List of Crayola crayon colors: Wikis

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Sample assortment: 12 of Crayola's 133 crayon colors
Crayola's thirteen retired colors

Crayola crayons have come in a multitude of different colors since their introduction. When Binney & Smith first produced Crayola crayons in 1903, there were just eight colors.[1] By 1949 there were 48 colors. In 1958 the number of colors increased to 64. Eight fluorescent colors were introduced in 1972, increasing the total number of colors to 72. In 1990 the total increased to 80 colors with the introduction of 16 new colors and the discontinuation of eight colors. The number of available colors was increased to 96 in 1993 and to 120 in 1998, though with thirteen crayons being retired along the way, the grand total of colors is 133[1]. Along with the regular packs of crayons, there have been many specialty sets, including Silver Swirls[2], Gem Tones[3], Pearl Brite[4], Metallic FX[5], Magic Scent[6], Silly Scents[7], and more.

Colors have been renamed through the years. In 1958, Prussian Blue was renamed Midnight Blue. The color known as Flesh was renamed Peach in 1962, partially in response to the U.S. Civil Rights Movement. Indian Red was renamed Chestnut in 1999 due to concern that some children thought the crayon color represented the skin color of Native Americans.[1] According to the company, however, the name originally referred to a reddish-brown pigment from India that is used in artists' oil paint.[1] In the past, some crayons have been temporarily renamed, such as the 2004 State-Your-Color Contest[8] crayons and the 8 Kids' Choice Colors in the 2008 50th anniversary 64-count box.[9]

§== Standard Colors ==

Here are the 133 standard Crayola crayon colors. According to its chronology page, Crayola considers each "core color" to have been introduced in a specific year[1]. These dates are reflected in the table below. The hex triplets below are representative of the colors produced by the named crayons.[10]

