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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Amtrak operates the following passenger train routes.

Schematic of Amtrak services.

Contents

Current routes

Name Route Origin Numbers Frequency FY2009 Passengers[1] Route miles Yearly Ridership per mile
Acela Express Boston - Washington, DC (high-speed rail) PC 2100-2290 more than daily 3,019,627 456 6,622
Adirondack Montreal - New York via Albany D&H 68-69 daily 104,681 381 275
Amtrak Cascades Vancouver, BC - Eugene, Oregon via Portland and Seattle 500-517 more than daily 740,154 467 1,585
Auto Train Lorton, Virginia - Sanford, Florida ATC 52-53 daily 232,955 855 272
Blue Water Chicago - Port Huron, Michigan GTW 364-365 daily 132,851 319 416
California Zephyr Chicago - Emeryville, California (Oakland/San Francisco) CB&Q 5-6 daily 345,558 2,438 142
Capitol Corridor Auburn, California - Sacramento - San Jose via Oakland 518-553, 720-751 more than daily 1,599,625 172 9,300
Capitol Limited Chicago - Washington, DC via Cleveland and Pittsburgh B&O 29-30 daily 215,371 764 282
Cardinal Chicago - New York via Indianapolis, Cincinnati, and Washington, DC PC 50-51 3 days per week 108,614 1,147 95
Carl Sandburg Chicago - Quincy, Illinois CB&Q 381-382 daily 202,558 258 785
Carolinian New York - Charlotte, North Carolina 79-80 daily 277,740 704 395
City of New Orleans Chicago - New Orleans IC 58-59 daily 196,659 926 212
Coast Starlight Seattle - Los Angeles via Sacramento and Oakland SP 11, 14 daily 432,565 1,377 314
Crescent New York - New Orleans via Atlanta SOU 19-20 daily 286,576 1,377 208
Downeaster Portland, Maine - Boston PAR 680-699 5 round trips daily 460,474 116 3,970
Empire Builder Chicago - Portland, Oregon/Seattle via Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota BN 7-8, 27-28 daily 515,444 2,206 miles (Chicago-Seattle)

2,257 miles (Chicago-Portland)

199
Empire Service New York - Niagara Falls, New York via Albany PC 230-288 more than daily 925,746 460 2012
Ethan Allen Express New York - Rutland, Vermont via Albany 290-296 daily 46,748 241 194
Heartland Flyer Oklahoma City, Oklahoma - Fort Worth, Texas 821-822 daily 73,564 206 357
Hiawatha Service Chicago - Milwaukee, Wisconsin MILW 329-342 7 round trips daily 738,231 86 8,584
Hoosier State Chicago - Indianapolis PC 850, 851 opposite days from Cardinal giving daily service as far as Indianapolis 31,384 196 160
Illini Chicago - Carbondale, Illinois IC 392-393 daily 259,630 310 838
Illinois Zephyr Chicago - Quincy, Illinois CB&Q 380,383 daily 202,558 258 785
Keystone Service New York - Harrisburg, Pennsylvania via Philadelphia PC 600-672 more than daily 1,215,785 195 6,235
Lake Shore Limited New York - Chicago via Albany with connection from Boston PC 48/448-49/449 daily 334,456 959 (Chicago - New York)

1018 (Chicago - Boston)

349
Lincoln Service Chicago - St. Louis, Missouri GM&O 300-307 4 round trips daily 506,235 284 1,783
Maple Leaf New York - Toronto, Ontario via Albany PC 63-64 daily 354,492 (2008) 544 652
Missouri River Runner St. Louis - Kansas City MP 311, 313, 314, 316 daily 150,870 283 533
Northeast Regional Boston, Massachusetts/Springfield, Massachusetts - New York - Philadelphia - Baltimore - Washington, DC - Newport News, Virginia PC 66, 67, 78, 82-88, 93-95, 99, 110, 111, 121, 125, 127, 129-131, 133-143, 145-148, 150-199 more than daily 6,920,610 664 10,423
Pacific Surfliner San Luis Obispo, California - San Diego, California via Los Angeles 562-597, 763-799 more than daily 2,592,996 350 7,409
Palmetto New York - Savannah, Georgia SCL 89-90 daily 171,316 829 207
Pennsylvanian New York - Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania via Philadelphia PC 42-44 daily 199,484 444 449
Pere Marquette Chicago - Grand Rapids, Michigan C&O 370-371 daily 103,246 176 587
Piedmont Raleigh, North Carolina - Charlotte, North Carolina SOU 73-74 daily 68,427 173 396
Saluki Chicago - Carbondale, Illinois IC 390-391 daily 259,630 310 838
San Joaquins Oakland/Sacramento - Bakersfield, California SP 701-718 more than daily 929,172 318 (Bakersfield-Oakland)

280 (Bakersfield-Sacramento)

