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African-American topics
 
African-American history
Atlantic slave trade · Maafa
Slavery in the United States
African-American military history
Jim Crow laws · Redlining
Civil Rights Movements 1896–1954 and
1955–1968
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Political movements
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NAACP · SCLC · CORE · SNCC · NUL
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NBCC · NPHC · The Links · NCNW
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National firsts · State firsts
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Index
Category · Portal

African Americans are a demographic minority in the United States. African-Americans' initial achievements in various fields historically establish a foothold, providing a precedent for more widespread cultural change. The shorthand phrase for this is "breaking the color barrier."[1][2]

In addition to major, national- and international-level firsts, African-Americans have achieved firsts on a statewide basis.

Contents

19th century

  • 1868
First elected African-American lieutenant governor: Oscar Dunn, Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana
  • 1872
First African-American governor of Louisiana: P. B. S. Pinchback (Also first in U.S.) (Non-elected; see also Douglas Wilder, 1990)

20th century

  • 1918
First African American elected to political office on the West Coast: Frederick Madison Roberts, California State Assembly
  • 1966
First African American woman Texas state senator: Barbara Jordan
First African American appointed to New York State Board of Regents: Kenneth Bancroft Clark
  • 1967
First African-American woman admitted to the Mississippi Bar: Marian Wright Edelman
  • 1969
First African American elected mayor of a Mississippi city since Reconstruction: Charles Evers, in Fayette, Mississippi[3]
  • 1979
First African American elected to a statewide office in Illinois: Roland Burris, office of Comptroller
  • 1980
First African-American Speaker of the California State Assembly: Willie Lewis Brown, Jr.
  • 1990
First African-American governor of Virginia: Douglas Wilder (Also first elected governor in US; see also P. B. S. Pinchback, 1872)

21st century

  • 2002
First African-American Lieutenant Governor of Maryland: Michael Steele
  • 2004
First African-American Oklahoma Supreme Court justice: Tom Colbert
  • 2006
First African American elected governor of Massachusetts: Deval Patrick
First African-American Lieutenant Governor of New York: David Paterson
  • 2008
First African-American woman elected Speaker of the California State Assembly: Karen Bass (also first state assembly speaker in U.S.)
First African-American governor of New York State: David Paterson (elected as lieutenant governor, succeeded on resignation of previous governor)
  • 2009
First bicameral state legislature to have both chambers headed simultaneously by African Americans: Peter Groff and Terrance Carroll of Colorado.

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ Juguo, Zhang. W. E. B. Du Bois: The Quest for the Abolition of the Color Line, Routledge, 2001 - ISBN 0415930871
  2. ^ Herbst, Philip H. The Color of Words: an encyclopaedic dictionary of ethnic bias in the United States, Intercultural Press, p. 57, 1997 - ISBN 1877864978
  3. ^ Neil R. McMillen, Dark Journey: Black Mississippians in the Age of Jim Crow, Chicago: University of Illinois, 1990, p.26
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Template:Seealso

African American topics
 
African American history
Atlantic slave tradeTemplate:· Maafa
Slavery in the United States
African American military history
Jim Crow lawsTemplate:· Redlining
Civil Rights Movements 1896–1954 and
1955–1968
AfrocentrismTemplate:· Reparations
African American culture
African American studies
NeighborhoodsTemplate:· Juneteenth
KwanzaaTemplate:· ArtTemplate:· Museums
DanceTemplate:· LiteratureTemplate:· MusicTemplate:· SchoolsTemplate:· Historic colleges and universities
Religion
Black churchTemplate:· Black theology
Black liberation theology
Doctrine of Father Divine
Black Hebrew Israelites
American Society of Muslims
Nation of IslamTemplate:· Rastafari
Political movements
Pan-AfricanismTemplate:· Black Power
NationalismTemplate:· Capitalism
ConservatismTemplate:· Populism
LeftismTemplate:· Black Panther Party
Garveyism
Civic and economic groups
NAACPTemplate:· SCLCTemplate:· CORETemplate:· SNCCTemplate:· NUL
Rights groupsTemplate:· ASALHTemplate:· UNCF
NBCCTemplate:· NPHCTemplate:· The LinksTemplate:· NCNW
Sports
Negro league baseball
CIAATemplate:· SIACTemplate:· MEACTemplate:· SWAC
Ethnic sub-divisions
Black IndiansTemplate:· GullahTemplate:· Igbo
Languages
EnglishTemplate:· GullahTemplate:· Creole
African American Vernacular
Diaspora
LiberiaTemplate:· Nova ScotiaTemplate:· France
Sierra LeoneTemplate:· United Kingdom
Lists
African Americans
African-American firsts
First mayorsTemplate:· US state firsts
Landmark legislation
Related topics
Black and African people
CategoryTemplate:· Portal

African Americans are a demographic minority in the United States. African-Americans' initial achievements in various fields historically establish a foothold, providing a precedent for more widespread cultural change. The shorthand phrase for this is "breaking the color barrier."[1][2]

In addition to major, national- and international-level firsts, African-Americans have achieved firsts on a statewide basis.

Contents

19th century

  • 1868
First elected African-American lieutenant governor: Oscar Dunn, Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana
  • 1872
First African-American governor of Louisiana: P.B.S. Pinchback (Also first in U.S.) (Non-elected; see also Douglas Wilder, 1990)

20th century

  • 1918
First African American elected to political office on the West Coast: Frederick Madison Roberts, California Assembly
  • 1966
First African American woman Texas state senator: Barbara Jordan
First African American appointed to New York State Board of Regents: Kenneth Bancroft Clark
  • 1967
First African-American woman admitted to the Mississippi Bar: Marian Wright Edelman
  • 1979
First African American elected to a statewide office in Illinois: Roland Burris, office of Comptroller
  • 1980
First African-American Speaker of the California Assembly: Willie Lewis Brown, Jr.
  • 1990
First African-American governor of Virginia: Douglas Wilder (Also first elected governor in US; see also P. B. S. Pinchback, 1872)

21st century

  • 2002
First African-American Lieutenant Governor of Maryland: Michael Steele
  • 2004
First African-American Oklahoma Supreme Court justice: Tom Colbert
  • 2006
First African American elected governor of Massachusetts: Deval Patrick
First African-American Lieutenant Governor of New York: David Paterson
  • 2008
First African-American woman elected Speaker of the California State Assembly: Karen Bass (also first state assembly speaker in U.S.)
First African-American governor of New York State: David Paterson (elected as lieutenant governor, succeeded on resignation of previous governor)
  • 2009
First bicameral state legislature to have both chambers headed simultaneously by African Americans: Peter Groff and Terrance Carroll of Colorado.

See also

[[Image:|32x28px]] African American portal

Footnotes

  1. Juguo, Zhang. W. E. B. Du Bois: The Quest for the Abolition of the Color Line, Routledge, 2001 - ISBN 0415930871
  2. Herbst, Philip H. The Color of Words: an encyclopaedic dictionary of ethnic bias in the United States, Intercultural Press, p. 57, 1997 - ISBN 1877864978


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