List of Australian Open Men's Singles champions: Wikis

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A man in white and blue shorts and T-shirt with a white baseball cap, raises his right arm, holding a modern version of a tennis racket, as he prepares to serve the unseen tennis ball
American Andre Agassi holds an Open Era record of four singles titles.

The Australian Open[a][b] is an annual tennis tournament created in 1905 and played on outdoor hard courts[c][d] at Melbourne Park in Melbourne, Australia.[1] The men's singles was one of the two first events contested in 1905 along with the men's doubles competition. The Australian Open is played during two weeks mid-January, and has been chronologically the first of the four Grand Slam tournaments of the tennis season since 1987. The event was not held from 1916 to 1918 because of World War I, from 1940 to 1945 because of World War II and 1986 because Tennis Australia wanted to move the tournament start from mid-December 1986 to mid-January 1987.[2][3]

Christchurch and Hastings, New Zealand, and Perth, Brisbane, Adelaide, Sydney, and Melbourne, Australia have all held the event. The competition switched locations every year before it settled in 1972 at the Kooyong Stadium, moving to Flinders Park, now Melbourne Park, in 1988.[2] Several calendar changes took place for the Australian Open, from January to December in 1972 to bypass the January-to-June International Lawn Tennis Federation (ITLF) ban of World Championship Tennis (WCT) players; from late to early December in 1977 to avoid the Christmas holidays, which resulted in having two Opens in the season;[4] and back to January, when the planned December 1986 edition was moved to early 1987, leaving no Open for the 1986 season.[5][6]

The men's singles' rules have undergone several changes, since the first edition. This event has been contested in a knockout format, and all matches played at the best-of-five sets, except in 1970, 1973, and 1974, when the first round was played at the best-of-three.[1] Since 1905, all sets have been decided in the advantage format, with six games and two games difference. The lingering death best-of-twelve points tie-break was introduced in 1971, and used for the first four sets since then, except from 1980 to 1982, when the tie-break was also played in fifth sets.[1][7] The court surface changed once, from grass (1905–1987) to hard courts, since the move to Flinders Park in 1988.[2][8][9]

The champion receives a miniature replica of the silver-gilt Norman Brookes Challenge Cup, named after the 1911 champion, and former Lawn Tennis Association of Australia (LTAA) president, and modeled after the Warwick Vase.[10] In 2009, the winner received prize money of A$2,000,000.[11] In the Australasian Championship, James Anderson (1922, 1924–1925) holds the records for most wins and most consecutive wins (1924–1925).[3] In the Australian Championships, Roy Emerson (1961, 1963–1967) holds the records for most titles with six wins, and most consecutive titles with five from (1963–1967).[3] In the Australian Open, Andre Agassi (1995, 2000–2001, 2003) has the the most victories, with four. The record for most consecutive titles (two) is held by the following players: Ken Rosewall (1971–1972), Guillermo Vilas (1978–1979), Johan Kriek (1981–1982), Mats Wilander (1983–1984), Stefan Edberg (1985–1987),[e] Ivan Lendl (1989–1990), Jim Courier (1992–1993), Andre Agassi (2000–2001), and Roger Federer (2006–2007).[3]