2364
Shuttle Springfield, Massachusetts - New Haven, Connecticut PC 401, 405, 450, 460, 463, 464, 466, 467, 470, 475, 476, 479, 488, 490, 493-495, 497 more than daily 325,518 63 5,167
Silver Meteor New York - Miami, Florida SCL 97-98 daily 330,734 1,389 238
Silver Star New York - Miami, Florida SCL 91-92 daily 371,235 1,522 244
Southwest Chief Chicago - Los Angeles via Kansas City, Missouri and Albuquerque, New Mexico ATSF 3-4 daily 318,025 2,256 141
Sunset Limited Orlando, Florida - Los Angeles via New Orleans and Houston SP 1-2 3 days per week. New Orleans-Orlando segment suspended since Hurricane Katrina. 78,775 1,995 39
Texas Eagle Chicago - San Antonio, Texas via St. Louis and Fort Worth, Texas MP 21-22 daily with through cars to Los Angeles on days that the Sunset Limited stops in San Antonio 260,467 1,306 (Chicago-San Antonio)

2,728 (Chicago-Los Angeles)

95
Vermonter St. Albans, Vermont - Washington, DC CV NECR 54-57 daily 74,016 611 121
Wolverine Chicago - Pontiac, Michigan via Detroit PC 350-355 3 per day 444,127 304 1,461

Full listing, including discontinued routes

Note that intercity trains were operated after 1971 by the Alaska Railroad, Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad, Chicago South Shore and South Bend Railroad, Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad, Georgia Railroad, Reading Company Texas Mexican and Southern Railway. The D&RGW and Southern routes were picked up by Amtrak in 1983 and 1979 respectively. In addition, the Canadian Pacific Railway's Atlantic, taken over by VIA Rail in 1976, crossed northern Maine.

Northeast Corridor

Most Northeast Corridor trains were renamed NortheastDirect in the late 1990s, then Acela Regional and later just Regional. Currently most of the below named trains are called Northeast Regional. Some of these train names were changed prior to the late 1990s.