Color Hex Code RGB Issued Retired Notes
1 And #EFDECD (239, 222, 205) 1998
2 Antique Brass #CD9575 (205, 149, 117) 1998
3 Apricot #FDD9B5 (253, 217, 181) 1949
4 Aquamarine #78DBE2 (120, 219, 226) 1958
5 Asparagus #87A96B (135, 169, 107) 1993
6 Atomic Tangerine #FFA474 (255, 164, 116) 1972 Renamed from "Ultra Yellow" in 1990.
7 Banana Mania #FAE7B5 (250, 231, 181) 1998
8 Beaver #9F8170 (159, 129, 112) 1998
9 Bittersweet #FD7C6E (253, 124, 110) 1949
10 Black #000000 (0,0,0) 1903
11 Blizzard Blue #ACE5EE (172, 229, 238) 1972 2003 Renamed from "Ultra Blue" in 1990.
12 Blue #1F75FE (31, 117, 254) 1903
13 Blue Bell #A2A2D0 (162, 162, 208) 1998
14 Blue Gray #6699CC (102, 153, 204) 1958 1990
15 Blue Green #0D98BA (13, 152, 186) 1949
16 Blue Violet #7366BD (115, 102, 189) 1949
17 Blush #DE5D83 (222, 93, 131) 1998 Renamed from "Cranberry" in 2000.
18 Brick Red #CB4154 (203, 65, 84) 1949
19 Brown #B4674D (180, 103, 77) 1903
20 Burnt Orange #FF7F49 (255, 127, 73) 1958
21 Burnt Sienna #EA7E5D (234, 126, 93) 1949
22 Cadet Blue #B0B7C6 (176, 183, 198) 1958
23 Canary #FFFF99 (255, 255, 153) 1998
24 Caribbean Green #1CD3A2 (28, 211, 162) 1998
25 Carnation Pink #FFAACC (255, 170, 204) 1949
26 Cerise #DD4492 (221, 68, 146) 1993
27 Cerulean #1DACD6 (29, 172, 214) 1990
28 Chestnut #BC5D58 (188, 93, 88) 1958 Renamed from "Indian Red" in 1999.
29 Copper #DD9475 (221, 148, 117) 1958
30 Cornflower #9ACEEB (154, 206, 235) 1949
31 Cotton Candy #FFBCD9 (255, 188, 217) 1998
32 Dandelion #FDDB6D (253, 219, 109) 1990
33 Denim #2B6CC4 (43, 108, 196) 1993
34 Desert Sand #EFCDB8 (239, 205, 184) 1998
35 Eggplant #6E5160 (110, 81, 96) 1998
36 Electric Lime #CEFF1D (206, 255, 29) 1990
37 Fern #71BC78 (113, 188, 120) 1998
38 Forest Green #6DAE81 (109, 174, 129) 1958
39 Fuchsia #C364C5 (195, 100, 197) 1990
40 Fuzzy Wuzzy #CC6666 (204, 102, 102) 1998
41 Gold #E7C697 (231, 198, 151) 1949
42 Goldenrod #FCD975 (252, 217, 117) 1958
43 Granny Smith Apple #A8E4A0 (168, 228, 160) 1993
44 Gray #95918C (149, 145, 140) 1949
45 Green #1CAC78 (28, 172, 120) 1903
46 Green Blue #1164B4 (17, 100, 180) 1949 1990
47 Green Yellow #F0E891 (240, 232, 145) 1949
48 Hot Magenta #FF1DCE (255, 29, 206) 1990
49 Inchworm #B2EC5D (178, 236, 93) 2003
50 Indigo #5D76CB (93, 118, 203) 2000
51 Jazzberry Jam #CA3767 (202, 55, 103) 2003
52 Jungle Green #3BB08F (59, 176, 143) 1990
53 Laser Lemon #FEFE22 (254, 254, 34) 1972 Renamed from "Chartreuse" in 1990.
54 Lavender #FCB4D5 (252, 180, 213) 1958
55 Lemon Yellow #FFF44F (255, 244, 79) 1949 1990
56 Macaroni and Cheese #FFBD88 (255, 189, 136) 1993
57 Magenta #F664AF (246, 100, 175) 1949
58 Magic Mint #AAF0D1 (170, 240, 209) 1990 2003
59 Mahogany #CD4A4C (205, 74, 76) 1949
60 Maize #EDD19C (237, 209, 156) 1949 1990
61 Manatee #979AAA (151, 154, 170) 1998
62 Mango Tango #FF8243 (255, 130, 67) 2003
63 Maroon #C8385A (200, 56, 90) 1949
64 Mauvelous #EF98AA (239, 152, 170) 1993
65 Melon #FDBCB4 (253, 188, 180) 1949
66 Midnight Blue #1A4876 (26, 72, 118) 1949 Renamed from "Prussian Blue" in 1958.
67 Mountain Meadow #30BA8F (48, 186, 143) 1998
68 Mulberry #C54B8C (197, 75, 140) 1958 2003
