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Lou Piniella, the current manager of the Chicago Cubs, led the team to consecutive National League Central Division titles in his first two years as manager (2007, 2008).

The Chicago Cubs are a Major League Baseball team that plays in the National League (NL) Central Division. Since their inception as the White Stockings in 1876, the Cubs have employed 56 managers.[1] The duties of the team manager include team strategy and leadership on and off the field.[2][3] The Cubs have had 13 general managers.[4] The general manager controls player transactions, hiring and firing of the coaching staff, and negotiates with players and agents regarding contracts.[5][6] The first person to officially hold the title of general manager for the Cubs was Charles Weber, who assumed the title in 1934.[4] The franchise's first manager was Baseball Hall of Famer Albert Spalding, who helped the White Stockings become the first champions of the newly formed National League.[7]

After co-managing with Silver Flint during the 1879 Chicago White Stockings season, Hall of Famer Cap Anson began an 18-year managerial tenure in 1880, the longest in franchise history.[1] Under Anson, the team won five more NL pennants—in 1880, 1881, 1882, 1885 and 1886—tying the 1885 World Series and losing the 1886 World Series in the process.[a] Anson won 1,283 games as the White Stockings' manager, the most in franchise history.[1] After taking over for Hall of Fame manager Frank Selee in 1905, Frank Chance—another Hall of Famer—managed the team through the 1912 season.[1] During his tenure, the franchise won four more NL pennants in 1906, 1907, 1908, and 1910, winning its only two World Series titles in 1907 and 1908.[8] Chance's .664 career winning percentage is the highest of any Cubs manager.[1] After Chance, from 1913 through 1960, the Cubs employed nineteen managers, nine of which were inducted into the Hall of Fame. During this period, the Cubs won six more NL pennants, including three under manager Charlie Grimm. Split between Grimm's two managerial stints in the 1930s and 40s, plus a brief appearance as manger in 1960,[9] Grimm accumulated 946 career wins, second-most in franchise history behind Anson.[1]

Owner P. K. Wrigley then began experimenting with the managerial position and in December 1960, announced that Cubs would not have only one manager for the coming season. Instead, the team implemented a new managerial system known as the "College of Coaches". The system was meant to blend ideas from several individuals instead of relying on one manager.[10] During its first year, the team rotated four different managers into the role: Vedie Himsl, Harry Craft, El Tappe and Lou Klein. The next year, under the guidance of Tappe, Klein and Charlie Metro, the Cubs lost a franchise-record 103 games.[11] Bob Kennedy managed the team for the next three seasons until Hall of Famer Leo Durocher assumed the managerial role for the 1966 season, effectively ending the five-year-long "College of Coaches" experiment.[10] During his first season as manager, Durocher's Cubs tied the franchise's 103-game loss record set four years earlier by the "College";[11] however, he maintained a winning record for the rest of his seven-year tenure.[12]

In the last 37 seasons since Durocher, the Cubs have had 22 managers. Jim Frey and Don Zimmer led the team to the National League Championship Series (NLCS) in 1984 and 1989, respectively.[1] In both of those seasons, the team's manager won a Manager of the Year Award.[13] Jim Riggleman managed the team for five years from 1995 through 1999, earning the team's first and only wild card playoff spot in 1998. Dusty Baker's Cubs lost in the 2003 NLCS during the first year of a four-year managing tenure. Baker's successor and current Cubs manager, Lou Piniella, has led the team to two consecutive National League Central Division titles during his first two years with the team and was awarded the 2008 Manager of the Year Award.[13] Piniella's contract runs for three years and is expected to end with the conclusion of the 2009 season; the Cubs hold an option for a fourth year.[14] The Cubs' current general manager is Jim Hendry.[4]

Contents

Table key

#
A running total of the number of Cubs managers. Any manager who has two or more separate terms is only counted once.
GM
Number of regular season games managed; may not equal sum of wins and losses due to tie games
W
Number of regular season wins in games managed
L
Number of regular season losses in games managed
Win%
Winning percentage: number of wins divided by number of games managed
PA
Playoff appearances: number of years this manager has led the franchise to the playoffs
PW
Playoff wins: number of wins this manager has accrued in the playoffs
PL
Playoff losses: number of losses this manager has accrued in the playoffs
PT
Playoff ties: number of ties this manager has accrued in the playoffs
LC
League Championships: number of League Championships, or pennants, achieved by the manager
WS
World Series: number of World Series victories achieved by the manager
*
Manager acted as interim manager[15]
§
Belonged to the "College of Coaches"[15]
[x]
Awarded the Manager of the Year Award during tenure with the Cubs
or
Elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame (‡ denotes induction as manager or executive)[16]

Managers

Baseball card depicting a half-length portrait of a mustachioed man in a blue baseball uniform
Cap Anson holds the longest tenure in franchise history and won more games than any other Cubs manager.
A man wearing a dark-colored coat and baseball cap with his arms crossed stands on a baseball field; two similarly dressed men are behind him.
Frank Chance led the Cubs to the franchise's only two World Series Championships in 1907 and 1908.
An older African American man wearing a white, pinstriped baseball uniform and sunglasses; he is autographing a baseball at a baseball game
Dusty Baker led the team to the NLCS in 2003.