Name Route Dates operated Notes
Afternoon Congressional Washington - New York May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
Bankers Springfield - Washington October 26, 1975
Bay State New York - Boston May 1, 1971 (PC) November 14, 1971
Washington - Boston November 14, 1971 October 29, 1972
Philadelphia - Boston October 29, 1972 April 29, 1973
New Haven - Boston April 29, 1973 March 1, 1975
Beacon Hill Boston - New Haven April 30, 1978 1981 Replaced Clamdigger
Benjamin Franklin Philadelphia - Boston February 15, 1977 Replaced Bicentennial
Bicentennial Philadelphia - Boston February 15, 1976 February 14, 1977 Replaced Bunker Hill; replaced by Benjamin Franklin
Betsy Ross Washington - New York February 15, 1976
Big Apple Philadelphia - New York October 28, 1979
Bostonian New York - Boston May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
May 19, 1974 April 29, 1978
Bowery Washington - New York
Bunker Hill Philadelphia - Boston November 14, 1971 February 15, 1976 Replaced by Bicentennial
Capitol Washington - New York April 26, 1981
Capitol Hill Washington - New York
Capitol Hill Express
Capitol Sunrise Philadelphia - Washington
Central Park Philadelphia - New York October 28, 1979 April 26, 1980
Charter Oak New York - Springfield November 14, 1971 October 28, 1972
Chesapeake Washington - New York April 29, 1973 June 11, 1977
Philadelphia - Washington April 30, 1978 October 29, 1983 Maryland/Pennsylvania-funded commuter service
Clamdigger New Haven - Providence October 31, 1976 October 28, 1977
January 8, 1978 April 30, 1978 Replaced by Beacon Hill
Clockers Philadelphia - New York
Colonial Washington - Boston May 1, 1971 (PC) April 28, 1973
February 15, 1976 June 15, 1976
Newport News - Boston June 15, 1976 October 26, 1992 Replaced by Old Dominion
Concord Washington - Boston:
Congressional Washington - New York November 14, 1971 December 16, 1971
April 30, 1978
Connecticut Valley Service
Connecticut Yankee Washington - Springfield November 14, 1971 October 29, 1972
Washington - New Haven October 29, 1972 April 29, 1973
Philadelphia - Springfield April 29, 1973 June 11, 1977
East Wind New York - Boston November 14, 1971 October 28, 1973
Washington - Boston October 28, 1973 February 14, 1976
Edison Philadelphia - New York October 28, 1979
Embassy Washington - New York May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
October 31, 1976 April 25, 1981
Evening Executive Washington, D.C. - New Haven November 14, 1971 June 10, 1972
Evening Liberty Express Philadelphia - Boston April 30, 1978 October 27, 1979
Evening Metropolitan Washington - New York
Philadelphia - New York
Executive Sleeper
Fairfield
Fast Mail Washington - Boston
Washington - Springfield
Federal Washington - Boston
First State
Flying Yankee New York - Boston May 19, 1974 April 29, 1978 Replaced Shoreliner
Foggy Bottom Washington - New York
Free State Washington - New York November 14, 1971 October 28, 1973
Garden State Philadelphia - New York October 28, 1979
Garden State Special
Georgetown Washington - New York
Gotham Philadelphia - New York October 28, 1979
Gotham Limited Newport News - New York
Herald Square Philadelphia - New York October 28, 1979
Independence
James River Newport News - Washington
Jeffersonian
John Adams Philadelphia - Boston June 12, 1977 April 29, 1978
Knickerbocker New York - Boston May 19, 1974 June 11, 1977
Legislator Washington - New York May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
Liberty Bell Philadelphia - New York
Liberty Express Philadelphia - Boston October 28, 1979
Mail Express
Manhattan New York - Boston, Massachusetts May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
August 15, 1973 October 28, 1973 Replaced Manhattan Turbo
Manhattan Limited Philadelphia - New York October 28, 1979
Manhattan Turbo New York - Boston, Massachusetts October 29, 1972 August 15, 1973 Replaced by Manhattan
Mayflower Washington - Boston May 19, 1974 September 12, 1975
Merchants Washington - Boston November 20, 1977 April 30, 1978 Renamed from and to Merchants Limited
Merchants Limited New York - Boston May 1, 1971 (PC) November 14, 1971
Washington - Boston November 14, 1971 Named Merchants (November 20, 1977-April 30, 1978)
Metroliner Washington - New York May 1, 1971 (PC) October 27, 2006
Morning Executive Washington, D.C. - New Haven November 14, 1971 June 10, 1972
Metropolitan Washington, D.C. - New York April 26, 1981
Midday Congressional Washington - New York May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
Minute Man Philadelphia - Boston June 12, 1972 April 29, 1973
Washington - Boston April 29, 1973
Morning Liberty Express Philadelphia - Boston April 30, 1978 October 27, 1979
Mount Vernon Washington - New York May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
February 15, 1976 June 14, 1976
April 27, 1980
Murray Hill New York - Boston May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
Washington - New York October 28, 1973 October 28, 1978
Philadelphia - New York October 28, 1978
Narragansett New York - Boston November 14, 1971 October 27, 1973
Philadelphia - Boston February 15, 1976 June 11, 1976
New England Express
New England Zip
New Englander Philadelphia - Boston May 19, 1974 October 25, 1975
New Jerseyan
New York Executive
New Yorker New York - Boston May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
Washington - New York April 29, 1973 October 31, 1976
Philadelphia - New York October 28, 1979
Nightcap Washington - New York November 14, 1971 June 10, 1972
October 28, 1973 February 14, 1976
Night Owl Washington - Boston June 12, 1972 1997 Replaced by Twilight Shoreliner
Nutmeg State Washington - Springfield
Old Dominion Newport News - Boston Replaced Colonial
Patriot Washington - Boston May 1, 1971 (PC)
Philadelphian Philadelphia - New York October 28, 1979
Pilgrim Philadelphia - Boston October 28, 1973 February 15, 1976
New York - Boston February 15, 1976 April 29, 1978
Potomac Washington - Boston
Newport News - New York
President Washington - New York May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
Quaker Philadelphia - Boston October 28, 1973 May 18, 1974
Quaker City Philadelphia - New York October 28, 1979
Representative Washington - New York May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
Rittenhouse Philadelphia - New York October 28, 1979
Schuylkill Philadelphia - New York
Senator Washington - Boston May 1, 1971 (PC)
Shoreliner New York - Boston January 6, 1974 May 19, 1974 Replaced by Flying Yankee
October 28, 1979
Statesman Washington - Boston October 28, 1973 February 14, 1977
Sundown Washington - Boston October 28, 1973 February 14, 1976
New York - Boston February 15, 1976 April 26, 1978
Tidewater Newport News - New York July 30, 1978
Times Square Washington - New York April 26, 1981
Turbo Providence - Boston October 29, 1972 April 28, 1973
Turboservice New York - Boston May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
Turbo Yankee Clipper New York - Boston November 14, 1971 October 29, 1972 Renamed Yankee Clipper Turbo
Turbo York Clipper New York - Boston November 14, 1971 January 16, 1972 Renamed Turbo Yankee Clipper
Twilight Shoreliner Newport News - Boston
Valley Forge Philadelphia - Boston November 14, 1971 June 12, 1972
Washington - Boston June 12, 1972 April 29, 1973
Philadelphia - New Haven April 29, 1973 October 29, 1973
Harrisburg - New York October 29, 1973
Verrazano
Virginian Newport News/Richmond - New York
Wall Street Washington - New York
Washington Executive
Weekend Metroliner Washington - New York
William Penn Philadelphia - New York October 28, 1979
Yankee Clipper New York - Boston, Massachusetts May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
August 15, 1973 February 15, 1976
New York - Providence February 15, 1976 September 9, 1976
Washington - Boston October 28, 1979
Yankee Clipper Turbo New York - Boston, Massachusetts October 29, 1972 August 14, 1973 Renamed from Turbo Yankee Clipper

Empire Corridor

Trains operating over the Empire Corridor (the former New York Central Railroad Water Level Route) are now collectively known as the Empire Service.