69 Navy Blue #1974D2 (25, 116, 210) 1958
70 Neon Carrot #FFA343 (255, 163, 67) 1990
71 Olive Green #BAB86C (186, 184, 108) 1949
72 Orange #FF7538 (255, 117, 56) 1903
73 Orange Red #FF2B2B (255, 43, 43) 1949 1990
74 Orange Yellow #F8D568 (248, 213, 104) 1949 1990
75 Orchid #E6A8D7 (230, 168, 215) 1949
76 Outer Space #414A4C (65, 74, 76) 1998
77 Outrageous Orange #FF6E4A (255, 110, 74) 1972 Renamed from "Ultra Orange" in 1990.
78 Pacific Blue #1CA9C9 (28, 169, 201) 1993
79 Peach #FFCFAB (255, 207, 171) 1949 Renamed from "Flesh" in 1962.
80 Periwinkle #C5D0E6 (197, 208, 230) 1949
81 Piggy Pink #FDDDE6 (253, 221, 230) 1998
82 Pine Green #158078 (21, 128, 120) 1949
83 Pink Flamingo #FC74FD (252, 116, 253) 1998
84 Pink Sherbert #F78FA7 (247, 143, 167) 1998 Renamed from "Brink Pink" in 2000.
85 Plum #8E4585 (142, 69, 133) 1958
86 Purple Heart #7442C8 (116, 66, 200) 1998
87 Purple Mountain's Majesty #9D81BA (157, 129, 186) 1993
88 Purple Pizzazz #FF1DCE (255, 29, 206) 1990
89 Radical Red #FF496C (255, 73, 108) 1990
90 Raw Sienna #D68A59 (214, 138, 89) 1958
91 Raw Umber #714B23 (113, 75, 35) 1958 1990
92 Razzle Dazzle Rose #FF48D0 (255, 72, 208) 1990
93 Razzmatazz #E3256B (227, 37, 107) 1993
94 Red #EE204D (238, 32, 77) 1903
95 Red Orange #FF5349 (255, 83, 73) 1949
96 Red Violet #C0448F (192, 68, 143) 1949
97 Robin Egg Blue #1FCECB (31, 206, 203) 1993
98 Royal Purple #7851A9 (120, 81, 169) 1990
99 Salmon #FF9BAA (255, 155, 170) 1949
100 Scarlet #FC2847 (252, 40, 71) 1998 Renamed from "Torch Red" in 2000.
101 Screamin' Green #76FF7A (118, 255, 122) 1972 Renamed from "Ultra Green" in 1990.
102 Sea Green #9FE2BF (159, 226, 191) 1949
103 Sepia #A5694F (165, 105, 79) 1958
104 Shadow #8A795D (138, 121, 93) 1998
105 Shamrock #45CEA2 (69, 206, 162) 1993
106 Shocking Pink #FB7EFD (251, 126, 253) 1972 Renamed from "Ultra Pink" in 1990.
107 Silver #CDC5C2 (205, 197, 194) 1949
108 Sky Blue #80DAEB (128, 218, 235) 1958
109 Spring Green #ECEABE (236, 234, 190) 1949
110 Sunglow #FFCF48 (255, 207, 72) 1990
111 Sunset Orange #FD5E53 (253, 94, 83) 1998
112 Tan #FAA76C (250, 167, 108) 1949
113 Teal Blue #18A7B5 (24, 167, 181) 1990 2003
114 Thistle #EBC7DF (235, 199, 223) 1949 2000
115 Tickle Me Pink #FC89AC (252, 137, 172) 1993
116 Timberwolf #DBD7D2 (219, 215, 210) 1993
117 Tropical Rain Forest #17806D (23, 128, 109) 1993
118 Tumbleweed #DEAA88 (222, 170, 136) 1993
119 Turquoise Blue #77DDE7 (119, 221, 231) 1949
120 Unmellow Yellow #FFFF66 (255, 255, 102) 1990
121 Violet (Purple) #926EAE (146, 110, 174) 1903
122 Violet Blue #324AB2 (50, 74, 178) 1949 1990
123 Violet Red #F75394 (247, 83, 148) 1949
124 Vivid Tangerine #FFA089 (255, 160, 137) 1990
125 Vivid Violet #8F509D (143, 80, 157) 1998
126 White #FFFFFF (255, 255, 255) 1949
127 Wild Blue Yonder #A2ADD0 (162, 173, 208) 2003
128 Wild Strawberry #FF43A4 (255, 67, 164) 1990
129 Wild Watermelon #FC6C85 (252, 108, 133) 1972 Renamed from "Ultra Red" in 1990.
130 Wisteria #CDA4DE (205, 164, 222) 1993
131 Yellow #FCE883 (252, 232, 131) 1903
132 Yellow Green #C5E384 (197, 227, 132) 1949
133 Yellow Orange #FFAE42 (255, 174, 66) 1949

