Lipetsk: Wikis

  
  
  
  

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Lipetsk (English)
Липецк (Russian)
—  Inhabited locality  —
Map of Russia - Lipetsk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Lipetsk Oblast on the map of Russia
Lipetsk is located in Lipetsk Oblast
Location of Lipetsk on the map of Lipetsk Oblast
Coordinates: 52°37′00″N 39°36′00″E / 52.6166667°N 39.6°E / 52.6166667; 39.6Coordinates: 52°37′00″N 39°36′00″E / 52.6166667°N 39.6°E / 52.6166667; 39.6
Coat of Arms of Lipetsk (Lipetsk oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag of Lipetsk.png
Flag
Holiday July 15
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Lipetsk Oblast
In administrative jurisdiction of Lipetsk Oblast
Administrative center of Lipetsk Oblast
Municipal status
Municipal Status Urban okrug
Head Mikhail Gulevsky
Representative body Council of Deputies
Statistics
Area 318 km2 (122.8 sq mi)
Population (2002 Census) 506,134 inhabitants[1]
Rank 32
- Density 1,592 /km2 (4,100/sq mi)[2]
Time zone MSK/MSD (UTC+3/+4)
Founded July 15, 1703
Postal code(s) 398000
Dialing code(s) +7 4742
Official website http://www.lipetskcity.ru

Lipetsk (Russian: Ли́пецк) is a city located in the Central Federal District of Russia. It is the administrative center of Lipetsk Oblast. It is located on the banks of the Voronezh River in the Don basin, 438 km southeast of Moscow.

Contents

History

MiG-19 on the plinth in front of 4-th Center of Combat Application and Conversion of Frontline Aviation
Historical notes:
1918–1919 - Squadron of Ilya Muromets air ships
1923–1924 - High pilot school
1924–1929 - 1-st squadron named after V.I.Lenin
1925–1933 - German aviation school
1929–1933 - Special 38-th squadron
.

Lipetsk was first mentioned in the 13th century chronicles. The name means "Linden city" and is cognate with Leipzig and Liepāja.[1] In 1284, the city was destroyed by the Mongols.

In 1703, Peter the Great ordered construction of a cast iron factory in Lipetsk near the iron ore deposits for making artillery shells.

In 1779, Lipetsk became one of the principal towns of the Tambov Governorate.

In 1879, Lipetsk hosted a congress of members of Zemlya i volya.

The principal industries of Lipetsk include ferrous metallurgy, machinery, metalworking, machine tools, engines, chemicals, food, and clothing.

Lipetsk is one of the oldest mud bath and balneological resorts in Russia (first opened in 1805). Peat mud and chalybeate hydrocarbonate calcic springs are used to treat patients. Sulphate and chloride sodium water is used for therapeutic baths and drinking. Lipetsk is also the birth place of Andrei Gheorghe (Russian: Андрей Георге), one of Romania's best and most controversial[needs attribution] radio and television figure.

Lipetsk is the home of the Lipetsk State Technical University, Lipetsk Teacher's Training College, and some other colleges.

At the Lipetsk Air Base air base north of the town, the 4th Center of Combat Application and Conversion of Frontline Aviation named after V.P.Chkalov is situated in Lipetsk.

The Lipetsk Air Center has long and glorious history. Its chief, colonel Kharchevski has become famous after trial air combats in the USA and being a personal pilot of President Putin.

The city is also served by the smaller Lipetsk Airport airport.

Near Lipetsk at Kuz'minskie Otverži ( Кузьминские Отвержки ), there is a 354.6 metres tall guyed mast for FM-/TV-broadcasting, which belongs to the tallest of its kind in Russia. [2]

Music fountain on Peter the Great Square

Economy

The former steel combinate has been privatized in 1992 and Novolipetsk Steel (NLMK) with approximately 48,000 employees and an 64% export ratio (2005) is one of the largest employers in the region. In 2008, the company made a revenue of $11.7 billion.[3] Other industry are another metallurgical plant "Svobodny Sokol" ("Free Falcon"), a tractor factory LTZ, solvent-extraction plant Liboil (largest rapeseed oil producer in Central Federal District and the second in Russia), pipe factory, a factory for refrigerators and household appliances, an ice factory, lathe factory, chemical factories, etc. Industry is mainly located south of Voronezh River.

Demographics

Census 1926 1939 1956 1962 1967 1970 1973 1976 1979 1982 1986 1989 1992 1996 2000 2003 2007
Pop. 21,000 67,000 123,000 194,000 253,000 289,000 327,000 361,000 396,000 423,000 434,000 450,000 463,000 476,000 521,000 506,000 502,600

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Lipetsk is twinned with:

Country City Start of friendly terms
Germany Germany Cottbus 1974
People's Republic of China China Anshan 1992
Italy Italy Fabriano 2003
Ukraine Ukraine Vinnytsia

References

  1. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_04_1.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-19.  
  2. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2002 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the Census (2002).
  3. ^ Novolipetsk Steel posts $480 net loss for Oct.-Dec. 2008

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Lipetsk is a city in Russia.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

LIPETSK, a town of Russia, in the government of Tambov, 108 m. by rail W. of the city of Tambov, on the right bank of the river Voronezh. Pop. (1897) 16,353. The town is built of wood and the streets are unpaved. There are sugar, tallow, and leather works, and distilleries, and an active trade in horses, cattle, tallow, skins, honey and timber. The Lipetsk mineral springs (chalybeate) came into repute in the time of Peter the Great and attract a good many visitors.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

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Wikipedia

Proper noun

Singular
Lipetsk

Plural
-

Lipetsk

  1. A city in Russia, administrative centre of Lipetsk oblast.

Translations








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