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List of Australian capital cities: Wikis


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There are eight capital cities in Australia, all of which function at a sub-national level. Canberra also serves as the national capital. Melbourne was the national capital from the Federation of Australia in 1901 until 1927, when the seat of national government was moved to the newly created city of Canberra.

In each capital city, local judicial, administrative and legislative duties are performed for the jurisdiction. In the case of state and territory capital cities, they also happen to be the most populous city in their respective jurisdiction. The Australian external territory of Norfolk Island also has an official capital, Kingston, however, this is just where the administrative centre of government is located; the de facto capital is Burnt Pine.[1]

Jurisdiction Capital Population[2] Image
Australia and
Australian Capital Territory
Canberra (While Canberra is the capital of Australia, it is not the capital of the ACT in any official sense; it is the principal settlement within the territory) 395 126[3]
View of Civic from Mount Ainslie, with Telstra Tower in the background
New South Wales Sydney 4 399 722
Victoria Melbourne 3 892 419
Melbourne's CBD straddles the Yarra River
Queensland Brisbane 1 945 639
Brisbane's CBD, with the Story Bridge in the foreground
Western Australia Perth 1 602 559
The Skyline of Perth
South Australia Adelaide 1 172 105
View of the Riverside Precinct from Elder Park.
Tasmania Hobart 209 287
View of the Hobart downtown district and Mount Wellington from Constitution Dock
Northern Territory Darwin 120 652
View of Darwin CBD


  1. ^ Norfolk Island - Kingston Norfolk Island's Home on the Web
  2. ^ "3218.0 - Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2007-08". Australian Bureau of Statistics.  
  3. ^ The Statistical District which encompasses Canberra also includes the neighbouring city of Queanbeyan, New South Wales.


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