List of Christian apologetic works: Wikis


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This list contains works related to Christian apologetics. See also List of apologetic works.



  • Bush, L. Russ. 1983. Classical Readings in Christian Apologetics AD. 100-1800.Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
  • Geisler, Norman L. 1999. Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics. Baker Books, Grand Rapids, Michigan. (ISBN 0-8010-2151-0)

Widely read

Some widely read works include:


  • Beckwith, Francis J., J. P. Moreland & William Lane Craig (eds). 2004. To Everyone An Answer: A Case for the Christian Worldview: essays in Honor of Norman L. Geisler. InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove. (ISBN 0-8308-2735-8)
  • Craig, William Lane. 1994. Reasonable Faith: Christian Truth and Apologetics. Crossway Books, Wheaton, Illinois.
  • Dembski, William A., and Jay Wesley Richards (eds). 2001. Unapologetic Apologetics: Meeting the Challenges of Theological Studies. InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois.
  • Frame, John M. 1994. Apologetics to the Glory of God: An Introduction. Presbyterian & Reformed Publishing, Phillipsburg, New Jersey. (ISBN 0-87552-243-2)
  • Kreeft, Peter, and Ronald K. Tacelli. 1994. Handbook of Christian Apologetics. InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois.
  • Hugo Anthony Meynell. Is Christianity true?,Washington, D.C. : Catholic University of America Press, 1994.
  • McGrath, Alister. 1992. Bridge-Building: Effective Christian Apologetics. InterVarsity Press, Leicester, UK.
  • Montgomery, John Warwick (ed). 1991. Evidence for Faith: Deciding the God Question. Probe, Dallas.[3]
  • Moreland, J. P. 1987. Scaling the Secular City: A Defense of Christianity. Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
  • Richardson, Alan, Christian apologetics, London, S.C.M. Press, 1947.

Historical surveys

  • Barnard, L. W. 1978. "Early Christian Art as Apologetic." Journal of Religious History 10 (1): 20-31.
  • Chadwick, Henry. 1965. "Justin Martyr's Defence of Christianity." Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library 47: 275-297.
  • Clark, M. L. 1974. Paley: Evidences for the Man. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Ontario.
  • Craig, William Lane. 1985. The Historical Argument for the Resurrection of Jesus During The Deist Controversy. Texts & Studies in Religion Volume 23. Edwin Mellen Press, Lewiston, New York & Queenston, Ontario.
  • Dahan, Gilbert. 1998. The Christian Polemic against the Jews in the Middle Ages. Translated by Jody Gladding. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame, Indiana.
  • Dulles, Avery. 1999. A History of Apologetics. Wipf & Stock, Eugene, Oregon. (ISBN 1-57910-224-7)
  • Edwards, Mark., Martin Goodman & Simon Price (eds). 1999. Apologetics in the Roman Empire: Pagans, Jews, and Christians. Oxford University Press, Oxford & New York. (ISBN 0-19-826986-2)
  • Hart, David Bentley. Atheist Delusions: The Christian Revolution and Its Fashionable Enemies. Yale University Press, 2009. (ISBN 978-0300111903)
  • Murphy, Gannon. "Voices of Reason in Christian History: The Great Apologists-Their Lives and Legacies". Christian Publications Inc., Camp Hill, Pennsylvania. 2005.
  • Phillips, Walter. 1977. "The Defence of Christian Belief in Australia 1875-1914: The Responses to Evolution and Higher Criticism." Journal of Religious History, 9 (4):402-423.
  • Reid, J. K. S. 1970. Christian Apologetics. William B. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
  • Rurak, James. 1980. "Butler's Analogy: A Still Interesting Synthesis of Reason and Revelation." Anglican Theological Review 52: 365-381.
  • Samir, S. Khalil (ed). 1994. Christian Arabic Apologetics During the Abbasid Period. Studies in the History of Religions. Brill Academic, Leiden, The Netherlands. (ISBN 90-04-09568-3)
  • Sell, Alan P. F. 1987. Defending and Declaring the Faith: Some Scottish Examples 1860-1920. Paternoster Press, Exeter, UK/Helmers & Howard, Colorado Springs.
  • Sims, John A. 1995. Missionaries to the Skeptics: Christian Apologists for the Twentieth Century. C. S. Lewis, E. J. Carnell and Reinhold Niebuhr. Mercer University Press, Macon, Georgia.