Contents

Champions

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Australasian Championships

A black-haired man in a white shirt with sleeves rolled up looks into the camera, posing
James Anderson clinched three titles in the Australasian Championship.
Year[f] Country Champion Country Runner-up Score in the final[3][12]
1905  AUS Heath, RodneyRodney Heath  AUS Curtis, ArthurArthur Curtis 4–6, 6–3, 6–4, 6–4
1906  NZL Wilding, AnthonyAnthony Wilding  NZL Fisher, FrancisFrancis Fisher 6–0, 6–4, 6–4
1907  AUS Rice, HoraceHorace Rice  AUS Parker, HarryHarry Parker 6–3, 6–4, 6–4
1908  USA Alexander, FredFred Alexander  AUS Dunlop, AlfredAlfred Dunlop 3–6, 3–6, 6–0, 6–2, 6–3
1909  NZL Wilding, AnthonyAnthony Wilding  AUS Parker, ErnieErnie Parker 6–1, 7–5, 6–2
1910  AUS Heath, RodneyRodney Heath  AUS Rice, HoraceHorace Rice 6–4, 6–3, 6–2
1911  AUS Brookes, NormanNorman Brookes  AUS Rice, HoraceHorace Rice 6–1, 6–2, 6–3
1912  GBR Parke, James CecilJames Cecil Parke  GBR Beamish, AlfredAlfred Beamish 3–6, 6–3, 1–6, 6–1, 7–5
1913  AUS Parker, ErnieErnie Parker  AUS Parker, HarryHarry Parker 2–6, 6–1, 6–3, 6–2
1914  AUS O'Hara Wood, ArthurArthur O'Hara Wood  AUS Patterson, GeraldGerald Patterson 6–4, 6–3, 5–7, 6–1
1915  GBR Lowe, GordonGordon Lowe  AUS Rice, HoraceHorace Rice 4–6, 6–1, 6–1, 6–4
1916 None[g]
1917 None
1918 None
1919  GBR Kingscote, AlgernonAlgernon Kingscote  AUS Pockley, EricEric Pockley 6–4, 6–0, 6–3
1920  AUS O'Hara Wood, PatPat O'Hara Wood  AUS Thomas, RonaldRonald Thomas 6–3, 4–6, 6–8, 6–1, 6–3
1921  AUS Gemmell, RhysRhys Gemmell  AUS Hedeman, AlfAlf Hedeman 7–5, 6–1, 6–4
1922  AUS Anderson, JamesJames Anderson  AUS Patterson, GeraldGerald Patterson 6–0, 3–6, 3–6, 6–3, 6–2
1923  AUS O'Hara Wood, PatPat O'Hara Wood  AUS St. John, BertBert St. John 6–1, 6–1, 6–3
1924  AUS Anderson, JamesJames Anderson  AUS Schlesinger, RichardRichard Schlesinger 6–3, 6–4, 3–6, 5–7, 6–3
1925  AUS Anderson, JamesJames Anderson  AUS Patterson, GeraldGerald Patterson 11–9, 2–6, 6–2, 6–3
1926  AUS Hawkes, JohnJohn Hawkes  AUS Willard, JamesJames Willard 6–1, 6–3, 6–1


