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List of Celtic deities: Wikis

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Celtic mythology
Coventina

Celtic polytheism
Celtic deities (list)

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Irish mythology
Scottish mythology
Hebridean mythology
Tuatha Dé Danann
Mythological Cycle
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Brythonic mythology

British Iron Age religion
British mythology
Welsh mythology
Breton mythology
Mabinogion
Book of Taliesin
Trioedd Ynys Prydein

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Druids · Bards · Vates

Festivals

Samhain, Calan Gaeaf
Imbolc, Gŵyl Fair
Beltane, Calan Mai
Lughnasadh, Calan Awst

Index of related articles

The Celtic pantheon is known from a variety of sources, these include written Celtic mythology, ancient places of worship, statues, engravings, cult objects, and place or personal names.

It should be understood that there are two main types of Celtic deities: general and local. General deities were known by Celts throughout large regions, and are the gods and goddesses they invoked for protection, healing, luck, honour, and many other needs. The local deities were the spirits of a particular feature of the landscape (such as particular mountains, trees, or rivers) and thus was generally only known by the locals in the surrounding areas.

After Celtic lands became Christianized, there were attempts by Christian writers to euhemerize or even demonize the pre-Christian deities. For example, the Tuatha Dé Danann of Irish mythological sources have commonly been interpreted to be a divine pantheon, despite certain redactors' interjecting that the Tuatha Dé Danann were merely mortals, or else that they were demons.

Contents

Gaulish and Brythonic deities

The Gaulish Celts, or Gauls, inhabited the region corresponding to that of modern France, much of the Low Countries, and western Germany. The Brythonic Celts, or Britons, inhabited most of the island of Great Britain and later migrated to Brittany.

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Male

  • Abandinus, possibly a river-god
  • Abellio (Abelio, Abelionni), god of apple trees
  • Alaunus (Fin), sun god
  • Alisanos (Alisaunus)
  • Ambisagrus, a god of thunder and lightning
  • Anextiomarus (Anextlomarus, Anextlomara), a sun god
  • Atepomarus, a sun god
  • Arvernus, a tribal god
  • Arausio, a god of water
  • Barinthus (Manannán mac Lir), a god of the sea and water
  • Belatu-Cadros (Belatucadros, Belatucadrus,
    Balatocadrus, Balatucadrus, Balaticaurus,
    Balatucairus, Baliticaurus, Belatucairus,
    Belatugagus, Belleticaurus, Blatucadrus,
    and Blatucairus), a god of war
  • Belenus (Belinus, Belenos, Belinos, Belinu, Belanu, Bellinus, Belus, Bel), a sun god.
  • Borvo (Bormo, Bormanus), a god of mineral and hot springs
  • Buxenus, a god of box trees
  • Camulos (Camulus, Camulos), a god of war
  • Canetonnessis
  • Cernunnos, a horned god
  • Cicolluis
  • Cimbrianus

Female

  • Abnoba, a goddess of rivers and forests
  • Adsullata, goddess of the River Savus
  • Aericura
  • Agrona, a goddess of war
  • Ancamna, a water goddess
  • Andarta, a goddess of war
  • Andraste, goddess of victory
  • Arduinna, goddess of the Ardennes Forest
  • Aufaniae
  • Arnemetia, a water goddess
  • Artio, goddess of the bear
  • Aventia
  • Aveta, a mother goddess, associated with the fresh-water spring at Trier in what is now Germany
  • Belisama, lakes and rivers, fire, crafts and light, consort of Belenus
  • Brigantia
  • Britannia, originally a personification of the island, later made into a goddess
  • Camma
  • Campestres
  • Clota, patron goddess of the River Clyde
  • Coventina, goddess of wells and springs
  • Damara, a fertility goddess
  • Damona, consort of Apollo Borvo and of Apollo Moritasgus
  • Dea Matrona, "divine mother goddess" and goddess of the river Marne in Gaul
  • Dea Sequana, goddess of the river Seine
  • Debranua, a goddess of speed and fat
  • Epona, fertility goddess, protector of horses, donkeys, and mules
  • Erecura, earth goddess
  • Icovellauna, a water goddess
  • Litavis
  • Mairiae
  • Nantosuelta, goddess of nature, the earth, fire, and fertility in Gaul
  • Nemetona
  • Ritona (Pritona), goddess of fords
  • Rosmerta, goddess of fertility and abundance
  • Sabrina, goddess of the River Severn
  • Senua
  • Sequana, goddess of the river Seine
  • Sirona, goddess of healing
  • Suleviae, a triune version of Sulis
  • Sulis, a nourishing, life-giving mother goddess and an agent of curses
  • Tamesis, goddess of the River Thames
  • Verbeia, goddess of the River Wharfe

Welsh deities

The Welsh were the Britons that inhabited the area corresponding to modern Wales. After the Anglo-Saxons invaded Britain, much of the Brythonic territories came under Anglo-Saxon influence. However, in the area of Wales, Brythonic Celtic religion was largely retained.

Male

Female

Gaelic deities

Male

Female


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