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List of British monarchs: Wikis


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See also: List of British consorts.
The Royal Arms of the United Kingdom (as displayed outside Scotland) since the accession of Queen Victoria in 1837, featuring the arms of England in the first and fourth quarters, Scotland in the second, and Ireland in the third.

There have been 12 monarchs of Great Britain and the United Kingdom. The Kingdom of Great Britain was formed on 1 May 1707 with the merger of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland, which had been in personal union under the House of Stuart since 24 March 1603. On 1 January 1801 Great Britain merged with the Kingdom of Ireland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. After most of Ireland left the union on 6 December 1922, on 12 April 1927 its name was amended to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.


British monarchs


House of Stuart

England and Scotland entered into legislative and governmental union on 1 May 1707 under the Acts of Union 1707.

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
1 May
England and Scotland
8 March 1702-1707
Anne1705.jpg 6 February 1665
St James's Palace
daughter of James II and Anne Hyde[1]
George of Denmark
St James's Palace
28 July 1683
17 children[1]
1 August 1714
aged 49[1]

House of Hanover

The Hanoverian succession came about as a result of the Act of Settlement 1701, passed by the Parliament of England. In return for access to the English plantations in North America, the Hanoverian succession and the Union were ratified by the Parliament of Scotland in 1707.

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
George I
1 August
King George I by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt.jpg 28 May 1660
son of Ernest Augustus, Elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Sophia of Hanover[2]
Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Lueneburg-Celle
21 November 1682
2 children[2]
11 June 1727
aged 67[2]
George II
11 June
George II by Thomas Hudson.jpg 30 October 1683
son of George I and Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Lueneburg-Celle[3]
Caroline of Ansbach
22 August 1705
8 children[3]
25 October 1760
Kensington Palace
aged 76[3]
George III
25 October
George III in Coronation Robes.jpg 4 June 1738
Norfolk House
son of Frederick, Prince of Wales and Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha[4]
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
St James's Palace
8 September 1761
15 children[4]
29 January 1820
Windsor Castle
aged 81[4]
George IV
29 January
George IV van het Verenigd Koninkrijk.jpg 12 August 1762
St James's Palace
son of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz[5]
(1) Maria Anne Fitzherbert
Park Lane
15 September 1785
(2) Caroline of Brunswick
St James's Palace
8 April 1795
1 daughter[5]
26 June 1830
aged 67[5]
William IV
26 June
William IV by Sir Martin Archer Shee.jpg 21 August 1765
Buckingham Palace
son of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz[6]
Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen
Kew Palace
13 July 1818
2 children[6]
20 June 1837
Windsor Castle
aged 71[6]
20 June
Victoria in her Coronation.jpg 24 May 1819
Kensington Palace
daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld[7]
Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
St James's Palace
10 February 1840
9 children[7]
22 January 1901
Osborne House
aged 81[7]

House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Although he was the son and heir of Victoria, Edward VII inherited his father's names and is therefore counted as inaugurating a new royal house.

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Edward VII
22 January 1901 –
6 May 1910
Edward VII in coronation robes.jpg 9 November 1841
Buckingham Palace
son of Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha[8]
Alexandra of Denmark
St George's Chapel
10 March 1863
6 children[8]
6 May 1910
Buckingham Palace
aged 68[8]

House of Windsor

The house name Windsor was adopted in 1917, during the First World War. It was changed from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha because of wartime anti-German sentiment.

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
George V
6 May 1910 –
20 January 1936
George V of the united Kingdom.jpg 3 June 1865
Marlborough House
son of Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark[9]
Mary of Teck
6 July 1893
St James's Palace
6 children[9]
20 January 1936
Sandringham House
aged 70[9]
Edward VIII
20 January –
11 December 1936[10]
A030596.jpg 23 June 1894
White Lodge
son of George V and Mary of Teck[10]
Wallis Warfield Simpson
Château de Candé
3 June 1937
no children[10]
28 May 1972
Bois de Boulogne
aged 77[10]
George VI
11 December 1936 –
6 February 1952
King George VI of England, formal photo portrait, circa 1940-1946.jpg 14 December 1895
son of George V and Mary of Teck[10]
Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
Westminster Abbey
26 April 1923
2 children[10]
6 February 1952
Sandringham House
aged 56[10]
Elizabeth II
6 February
1952 – present
Elizabeth II greets NASA GSFC employees, May 8, 2007 edit.jpg 21 April 1926
daughter of George VI and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon[11]
Philip of Greece and Denmark
Westminster Abbey
20 November 1947
4 children[11]

Timeline of British Monarchs

Regnal numbering

Following the Acts of Union, regnal numbering of subsequent monarchs followed on from those of England, William IV, Edward VII, Edward VIII, and Elizabeth II all taking the next number in the English sequence.

Scotland unsuccessfully opposed the use of the syle Elizabeth II as it clashed with the Scottish Queen..

Notes and references

See also

External links


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