Australian Championships

A black-haired man in a white polo shirt poses for a portrait, looking into the camera as he stands next to a tennis net, holding a wooden racket
Adrian Quist titled in 1936, 1940 and 1948.
Year[f] Country Champion Country Runner-up Score in the final[3][12]
1927  AUS Patterson, GeraldGerald Patterson  AUS Hawkes, JohnJohn Hawkes 3–6, 6–4, 3–6, 18–16, 6–3
1928  FRA Borotra, JeanJean Borotra  AUS Cummings, JackJack Cummings 6–4, 6–1, 4–6, 5–7, 6–3
1929  GBR Gregory, John ColinJohn Colin Gregory  AUS Schlesinger, RichardRichard Schlesinger 6–2, 6–2, 5–7, 7–5
1930  AUS Moon, EdgarEdgar Moon  AUS Hopman, HarryHarry Hopman 6–3, 6–1, 6–3
1931  AUS Crawford, JackJack Crawford  AUS Hopman, HarryHarry Hopman 6–4, 6–2, 2–6, 6–1
1932  AUS Crawford, JackJack Crawford  AUS Hopman, HarryHarry Hopman 4–6, 6–3, 3–6, 6–3, 6–1
1933  AUS Crawford, JackJack Crawford  USA Gledhill, KeithKeith Gledhill 2–6, 7–5, 6–3, 6–2
1934  GBR Perry, FredFred Perry  AUS Crawford, JackJack Crawford 6–3, 7–5, 6–1
1935  AUS Crawford, JackJack Crawford  GBR Perry, FredFred Perry 2–6, 6–4, 6–4, 6–4
1936  AUS Quist, AdrianAdrian Quist  AUS Crawford, JackJack Crawford 6–2, 6–3, 4–6, 3–6, 9–7
1937  AUS McGrath, VivianVivian McGrath  AUS Bromwich, JohnJohn Bromwich 6–3, 1–6, 6–0, 2–6, 6–1
1938  USA Budge, DonDon Budge  AUS Bromwich, JohnJohn Bromwich 6–4, 6–2, 6–1
1939  AUS Bromwich, JohnJohn Bromwich  AUS Quist, AdrianAdrian Quist 6–4, 6–1, 6–3
1940  AUS Quist, AdrianAdrian Quist  AUS Crawford, JackJack Crawford 6–3, 6–1, 6–2
1941 None[h]
1942 None
1943 None
1944 None
1945 None
1946  AUS Bromwich, JohnJohn Bromwich  AUS Pails, DinnyDinny Pails 5–7, 6–3, 7–5, 3–6, 6–2
1947  AUS Pails, DinnyDinny Pails  AUS Bromwich, JohnJohn Bromwich 4–6, 6–4, 3–6, 7–5, 8–6
1948  AUS Quist, AdrianAdrian Quist  AUS Bromwich, JohnJohn Bromwich 6–4, 3–6, 6–3, 2–6, 6–3
1949  AUS Sedgman, FrankFrank Sedgman  AUS Bromwich, JohnJohn Bromwich 6–3, 6–2, 6–2
1950  AUS Sedgman, FrankFrank Sedgman  AUS McGregor, KenKen McGregor 6–3, 6–4, 4–6, 6–1
1951  USA Savitt, DickDick Savitt  AUS McGregor, KenKen McGregor 6–3, 2–6, 6–3, 6–1
1952  AUS McGregor, KenKen McGregor  AUS Sedgman, FrankFrank Sedgman 7–5, 12–10, 2–6, 6–2
1953  AUS Rosewall, KenKen Rosewall  AUS Rose, MervynMervyn Rose 6–0, 6–3, 6–4
1954  AUS Rose, MervynMervyn Rose  AUS Hartwig, RexRex Hartwig 6–2, 0–6, 6–4, 6–2
1955  AUS Rosewall, KenKen Rosewall  AUS Hoad, LewLew Hoad 9–7, 6–4, 6–4
1956  AUS Hoad, LewLew Hoad  AUS Rosewall, KenKen Rosewall 6–4, 3–6, 6–4, 7–5
1957  AUS Cooper, AshleyAshley Cooper  AUS Fraser, NealeNeale Fraser 6–3, 9–11, 6–4, 6–2
1958  AUS Cooper, AshleyAshley Cooper  AUS Anderson, MalcolmMalcolm Anderson 7–5, 6–3, 6–4
1959  USA[i] Olmedo, AlexAlex Olmedo  AUS Fraser, NealeNeale Fraser 6–1, 6–2, 3–6, 6–3
1960  AUS Laver, RodRod Laver  AUS Fraser, NealeNeale Fraser 5–7, 3–6, 6–3, 8–6, 8–6
1961  AUS Emerson, RoyRoy Emerson  AUS Laver, RodRod Laver 1–6, 6–3, 7–5, 6–4
1962  AUS Laver, RodRod Laver  AUS Fraser, NealeNeale Fraser 8–6, 0–6, 6–4, 6–4
1963  AUS Emerson, RoyRoy Emerson  AUS Fletcher, KenKen Fletcher 6–3, 6–3, 6–1
1964  AUS Emerson, RoyRoy Emerson  AUS Stolle, FredFred Stolle 6–3, 6–4, 6–2
1965  AUS Emerson, RoyRoy Emerson  AUS Stolle, FredFred Stolle 7–9, 2–6, 6–4, 7–5, 6–1
1966  AUS Emerson, RoyRoy Emerson  USA Ashe, ArthurArthur Ashe 6–4, 6–8, 6–2, 6–3
1967  AUS Emerson, RoyRoy Emerson  USA Ashe, ArthurArthur Ashe 6–4, 6–1, 6–4
1968  AUS Bowrey, WilliamWilliam Bowrey  ESP Gisbert, JuanJuan Gisbert 6–4, 6–1, 6–4