Statistics current through 2009 season

# Manager Seasons GM W L Win% PA PW PL PT LC WS Ref
1 Spalding, AlbertAlbert Spalding 18761877 126 78 47 .624 1 [7]
2 Ferguson, BobBob Ferguson 1878 61 30 30 .500 [17]
3 Anson, CapCap Anson 1879 64 41 21 .661 [18]
4 Flint, SilverSilver Flint 1879 19 5 12 .294 [19]
Anson, CapCap Anson 18801897 2194 1242 911 .577 5 [18]
5 Burns, TomTom Burns 18981899 304 160 138 .537 [20]
6 Loftus, TomTom Loftus 19001901 286 118 161 .423 [21]
7 Selee, FrankFrank Selee 19021905 503 280 213 .568 [22]
8 Chance, FrankFrank Chance 19051912 1178 768 389 .664 4 11 9 1 4 2 [8][23]
9 Evers, JohnnyJohnny Evers 1913 155 88 65 .575 [24]
10 O'Day, HankHank O'Day 1914 156 78 76 .506 [25]
11 Bresnahan, RogerRoger Bresnahan 1915 157 73 80 .477 [26]
12 Tinker, JoeJoe Tinker 1916 156 67 86 .438 [27]
13 Mitchell, FredFred Mitchell 19171920 582 308 269 .534 1 2 4 0 1 0 [28][29]
Evers, JohnnyJohnny Evers 1921 96 41 55 .427 [24]
14 Killefer, BillBill Killefer 19211925 596 300 293 .506 [30]
15 Maranville, RabbitRabbit Maranville 1925 53 23 30 .434 [31]
16 Gibson, GeorgeGeorge Gibson 1925 26 12 14 .462 [32]
17 McCarthey, JoeJoe McCarthey 19261930 770 442 321 .579 1 5 1 0 1 0 [33][34]
18 Hornsby, RogersRogers Hornsby 19301932 259 141 116 .549 [35]
19 Grimm, CharlieCharlie Grimm 19321938 904 534 369 .591 2 5 12 0 2 0 [9][36]
20 Hartnett, GabbyGabby Hartnett 19381940 383 203 176 .536 1 0 4 0 1 0 [37][38]
21 Wilson, JimmieJimmie Wilson 19411944 474 213 258 .452 [39]
22 Johnson, RoyRoy Johnson* 1944 1 0 1 .000 [40]
Grimm, CharlieCharlie Grimm 19441949 816 406 402 .502 1 3 4 0 1 0 [9][36]
23 Frisch, FrankieFrankie Frisch 19491951 339 141 196 .418 [41]
24 Cavarretta, PhilPhil Cavarretta 19511953 384 169 213 .442 [42]
25 Hack, StanStan Hack 19541956 465 196 265 .425 [43]
26 Scheffing, BobBob Scheffing 19571959 465 208 254 .450 [44]
Grimm, CharlieCharlie Grimm 1960 17 6 11 .353 [9]
27 Boudreau, LouLou Boudreau 1960 139 54 83 .394 [45]
28 Himsl, VedieVedie Himsl§ 1961 11 5 6 .455 [46]
29 Craft, HarryHarry Craft§ 1961 12 4 8 .333 [47]
Himsl, VedieVedie Himsl§ 1961 17 5 12 .294 [46]
30 Tappe, ElEl Tappe§ 1961 2 2 0 1.000 [48]
Craft, HarryHarry Craft§ 1961 4 3 1 .750 [47]
Himsl, VedieVedie Himsl§ 1961 4 0 3 .000 [46]
Tappe, ElEl Tappe§ 1961 79 35 43 .449 [48]
31 Klein, LouLou Klein§ 1961 11 5 6 .455 [49]
Tappe, ElEl Tappe§ 19611962 36 9 27 .250 [48]
Klein, LouLou Klein§ 1962 30 12 18 .400 [49]
32 Metro, CharlieCharlie Metro§ 1962 112 43 69 .384 [50]
33 Kennedy, BobBob Kennedy§ 19631965 382 182 198 .479 [51]
Klein, LouLou Klein§ 1965 106 48 58 .453 [49]
34 Durocher, LeoLeo Durocher 19661972 1065 535 526 .504 [12]
35 Lockman, WhiteyWhitey Lockman 19721974 319 157 162 .492 [52]
36 Marshall, JimJim Marshall 19741976 393 175 218 .445 [53]
37 Franks, HermanHerman Franks 19771979 479 238 241 .497 [54]
38 Amalfitano, JoeyJoey Amalfitano* 1979 7 2 5 .286 [55]
39 Gómez, PrestonPreston Gómez 1980 90 38 52 .422 [56]
Amalfitano, JoeyJoey Amalfitano 19801981 178 64 111 .366 [55]
40 Elia, LeeLee Elia 19821983 285 127 158 .446 [57]
41 Fox, CharlieCharlie Fox* 1983 39 17 22 .436 [58]
42 Frey, JimJim Frey[b] 19841986 379 196 182 .519 1 2 3 0 0 0 [59][60]
43 Vukovich, JohnJohn Vukovich* 1986 2 1 1 .500 [61]
44 Michael, GeneGene Michael 19861987 238 114 124 .479 [62]
45 Lucchesi, FrankFrank Lucchesi* 1987 25 8 17 .320 [63]
46 Zimmer, DonDon Zimmer[c] 19881991 524 265 258 .507 1 1 4 0 0 0 [64][65]
47 Altobelli, JoeJoe Altobelli* 1991 1 0 1 .000 [66]
48 Essian, JimJim Essian 1991 122 59 63 .484 [67]
49 Lefebvre, JimJim Lefebvre 19921993 324 162 162 .500 [68]
50 Trebelhorn, TomTom Trebelhorn 1994 113 49 64 .434 [69]
51 Riggleman, JimJim Riggleman 19951999 794 374 419 .472 1 0 3 0 0 0 [70][71]
52 Baylor, DonDon Baylor 20002002 407 187 220 .459 [72]
53 Lachemann, ReneRene Lachemann* 2002 1 0 1 .000 [73]
54 Kimm, BruceBruce Kimm* 2002 78 33 45 .423 [74]
55 Baker, DustyDusty Baker 20032006 648 322 326 .497 1 6 6 0 0 0 [75][76]
56 Piniella, LouLou Piniella[d] 2007–present 484 265 219 .548 2 0 6 0 0 0 [77][78]