Name Route Numbers Dates operated Notes
Bear Mountain New York - Albany 243,248
Capital City Express
Catskill New York - Albany 265,268
Cayuga New York - Buffalo
DeWitt Clinton New York - Albany
Electric City Express Schenectady - New York 250
Empire State Express New York - Niagara Falls 286,287
Hendrick Hudson Albany - New York 264
Henry Hudson New York - Albany
Hudson Highlander Albany - New York 242
Hudson River Express[2] New York - Albany
Hudson Valley Express New York - Schenectady
Hudson Valley Service New York - Albany
Knickerbocker Albany - New York 262
Mohawk New York - Syracuse 280,285,289
Niagara Rainbow New York - Niagara Falls 283,284
Nieuw Amsterdam
Oneida New York - Syracuse
Palisades New York - Albany 256,259
Patroon New York - Albany 271
Rip Van Winkle[2] New York - Albany
Salt City Express New York - Syracuse
Saratogian[3] New York - Saratoga Springs
Sleepy Hollow New York - Albany 277
Spuyten Duyvil New York - Albany 247
Storm King Schenectady - New York 246
Washington Irving New York - Schenectady 255
Water Level Express Niagara Falls - New York 288

Keystone Corridor

Trains operating over the Keystone Corridor (the former Pennsylvania Railroad main line) to Harrisburg are now collectively known as the Keystone Service.

Name Route Numbers Dates operated Notes
Big Apple Harrisburg - New York 642
Keystone Executive
Silverliner Service Philadelphia - Harrisburg
Susquehanna New York - Harrisburg 645
Valley Forge New York - Harrisburg

Northeast

Name Route Numbers Dates operated Notes
Adirondack Montreal - Albany - New York August 6, 1974 present
Atlantic City Express Washington, D.C. and other cities - Atlantic City May 21, 1989 April 1, 1995
Cape Codder New York - Hyannis June 29, 1986 September 29, 1996
Downeaster Boston - Portland December 14, 2001 present
Ethan Allen Express New York - Albany - Rutland December 1, 1996 present
Fort Pitt Pittsburgh - Altoona April 26, 1981 January 30, 1983
Keystone New York - Pittsburgh May 1, 1971
PC Duquesne
named the Duquesne until November 14, 1971
Maple Leaf New York - Albany - Buffalo - Toronto April 26, 1981 present
Montrealer Washington, D.C. - New York - Hartford - Springfield - Montreal 60,61 September 29, 1972 April 6, 1987 renamed the Vermonter
July 18, 1989 April 1, 1995
Pennsylvanian New York - Pittsburgh March 8, 2005 present renamed from the Three Rivers
Vermonter Washington, D.C. - New York - Hartford - Springfield - St. Albans April 2, 1995 present renamed from the Montrealer
Washingtonian Washington, DC - New York - Hartford - Springfield - Montreal September 29, 1972 May 19, 1974 name given to southbound Montrealer

South

Name Route Dates operated Notes
Auto Train Lorton - Sanford October 30, 1983 present
Carolina Coast New York - Savannah June 11, 1972 September 10, 1972
Carolina Special New York - Jacksonville June 17, 1973 September 3, 1973
Carolinian New York - Washington, D.C. - Raleigh - Charlotte October 28, 1984 September 1, 1985
May 12, 1990 present
Champion New York - Washington, D.C. - St. Petersburg May 1, 1971
PC/RF&P/SCL Champion
1979 Consolidated with Silver Meteor
Crescent New York - Washington, D.C. - Atlanta - New Orleans February 1, 1979 present conveyed from Southern Railway's Southern Crescent
Florida Special New York - Miami November 14, 1971? 1972 renamed the Vacationer
Floridian Chicago - Louisville - Nashville - Birmingham - Montgomery - St. Petersburg May 1, 1971
PC/L&N/SCL South Wind
October 8, 1979 named the South Wind until November 14, 1971[4][5]
Gulf Breeze New York - Washington, D.C. - Atlanta - Birmingham - Montgomery - Mobile October 27, 1989 April 1, 1995 [6]
Gulf Coast Limited New Orleans - Mobile April 29, 1984 January 6, 1985 [7]
June 28, 1996 March 31, 1997
Meteor Boston - Florida June 11, 1972 September 10, 1972 renamed from and to the Silver Meteor
Palmetto New York - Charleston - Savannah - Tampa 1979 February 1, 1995 renamed from the Silver Palm in 2002[8]
2002 present
Piedmont Raleigh - Charlotte May 25, 1995 present
Silver Meteor New York - Washington, D.C. - Charleston - Savannah - Jacksonville - Orlando - Tampa - Miami May 1, 1971
PC/RF&P/SCL Silver Meteor
June 11, 1972 renamed the Meteor in between
September 10, 1972 present
Silver Palm Miami, Florida - Tampa, Florida November 20, 1982 April 30, 1985
Washington, D.C. - Columbia - Savannah - Miami October 1, 1996? 2002 renamed the Palmetto in 2002
Silver Star New York - Washington, D.C. - Raleigh - Columbia - Savannah - Jacksonville - Orlando - Tampa - Miami May 1, 1971
PC/RF&P/SCL Silver Star
present
Vacationer New York - Miami 1972 1974 renamed from the Florida Special

