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Murphys Hotel, a California Historical Landmark

This is a list of California Historical Landmarks. The official list may be seen here.

Contents: Counties in California
Alameda - Alpine - Amador - Butte - Calaveras - Colusa - Contra Costa - Del Norte - El Dorado - Fresno - Glenn - Humboldt - Imperial - Inyo - Kern - Kings - Lake - Lassen - Los Angeles - Madera - Marin - Mariposa - Mendocino - Merced - Modoc - Mono - Monterey - Napa - Nevada - Orange - Placer - Plumas - Riverside - Sacramento - San Benito - San Bernardino - San Diego - San Francisco - San Joaquin - San Luis Obispo - San Mateo - Santa Barbara - Santa Clara - Santa Cruz - Shasta - Sierra - Siskiyou - Solano - Sonoma - Stanislaus - Sutter - Tehama - Trinity - Tulare - Tuolumne - Ventura - Yolo - Yuba

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Alameda County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21388.

Alpine County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21389.

Amador County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21390.

Butte County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21391.

Calaveras County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21392.

Colusa County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21414

Contra Costa County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21415.

Del Norte County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21416.

El Dorado County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21417.

Fresno County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21418.

  • Arroyo de Cantua (#344), headquarters of notorious bandit Joaquin Murrieta, who was supposedly killed here July 25, 1853 by a posse of state rangers led by Captain Harry Love.
  • Forestiere Underground Gardens (#916)
  • Fort Miller (#584), established in 1852 as a temporary headquarters for the Commissioners during the latter part of the Mariposa Indian War. The peace treaty was signed there April 29, 1851. Now inundated by Millerton Lake.
  • Fresno City (#488), not to be confused with the city of Fresno. This town gradually arose at the head of navigation of the Fresno Slough, and existed from approximately 1855 to 1875 - today there are no traces of it left.
  • Site of the first junior college in California (#803), Fresno—Constructed in 1895, the school was known as Fresno High School from 1895-1921. Established as the first junior college of California in 1910, in 1911 it became a normal school, forerunner to Fresno State College. From 1921 to 1948 it was called Fresno Technical High School, and Fresno Junior College from 1948 to 1959.
  • Site of the Fresno Free Speech Fight (#873), Fresno—From October 1910 to March 1911, the Industrial Workers of the World fought for the right of free speech in their efforts to organize Fresno's unskilled labor force. This was the first fight for free speech in California, and the first attempt to organize the valley's unskilled workers.
  • Temporary Detention Camps for Japanese Americans, Fresno and Pinedale Assembly Centers (#934)—As a prelude to interment at Manzanar and Tule Lake internment camps, Japanese Americans were temporarily confined at makeshift camps found at Fresno Fairgrounds and Pinedale.

Glenn County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21419

  • Granville P. Swift Adobe (#345), built by Granville P. Swift
  • Site of first posted water notice by Will S. Green (#831) — On December 18, 1883, on an oak tree on the west bank of the Sacramento River immediately east of this spot, he posted the first water notice, stating that 500,000 miner's inches (350 m³/s) of river water was being diverted for irrigation of lands on the west side of the Sacramento Valley.

Humboldt County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21420.

Imperial County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21421.

Inyo County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21422.

Kern County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21423.

Kings County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21424

Lake County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21425.

  • The Battle of Bloody Island (#427), Upper Lake—Now a hill surrounded by reclaimed land, Bloody Island was where, in 1850, U.S. soldiers nearly annihilated the Indian inhabitants for the murder of two white men. Doubt exists of these Indians' guilt.
  • Old Lake County Courthouse (#897)
  • Lower Lake Stone Jail (#429), Lower Lake, said to be the smallest in the United States
  • St. Helena Toll Road and Bull Trail (#467), Middletown—The toll road, completed in 1868, replaced the old bull trail from Napa Valley to Middletown, which was built by volunteers in the 1850s, and had grades up to 35 percent.
  • Site of Stone and Kelsey Home (#426), Kelseyville—house built by ranchers Charles Stone and Andy Kelsey on land purchased from Salvador Vallejo. They forced Pomo Indians to do the construction work, causing much resentment. Finally, in the fall of 1849, the Pomo killed both Stone and Kelsey - their remains are buried beneath this monument.
  • Stone House (#450), oldest building in Lake County
  • Sulphur Bank Mine (#428), Clearlake Oaks

Lassen County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21426.

Los Angeles County

For more details, please see Los Angeles County.

Madera County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21428.

Marin County

First Sawmill in Marin County (#207), owner John Reed 1833-34. Location: Mill Valley

Oldest House North of San Francisco Bay (#210), built 1776 in Olompali, home of Camilo Ynitia. Location: Olompali State Historic Park, N of Novato

Mission San Rafael Arcangel (#220), 20th mission in California Mission Chain, established 1817. Location: San Rafael.

Lighter Wharf at Bolinas (#221), built early 1850s for shipments of lumber. Location: At N. end of Bolinas Lagoon

Olema Lime Kilns (#222), built by Russian stonemasons, who employed local Indians during the Russian occupation of Sonoma County coast, circa 1812. Location: State Hwy 1, 4 mi (6.4 km).2 of Olema

Angel Island (#529), "Isla de los Angeles", once Mexican rancho, U.S. Military Post, and quarantine and immigration station. Location: Angel Island State Park

Pioneer Paper Mill (#552), The first paper mill on the Pacific Coast built 1856 by Samuel Penfield Taylor. Location: 1 mi (1.6 km).3nside Samuel P. Taylor State Park, 18 mi (29 km) W of Hwy 101 off Sir Francis Drake Blvd.