Discussion of methodology

  • Bahnsen, Greg. 1998. Van Til's Apologetic: Readings and Analysis. Presbyterian & Reformed Publishing, Phillipsburg, New Jersey.
  • Boa, Kenneth D., and Robert M. Bowman. 2001. Faith Has Its Reasons: An Integrative Approach to Defending Christianity. NAV Press, Colorado Springs, Colorado.
  • Clark, David K. 1993. Dialogical Apologetics: A Person-Centered Approach to Christian Defense. Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
  • Cowan, Steven B. (ed). 2000. Five Views on Apologetics. Counterpoint Series. Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
  • Geehan, E. R. (ed). 1971. Jerusalem and Athens: Critical Discussions on the Philosophy and Apologetics of Cornelius Van Til. Presbyterian & Reformed Publishing, Nutley, New Jersey.
  • Griffiths, Paul J. 1991. An Apology for Apologetics: A Study in the Logic of Interreligious Dialogue. Faith Meets Faith Series. Orbis Books, Maryknoll, New York.
  • Hanna, Mark M. 1981. Crucial Questions in Apologetics. Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
  • Johnson, John.2003. "A Case for 'Reformed Evidentialism'." Churchman 117 (1): 7-32.
  • Lewis, Gordon R. 1976. Testing Christianity's Truth Claims. Moody Press, Chicago. (ISBN 0-8024-8595-2)
  • Mayers, Ronald B. 1984. Both/And: A Balanced Apologetic. Moody Press, Chicago.
  • Montgomery, John Warwick. 1978. Faith Founded on Fact: Essays in Evidentialist Apologetics. Thomas Nelson, Nashville & New York.
  • Morris, Thomas V. 1987. Francis Schaeffer's Apologetics: A Critique. Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
  • Netland, Harold. 1988. "Toward Contextualized Apologetics." Missiology: An International Review 16 (3): 289-303.
  • Ramm, Bernard. 1962. Varieties of Christian Apologetics: An Introduction to the Christian Philosophy of Religion. Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
  • Sproul, R. C., John Gerstner, and Arthur Lindsley. 1984. Classical Apologetics: A Rational Defense of the Christian Faith and a Critique of Presuppositional Apologetics. Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan.

On Postmodernism

Works on Postmodernism include:

  • Carson, D. A. 1996. The Gagging of God: Christianity Confronts Pluralism. Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
  • Johnson, Philip. 1998. "Apologetics and Myths: Signs of Salvation in Postmodernity." Lutheran Theological Journal 32 (2): 62-72.
  • Hugo Anthony Meynell. Redirecting philosophy: Reflections of the Nature of Knowledge from Plato to Lonergan,Toronto; Buffalo: University of Toronto Press, 1998
  • Hugo Anthony Meynell. Postmodernism and the New Enlightenment,Washington, D.C. : Catholic University of America Press, 1999
  • Middleton, J. Richard., and Brian J. Walsh. 1995. Truth Is Stranger Than It Used To Be: Biblical Faith in a Postmodern Age. InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois.
  • Phillips, Timothy R., and Dennis L. Okholm (eds). 1995. Christian Apologetics in the Postmodern World. InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois.
  • Sire, James W. 1994. Why Should Anyone Believe Anything At All? InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois.
  • Stackhouse, John G. 2002. Humble Apologetics: Defending the Faith Today. Oxford University Press, New York. (ISBN 0-19-513807-4)
  • Wilkinson, David. 2002. "The Art of Apologetics in the Twenty-First Century." Anvil 19 (1): 5-17.

On the resurrection

Works on the Death and Resurrection of Jesus:

  • Craig, William Lane. 1989. Assessing the New Testament Evidence for the Historicity of the Resurrection of Jesus. Studies in the Bible and Early Christianity, Volume 16. Edwin Mellen Press, Lewiston, New York/Queenston, Ontario/Lampeter, Wales.
  • Habermas, Gary R. 1980. The Resurrection of Jesus: An Apologetic. Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
  • Habermas, Gary R. and Michael Licona, The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus (Kregel, 1994)
  • Miethe, Terry L. (ed).1987. Did Jesus Rise From The Dead?: The Resurrection Debate. (Gary Habermas and Antony Flew). Harper & Row, San Francisco.