Northeast-Midwest

Name Route Dates operated Notes
Blue Ridge Washington, D.C. - Martinsburg - Cumberland May 6, 1973 October 24, 1986 renamed from the Potomac Special
transferred to MARC
Broadway Limited New York/Washington, D.C. - PittsburghChicago May 1, 1971
PC Broadway Limited
September 10, 1995 renamed the Three Rivers[9]
Capitol Limited Washington, D.C. - Pittsburgh - Chicago October 1, 1981 present
Cardinal New York - Washington, D.C. - Cincinnati - Indianapolis - Chicago October 30, 1977 September 30, 1981 renamed from the James Whitcomb Riley
January 8, 1982 present
Empire State Express New York - Albany - Buffalo - Detroit October 31, 1974 October 29, 1978 Empire Corridor train pre-1974
renamed the Niagara Rainbow
George Washington Washington, D.C./Newport News - Charlottesville - CincinnatiIndianapolisChicago May 1, 1971
C&O George Washington
May 14, 1974 name given to eastbound James Whitcomb Riley[10]
Hilltopper Washington, D.C. - Petersburg - Roanoke - Catlettsburg May 31, 1977 January 8, 1978 renamed from the Mountaineer
Boston - New York - Washington, D.C. - Petersburg - Roanoke - Catlettsburg January 8, 1978 September 30, 1979
James Whitcomb Riley Washington, D.C./Newport News - Charlottesville - CincinnatiIndianapolisChicago May 1, 1971
PC James Whitcomb Riley
October 30, 1977 renamed the Cardinal[11]
Lake Shore New York - Albany - Chicago May 10, 1971
PC unnamed
January 6, 1972 unnamed until November 14, 1971
Lake Shore Limited New York/Boston - Albany - Chicago October 31, 1975 present
Mountaineer Norfolk - Petersburg - Roanoke - Catlettsburg - Cincinnati - Chicago March 25, 1975 May 31, 1977 renamed the Hilltopper[12]
National Limited New York/Washington, D.C. - Harrisburg - Pittsburgh - Columbus - Indianapolis - St. Louis - Kansas City May 1, 1971
PC/MP Spirit of St. Louis
October 1, 1979 named the Spirit of St. Louis until July 12, then unnamed until November 14, 1971[13]
Niagara Rainbow New York - Albany - Buffalo - Niagara Falls - Detroit October 29, 1978 April 28, 1979 renamed from the Empire State Express
Empire Corridor train post-1979
Potomac Special Washington - Cumberland - Parkersburg June 1972 May 6, 1973 renamed from the West Virginian
renamed the Blue Ridge
Shenandoah Washington, D.C. - Cumberland - Parkersburg - Cincinnati October 31, 1976 September 30, 1981
Skyline Connection New York - Philadelphia - Pittsburgh - Cleveland - Chicago never implemented but was listed in the 2000 timetable[14]
Three Rivers New York - Philadelphia - Pittsburgh - Chicago September 11, 1995 March 7, 2005 renamed from the Broadway Limited
renamed the Pennsylvanian
West Virginian Washington, D.C. - Cumberland - Parkersburg September 8, 1971
B&O Metropolitan
June 1972 renamed the Potomac Special

