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Duke Ellington was one of the most influential jazz composers. His numerous standards include "Sophisticated Lady" (1933), "In a Sentimental Mood" (1935), "Cotton Tail" (1940) and "Satin Doll" (1953).
Jazz standards
Before 1920
1920s
1930s
1940s
1950s and later

Jazz standards are musical compositions that are widely known, performed and recorded by jazz artists as part of the jazz musical repertoire. This list includes tunes written in the 1940s that are considered standards by at least one major fake book publication or reference work.

The swing era lasted until the mid-1940s, and produced popular tunes such as Duke Ellington's "Cotton Tail" (1940) and Billy Strayhorn's "Take the 'A' Train" (1941). When the big bands struggled to keep going during World War II, a shift was happening in jazz in favor of smaller groups. Some swing era musicians, like Louis Jordan, later found popularity in a new kind of music, called "rhythm and blues", that would evolve into rock and roll in the 1950s.[1]

Bebop emerged in the early 1940s, lead by Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Thelonious Monk and others. It appealed to a more specialized audiences than earlier forms of jazz, with sophisticated harmonies, fast tempos and often virtuoso musicianship. Bebop musicians often used 1930s standards, especially those from Broadway musicals, as part of their repertoire.[2] Among standards written by bebop musicians are Gillespie's "Salt Peanuts" (1941) and "A Night in Tunisia" (1942), Parker's "Anthropology" (1946), "Yardbird Suite" (1946) and "Scrapple from the Apple" (1947), and Monk's "'Round Midnight" (1944), which is currently the most recorded jazz standard composed by a jazz musician.[3]

Contents

1940

Trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie was one of the leading figures of bebop. Standards composed by him include "A Night in Tunisia" (1942), "Woody N' You" (1944) and "Groovin' High" (1944).

1941

1942

1943

1944

Thelonious Monk composed the most popular standard written by a jazz musician, "'Round Midnight" (1944). His other standards include "Well, You Needn't" (1944), "Straight, No Chaser" (1951) and "Blue Monk" (1954).

