedis

Genera overview: Arabelia - Agraecina - Agroeca - Andromma - Apostenus - Argistes - Brachyanillus - Coryssiphus - Cybaeodes - Donuea - Hesperocranum - Heterochemmis - Itatsina - Jacaena - Laudetia - Liocranoeca - Liocranum - Liparochrysis - Mesiotelus - Mesobria - Montebello - Neoanagraphis - Paratus - Plynnon - Rhaeboctesis - Sagana - Scotina - Sesieutes - Sphingius - Sudharmia - Teutamus


Liocranidae Simon, 1897


  • Bosselaers, J. 2009: Studies in Liocranidae (Araneae): redescriptions and transfers in Apostenus Westring and Brachyanillus Simon, as well as description of a new genus. Zootaxa, 2141: 37-55. Abstract & excerpt
  • Platnick, N. I. 2009. The World Spider Catalog, version 9.5. American Museum of Natural History. [1]

Vernacular names

English: Liocranid sac spider
한국어: 밭고랑거미과
日本語: ウエムラグモ科
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Liocranidae on Wikimedia Commons.


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