Midwest

Name Route Dates operated Notes
Abraham Lincoln Chicago - St. Louis May 1, 1971
GM&O Abraham Lincoln
November 14, 1971
Milwaukee-Chicago-St. Louis November 14, 1971 September 30, 1973 Replaced by Turboliner
Chicago-St. Louis October 26, 1975 January 8, 1978 Replaced by Ann Rutledge
Ann Rutledge Chicago - St. Louis February 15, 1976 October 30, 1976 Replaced Turboliner
Chicago - St. Louis - Kansas City[15] January 8, 1978 2009 Replaced Abraham Lincoln; replaced by Missouri River Runner
Arrowhead Minneapolis - Superior April 16, 1975 February 15, 1977
Minneapolis - Duluth February 15, 1977 April 30, 1978 Replaced by the North Star
Badger Chicago - Milwaukee October 28, 1984 October 29, 1989 Replaced by Hiawatha Service
Black Hawk Chicago - Dubuque February 14, 1974 September 30, 1981
Blue Water Chicago - Port Huron September 15, 1974 October 26, 1975 Renamed the Blue Water Limited
April 25, 2004 present Renamed from the International Limited
Blue Water Limited Chicago - Port Huron October 26, 1975 June 15, 1976 Replaced Blue Water; replaced by Turboliner
October 31, 1976 October 31, 1982 Replaced Turboliner; renamed the International Limited[16]
Calumet Chicago - Valparaiso October 29, 1979 May 3, 1991 Unnamed until August 3, 1980
Campus Chicago - Champaign November 14, 1971 March 5, 1972
Carl Sandburg Chicago - Quincy October 30, 2006
BN Illinois portion of Kansas City Zephyr
present [17]
City of New Orleans Chicago - Memphis - New Orleans January 31, 1981 present renamed from the Panama Limited (also named the City of New Orleans until November 14, 1971)
Eagle Chicago - St. Louis - Little Rock - Dallas - San Antonio October 2, 1981 January 20, 1990 renamed from the Inter-American
renamed the Texas Eagle[18]
Encore Chicago - Milwaukee October 28, 1984 April 28, 1985
Heartland Flyer Oklahoma City - Fort Worth June 15, 1999 present
Hiawatha Chicago - Minneapolis November 14, 1971 January 16, 1972 Replaced by Twin Cities Hiawatha
October 29, 1972 May 19, 1974 Replaced by North Coast Hiawatha
Hiawatha Service Chicago - Milwaukee October 29, 1972 June 15, 1976 Replaced by Turboliner
October 29, 1989 present Replaced Badger, LaSalle, Nicollet and Radisson
Hoosier State Chicago - Indianapolis October 1, 1980 September 8, 1995
July 19, 1998 December 17, 1999 renamed the Kentucky Cardinal
July 6, 2003 present replaced the Kentucky Cardinal
Illini Chicago - Champaign - Carbondale November 14, 1971 present New Saluki train added to same route[19]
Illinois Zephyr Chicago - Quincy November 14, 1971
BN American Royal Zephyr
present New Carl Sandburg second train being added to same route[20]
Indiana Connection Chicago - Valparaiso October 29, 1979 January 10, 1986 Unnamed until August 3, 1980
Inter-American Chicago - St. Louis - Little Rock - Dallas - San Antonio - Laredo January 28, 1973 October 2, 1981 renamed the Eagle[21][22]
International limited Chicago - Port Huron - Toronto October 31, 1982 April 25, 2004 renamed from the Blue Water Limited
renamed the Blue Water
Kansas City Mule St. Louis - Kansas City October 26, 1980 April 1, 1995
July 1, 1995 2009 Replaced by Missouri River Runner
Kentucky Cardinal Chicago - Indianapolis - Louisville December 17, 1999 July 4, 2003 renamed from and to the Hoosier State
Lake Cities Chicago - Detroit - Toledo August 3, 1980 1995 cut back to Detroit
Chicago - Detroit 1995 2004 renamed the Wolverine
Lake Country Limited Chicago - Janesville June 15, 2000 September 2001 [23]
LaSalle Chicago - Milwaukee October 26, 1980 October 29, 1989 Replaced Turboliner; replaced by Hiawatha Service
Lincoln Service Chicago - St. Louis, Missouri October 30, 2006 present renamed from the State House
Lone Star Chicago - Kansas City - Oklahoma City - Dallas - Houston May 15, 1974 October 1, 1979 renamed from the Texas Chief[24]
Loop Chicago - Springfield April 27, 1986 June 30, 1996 [25]
Marquette Chicago - Milwaukee October 26, 1980 October 28, 1984 Replaced Turboliner
Michigan Executive Detroit - Jackson January 20, 1975 January 13, 1984 [26]
Missouri River Runner St. Louis - Kansas City 2009 present Replaced Ann Rutledge, Kansas City Mule and St. Louis Mule
Nicollet Chicago - Milwaukee October 26, 1980 October 29, 1989 Replaced Turboliner; replaced by Hiawatha Service
North Star Chicago - Minneapolis - Duluth April 30, 1978 April 7, 1985 renamed from the Arrowhead[27]
Panama Limited Chicago - Memphis - New Orleans May 1, 1971
IC City of New Orleans
February 1, 1981 named the City of New Orleans until November 14, 1971; renamed the City of New Orleans
Pere Marquette Chicago - Grand Rapids August 4, 1984 present
Prairie Marksman Chicago - Peoria August 10, 1980 October 4, 1981 [28][29]
Prairie State Milwaukee - Chicago - Springfield, Illinois - St. Louis May 1, 1971
GM&O Limited
October 1, 1973 named the Limited until November 14, 1971[30]; replaced by Turboliner
Radisson Chicago - Milwaukee October 26, 1980 October 29, 1989 Replaced Turboliner; replaced by Hiawatha Service
River Cities Kansas City - St. Louis - Carbondale - Memphis - New Orleans April 29, 1984 November 4, 1993 [31]
Saluki Chicago - Champaign - Carbondale October 30, 2006 present New train running on same route as Illini train.
St. Clair Chicago - Detroit May 1, 1971
PC Twilight Limited/Michigan
May 10, 1975 Replaced by Turboliner
June 15, 1976 August 3, 1980 Renamed the Lake Cities
St. Louis Mule St. Louis - Kansas City April 1, 1995
July 1, 1995 2009 Replaced by Missouri River Runner
Shawnee Chicago - Carbondale May 1, 1971
IC Shawnee
Proposed name: The Saluki[32]
State House Chicago - St. Louis October 1, 1973 October 30, 2006 Renamed Lincoln Service
Texas Chief Chicago - Kansas City - Oklahoma City - Dallas - Houston May 1, 1971
ATSF Texas Chief
May 15, 1974 renamed the Lone Star[33]
Texas Eagle Chicago - St. Louis - Little Rock - Dallas - San Antonio - Los Angeles January 20, 1990 present renamed from the Eagle
Turboliner Chicago - St. Louis October 1, 1973 February 15, 1976 Replaced Abraham Lincoln and Prairie State; replaced by Ann Rutledge
Chicago - Detroit May 10, 1975 October 31, 1976 Replaced Wolverine and St. Clair
Chicago - Milwaukee October 26, 1975 October 26, 1980 Replaced Hiawatha Service; replaced by LaSalle, Marquette, Nicollet and Radisson
Milwaukee - Chicago - Detroit October 26, 1975 June 15, 1976
Chicago - Port Huron June 15, 1976 October 31, 1976 Replaced and replaced by Blue Water Limited
Twilight Limited Chicago - Detroit October 31, 1976 April 26, 2004 renamed the Wolverine
Twin Cities Hiawatha Chicago - Milwaukee - Minneapolis January 16, 1972 June 12, 1972 Replaced Hiawatha; replaced by North Coast Hiawatha
September 8, 1977 April 30, 1978 Replaced by North Star
Wolverine Chicago - Detroit - Pontiac May 1, 1971
PC Wolverine
May 10, 1975 unnamed until November 14, 1971; replaced by Turboliner
June 15, 1976 present
Weekender Chicago - St. Louis October 1, 1973 May 19, 1974 Replaced by Turboliner