St. Vincent's School for Boys (#630), founded 1855. Location: 4 mi (6.4 km) N of San Rafael

Bird's Nest Glen (#679), Home of Lord Charles S. Fairfax, California Assemblyman (1853-1855), Speaker of the Assembly (1854), and Clerk of the State Supreme Court (1856-1861). Location: Fairfax

Green Brae Brick Kiln (#917), on the San Quentin Peninsula, previously part of the Remillard Brick Company, largest brick manufacturer on the Pacific Coast. Location: Larkspur

Outdoor Art Club (#922), building erected 1904 by Bernard Maybeck. Location: Mill Valley

China Camp (#924), one of largest Chinese fishing villages in California, established by 1870. Location: At entrance to China Camp Village, China Camp State Park

Golden Gate Bridge (#974), construction began in 1933 by engineer Joseph Strauss and architect Irving Morrow, completed in 1937. Location: spans between Marin County and San Francisco

Marin County Civic Center (#999), designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, the Administration Building finished in 1962 and the Hall of Justice in 1970 designed to be organic architecture, synthesis of buildings and landscape. Location: Civic Center, San Rafael.

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21429.

Mariposa County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21430.

Mendocino County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21431.

Merced County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21432.

Modoc County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21438.

Mono County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21439.

Monterey County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21441.

Napa County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21442.

  • Old Bale Mill (#359) located on State Route 29 between St. Helena and Calistoga.
  • Beringer Brothers Winery (#814) has the unique distinction of never having ceased operations since its founding in 1876 located in St. Helena
  • Charles Krug Winery (#563) founded by Charles Krug (1825-1892) in 1861 the oldest operating winery in Napa Valley located north of St. Helena
  • Churchill House-10K sq ft Mansion built 1892 by Architect Ernest Coxhead in Shakespearean style (Now the Cedar Gables Inn B&B)
  • Chiles Mill (#547) the first flour mill in Northern California located in Chiles Valley
  • First Presbyterian Church Building (#878) constructed in 1874 and still currently in use located in Napa
  • George Yount Blockhouse Site (#564) built by early pioneer George Calvert Yount located one mile (1.6 km) north of Yountville.
  • George Calvert Yount ((1794-1865) Gravesite (#693) located in Yountville Pioneer Cemetery
  • Hudson Cabin Site (#683) built in October 1845 by David Hudson was one of the early pioneers who helped develop the upper portion of Napa Valley located in Calistoga
  • Kelsey House Site (#686) located south of Calistoga
  • Napa Valley Railroad Depot (#687) built in 1868 located in Calistoga
  • Robert Louis Stevenson State Park (#710) after arriving in Calistoga by train in May 1880 Robert Louis Stevenson and Fanny Vandegrift spent their honeymoon accompanied by her 12 year old son Lloyd Osbourne in an abandoned three-story bunkhouse at a derelict mining camp called "Silverado" located on the park property north of Calistoga
  • Sam Brannan Cottage (#685) one of the cottages built by Calistoga's founding father in 1866 for a resort he was developing
  • Sam Brannan Store (#684)
  • Shramberg Winery (#561) Founded in 1862 by Jacob Schram, this was the first hillside winery of the Napa Valley. Robert Louis Stevenson, visited here in 1880 and devoted a chapter of his book The Silverado Squatters to Schramsberg and its wines. located south of Calistoga
  • Twentieth Century Folk Art Environments (Thematic) - Litto (#939) eclectic collection of Emanuele 'Litto' Damonte (1896-1985)
  • York Cabin Site (#682) along with the Hudson Cabin, some of the first homes built in the area located in Calistoga
  • Veterans Home of California (#828) established in 1884 by Mexican–American War veterans and members of the Grand Army of the Republic. In January 1897 the Veterans Home Association deeded the home and its 910 acres (3.7 km2) of land to the State, which has since maintained it. located in Yountville

Nevada County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21443.