Contents

Specialty Crayons

Silver Swirls

16 of 24 Silver Swirls

In 1990, Crayola released the Silver Swirls, a pack of 24 silvery colors. Colors' hex values are approximated[11]:

Aztec Gold Burnished Brown Cerulean Frost Cinnamon Satin Copper Penny Cosmic Cobalt
Glossy Grape Granite Gray Green Sheen Lilac Luster Misty Moss Mystic Maroon
Pearly Purple Pewter Blue Polished Pine Quick Silver Rose Dust Rusty Red
Shadow Blue Shiny Shamrock Steel Teal Sugar Plum Twilight Lavender Wintergreen Dream

Magic Scent

16 of 30 Crayola Magic Scent crayons.

In 1994, Crayola produced a 16-pack of crayons that released realistic fragrances when used. In 1995, Crayola changed 13 of 16 scents because of complaints received by parents that some of the crayons smelled good enough to eat, like the Cherry, Chocolate, & Blueberry scented crayons.[12] The 13 crayons with food scents were retired in favor of non-food scents. Colors' hex values are approximated[13],

Baby Powder Banana Blueberry Bubble Gum Cedar Chest Cherry
Chocolate Coconut Daffodil Dirt Eucalyptus Fresh Air
Grape Jelly Bean Leather Jacket Lemon Licorice Lilac
Lime Lumber New Car Orange Peach Pine
Rose Shampoo Smoke Soap Strawberry Tulip

Gem Tones

Crayola Gem Tones

In 1994, Crayola released the Gem Tones, a pack of 16 crayons modeled after real precious stones. Colors' hex values are approximated[11]:

Amethyst Citrine Emerald Jade
Jasper Lapis Lazuli Malachite Moonstone
Onyx Peridot Pink Pearl Rose Quartz
Ruby Sapphire Smokey Topaz Tiger's Eye

Changeables

Crayola Changeables crayons.

The Crayola Changeables crayons were introduced in 1995. The chart[14] includes the color changer, an off-white crayon that goes on clear and initiates the color changes in the other crayons.

blue to magenta
green to violet
orange to black
pink to yellow
red to blue
yellow to green
color changer

Color Mix-Up

In 1997, Crayola released a 16-pack of crayons, each of which contains a solid color with flecks of two other colors in it. Colors in chart below are approximated.[15] Predominant color is represented by background, and colors of the flecks are represented by the text. Colors for crayons other than Mixed Veggies and Star Spangled Banner come from information on the crayon wrapper. When color samples become available, they should be replaced.

Baby's Blanket Blazing Bonfire Cool And Crazy Lemon Lime Zing
Magenta Mix-Up Mixed Veggies Off-Road Peaches 'n Cream
Rainforest Shrimp Cocktail Southwest Star Spangled Banner
Stonewashed Surf's Up Twister Warm And Fuzzy

Pearl Brite

Crayola Pearl Brite, Color Mix-Up, & Crayons With Glitter

In 1997, Crayola released a 16-pack of Pearl Brite crayons[16]:

Aqua Pearl Black Coral Pearl Caribbean Green Pearl Cultured Pearl
Key Lime Pearl Mandarin Pearl Midnight Pearl Mystic Pearl
Ocean Blue Pearl Ocean Green Pearl Orchid Pearl Rose Pearl
Salmon Pearl Sunny Pearl Sunset Pearl Turquoise Pearl

Crayons With Glitter

In 1999, Crayola released Crayons with Glitter as part of a Special Effects crayons package. Background represents crayon color, and highlighted "square of glitter" around text represents glitter color.

Black With Glitzy Gold Glitter Blue With Shimmering Silver Glitter
Blue Green with Glitzy Gold Glitter Carnation Pink With Lavender Glitter
Green With Twinkling Turquoise Glitter Maroon With Glitzy Gold Glitter
Orange With Twinkling Turquoise Glitter Orchid With Twinkling Turquoise Glitter
Red With Shimmering Silver Glitter Red Violet With Glitzy Gold Glitter
Royal Purple With Ruby Red Glitter Sky Blue With Glitzy Gold Glitter
White With Confetti Glitter White With Glitzy Gold Glitter
Yellow With Rainbow Glitter Yellow Green With Silver Glitter

Metallic FX

Crayola Metallic FX crayons.

In 2001, Crayola started producing the Metallic FX crayons, a set of 16 metallic crayons whose names were chosen through a contest open to residents of the U.S. and Canada.[17] They are still available today. Colors on the chart below are approximated using hexadecimal values from crayola.com/survey/metal.

Alloy Orange B'dazzled Blue Big Dip O' Ruby Bittersweet Shimmer
Blast Off Bronze Cyber Grape Deep Space Sparkle Gold Fusion
Illuminating Emerald Metallic Seaweed Metallic Sunburst Razzmic Berry
Sheen Green Shimmering Blush Sonic Silver Steel Blue

Silly Scents

Crayola Silly Scents.