Midwest-West

Name Route Dates operated Notes
California Zephyr Chicago - Omaha - Denver - Salt Lake City - Sacramento - Oakland April 24, 1983 present renamed from the San Francisco Zephyr
Chief Chicago - Los Angeles June 11, 1972 September 10, 1972
City of San Francisco Chicago - Denver - Cheyenne - Ogden - Oakland November 14, 1971 June 12, 1972 renamed from a section of the Denver Zephyr
renamed the San Francisco Zephyr[34]
Denver Zephyr Chicago - Denver May 1, 1971
BN Denver Zephyr
extended to Oakland until November 14, 1971, when that section was renamed the City of San Francisco[35]
Desert Wind Los Angeles - Las Vegas - Salt Lake City - Denver - Omaha - Chicago October 28, 1979 May 10, 1997 [36][37]
Empire Builder Chicago - Minneapolis - Spokane - Portland/Seattle May 1, 1971
BN Empire Builder
present
National Chief Washington, D.C. - Pittsburgh - Cleveland - Chicago - Kansas City - Albuquerque - Los Angeles never implemented; announced in the 1996 timetable as a through train without the need to transfer, combining the Southwest Chief and the Capitol Limited[38]
North Coast Hiawatha Chicago - Minneapolis - Bismarck - Butte - Spokane - Seattle June 5, 1971
BN North Coast Limited
October 7, 1979 unnamed until November 14, 1971[39]
San Francisco Zephyr Chicago - Omaha - Denver - Cheyenne - Ogden - Sacramento - Oakland about 1973 April 24, 1983 renamed from the City of San Francisco
renamed the California Zephyr[40]
Southwest Chief Chicago - Kansas City - Albuquerque - Los Angeles October 28, 1984 present renamed from the Southwest Limited
Southwest Limited Chicago - Kansas City - Albuquerque - Los Angeles May 19, 1974 October 28, 1984 renamed from the Super Chief
renamed the Southwest Chief[41]
Sunset Limited Orlando - Jacksonville - New Orleans - Houston - San Antonio - Los Angeles May 1, 1971
SP Sunset Limited
present
Super Chief Chicago - Kansas City - Albuquerque - Los Angeles May 1, 1971
ATSF Super Chief/El Capitan
May 19, 1974 Named the Super Chief/El Capitan until May 1973
renamed the Southwest Limited[42][43]