  • Donner Monument (#134) Commemorates the ill-fated Donner Party of California-bound emigrants, who wintered here in 1846-1847, many died of exposure and starvation. Location: Donner Memorial State Park,Old Hwy 40 at I-80 and Truckee exit, Truckee
  • The World's First Long Distance Telephone Line (#247) The first long-distance telephone in the world, built in 1877 by the Ridge Telephone Company, connected French Corral with French Lake, 58 miles (93 km) away. It was operated by the Milton Mining Company from a building on this site that had been erected about 1853. Location: On Pleasant Valley Rd, in center of community of French Corral
  • Home of Lola Montez (#292)- Lola was born in Limerick, Ireland on July 3, 1818, as María Dolores Eliza Rosanna Gilbert. After living in England and on the continent, Lola came to New York in 1851 and settled in Grass Valley in 1852. It was here she built the only home she ever owned and became friends with Lotta Crabtree, who lived up the street. Lola died January 17, 1861 and was buried in Greenwood Cemetery, New York. Location: 248 Mill St, Grass Valley
  • Home of Lotta Crabtree (#293) - Lotta Mignon Crabtree was born in New York on November 7, 1847. In 1852-3 the gold fever brought her family to California. Several months after arriving in San Francisco, Mrs. Crabtree and Lotta went to Grass Valley and with Mr. Crabtree started a boarding house for miners. It was here that Lotta met Lola Montez, who taught her to sing and dance. In Scales, Plumas County, Lotta made her first public appearance, which led to a successful career on stage here and abroad. Lotta died on September 25, 1924 and is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery in the Bronx, New York. Location: 238 Mill St, Grass Valley
  • Little Town of Rough and Ready (#294) - Established in 1849 and named in honor of General Zachary Taylor, after the Rough and Ready Company of miners from Wisconsin, this was one of the principal towns of Nevada County. In 1850, articles of secession were drawn up establishing the 'Republic of Rough and Ready.' As a result of disastrous fires, only a few structures remain today that were built in the 1850s. Location: NE corner of State Hwy 20 and Mountain Rose Rd, Rough and Ready
  • Site of one of the first discoveries of quartz gold in California (#297) - This tablet commemorates the discovery of gold-bearing quartz and the beginning of quartz mining in California. The discovery was made on Gold Hill by George Knight in October 1850. The occurrence of gold-bearing quartz was undoubtedly noted here and elsewhere about the same time or even earlier, but this discovery created the great excitement that started the development of quartz mining into a great industry. The Gold Hill Mine is credited with a total production of $4,000,000 between 1850 and 1857. Location: SW corner of Jenkins St and Hocking Ave, Grass Valley
  • Empire Mine (#298) - The Empire Mine was originally located by George D. Roberts in October 1850. In the spring of 1854, the Empire Mining Company was incorporated and in 1865 new works, including a 30-stamp mill, were erected. In 1869 Wm. B. Bourn, Sr. purchased the Empire, when he died, Wm. B. Bourn, Jr. took over its management. The Empire was in constant operation from 1850 to the late 1950s. Location: Empire Mine State Historic Park, 10791 Empire St, 1 mi (1.6 km).2 of Grass Valley
  • Bridgeport (Nyes Crossing) Covered Bridge (#390) - Built in 1862 by David Isaac John Wood with lumber from his mill in Sierra County, this bridge was part of the Virginia Turnpike Company toll road which served the northern mines and the busy Nevada Comstock Lode. Utilizing a combination truss and arch construction, it is one of the oldest housed spans in the west and the longest single-span wood-covered bridge in the United States. Location: W side of Pleasant Valley Rd at S Fork of the Yuba River 2 mi (3.2 km).7 of French Corral
  • Alpha Hydraulic Diggings (#628) - One mile (1.6 km) north of here were the towns of Alpha and Omega, named by gold miners in the early 1850s. The tremendous hydraulic diggings, visible from near this point, engulfed most of the original townsites. Alpha was the birthplace of famed opera singer Emma Nevada. Mining at Omega continued until 1949, and lumbering operations are carried on there today (1958). Location: Omega Rest Area, Hwy 20 (P.M. 35. 7), 6 mi (10 km) E of Washington Rd, Washington
  • Omega Hydraulic Diggings (629) - One mile (1.6 km) north of here were the towns of Alpha and Omega, named by gold miners in the early 1850s. The tremendous hydraulic diggings, visible from near this point, engulfed most of the original townsites. Alpha was the birthplace of famed opera singer Emma Nevada. Mining at Omega continued until 1949, and lumbering operations are carried on there today (1958). Location: Omega Rest Area, Hwy 20 (P.M. 35. 7), 6 mi (10 km) E of Washington Rd, Washington
  • First Transcontinental Railroad-Truckee (#780) - While construction on Sierra tunnels delayed Central Pacific, advance forces at Truckee began building 40 miles (60 km) of track east and west of Truckee, moving supplies by wagon and sled, and Summit Tunnel was opened in December 1867. The line reached Truckee April 3, 1868, the Sierra was conquered. Rails reached Reno June 19, and construction advanced eastward toward the meeting with Union Pacific at the rate of one mile (1.6 km) daily. On May 10, 1869, the rails met at Promontory (Utah) to complete the first transcontinental railroad. Location: SP Depot, 70 Donner Pass Rd, Truckee
  • Overland Emigrant Trail (#799) - Over a hundred sixty years ago, this trail resounded to creaking wheels of pioneer wagons and the cries of hardy travelers on their way to the gold fields. It is estimated that over thirty thousand people used this trail in 1849. Here the old trail approaches the present highway. Location: SE side of Wolf Creek Bridge, State Hwy 49 (P.M. 3.61), 10 mi (20 km) S of Grass Valley
  • South Yuba Canal Office (#832) - This was the headquarters for the largest network of water flumes and ditches in the state. The South Yuba Canal Water Company was the first incorporated to supply water for hydraulic mining. The original ditch was in use in May 1850, and this company office was in use from 1857 to 1880. The company's holdings later became part of the vast Pacific Gas and Electric Company hydroelectric system. Location: 134 Main St, Nevada City
  • North Star Mine Powerhouse (#843) - The North Star Powerhouse, built by A. D. Foote in 1895, was the first complete plant of its kind. Compressed air, generated by Pelton water wheels, furnished power for the entire mine operation. The 30-foot (9.1 m) Pelton wheel was the largest in the world, and was in continuous use for over 30 years. Location: Mining and Pelton Wheel Museum, S Mill at Allison Ranch Rd, Grass Valley
  • North Bloomfield Mining and Gravel Company (#852)- This was a major hydraulic gold-mining operation in California. It boasted a vast system of canals and flumes, its 7,800-foot (2,400 m) drainage tunnel was termed a feat of engineering skill. It was the principal defendant in an anti-debris lawsuit settled in 1884 by Judge Lorenzo Sawyer's famous decision, which created control that virtually ended hydraulic mining in California. Location: Malakoff Diggins State Historic Park, 16 mi (26 km) E of State Hwy 49 on Tyler Foote's Crossing Road, plaque located in park diggins overlook, 28 mi (45 km) N of Nevada City
  • Mount Saint Mary's Convent and Academy (#855) - Built by Reverend Thomas J. Dalton, the Sacred Heart Convent and Holy Angels Orphanage was dedicated May 2, 1865 by Bishop Eugene O'Connell. Under the Sisters of Mercy, it served from 1866 to 1932 as the first orphanage of the Northern Mines. It functioned as an academy from 1868 to 1965 and as a convent from 1866 to 1968. Location: S Church St between Chapel and Dalton Sts, Grass Valley
  • Nevada Theatre (#863) - California's oldest existing structure erected as a theater, the Nevada, opened September 9, 1865. Celebrities such as Mark Twain, Jack London, and Emma Nevada have appeared on its stage. Closed in 1957, the theatre was later purchased through public donations and reopened May 17, 1968 to again serve the cultural needs of the community. Location: 401 Broad St, Nevada City
  • National Hotel (#899) - The National Exchange Hotel opened for business on August 20, 1856, the exterior is virtually unchanged since its construction as three brick buildings in 1856. The National is one of the oldest continuously operating hotels west of the Rockies. Location: 211 Broad St, Nevada City
  • Holbrooke Hotel (# 914) - The hotel was built in 1862 around the Golden Gate Saloon, originally constructed in 1852 and the oldest continuously operating saloon in the Mother Lode region. The hotel's one-story fieldstone and brick construction is an outstanding example of mid-19th century Mother Lode masonry structures. Location: 212 W Main St, Grass Valley
  • Miners Foundry [1] First Manufacturing Site of the Pelton Wheel (#1012) - The Pelton Water Wheel, first commercially manufactured here at George Allan's Foundry and Machine Works in [[1879, was a major advancement in water power utilization and greatly advanced hard-rock mining. Its unique feature was a series of paired buckets, shaped like bowls of spoons and separated by a splitter, that divided the incoming water jets into two parts. By the late 1800s, the Pelton Wheels were providing energy to operate industrial machinery throughout the world. In 1888, Lester Pelton moved his business to San Francisco, but granted continuing manufacturing rights to Allan's Foundry, where the wheels were manufactured into the early 1900s. Location: 325 Spring St, Nevada City

