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Lisbon Metro
Lisbon Metro 2009.JPG
Info
Locale Lisbon
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 4
Number of stations 46
Operation
Began operation 1959
Technical
System length 39 km (24 mi)

The Lisbon Metro (Portuguese: Metropolitano de Lisboa) is the metro (subway) system that provides Lisbon, Portugal with mass-transit services. It was the first subway in Portugal.

As of 2007, the four Lisbon subway lines total about 39 kilometres (24 mi) in length and comprise 46 stations.

Contents

History

Lisbon Metro System

Construction was started on 7 August 1955, and actual service began on 29 December 1959 with a Y-shaped line with two branches starting at Sete Rios (now Jardim Zoológico) and Entre Campos that joined at Rotunda (now Marquês de Pombal) to continue to Restauradores in the city centre. The total track length was then 6.5 kilometres (4.0 mi). In subsequent years the northern branches were extended in several steps to Colégio Militar (now Colégio Militar-Luz) and Campo Grande, respectively. The southern branch was extended via Rossio, Anjos and Alvalade to finally form a loop at Campo Grande. In 1995 the station at Marquês de Pombal was reconstructed to split the network into two lines, the Blue Line (linha Azul) from Colégio Militar-Luz to Campo Grande and the Yellow Line (linha Amarela) from Campo Grande to Marquês de Pombal.In May 1998 a third line, the Red Line (linha vermelha) was opened to connect Alameda to the exhibition grounds of the Expo 98 at Oriente.

Metro Sign.

The Blue line was split into two; it now ends at Santa Apolónia; the section until Campo Grande has become the Green Line (linha Verde) with a new terminus at Cais do Sodré. In 2004 the Blue, Yellow and Green lines were further extended to end at Amadora Este, Odivelas and Telheiras, respectilvely. As of 2005, total track length is 36.9 kilometres (22.9 mi). On December 19th 2007 the Blue line was extended to Santa Apolónia.

In August 2009 the extension of the Red Line to São Sebastião via Saldanha station was opened, making it possible to go from any line to another without changing trains more than once. An extension to Lisbon Portela Airport has been announced which has caused controversy as the airport is scheduled to be replaced in about 10 years, and might reduce the usefulness of the station, depending on the future usage of the area.

Once these extensions are completed to system will be served by 52 stations and will be 40 kilometres (25 mi) long.

Extensions to the Green and Yellow lines are also being studied.

Lines

There are 4 lines and 46 stations. The lines were formerly known by picturesque names; logos based on the former names are still used.

Lisbon Underground in 2020, after all the expansions done
Colour Name Terminals Stations Length History
Linha Azul
Blue Line
MetroLisboa-linha-azul.svg
Linha da Gaivota
Seagull Line
Santa Apolónia
Amadora Este
17 14 km (8.7 mi)

1959: Sete Rios (now Jardim Zoológico) - Restauradores
1988: Sete Rios - Colégio Militar (now Colégio Militar-Luz)
1997: Colégio Militar-Luz - Pontinha
1998: Baixa-Chiado (Blue and Green Lines split)
2004: Pontinha - Amadora Este
2007: Baixa-Chiado - Santa Apolónia

Linha Amarela
Yellow Line
MetroLisboa-linha-amarela.png
Linha do Girassol
Sunflower Line
Rato
Odivelas
13 11 km (6.8 mi)

1959: Entre Campos - Restauradores
1988: Entre Campos - Cidade Universitária
1993: Cidade Universitária - Campo Grande
1997: Rotunda (now Marquês de Pombal) - Rato
2004: Campo Grande - Odivelas

Linha Verde
Green Line
MetroLisboa-linha-verde.png
Linha da Caravela
Caravel Line
Cais do Sodré
Telheiras
13 9 km (5.6 mi)

1972: Restauradores - Alvalade
1993: Alvalade - Campo Grande
1998: Baixa-Chiado - Cais do Sodré
(Blue and Green lines split)
2002: Campo Grande - Telheiras

Linha Vermelha
Red Line
MetroLisboa-linha-vermelha.png
Linha do Oriente
Orient Line
São Sebastião
Oriente
9 8.2 km (5.1 mi)

1998: Alameda - Oriente
2009: Alameda (II) - São Sebastião (II)

See also

External links

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