The Silly Scents are currently produced by Crayola in a 16-pack. Colors are approximated[13]

Alien Armpit Big Foot Feet Booger Buster Dingy Dungeon
Gargoyle Gas Giant's Club Magic Potion Mummy's Tomb
Ogre Odor Pixie Powder Princess Perfume Sasquatch Socks
Sea Serpent Smashed Pumpkin Sunburnt Cyclops Winter Wizard

Heads 'n Tails

Crayola Heads 'n Tails crayons.

These crayons are double-sided and encased in plastic tubes that function much like the ones on Crayola Twistables. Each crayon has two shades of a specific color. Colors are approximated.[18]

Sizzling Red Red Salsa Tart Orange Orange Soda
Bright Yellow Yellow Sunshine Slimy Green Green Lizard
Denim Blue Blue Jeans Plump Purple Purple Plum
Sweet Brown Brown Sugar Eerie Black Black Shadows

True to Life

Crayola True to Life crayons.

In 2007, Crayola released the True to Life crayons. The tri-color tips are intended to "bring scenes to life." Each crayon is extra-long and contained within a plastic casing similar to that of Crayola Twistables crayons. On the table, the background represents the predominant color, and the text represents the supporting colors:

Amazon Rainforest Caribbean Current Florida Sunrise Grand Canyon
Maui Sunset Milky Way Sahara Desert Yosemite Campfire

Extreme Twistables Colors

Crayola's Extreme Colors Twistables

In 2009, crayola released eight "ultra-cool" and "super-hot" crayons in long twistable barrels.[19]

Fiery Rose Sizzling Sunset Heat Wave Lemon Glacier
Spring Frost Absolute Zero Winter Sky Frostbite

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Crayola Crayon Chronology". Crayola LLC. http://www.crayola.com/colorcensus/history/chronology.cfm. Retrieved 2007-09-20. ; re-accessed February 25, 2008
  2. ^ "Crayola Crayon Chronology — Silver Swirls". Crayola LLC. http://www.crayola.com/colorcensus/history/history.cfm?id=wintergreen%20dream. Retrieved 2009-04-08. ; re-accessed April 19, 2008
  3. ^ "Crayola Crayon Chronology — Gem Tones". Crayola LLC. http://www.crayola.com/colorcensus/history/history.cfm?id=ruby. Retrieved 2009-04-08. ; re-accessed April 19, 2008
  4. ^ "Crayola Crayon Chronology — Pearl Brite". Crayola LLC. http://www.crayola.com/colorcensus/history/history.cfm?id=aqua%20pearl. Retrieved 2009-04-08. ; re-accessed April 19, 2008
  5. ^ Crayola.com - Crayola Metallic Crayons
  6. ^ "Crayola Crayon Chronology — Magic Scent 16". Crayola LLC. http://www.crayola.com/colorcensus/history/history.cfm?id=strawberry. Retrieved 2009-04-08. ; re-accessed April 19, 2008
  7. ^ TheCrayolaStore.com - Crayola Silly Scents Crayons (52-3417)
  8. ^ Listology.com - Crayola State Colors and Their Standard Equivalents
  9. ^ Reuters, Crayola 64 Box Turns 50, from Business Wire, 2008
  10. ^ "Custom Box Creator". SureSource LLC. http://www.crayolastore.com/creator.asp. Retrieved 2009-11-26. 
  11. ^ a b [1]
  12. ^ NYTimes.com - After a Protest by Parents, Crayola Changes Its Recipes
  13. ^ a b "Silly Scents & Magic Scents samples for Wikipedia reference". http://www.flickr.com/photos/30556012@N02/3472366470/. Retrieved 2009-04-24. 
  14. ^ [2]
  15. ^ [3]
  16. ^ [4]
  17. ^ BINNEY & SMITH NAME THE METALLIC CRAYON COLORS CONTEST - OFFICIAL RULES
  18. ^ [5]
  19. ^ [6]

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