Orange County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21445.

Placer County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21450.

  • Ophir, California #463, Gold Rush boomtown destroyed by fire 1852
  • Griffith Quarry #885, Important granite quarry and the site of the California's first successful granite polishing mill.

Plumas County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21451.

Riverside County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21452.

Sacramento County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21454.

  • Adams and Company Building (#607), in Sacramento
  • African American Episcopal Church, site of first established on the Pacific Coast (#1013), in Sacramento
  • Alexander Hamilton Willard gravesite (#657), in Franklin
  • B. F. Hastings Building (#606), in Sacramento
  • California Almond Growers Exchange Processing Facility (#967), in Sacramento
  • Camp Union, Sutterville (#666), in Sacramento
  • Capitol Complex (#872), in Sacramento
  • Chevra Kaddisha (Home of Peace Cemetery) (#654-1), in Sacramento
  • China Slough (site) (#594), in Sacramento
  • Coloma Road - Nimbus Dam (#746), in Folsom Lake State Recreation Area
  • Coloma Road - Sutter's Fort (#745), in Sacramento
  • Congregational Church site (#613), in Sacramento
  • E. B. Crocker Art Gallery (#599), in Sacramento
  • County Free Library Branch, site of first in California (#817), in Elk Grove
  • D. O. Mills Bank Building (#609), in Sacramento
  • Eagle Theater (#595), in Sacramento
  • Ebner's Hotel (#602), in Sacramento
  • Elitha Cumi Donner Wilder grave (#719), in Elk Grove
  • Governor's Mansion (#823), in Sacramento
  • Grist Mill built by Jared Dixon Sheldon (site) (#439), in Sloughhouse
  • Headquarters of The Big Four (#600), in Sacramento
  • Jewish Synagogue, site of first owned by a congregation on the Pacific Coast (#654), in Sacramento
  • Lady Adams Building (#603), in Sacramento
  • Michigan Bar (#468), on State Route 16 (California), east of Michigan Bar Road
  • Murphy's Ranch (#680), in Elk Grove
  • New Helvetia Cemetery (#592), in Sacramento
  • Newton Booth home (site) (#596), in Sacramento
  • Nisipowinan village site (#900), in Sacramento
  • Old Folsom Powerhouse (#633), in Folsom
  • Old Folsom Powerhouse - Sacramento Station A (#633-2), in Sacramento
  • Old Sacramento (#812)
  • Orleans Hotel (site) (#608), in Sacramento
  • Overton Building (#610), in Sacramento
  • Passenger Railroad, first in California (#526), in Sacramento
  • Passenger Railroad, terminal of first in California (#558), in Folsom
  • Pioneer Mutual Volunteer Firehouse site (#612), in Sacramento
  • Pioneer Telegraph Station (#366), in Sacramento
  • Pony Express Route - Five Mile (8 km) House (#697), in Sacramento
  • Pony Express Route - Fifteen Mile House (#698), in Rancho Cordova
  • Pony Express Route - Folsom (#702), in Folsom
  • Prairie City (#464), in Folsom
  • Sacramento Bee Building (original) (#611), in Sacramento
  • Sacramento City Cemetery (#566), in Sacramento
  • Sacramento Union (site) (#605), in Sacramento
  • Sam Brannan House (site) (#604), in Sacramento
  • Sloughhouse (#575)
  • Stage and Railroad (site of first) (#598), in Sacramento
  • Stanford-Lathrop Home (#614), in Sacramento
  • State Capitols, site of first and second at Sacramento (#869)
  • State Indian Museum (#991), in Sacramento
  • Sutter's Fort (#525), in Sacramento
  • Sutter's Landing (#591), in Sacramento
  • Sutterville (#593), in Sacramento
  • Temporary Detention Camps For Japanese Americans - Sacramento Assembly Center (#934)
  • Transcontinental Railroad (first) (#780), in Sacramento
  • Transcontinental Railroad (first) - Western Base of the Sierra Nevada (#780-8), in Sacramento
  • Western Hotel (#601), in Sacramento
  • What Cheer House (#597), in Sacramento

San Benito County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21459.

San Bernardino County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21476.

San Diego County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21478.

San Francisco County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21482.