Australian Open

A black-haired man in a white suit and a black tie smiles as he poses for the picture
Ken Rosewall won four singles championships, and two of those were in the open era.
A brown-haired man in a white polo shirt moves towards the camera, as a ball can be seen bouncing in the foreground
Roger Federer took three titles in Melbourne.
Year[f] Country Champion Country Runner-up Score in the final[3][12]
1969  AUS Laver, RodRod Laver[b]  ESP Gimeno, AndrésAndrés Gimeno 6–3, 6–4, 7–5
1970  USA Ashe, ArthurArthur Ashe  AUS Crealy, DickDick Crealy 6–4, 9–7, 6–2
1971  AUS Rosewall, KenKen Rosewall  USA Ashe, ArthurArthur Ashe 6–1, 7–5, 6–3
1972  AUS Rosewall, KenKen Rosewall  AUS Anderson, MalcolmMalcolm Anderson 7–6(7–2), 6–3, 7–5
1973  AUS Newcombe, JohnJohn Newcombe  NZL Parun, OnnyOnny Parun 6–3, 6–7, 7–5, 6–1
1974  USA Connors, JimmyJimmy Connors  AUS Dent, PhilPhil Dent 7–6(9–7), 6–4, 4–6, 6–3
1975  AUS Newcombe, JohnJohn Newcombe  USA Connors, JimmyJimmy Connors 7–5, 3–6, 6–4, 7–6(9–7)
1976  AUS Edmondson, MarkMark Edmondson  AUS Newcombe, JohnJohn Newcombe 6–7, 6–3, 7–6, 6–1
1977 (1)  USA Tanner, RoscoeRoscoe Tanner[j]  ARG Vilas, GuillermoGuillermo Vilas 6–3, 6–3, 6–3
1977 (2)  USA Gerulaitis, VitasVitas Gerulaitis[j]  GBR Lloyd, JohnJohn Lloyd 6–3, 7–6, 5–7, 3–6, 6–2
1978  ARG Vilas, GuillermoGuillermo Vilas  AUS Marks, JohnJohn Marks 6–4, 6–4, 3–6, 6–3
1979  ARG Vilas, GuillermoGuillermo Vilas  USA Sadri, JohnJohn Sadri 7–6(7–4), 6–3, 6–2
1980  USA Teacher, BrianBrian Teacher  AUS Warwick, KimKim Warwick 7–5, 7–6(7–4), 6–3
1981  RSA Kriek, JohanJohan Kriek  USA Denton, SteveSteve Denton 6–2, 7–6(7–1), 6–7(1–7), 6–4
1982  USA Kriek, JohanJohan Kriek  USA Denton, SteveSteve Denton 6–3, 6–3, 6–2
1983  SWE Wilander, MatsMats Wilander  TCH Lendl, IvanIvan Lendl 6–1, 6–4, 6–4
1984  SWE Wilander, MatsMats Wilander  RSA Curren, KevinKevin Curren 6–7(5–7), 6–4, 7–6(7–3), 6–2
1985  SWE Edberg, StefanStefan Edberg  SWE Wilander, MatsMats Wilander 6–4, 6–3, 6–3
1986 None[e]