Legal apologetics

  • Broughton, William. 2009. The Historical Development of Legal Apologetics With an Emphasis on the Resurrection. Xulon Press, Longwood, Florida.
  • Clifford, Ross. 1996. Leading Lawyers' Case for the Resurrection. Canadian Institute for Law, Theology & Public Policy, Edmonton, Alberta.
  • Clifford, Ross. 2004. John Warwick Montgomery's Legal Apologetic: An Apologetic For All Seasons. Verlag für Kultur und Wissenschaft/Culture and Science Publishers, Bonn.
  • Ewen, Pamela Binnings. 1999. Faith on Trial: An Attorney Analyzes the Evidence for the Death and Resurrection of Jesus. Broadman & Holman, Nashville, Tennessee.
  • Johnson, Philip. 2002. "Juridical Apologists 1600-2000 AD: A Bio-Bibliographical Survey." Global Journal of Classical Theology3/1.[4]
  • Parton, Craig A. 2003. The Defense Never Rests: A Lawyer's Quest for the Gospel. Concordia Publishing House, St. Louis, Missouri.

Philosophical apologetics

  • Beckwith, Francis J. 1989. David Hume's Argument Against Miracles: A Critical Analysis. University Press of America. Lanham, Maryland & London.
  • Brown, Colin. 1984. Miracles and the Critical Mind. William B. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Michigan/Paternoster Press, Exeter, UK.
  • Clark, Kelly James. 1990. Return To Reason: A Critique of Enlightenment Evidentialism and a Defense of Reason and Belief in God. William B. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
  • Craig, William Lane. 1979. The Kalām Cosmological Argument. MacMillan, London.
  • Craig, William Lane., and Quentin Smith. 1993. Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology. Clarendon Press, Oxford.
  • Geivitt, R. Douglas., and Gary R. Habermas (eds). 1997. In Defence of Miracles: A Comprehensive Case for God's Action in History. Apollos, Leicester, UK/InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois.
  • Hugo Anthony Meynell. God and the World: the Coherence of Christian Theism,London, S.P.C.K., 1971.
  • Hugo Anthony Meynell. The Intelligible Universe: A Cosmological Argument, Totowa, N.J. : Barnes & Noble, 1982.
  • Miethe, Terry L., and Antony Flew. 1991. Does God Exist? A Believer and an Atheist Debate. Harper, San Francisco.
  • Morris, Thomas V. 1986. The Logic of God Incarnate. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York & London.
  • Plantinga, Alvin. 1990 (1967). God and Other Minds: A Study of the Rational Justification of Belief in God. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York & London.
  • Plantinga, Alvin C. 1977 (1974). God, Freedom, and Evil. William B. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
  • Plantinga, Alvin., and Nicholas Wolterstorff (eds). 1983. Faith and Rationality: Reason and Belief in God. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame & London.
  • Sproul, R.C. The Consequences of Ideas: Understanding the Concepts that Shaped Our World. Crossway Books, Wheaton, IL
  • Swinburne, Richard. 1996. Is There A God? Oxford University Press, Oxford & New York.
  • Wolterstorff, Nicholas. 1995. Divine Discourse: Philosophical Reflections on the Claim that God Speaks. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Scientific apologetics