  • Presidio of San Francisco (# 79)
  • Montgomery Block (# 80)
  • Landing place of Captain J.B. Montgomery (# 81)
  • Castillo de San Joaquín (# 82)
  • Shoreline markers (# 83)
  • Rincon Hill (# 84)
  • Office of the California Star Newspaper (# 85)
  • California Theatre (# 86)
  • Site of first U.S. Branch Mint in California (# 87)
  • Niantic Hotel, Whaling vessel turned storeship and hotel (# 88)
  • SITE OF PARROTT GRANITE BLOCK (# 89)
  • Fort Gunnybags (# 90)
  • Telegraph Hill (# 91)
  • Portsmouth Plaza (# 119)
  • EL DORADO, PARKER HOUSE, AND DENNISON'S EXCHANGE (# 192)
  • ENTRANCE OF THE SAN CARLOS INTO SAN FRANCISCO BAY (# 236)
  • SITE OF ORIGINAL MISSION DOLORES CHAPEL AND DOLORES LAGOON (# 327-1)
  • Long Wharf (# 328)
  • SITE OF THE FIRST MEETING OF FREEMASONS HELD IN CALIFORNIA (# 408)
  • LUCAS, TURNER & CO. BANK (SHERMAN'S BANK) (# 453)
  • Woodward's Gardens (# 454)
  • SITE OF BRICK BUILDING OF THE FIRM OF MELLUS AND HOWARD (# 459)
  • EASTERN TERMINUS OF CLAY STREET HILL RAILROAD (# 500)
  • FIRST PUBLIC SCHOOL (# 587)
  • Union Square (# 623)
  • SITE OF THE WHAT CHEER HOUSE (# 650)
  • SARCOPHAGUS OF THOMAS STARR KING (# 691)
  • WESTERN BUSINESS HEADQUARTERS OF RUSSELL, MAJORS, AND WADDELL- FOUNDERS, OWNERS, AND OPERATORS OF THE PONY EXPRESS (# 696)
  • SITE OF THE MARK HOPKINS INSTITUTE OF ART (# 754)
  • SITE OF LAUREL HILL CEMETERY (# 760)
  • ORIGINAL SITE OF ST. MARY'S COLLEGE (# 772)
  • El Camino Real (# 784) (as Father Serra knew it and helped blaze it)
  • ORIGINAL SITE OF THE BANCROFT LIBRARY (# 791)
  • Site of Old St. Mary's Church (# 810)
  • HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY HEADQUARTERS (# 819)
  • Conservatory of Flowers (# 841)
  • SITE OF FIRST CALIFORNIA STATE FAIR (# 861)
  • OLD UNITED STATES MINT (# 875)
  • CITY OF PARIS BUILDING (# 876)
  • SITE OF INVENTION OF THE THREE-REEL BELL SLOT MACHINE (# 937)
  • FARNSWORTH'S GREEN STREET LAB (# 941)
  • BIRTHPLACE OF THE UNITED NATIONS, WAR MEMORIAL COMPLEX (# 964)
  • Golden Gate Bridge (# 974)
  • TREASURE ISLAND-GOLDEN GATE INTERNATIONAL EXPOSITION, 1939-40 (# 987)
  • SITE OF THE FIRST DYNAMITE FACTORY IN UNITED STATES (# 1002)
  • ORIGINAL SITE OF THE THIRD BAPTIST CHURCH (FORMERLY THE FIRST COLORED BAPTIST CHURCH) (# 1010)
  • JUANA BRIONES, PIONEER SETTLER OF YERBA BUENA (# 1024)

San Joaquin County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21483.

San Luis Obispo County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21484.

San Mateo County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21520.

  • Broderick-Terry Dueling Place (# 19) - In the early morning of September 13, 1859, U.S. Senator David C. Broderick and Chief Justice David S. Terry of the California Supreme Court fought the famous duel that ended dueling in California in a ravine east of here, near the shore of Lake Merced. Senator Broderick was mortally wounded. The site is marked with a monument and granite shafts where the two men stood. Location: 1100 Lake Merced Blvd, Daly City
  • Anza expedition camp (#47) - on March 29, 1776 the Juan Bautista de Anza expedition made camp on the banks of San Mateo Creek during their search for site for the Mission and Presidio of San Francisco.
  • Woodside Store (#93) was built in 1854 and is now open as a public museum. It is located at the crossroads of Tripp Road and Kings Mountain Road, Woodside, California.
  • Former site of Searsville (#474) - flooded circa 1891 when a dam was built. Located near Woodside, California.
  • Union Cemetery (#816) - 6 acres (24,000 m2) were purchased on March 16, 1859, is located near the crossroads of Woodside Road (State Route 84) and El Camino Real in Redwood City, California. It is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places: NPS-83001237.
  • Case de Tableta (#825) - This structure, built by Felix Buelna in the 1850s, served as a gambling retreat and meeting place for Mexican-Californios. It was strategically located on the earliest trail used both by rancheros and American settlers crossing the peninsula to the coast. Acquired by an American in 1868, it has continued to serve under various names as a roadhouse and saloon. Location: 3915 Alpine Rd at Arastradero Rd, town of Portola Valley
  • Steele Brothers Dairy Ranches (#906) - Beginning in the 1850s, the Steele brothers pioneered one of the first large-scale commercial cheese and dairy businesses in California. They extended their operations from Point Reyes to Rancho Punta de Año Nuevo in 1862. This 7,000-acre (28 km2) ranch consisted of five dairies extending from Gazos Creek to Point Año Nuevo. For a century the Steele brothers' dairy ranches were of importance in California's agricultural development. Location: Año Nuevo State Reserve, NW corner of State Hwy 1 (P.M. 0.9) and New Year's Creek Rd, 14 mi (23 km) S of Pescadero
  • Our Lady of the Wayside Church (#909)- This country church, built in 1912, was the first design of architect Timothy L. Pflueger to be executed. Pflueger, who had just begun work for James Rupert Miller, shows his awareness of the Spanish California missions in the style, which contrasts with the large commercial buildings and art deco theaters for which he later became recognized. Construction of this church was initiated by a non-denominational club, The Family. Location: 930 Portola Rd, town of Portola Valley
  • Tanforan Assembly Center for Japanese-Americans (#934) - the temporary detention camps represents the first phase of the incarceration of Californians of Japanese ancestry during World War II. The center was constructed at the Tanforan racetrack. Now the location of The Shops at Tanforan, a shopping mall, is on El Camino Real in San Bruno, California.
  • Twentieth Century Folk Art Environments (Thematic) - CAPIDRO (#939) - The late John Guidici, a retired gardener, began landscaping his Menlo Park house in 1932, using mostly cement, local sand, and the shells that were available free at local beaches. Location: 262 Princeton Rd, Menlo Park
  • First Congregational Church of Pescadero (#949)- Built in May 1867, this is the oldest church building on its original site within the San Mateo-Santa Clara County region. Its Classical Revival style reflects the cultural background of pioneer Yankee settlers of the south San Francisco peninsula coast. The steeple was appended to the bell tower in 1890. During repairs caused by a minor fire in 1940, the social hall was added. Location: San Gregorio St, Pescadero, California.