1987  SWE Edberg, StefanStefan Edberg  AUS Cash, PatPat Cash 6–3, 6–4, 3–6, 5–7, 6–3
1988  SWE Wilander, MatsMats Wilander  AUS Cash, PatPat Cash 6–3, 6–7(3–7), 3–6, 6–1, 8–6
1989  TCH Lendl, IvanIvan Lendl  TCH Mečíř, MiloslavMiloslav Mečíř 6–2, 6–2, 6–2
1990  TCH Lendl, IvanIvan Lendl  SWE Edberg, StefanStefan Edberg 4–6, 7–6(7–3), 5–2 retired[k]
1991  GER Becker, BorisBoris Becker  TCH Lendl, IvanIvan Lendl 1–6, 6–4, 6–4, 6–4
1992  USA Courier, JimJim Courier  SWE Edberg, StefanStefan Edberg 6–3, 3–6, 6–4, 6–2
1993  USA Courier, JimJim Courier  SWE Edberg, StefanStefan Edberg 6–2, 6–1, 2–6, 7–5
1994  USA Sampras, PetePete Sampras  USA Martin, ToddTodd Martin 7–6(7–4), 6–4, 6–4
1995  USA Agassi, AndreAndre Agassi  USA Sampras, PetePete Sampras 4–6, 6–1, 7–6(8–6), 6–4
1996  GER Becker, BorisBoris Becker  USA Chang, MichaelMichael Chang 6–2, 6–4, 2–6, 6–2
1997  USA Sampras, PetePete Sampras  ESP Moyá, CarlosCarlos Moyá 6–2, 6–3, 6–3
1998  CZE Korda, PetrPetr Korda  CHI Ríos, MarceloMarcelo Ríos 6–2, 6–2, 6–2
1999  RUS Kafelnikov, YevgenyYevgeny Kafelnikov  SWE Enqvist, ThomasThomas Enqvist 4–6, 6–0, 6–3, 7–6(7–1)
2000  USA Agassi, AndreAndre Agassi  RUS Kafelnikov, YevgenyYevgeny Kafelnikov 3–6, 6–3, 6–2, 6–4
2001  USA Agassi, AndreAndre Agassi  FRA Clément, ArnaudArnaud Clément 6–4, 6–2, 6–2
2002  SWE Johansson, ThomasThomas Johansson  RUS Safin, MaratMarat Safin 3–6, 6–4, 6–4, 7–6(7–4)
2003  USA Agassi, AndreAndre Agassi  GER Schüttler, RainerRainer Schüttler 6–2, 6–2, 6–1
2004  SUI Federer, RogerRoger Federer  RUS Safin, MaratMarat Safin 7–6(7–3), 6–4, 6–2
2005  RUS Safin, MaratMarat Safin  AUS Hewitt, LleytonLleyton Hewitt 1–6, 6–3, 6–4, 6–4
2006  SUI Federer, RogerRoger Federer  CYP Baghdatis, MarcosMarcos Baghdatis 5–7, 7–5, 6–0, 6–2
2007  SUI Federer, RogerRoger Federer  CHI González, FernandoFernando González 7–6(7–2), 6–4, 6–4
2008  SRB Djokovic, NovakNovak Djokovic  FRA Tsonga, Jo-WilfriedJo-Wilfried Tsonga 4–6, 6–4, 6–3, 7–6(7–2)
2009  ESP Nadal, RafaelRafael Nadal  SUI Federer, RogerRoger Federer 7–5, 3–6, 7–6(7–3), 3–6, 6–2


