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List of Chief Ministers of Sabah: Wikis

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Chief Minister of Sabah
Ministry
Provincial/State

Incumbent:
Musa Aman
Style: The Honourable
Appointed by: Ahmadshah bin Abdullah
as Yang di-Pertua Negeri
First: Tun Fuad Stephens
Formation: 1963

The chief minister of Sabah is the head of government for the Malaysian state of Sabah. As of 2009, the post is held by Musa Aman from the Barisan Nasional coalition. As in other parts of the Malaysian federation, the Westminster Parliamentary system is adopted, whereby, the leader of the party with the most seats in the state legislature would usually become the chief minister of Sabah. In other words, it is the person commanding the support of the state legislature. The chief minister is appointed by the head of state known as the Yang di-Pertua Negeri.

Contents

Rotation system: 1994–2005

The rotation system was used in the state of Sabah as a means to divide and share power among the three main communities of the state—the Christian Bumiputras, the Muslim Bumiputras, and the Chinese people—represented by various political parties within the Barisan National coalition supposedly representing the interests of those communities. The system was introduced by the then Prime Minister of Malaysia Mahathir Mohamad[1] when the ruling coalition party, Barisan Nasional, formed government despite losing in the 1994 state elections. This occurred due to a major defection which took place by elected representatives of Parti Bersatu Sabah (PBS), the party which won the election.

The system provided that the chief ministerial post will be held by a leader from one of the three communities for two years, and then the post will be passed on to another leader representing another community. The first chief minister under this system was Sakaran Dandai from the party United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) in 1994. Sakaran did not complete his two-year tenure and was replaced by Salleh Mohd Said, also from UMNO. In 1996, Yong Teck Lee from Sabah Progressive Party (SAPP) became next chief minister. Bernard Dompok then became the next chief minister representing the Christian Bumiputra community in 1998. His tenure lasted less than two years when Osu Sukam from UMNO replaced him in 1999. In 2001, Chong Kah Kiat from the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) replaced Osu. Later in 2003, Musa Aman from UMNO took up the post and remains the current chief minister of Sabah as of August 2009. The rotation system was abolished in 2005 following BN's landslide victory in Sabah in the 2004 Malaysian general election.[1]

List of chief ministers

Year Chief Minister Party
1963-1964 Tun Fuad Stephens United National Kadazan Organization (UNKO) - Alliance
1965-1967 Peter Lo Sui Yin Sabah Chinese Association (SCA) - Alliance
1967-1975 Mustapha bin Harun United Sabah National Organization (USNO) - Alliance/Barisan Nasional (BN)
1975-1976 Tun Said Keruak USNO - BN
1976 (44 days) Tun Fuad Stephens Berjaya - BN
1976-1985 Harris Salleh Berjaya - BN
1985-1994 Joseph Pairin Kitingan Parti Bersatu Sabah (PBS) - Opposition (1985–1986); BN (1986–1990); Opposition (1990–1994)
1994-1995 Sakaran Dandai United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) - BN
1995-1996 Salleh Mohd Said UMNO - BN
1996-1998 Yong Teck Lee Sabah Progressive Party (SAPP) - BN
1998-1999 Bernard Dompok United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation (UPKO) - BN
1999-2001 Osu Sukam UMNO - BN
2001-2003 Chong Kah Kiat Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) - BN
2003-present Musa Aman UMNO - BN

References

  1. ^ a b "Rotation discontinued after landslide BN election victory". Daily Express (Malaysia). January 1, 2005. http://www.dailyexpress.com.my/news.cfm?NewsID=31714. Retrieved 2009-10-25.  

See also

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