Santa Barbara County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21521.

Santa Clara County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21522.

Santa Cruz County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21523.

Shasta County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21524.

Sierra County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21525.

Siskiyou County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21526.

Solano County

  • Benicia Arsenal (#176), Benicia
  • Benecia Capitol (#153) - one four California capitol locations, Benicia
  • Benicia Seminary (#795), Benicia
  • First Building Erected In California by Masonic Lodge for Use as a Hall (#174), Benicia
  • First U.S. Naval Station in the Pacific (#751), Vallejo
  • Fischer-Hanlon House (#880), Benicia
  • Rockville Stone Chapel (#779), Rockville
  • Saint Paul's Episcopal Church (#862), Benicia
  • Site of First Protestant Church (#175), Benicia
  • Site Of Former Benicia Barracks (#177), Benicia
  • Site of State Capitol at Vallejo (#574), Vallejo
  • Turner/Robertson Shipyard, 1883-1918 (#973), Benicia
  • University of California Experimental Farm, Wolfskill Grant (#804), Winters
  • Vaca-Peña Adobe (#534), Vacaville

Sonoma County

  • Blue Wing Inn (#17) - Erected by General M. G. Vallejo about 1840 to accommodate emigrants and other travelers, the Inn was purchased in gold rush days by Cooper and Spriggs, two retired seafaring men, and operated as hotel and store. It was among first hostelries in Northern California. Notable guests, according to local tradition, included John C. Frémont, U. S. Grant, Governor Pío Pico, Kit Carson, Fighting Joe Hooker, William T. Sherman, Phil Sheridan, and members of the Bear Flag Party.
    • Location: Sonoma State Historic Park, 133 E Spain St, Sonoma
  • Rancho Petaluma Adobe (#18) - It took about ten years to complete this building, begun in 1834 as a result of General M. G. Vallejo's order to settle the area. On Vallejo's 66,000-acre (267 km2) rancho such necessities as candles, soap, blankets, shoes, and saddles were manufactured by native artisans in shops which included a tannery, smithy, and grist mill.
    • Location: Adobe at 3325 Adobe Rd, plaque located 6 mi (10 km) W of site, 300 ft (91 m) NW of intersection of Old Redwood Hwy and Adobe Rd, Petaluma USGS Quadrangle Sheet Name: PETALUMA 15
  • Luther Burbank Home and Gardens (#234) - In this garden Luther Burbank wrought with living plants to bring to the world greater fertility, wealth, and beauty, developing new varieties that produced better fruits and more beautiful flowers.
    • Location: 200 block of Santa Rosa Ave, Santa Rosa
  • Temelec Hall (#237) - This structure was erected in 1858 by Captain Granville P. Swift, a member of the Bear Flag Party, using stone quarried here by native Indian labor. General Percifor F. Smith, U.S. military commander in California, lived in the little house nearby in 1849.
    • Location: Temelec Adult Community, 220 Temelec Circle, 3 mi (5 km) SE of Sonoma
  • Mission San Francisco Solano (#3) - On July 4, 1823, Padre José Altamira founded this northernmost of California's Franciscan missions, the only one established in California under independent Mexico. In 1834, secularization orders were carried out by Military Commandant M. G. Vallejo, and Mission San Francisco Solano became a parish church serving the Pueblo and Sonoma Valley until it was sold in 1881.
    • Location: Sonoma State Historic Park, NW corner of Spain at 1st St E, Sonoma
  • Presidio of Sonoma (Sonoma Barracks) (#316) - Sonoma Barracks was erected in 1836 by General M. G. Vallejo. It became the headquarters of the Bear Flag Party, which in June 1846 proclaimed a 'California Republic' and raised the Bear Flag on Sonoma's Plaza. Twenty-three days later, on July 7, 1846, Commodore John Drake Sloat took possession of California for the United States government. Stevenson's Regiment, Company C, U.S.A., occupied the barracks in April 1847.
    • Location: Sonoma State Historic Park, NW corner of E Spain and 1st St E, Sonoma
  • Buena Vista Winery and Vineyards (#392) - Founded in 1857, this is the birthplace of California wine. Its founder, Colonel Agoston Haraszthy, called the father of the state's wine industry, toured Europe in 1861 to gather grape vine cuttings, he also oversaw planting the vineyards and digging wine storage tunnels into the limestone rock of the hillsides.
    • Location: 18000 Old Winery Rd, 2 mi (3.2 km) NE of Sonoma
  • Haraszthy Villa Site (#391-2) - Here Count Agoston Haraszthy, 'Father of California Viticulture,' built an imposing villa in 1857-58, as his home. California's first formal Vintage Celebration, a masked ball, was held at this site on October 23, 1864. General and Mrs. Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo were guests of honor. While living here, Haraszthy oversaw operations of the Winery and Buena Vista Vinicultural Society.
    • Location: Castle Rd near Buena Vista Winery, Sonoma
  • General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo's Home (#4) - The home known as Lachryma Montis (Tears of the Mountain) was built in 1850. Its name was derived from the springs that now are the source of Sonoma's water supply. General Vallejo, born at Monterey July 7, 1808, was commander of the northern Mexican frontier, founder of the Pueblo of Sonoma, and a member of the first Constitutional Convention of California.
    • Location: Vallejo Home, Sonoma State Historic Park, Spain at 3rd St W Sonoma
  • Swiss Hotel (#496) - The Swiss Hotel was constructed about 1850 by Salvador Vallejo. This adobe adjoined his first Sonoma dwelling, built in 1836. Occupied by various pioneers, in 1861 it was the house of Dr. Victor J. Faure, vintner of prize-winning wines made from the grapes of the Vallejo family vineyards. Later, it was used as a hotel and restaurant.
    • Location: 18 W Spain St, Sonoma
  • Fort Ross (#5) - Founded in 1812 by Russians from Alaska. When Russians withdrew to Alaska in 1841, Captain Sutter bought the improvements and supplies. The State acquired the fort in 1906 and the remaining buildings-Greek Orthodox Chapel, Commandant's Quarters, and Stockade-were restored. The chapel, destroyed by fire in 1970, was reconstructed in 1974.
    • Location: 19005 Coast Hwy, State Hwy 1 (P.M. 33.0), 12 mi (19 km) N of Jenner
  • Salvador Vallejo Adobe (#501) - This was the home of Captain Salvador Vallejo, brother of General Mariano G. Vallejo, who founded Sonoma. The adobe was built by Indian labor between 1836 and 1846, and was occupied by Captain Vallejo and his family until the Bear Flag Party seized Sonoma on June 4, 1846. Cumberland College, a Presbyterian coeducational boarding school, was located here from 1858 to 1864.
    • Location: 421-1st St W Sonoma
  • Italian Swiss Colony (#621) - Here in 1881 Italian immigrants established an agricultural colony. Choice wines produced from grape plantings from the Old World soon brought wide acclaim. By 1905, 10 gold medals had been awarded these wines at international competition.
    • Location: SE corner of Asti Rd and Asti Post Office Rd, Asti. USGS Quadrangle Sheet Name: ASTI