Statistics

A green tennis hard court, in the middle of a stadium with crowded bleachers, under a blue sky
Rod Laver Arena featured green Rebound Ace hard courts between 1988 and 2007.[8][9]
A large building, at night, with some vegetation around it, and a sign reading "Rod Laver Arena"
The main stadium, formerly 'Centre Court', was renamed Rod Laver Arena in 2000.[13]
A blue tennis hard court, in the middle of a stadium with crowded bleachers
The blue Plexicushion installed in 2008 has been described as a slower hard court than the Rebound Ace.[9]
Two tennis players on a green hard court, one lying on the ground, the other standing next to the net, surrounded by crowded bleachers
Organisers have implemented night tennis in recent years.[14]
A long-haired man in grey shorts and a white and grey shirt extends his left arm, holding a modern racket, and bends his knees as reaches for a ball, on a blue hard court
Rafael Nadal edged Roger Federer in the 2009 final after 4 hours and 23 minutes.[15]

Multiple champions

Competed in 2009 +
Player Amateur Era Open Era All-time Years
 Emerson, RoyRoy Emerson (AUS) 6 0 6 1961, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967
 Agassi, AndreAndre Agassi (USA) 0 4 4 1995, 2000, 2001, 2003
 Crawford, JackJack Crawford (AUS) 4 0 4 1931, 1932, 1933, 1935
 Rosewall, KenKen Rosewall (AUS) 2 2 4 1953, 1955, 1971, 1972
 Anderson, JamesJames Anderson (AUS) 3 0 3 1922, 1924, 1925
 Federer, RogerRoger Federer (SUI) + 0 3 3 2004, 2006, 2007
 Laver, RodRod Laver (AUS) 2 1 3 1960, 1962, 1969
 Quist, AdrianAdrian Quist (AUS) 3 0 3 1936, 1940, 1948
 Wilander, MatsMats Wilander (SWE) 0 3 3 1983, 1984, 1988
 Becker, BorisBoris Becker (GER) 0 2 2 1991, 1996
 Bromwich, JohnJohn Bromwich (AUS) 2 0 2 1939, 1946
 Cooper, AshleyAshley Cooper (AUS) 2 0 2 1957, 1958
 Courier, JimJim Courier (USA) 0 2 2 1992, 1993
 Edberg, StefanStefan Edberg (SWE) 0 2 2 1985, 1987
 Heath, RodneyRodney Heath (AUS) 2 0 2 1905, 1910
 Kriek, JohanJohan Kriek (USA) 0 2 2 1981, 1982
 Lendl, IvanIvan Lendl (TCH) 0 2 2 1989, 1990
 Newcombe, JohnJohn Newcombe (AUS) 0 2 2 1973, 1975
 Sampras, PetePete Sampras (USA) 0 2 2 1994, 1997
 Sedgman, FrankFrank Sedgman (AUS) 2 0 2 1949, 1950
 Vilas, GuillermoGuillermo Vilas (ARG) 0 2 2 1978, 1979
 Wilding, AnthonyAnthony Wilding (AUS) 2 0 2 1906, 1909
 O'Hara Wood, PatPat O'Hara Wood (AUS) 2 0 2 1920, 1923

Champions by country

Former country ¤
Country Amateur Era Open Era All-time First title Last title
 Australia (AUS) 44 6 50 1905 1976
 United States (USA) 4 14 18 1908 2003
 Sweden (SWE) 0 6 6 1983 2002
 United Kingdom (UK/GBR)[l] 5 0 5 1912 1934
 Switzerland (SUI) 0 3 3 2004 2007
 Argentina (ARG) 0 2 2 1978 1979
 Czechoslovakia (TCH) ¤[m] 0 2 2 1989 1990
 Germany (GER) 0 2 2 1991 1996
 New Zealand (NZL) 2 0 2 1906 1909
 Russia (RUS) 0 2 2 1999 2005
 Czech Republic (CZE)[n] 0 1 1 1998 1998
 France (FRA) 0 1 1 1928 1928
 Serbia (SRB) 0 1 1 2008 2008
 South Africa (RSA) 0 1 1 1981 1981
 Spain (ESP) 0 1 1 2009 2009