General managers

# Name Seasons Ref
1 Weber, CharlesCharles Weber 19341940 [4]
2 Gallagher, JamesJames Gallagher 19401949 [4]
3 Matthews, WidWid Matthews 19501956 [4]
4 Holland, JohnJohn Holland 19571975 [4]
5 Saltwell, SaltySalty Saltwell 1976 [4]
6 Kennedy, BobBob Kennedy 1977 – May 1981 [4]
7 Franks, HermanHerman Franks May 1981 – October 1981 [4]
8 Green, DallasDallas Green October 1981 – October 1987 [4]
9 Frey, JimJim Frey November 1987 – October 1991 [4]
10 Himes, LarryLarry Himes November 1991 – October 1994 [4]
11 Lynch, EdEd Lynch October 1994 – July 2000 [4]
12 MacPhail, AndyAndy MacPhail July 2000 – July 2002 [4]
13 Hendry, JimJim Hendry July 2002 – present [4]

Notes

References

General
Specific
  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Chicago Cubs Managers". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/CHC/managers.shtml. Retrieved August 5, 2009. 
  2. ^ "Manager: Definition | Dictionary.com". Dictionary.Reference.com. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 2006. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/manager. Retrieved February 24, 2009. 
  3. ^ Dickson, P. (2009). The Dickson Baseball Dictionary (Third Edition ed.). W.W. Norton & Co. p. 530. ISBN 978-0393066814. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Cubs' General Managers". Major League Baseball. http://chicago.cubs.mlb.com/chc/history/general_managers.jsp. Retrieved December 31, 2008. 
  5. ^ Schwarz, Alan (December 21, 2005). "2005 General Manager Roundtable". Baseball America. http://www.baseballamerica.com/today/features/051221gmround.html. Retrieved February 24, 2009. 
  6. ^ Dickson, P. (2009). The Dickson Baseball Dictionary (Third Edition ed.). W.W. Norton & Co. p. 362. ISBN 978-0393066814. 
  7. ^ a b "Al Spalding Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/spaldal01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  8. ^ a b "Frank Chance - Retrosheet". Retrosheet. http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/C/Pchanf101.htm. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Charlie Grimm Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/grimmch01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  10. ^ a b "Cubs Timeline - 1960s". Major League Baseball. http://chicago.cubs.mlb.com/chc/history/timeline08.jsp. Retrieved August 5, 2009. 
  11. ^ a b "Chicago Cubs Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/CHC/. Retrieved August 5, 2009. 
  12. ^ a b "Leo Durocher Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/durocle01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  13. ^ a b c d e "Manager of the Year winners". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/awards/mlb_awards_content.jsp?content=mgr_history. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  14. ^ "Piniella agrees to three-year deal to manage Cubs". ESPN.com. September 12, 2008. http://sports.espn.go.com/mlb/news/story?id=2628162. Retrieved August 5, 2009. 
  15. ^ a b "Cubs' Managers". Major League Baseball. http://chicago.cubs.mlb.com/chc/history/managers.jsp. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  16. ^ "Baseball Hall of Fame Inductees". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/awards/hof.shtml. Retrieved August 8, 2009. 
  17. ^ "Bob Ferguson Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/fergubo01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  18. ^ a b "Cap Anson Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/ansonca01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  19. ^ "Silver Flint Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/flintsi01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  20. ^ "Tom Burns Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/burnsto01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  21. ^ "Tom Loftus Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/loftuto01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  22. ^ "Frank Selee Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/seleefr99.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  23. ^ "Frank Chance Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/chancfr01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  24. ^ a b "Johnny Evers Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/eversjo01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  25. ^ "Hank O'Day Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/o'dayha01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  26. ^ "Roger Bresnahan Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/bresnro01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  27. ^ "Joe Tinker Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/tinkejo01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  28. ^ "Fred Mitchell Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/mitchfr01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  29. ^ "Fred Mitchell - Retrosheet". Retrosheet. http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/M/Pmitcf101.htm. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  30. ^ "Bill Killefer Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/killebi01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  31. ^ "Rabbit Maranville Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/maranra01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  32. ^ "George Gibson Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/gibsoge01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  33. ^ "Joe McCarthy Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/mccarjo99.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  34. ^ "Joe McCarthy - Retrosheet". Retrosheet. http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/M/Pmccaj802.htm. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  35. ^ "Rogers Hornsby Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/hornsro01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  36. ^ a b "Charlie Grimm - Retrosheet". Retrosheet. http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/G/Pgrimc101.htm. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  37. ^ "Gabby Hartnett Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/hartnga01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  38. ^ "Gabby Hartnett - Retrosheet". Retrosheet. http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/H/Phartg103.htm. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  39. ^ "Jimmie Wilson Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/wilsoji01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  40. ^ "Roy Johnson Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/johnsro01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  41. ^ "Frankie Frisch Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/friscfr01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  42. ^ "Phil Cavarretta Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/cavarph01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  43. ^ "Stan Hack Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/hackst01.shtml. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  44. ^ "Bob Scheffing Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/schefbo01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  45. ^ "Lou Boudreau Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/boudrlo01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  46. ^ a b c "Vedie Himsl Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/himslve99.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  47. ^ a b "Harry Craft Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/craftha01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  48. ^ a b c "El Tappe Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/tappeel01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  49. ^ a b c "Lou Klein Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/kleinlo01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  50. ^ "Charlie Metro Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/metroch01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  51. ^ "Bob Kennedy Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/kennebo01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  52. ^ "Whitey Lockman Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/lockmwh01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  53. ^ "Jim Marshall Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/marshji01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  54. ^ "Herman Franks Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/frankhe01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  55. ^ a b "Joey Amalfitano Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/amalfjo01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  56. ^ "Preston Gomez Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/gomezpr01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  57. ^ "Lee Elia Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/eliale01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  58. ^ "Charlie Fox Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/foxch01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  59. ^ "Jim Frey Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/freyji99.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  60. ^ "Jim Frey - Retrosheet". Retrosheet. http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/F/Pfreyj801.htm. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  61. ^ "John Vukovich Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/vukovjo01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  62. ^ "Gene Michael Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/michage01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  63. ^ "Frank Lucchesi Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/lucchfr99.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  64. ^ "Don Zimmer Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/zimmedo01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  65. ^ "Don Zimmer - Retrosheet". Retrosheet. http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/Z/Pzimmd101.htm. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  66. ^ "Joe Altobelli Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/altobjo01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  67. ^ "Jim Essian Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/essiaji01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  68. ^ "Jim Lefebvre Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/lefebji01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  69. ^ "Tom Trebelhorn Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/trebeto99.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  70. ^ "Jim Riggleman Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/rigglji99.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  71. ^ "Jim Riggleman - Retrosheet". Retrosheet. http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/R/Priggj801.htm. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  72. ^ "Don Baylor Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/baylodo01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  73. ^ "Rene Lachemann Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/lachere01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  74. ^ "Bruce Kimm Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/kimmbr01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  75. ^ "Dusty Baker Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/bakerdu01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  76. ^ "Dusty Baker - Retrosheet". Retrosheet. http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/B/Pbaked002.htm. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  77. ^ "Lou Pinella Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/pinielo01.shtml. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  78. ^ "Lou Piniella - Retrosheet". Retrosheet. http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/P/Ppinil001.htm. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  79. ^ "World Series". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/history/postseason/mlb_ws.jsp. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
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