  • Union Hotel and Union Hall (#627) - The original hotel was a one-story adobe, the adjoining hall was a one-story frame structure. After the fire of 1866, a two-story stone hotel and a two-story frame hall with rooms upstairs for hotel guests were built. The Union Hotel was conducted as a hotel until 1955, when the Bank of America acquired the property.
    • Location: 35 Napa and 1st St W Sonoma
  • Nash Adobe(#667) - This house was built by H. A. Green in 1847. Here John H. Nash was taken prisoner by Lieutenant William T. Sherman in July 1847 for refusing to relinquish his post as alcalde to Lilburn W. Boggs. The adobe was restored in 1931 by Zolita Bates, great-granddaughter of Nancy Patton Adler, who lived here after her 1848 marriage to Lewis Adler, pioneer merchant of San Francisco and Sonoma.
    • Location: 579-1st St E, Sonoma
  • Hood House (#692) - This was the site of the 18,833-acre (76.21 km2) Rancho los Guilicos land grant by Governor Juan Bautista Alvarado to John Wilson and his wife, Ramona Carrillo, sister-in-law of General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, in 1839. The house, constructed in 1858 by William Hood for his bride, Elsia Shaw of Sonoma, incorporates the original bricks fired on the property. The property was purchased in 1943 by the California Department of the Youth Authority for Los Guilucos School for Girls.
    • Location: Hood Mansion, Santa Rosa Jr College, 7501 Sonoma Hwy (Hwy 12), Santa Rosa. USGS Quadrangle Sheet Name: SANTA ROSA
  • Bear Flag Monument (#7) - On June 14, 1846, the Bear Flag Party raised the Bear Flag in the Sonoma Town Plaza, and declared California free from Mexican rule. Following the raising of the American flag at Monterey July 7, 1846 by Commodore John Drake Sloat, on July 9 the Bear Flag was hauled down and the American flag raised in its place by Lieutenant Joseph W. Revere, U.S.A., who had been sent to Sonoma from San Francisco by Commander John B. Montgomery of the U.S. Sloop-of-War Portsmouth.
    • Location: Sonoma Plaza, E Spain and 1st St E, Sonoma Plaza
  • Vineyard and Winery San Francisco Solano Mission Vineyard (#739) - Here the Franciscan Fathers of San Francisco Solano de Sonoma Mission produced sacramental wine from the first vineyard in Sonoma Valley, planted in 1825. After secularization of the mission in 1835, General Mariano G. Vallejo, Commandant of Alta California's northern frontier, produced prize-winning wines from these grapes. A young immigrant from Italy, Samuele Sebastiani, with his wife Elvira, purchased this property in the early 1900s. Since that time, he and his family have continued with distinction the traditions handed down to them. Much of the original mission vineyard is still planted to choice wine grapes.
    • Location: 394-4th St E at Spain St, Sonoma
  • Jack London State Historic Park (#743) - This is the 'House of Happy Walls,' built in 1919 by Charmian K. London in memory of her husband, renowned author Jack London. Here are housed many of his works and the collection gathered in their travels throughout the world. In 1960 Charmian's house, the ruins of Jack's 'Wolf House,' and his grave were presented to the State by his nephew, Irving Shepard.
    • Location: Glen Ellen. USGS Quadrangle Sheet Name: SANTA ROSA 15
  • Saint Teresa of Avila Church (#820) - Constructed of redwood in 1859 by New England ship's carpenters on land donated by Jasper O'Farrell, the church has served this coastal community continuously for over a century. Father Louis Rossi was appointed pastor on March 8, 1860, and Archbishop Alemany dedicated the church on June 2, 1861.
    • Location: Bodega Hwy near Bodega Ln, Bodega. USGS Quadrangle Sheet Name: BODEGA HEAD
  • Bodega Bay and Harbor (#833) - Discovered in 1602-03 by Vizcaino's expedition, the bay was named by Bodega in his survey of 1775. The harbor was used in 1790 by Colnett and in 1809 and 1811 by the Kusov expeditions. The Russian-American company and their Aleut hunters used the bay as an outpost until 1841, Stephen Smith took control in 1843. Pioneer ships of many nations used Bodega Bay as an anchorage.
    • Location: Doran Park, 1 mi (1.6 km).6 of State Hwy 1 (P.M. 9.4), on Doran Beach Rd, 0 mi (0.0 km).5 of Bodega Bay
  • Cooper's Sawmill (#835) - In 1834, Mariano G. Vallejo's brother-in-law, John B.R. Cooper, constructed California's first known power-operated commercial sawmill. In addition to sawing redwood lumber, the mill and surrounding settlement served as a barrier to Russian encroachment from the west. Located on Mark West Creek, the waterpowered mill was destroyed by flood in the winter of 1840-41.
    • Location: SW corner, intersection of Mirabel and River Rds (P.M. 174) near Mirabel Park, 8 mi (13 km) W of Santa Rosa
  • Cotati Downtown Plaza (#879) - Cotati's hexagonal town plan, one of only two such in the United States, was designed during the 1890s by Newton Smyth as an alternative to the traditional grid. Each of the streets surrounding the six-sided town plaza, where early settler Dr. Thomas Page's barn once stood, is named after one of Page's sons, 'Cotati' derives from the name of a local Indian chief.
    • Location: Downtown plaza, SE corner of Old Redwood Hwy and E Cotati Ave, Cotati
  • Walters Ranch Hop Kiln (#893) - This is the most significant surviving example of a stone hop kiln in the North Coast region. Built by Angelo 'Skinny' Sodini in 1905, it served the Russian River Valley and North Coast regions, once the major hop-growing areas in the West. In the latter part of the 19th century, Sol Walters purchased 380 acres (1.5 km2), part of the Sotoyome Rancho patented in 1853, from Josefa Fitch.
    • Location: 6050 Westside Rd, Healdsburg
  • Petrified Forest (California) (#915) - The petrified forest, historically and scientifically significant as the state's only petrified forest dating from the Eocene period, is unique in its size, scope, and variety of petrification. Discovered in 1870, the forest is about a mile long by half a mile wide.
    • Location: 4100 Petrified Forest Rd, 5 mi (8.0 km) NW of Calistoga
  • Twentieth Century Folk Art Environments (Thematic)-John Medica Gardens (#939) - 'Trying to make it look better,' John Medica spent 20 years transforming a barren hillside into a magical garden of plants and creative stone works. Castles were his greatest triumph. A native of Yugoslavia, self-taught, Medica created an oasis for people and animals to enjoy. This imaginative assemblage is one of California's remarkable Twentieth Century Folk Art Environments.
    • Location: 5000 Medica Rd, Santa Rosa
  • Icaria-Sperenza Commune (#981) - Icaria-Speranza was a Utopian community based on the writings of French philosopher Etienne Cabet. In 1881, at Cloverdale, French immigrant families led by the Dehay and Leroux families began their social experiment in cooperative living based on solidarity and depending on an agrarian economy. It lasted until 1886. Icaria-Speranza was the only Icarian Colony in California and the last of seven established throughout the United States. On this site stood the Icarian schoolhouse, deeded to the county in 1886.
    • Location: W side of Asti Rd, 1.68 mi (2.70 km) N of Asti Post Office Rd, S of Cloverdale. USGS Quadrangle Sheet Name: HOPLAND 15