Notes

References

General
Specific
  1. ^ a b c "Tournament profile - Australian Open". atpworldtour.com. ATP Tour, Inc.. http://www.atpworldtour.com/Tennis/Tournaments/Australian-Open.aspx. Retrieved 2009-07-05.  
  2. ^ a b c d e Foenander, Tristan. "History of the Australian Open – the Grand Slam of Asia/Pacific". australianopen.com. IBM, Tennis Australia. http://www.australianopen.com/en_AU/event_guide/history/history.html. Retrieved 2009-07-01.  
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Grand Slam Tournaments - Australian Open" (PDF). usta.com. United States Tennis Association. http://www.usta.com/presentations/USTAYearBook/25.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-01.  
  4. ^ a b "1977 Grand Slam calendar". atpworldtour.com. ATP Tour, Inc.. http://www.atpworldtour.com/Scores/Archive-Event-Calendar.aspx?t=1&y=1977. Retrieved 2009-07-01.  
  5. ^ a b "1986 Grand Slam calendar". atpworldtour.com. ATP Tour, Inc.. http://www.atpworldtour.com/Scores/Archive-Event-Calendar.aspx?t=1&y=1986. Retrieved 2009-07-01.  
  6. ^ a b "Australian Open - History - Year-by-year". australianopen.com. IBM, Tennis Australia. http://www.australianopen.com/en_AU/event_guide/history/year_by_year.html. Retrieved 2009-07-01.  
  7. ^ "Roddick survives 83-game epic". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. 2003-01-22. http://www.guardian.co.uk/sport/2003/jan/22/tennis1. Retrieved 2009-07-01.  
  8. ^ a b c Schlink, Leo (2008-01-14). "Plexicushion replaces Rebound Ace at Australian Open". Herald Sun. The Herald and Weekly Times. http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/victoria/all-change-for-new-blue-era/story-e6frf7kx-1111115310708. Retrieved 2009-07-01.  
  9. ^ a b c d Bevan, Chris (2008-01-11). "On-court blues for Aussie tennis?". BBC Sport. BBC. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/low/tennis/7178646.stm. Retrieved 2009-07-01.  
  10. ^ Vaughan, Gerard (2005-01-17). "Trophy has roots in an 18th-century antiquity". The Age. The Age Company Ltd.. http://www.theage.com.au/news/TennisFeatures/Trophy-has-roots-in-an-18thcentury-antiquity/2005/01/16/1105810773067.html. Retrieved 2009-07-01.  
  11. ^ "Australian Open - Prize Money". australianopen.com. IBM, Tennis Australia. http://www.australianopen.com/en_AU/event_guide/prize_money.html. Retrieved 2009-07-01.  
  12. ^ a b c "Men's Singles". australianopen.com. IBM. http://www.australianopen.com/en_AU/event_guide/history/men_s_singles.html. Retrieved 2009-12-03.  
  13. ^ a b "Rod Laver Arena". mopt.com.au. Melbourne & Olympic Parks. http://www.mopt.com.au/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-18/229_read-35. Retrieved 2009-08-02.  
  14. ^ Pearce, Linda (2009-01-30). "Let's call time on late-night tennis". The Age. The Age Company Ltd.. http://www.theage.com.au/news/sport/tennis/australian-open/lets-call-time-on-latenight-tennis/2009/01/29/1232818639771.html. Retrieved 2009-08-02.  
  15. ^ Clarey, Christopher (2009-02-02). "Nadal defeats a tearful Federer in Australia". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/02/sports/02iht-02tennis.19854815.html. Retrieved 2009-08-02.  
  16. ^ "List of Classified Court Surfaces". itftennis.com. ITF Licensing. http://www.itftennis.com/technical/equipment/courts/courtlist.asp. Retrieved 2009-08-01.  
  17. ^ "Aching, Victorious Olmedo to Forsake Tennis for Study". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Interactive, Inc. 1959-01-27. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/564293762.html?dids=564293762:564293762&FMT=CITE&FMTS=CITE:AI&date=Jan+27%2C+1959&author=&pub=Chicago+Tribune&desc=Aching%2C+Victorious+Olmedo+to+Forsake+Tennis+for+Study&pqatl=google. Retrieved 2009-08-02.  
  18. ^ "List of Australian Open men's champions". ESPN.com. Reuters. 2009-02-01. http://sports.espn.go.com/espn/wire?section=tennis&id=3876402. Retrieved 2009-07-01.  
  19. ^ Bick, Nina (1990-01-29). "Lendl Wins Title as Edberg Pulls Out". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. http://www.nytimes.com/1990/01/29/sports/lendl-wins-title-as-edberg-pulls-out.html. Retrieved 2009-08-02.  

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