West

Name Route Dates operated Notes
Amtrak Cascades Vancouver - Seattle - Portland - Eugene May 17, 1998 present
Capitol Corridor Auburn - Sacramento - Oakland - San Jose December 11, 1991 present
Cascadia Seattle - Portland - Eugene May 16, 1998 renamed from the Mount Rainier
renamed Amtrak Cascades[44]
Coast Daylight San Diego - Los Angeles - Oakland May 1, 1971
SP Coast Daylight
unnamed until November 14, 1971
part of the Coast Starlight[45]
Coast Starlight Seattle - Portland - Oakland - Los Angeles - San Diego May 1, 1971
SP/BN Cascade; SP Coast Daylight; ATSF San Diegan
present unnamed until November 14, 1971
Las Vegas Limited Los Angeles - Las Vegas May 21, 1976 August 8, 1976
Mount Adams Seattle - Portland 1994 May 16, 1998 renamed the Amtrak Cascades[46]
Mount Baker International Seattle - Vancouver May 26, 1995 1998 renamed the Cascadia[47]
Mount Hood October 30, 1994 renamed from the Northwest Talgo
Mount Rainier Seattle - Portland May 1, 1971
BN unnamed
1995 unnamed until November 14, 1971
renamed Cascadia[48]
Northwest Talgo October 30, 1994 renamed the Mount Hood
Orange County Commuter Los Angeles - San Juan Capistrano 1991 1993 replaced by Metrolink[49]
Pacific International Seattle - Vancouver July 17, 1972
BN International
September 30, 1981 [50]
Pacific Surfliner San Diego - Los Angeles - Santa Barbara - San Luis Obispo June 1, 2000 present renamed from the San Diegan
Pioneer Denver - Cheyenne - Ogden - Boise - Portland - Seattle June 7, 1977 May 10, 1997 [51][52]
Puget Sound Seattle - Portland, Oregon May 1, 1971
BN unnamed
1979 unnamed until November 14, 1971[53]
San Diegan Los Angeles - San Diego May 1, 1971
ATSF San Diegan
May 31, 2000 unnamed until November 14, 1971
renamed the Pacific Surfliner[54]
San Joaquins Oakland/Sacramento - Bakersfield March 5, 1974 present
Spirit of California Los Angeles - Oakland - Sacramento September 30, 1983 [55][56]

References

  1. ^ "Amtrak posts second-best ridership in history". Amtrak. October 12, 2009. http://www.amtrak.com/servlet/BlobServer?blobcol=urldata&blobtable=MungoBlobs&blobkey=id&blobwhere=1249200496643&blobheader=application%2Fpdf&blobheadername1=Content-disposition&blobheadervalue1=attachment;filename=Amtrak_ATK-09-074_FY09_Riders. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  2. ^ a b Pollak, Michael (2005-09-25). "Names With a Past". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/09/25/nyregion/thecity/25fyi.html?n=Top/News/Business/Companies/Amtrak. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  3. ^ Wade, Betsy (1997-05-11). "Amtrak Gets Late Start On Summer Schedule". New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?sec=travel&res=9903E2DC1639F932A25756C0A961958260. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  4. ^ saveamtrak.org
  5. ^ everything2.com
  6. ^ everything2.com
  7. ^ everything2.com
  8. ^ everything2.com
  9. ^ everything2.com
  10. ^ everything2.com
  11. ^ everything2.com
  12. ^ everything2.com
  13. ^ everything2.com
  14. ^ everything2.com
  15. ^ From October 1, 1979. Goldberg (1981), 224.
  16. ^ everything2.com
  17. ^ www.register-mail.com
  18. ^ everything2.com
  19. ^ register-mail.com
  20. ^ www.register-mail.com
  21. ^ trainweather.com
  22. ^ everything2.com
  23. ^ everything2.com
  24. ^ everything2.com
  25. ^ www.lib.niu.edu
  26. ^ michiganrailroads.com
  27. ^ everything2.com
  28. ^ hometown.aol.com
  29. ^ rrpicturearchives.net
  30. ^ everything2.com
  31. ^ www.everything2.com
  32. ^ wikipedia.org
  33. ^ everything2.com
  34. ^ everything2.com
  35. ^ everything2.com
  36. ^ everything2.com
  37. ^ trainweb.com
  38. ^ everything2.com
  39. ^ everything2.com
  40. ^ everything2.com
  41. ^ everything2.com
  42. ^ everything2.com
  43. ^ azrail.org
  44. ^ everything2.com
  45. ^ everything2.com
  46. ^ everything2.com
  47. ^ everything2.com
  48. ^ everything2.com
  49. ^ everything2.com
  50. ^ everything2.com
  51. ^ everything2.com
  52. ^ trainweb.com
  53. ^ everything2.com
  54. ^ everything2.com
  55. ^ trainorders.com
  56. ^ members.trainorders.com
Trains prior to Amtrak

See also


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