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21528. or list of all California sites at http://ceres.ca.gov/geo_area/counties/Sonoma/landmarks.html

Stanislaus County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21529.

Sutter County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21530.

Tehama County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21531.

  • Home of Mrs. John Brown (#117), the widow of John Brown moved to Red Bluff with her children in 1864 and stayed there until 1870
  • Residence of General William B. Ide (#12), first and only President of the California Republic (known as the Bear Flag Republic)
  • Indian Military Post, Nomi Lackee Indian Reservation (#357), destination for the forced migration of "militant Indians", in operation from 1854 to the early or mid 1860s
  • First Tehama County Courthouse (#183)

Trinity County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21532.

  • La Grange Mine (hydraulic) (#778), hydraulic gold mine, operated from 1862 to 1918
  • Weaverville Joss House (#709), Chinese house of worship, built in 1874

Tulare County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21533.

Tuolumne County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21534.

Ventura County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21535.

Yolo County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21536.

Yuba County

For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21537.

  • Bok Kai Temple (#889), built in 1888 to replace the first temple built in the early 1850s, this temple has been a Chinese community project since 1866
  • Johnson's Ranch (#493), the first settlement in California reached by emigrant trains using the Emigrant Trail during the California Gold Rush, owned by William Johnson
  • Overland Emigrant Trail (#799-3), used by an estimated 30,000 people to cross the Sierra Nevada into the gold fields in 1849
  • Smartsville (#321), known for its churches
  • Temporary detention camps for Japanese-Americans–Marysville Assembly Center (#934)
  • Timbuctoo (#320), largest town in eastern Yuba County in 1855
  • Site of the Wheatland Hop Riot of 1913 (#1003), a watershed event in California labor history

References

See also

External links

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