1945

1946

1947

1948

1949

Notes

  1. ^ Jazz History (1940s) at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on May 18 2009
  2. ^ Jazz History: The Standards (1940s) on jazzstandards.com - retrieved on May 18 2009
  3. ^ a b 'Round Midnight at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  4. ^ All Too Soon at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  5. ^ Crouch 2007, p. 122
  6. ^ Büchmann-Møller 2006, p. 123
  7. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 90
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Listed in The Real Jazz Book
  9. ^ a b Cottontail at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  10. ^ Do Nothin' till You Hear from Me at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  11. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 107
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Listed in New Real Book, Volume I
  13. ^ Don't Get Around Much Anymore at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on April 29 2009
  14. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 122
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Listed in The Real Vocal Book
  16. ^ How High the Moon at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  17. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 180
  18. ^ In a Mellotone at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  19. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 206
  20. ^ The New Real Book, Volume III, p. 170
  21. ^ Polka Dots and Moonbeams at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  22. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 318
  23. ^ You Stepped Out of a Dream at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  24. ^ The New Real Book, Volume III, p. 423
  25. ^ Brazil at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  26. ^ The Real Book, Volume III, p. 60
  27. ^ Chelsea Bridge at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  28. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 76
  29. ^ Flamingo at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  30. ^ The New Real Book, Volume II, p. 105
  31. ^ I Got It Bad (and That Ain't Good) at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  32. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 187
  33. ^ The New Real Book, Volume III, p. 153
  34. ^ I'll Remember April at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  35. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 197
  36. ^ Just A-Sittin' and A-Rockin' at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  37. ^ Just Squeeze Me (But Don't Tease Me) at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  38. ^ The Real Book, Volume III, p. 225
  39. ^ The New Real Book, Volume III, p. 194
  40. ^ Salt Peanuts at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  41. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 340
  42. ^ Take the "A" Train at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  43. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 398
  44. ^ You Don't Know What Love Is at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  45. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 459
  46. ^ C Jam Blues at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  47. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 74
  48. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 132
  49. ^ Lover Man (Oh, Where Can You Be?) at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  50. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 255
  51. ^ Night in Tunisia at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  52. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 302
  53. ^ Perdido at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  54. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 311
  55. ^ The New Real Book, Volume II, p. 287
  56. ^ Skylark at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  57. ^ The Real Book, Volume III, p. 356
  58. ^ There Will Never Be Another You at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  59. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 407
  60. ^ Things Ain't What They Used to Be at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  61. ^ The Real Book, Volume III, p. 401
  62. ^ Harlem Nocturne at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  63. ^ The Real Book, Volume III, p. 140
  64. ^ The New Real Book, Volume II, p. 127
  65. ^ Star Eyes at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  66. ^ The New Real Book, Volume III, p. 351
  67. ^ The Surrey with the Fringe on Top at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  68. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 393
  69. ^ Ev'ry Time We Say Goodbye at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  70. ^ The Real Book, Volume III, p. 113
  71. ^ Groovin' High at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  72. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 166
  73. ^ I Should Care at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  74. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 194
  75. ^ It Could Happen to You at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  76. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 204
  77. ^ Long Ago (And Far Away) at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  78. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 251
  79. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 345
  80. ^ Well You Needn't at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  81. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 435
  82. ^ Woody'n You at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on June 1 2009
  83. ^ The Real Book, p. ?
  84. ^ The New Real Book, Volume II, p. 436
  85. ^ Billie's Bounce at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  86. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 44
  87. ^ Everything But You at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  88. ^ Hot House at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  89. ^ I'm Just a Lucky So and So at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  90. ^ It Might as Well Be Spring at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  91. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 205
  92. ^ Laura at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  93. ^ The New Real Book, Volume III, p. 212
  94. ^ Now's the Time at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  95. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 293
  96. ^ Since I Fell for You at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  97. ^ After Hours at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  98. ^ Angel Eyes at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  99. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 28
  100. ^ Anthropology at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  101. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 29
  102. ^ Come Rain or Come Shine at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  103. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 88
  104. ^ Confirmation at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  105. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 87
  106. ^ Day Dream at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  107. ^ The Real Book, Volume III, p. 91
  108. ^ The New Real Book, Volume III, p. 101
  109. ^ Do You Know What It Means to Miss New Orleans at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  110. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 108
  111. ^ Ornithology at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  112. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 317
  113. ^ Stella by Starlight at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  114. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 382
  115. ^ Tenderly at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  116. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 389
  117. ^ The Things We Did Last Summer at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  118. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 394
  119. ^ Yardbird Suite at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  120. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 433
  121. ^ Autumn Leaves (Les Feuilles Mortes) at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  122. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 39
  123. ^ But Beautiful at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  124. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 62
  125. ^ Donna Lee at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  126. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 123
  127. ^ Lady Bird at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on April 29 2009
  128. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 235
  129. ^ Nature Boy at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  130. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 284
  131. ^ On Green Dolphin Street at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  132. ^ The New Real Book, Volume III, p. 273
  133. ^ Scrapple from the Apple at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  134. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 351
  135. ^ Leppanen, Rick. "Jazz Standards Songs and Instrumentals (Honeysuckle Rose)". JazzStandards.com. http://www.jazzstandards.com/compositions-0/honeysucklerose.htm#Musicians_Comments. Retrieved 2010-01-08.  
  136. ^ Four Brothers at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  137. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 138
  138. ^ In Walked Bud at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on April 29 2009
  139. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 200
  140. ^ The Night Has a Thousand Eyes at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  141. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 301
  142. ^ Lush Life at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20 2009
  143. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 258
  144. ^ My Foolish Heart at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on April 29 2009
  145. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 286

Bibliography

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Reference works

  • Büchmann-Møller, Frank (2006). Someone to Watch over Me: The Life and Music of Ben Webster. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0472114700.  
  • Crouch, Stanley (2007). Considering Genius: Writings on Jazz. Basic Books. ISBN 0465015123.  

Fakebooks

  • The New Real Book, Volume I. Sher Music. 1988. ISBN 0961470143.  
  • The New Real Book, Volume II. Sher Music. 1991. ISBN 0961470178.  
  • The New Real Book, Volume III. Sher Music. 1995. ISBN 188321730X.  
  • The Real Book, Volume I (6th ed.). Hal Leonard. 2004. ISBN 0-634-06038-4.  
  • The Real Book, Volume II (2nd ed.). Hal Leonard. 2007. ISBN 1-4234-2452-2.  
  • The Real Book, Volume III (2nd ed.). Hal Leonard. 2006. ISBN 0-634-06136-4.  
  • The Real Jazz Book. Warner Bros. ISBN 9789185041367.  
  • The Real Vocal Book, Volume I. Hal Leonard. 2006. ISBN 0634060805.  

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