  • Barclay, Oliver R. (ed). 1985. Creation and Evolution. When Christians Disagree Series. InterVarsity Press, Leicester, UK.
  • Behe, Michael. 1996. Darwin's Black Box. Touchstone, New York.
  • Beilby, James (ed). 2001. Naturalism Defeated? Essays on Plantinga's Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York & London.
  • Dembski, William A. 1999. Intelligent Design: The Bridge Between Science and Theology. InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois.
  • Dembski, William A. 2004. The Design Revolution: Answering the Toughest Questions about Intelligent Design. InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois.
  • Hummel, Charles E. 1986. The Galileo Connection: Resolving Conflicts between Science and the Bible. InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois.
  • Gish, Duane Evolution: The Fossils Still Say No!, El Cajon: Institute for Creation Research, 1996 [5]
  • Johnson, Phillip E. 1991. Darwin on Trial. InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois.
  • Johnson, Phillip E. 1995. Reason in the Balance: The Case Against Naturalism in Science, Law & Education. InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois.
  • Larson, Edward J. 1989. Trial and Error: The American Controversy Over Creation and Evolution. Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Hugo Anthony Meynell. Freud, Marx, and Morals, Totowa, N.J. : Barnes & Noble Books, 1981
  • McGrath, Alister. 2005. Dawkins' God: Genes, Memes, and the Meaning of Life. Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
  • McGrath, Alister. 2007. The Dawkins Delusion?. SPCK, UK.
  • Moore, James R. 1979. The Post-Darwinian Controversies: A Study of the Protestant Struggle to come to terms with Darwin in Great Britain and America 1870-1900. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Newman, Robert C., and Herman J. Eckelmann. 1981. Genesis One and the Origin of the Earth. Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
  • Polkinghorne, John. 1986. One World: The Interaction of Science and Theology. S.P.C.K., London.
  • Ratzsch, Del. 1996. The Battle of the Beginnings. InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove.
  • Ross, Hugh. 1993. The Creator and The Cosmos: How the Greatest Scientific Discoveries of the Century Reveal God. NAV Press, Colorado Springs, Colorado.
  • Sarfati,Jonathon Refuting Evolution, Master Books, 1999 (Free on-line version)
  • Sarfati,Jonathon Refuting Evolution 2, Master Books, 2002, ISBN 0890513872 (Free on-line version)
  • Sproul, R.C., Not a Chance: The Myth of Chance in Modern Science and Cosmology, Baker Book House: 1994 [6][7]
  • Strobel, Lee. 2004. The Case for a Creator: A Journalist Investigates Scientific Evidence that Points Towards God. Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
  • Van de Fliert, J. R. 1968. "Fundamentalism and Fundamentals of Geology." International Reformed Bulletin 32/33: 5-27.
  • Wilder-Smith, A. E. 1970. The Creation of Life: A Cybernetic Approach to Evolution. Master Books, San Diego, California.
  • Wysong, R.L. The Creation-Evolution Controversy.[8][9]
  • Youngblood, Ronald F. (ed). 1990. The Genesis Debate: Persistent Questions about Creation and the Flood. Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, Michigan.

On other religions and movements

  • Abanes, Richard. 1997. Defending the Faith: A Beginner's Guide to Cults and New Religions. Baker Books, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
  • Geisler, Norman L., and David K. Clark. 1990. Apologetics in the New Age: A Christian Critique of Pantheism. Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
  • Pocket Dictionary of New Religious Movements (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2002). ISBN 0-8308-1466-3
  • Understanding Cults and New Religions (with Karla Poewe)(Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 1986). ISBN 0-8028-0170-6
  • Concise Dictionary of Religion (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1993). ISBN 0-8308-1404-3
  • Hexham, Irving., Stephen Rost & John W. Morehead (eds). 2004. Encountering New Religious Movements: A Holistic Evangelical Approach. Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, Michigan. (ISBN 0-8254-2893-9)
  • Johnson, Philip. 2002. "Apologetics, Mission, and New Religious Movements: A Holistic Approach." Sacred Tribes: Journal of Christian Missions to New Religious Movements 1 (1).[10]
  • Johnson, Philip., and Simeon Payne. 2004. "Evangelical Countercult Apologists versus Astrology: An Unresolved Conundrum." Australian Religion Studies Review 17 (2): 73-97.
  • Martin, Walter Ralston. 2003. The Kingdom of the Cults. Revised Edition, edited by Ravi Zacharias. Bethany House, Bloomington.
  • Mosser, Carl., and Paul Owen. 1998. "Mormon Scholarship, Apologetics and Evangelical Neglect: Losing the Battle and Not Knowing It?" Trinity Journal (New Series) 19: 179-205.
  • Pement, Eric N. (ed). 1992. Contend for the Faith: Collected Papers of the Rockford Conference on Discernment and Evangelism. Evangelical Ministries to new Religions, Chicago.
  • Saliba, John A. 1999. Christian Responses to the New Age Movement: A Critical Assessment. Geoffrey Chapman, London.
  • Sire, James W. 1988. The Universe Next Door: A Guide Book to World Views. Revised Edition. InterVarsity Press, Leicester, UK.
  • Zacharias, Ravi 2000. "Jesus Among Other Gods". Thomas Nelson, Nashville, Tennessee.

Cultural apologetics

  • The Christian Traveler's Guide to Germany (with Lothar Henry Kope) (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2001). ISBN 0-310-22539-6
  • The Christian Traveler's Guide to Great Britain (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2001). ISBN 0-310-22552-3
  • Hugo Anthony Meynell. The Art of Handel's Operas, Lewiston, N.Y. : E. Mellen Press, 1986
  • Hans Rookmaaker. Modern Art and the Death of a Culture, London, IVP, 1977




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