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European Union

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This is a list of European Councils. The European Council is one of the institutions of the European Union (EU), comprising heads of state or government of the EU member states.

The first Councils were held in February and July 1961 (in Paris and Bonn respectively). They were informal summits of the leaders of the European Community, the first influential summit was held in 1969 and the Hague summit of 1969 reached an agreement on the admittance of the United Kingdom into the Community and initiated foreign policy cooperation (European Political Cooperation) The summits were only formalised in 1974, at the December summit in Paris, following a proposal from then-French President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing.[1][2]

Contents

List


# Year Date Type Presidency President-in-Office Host city
1 1975 10–11 March  Ireland Liam Cosgrave Dublin
2 16–17 July  Italy Aldo Moro Brussels
3 1–2 December Rome
4 1976 1–2 April  Luxembourg Gaston Thorn Luxembourg
5 12–13 July  Netherlands Joop den Uyl Brussels
6 29–30 November The Hague
7 1977 25–27 March  United Kingdom James Callaghan Rome
8 29–30 June London
9 5–6 December  Belgium Leo Tindemans Brussels
10 1978 7–8 April  Denmark Anker Jørgensen Copenhagen
11 6–7 July  Germany Helmut Schmidt Bremen
12 4–5 December Brussels
13 1979 12–13 March  France Valéry Giscard d'Estaing Paris
14 21–22 June Strasbourg
15 29–30 November  Ireland Jack Lynch Dublin
16 1980 17–18 April  Italy Francesco Cossiga Luxembourg
17 12–13 June Venice
18 1–2 December  Luxembourg Pierre Werner Luxembourg
19 1981 23–24 March  Netherlands Dries van Agt Maastricht
20 29–30 June Luxembourg
21 26–27 November  United Kingdom Margaret Thatcher London
22 1982 29–30 March  Belgium Wilfried Martens Brussels
23 28–29 June Brussels
24 3–4 December  Denmark Poul Schlüter Copenhagen
25 1983 21–22 March  Germany Helmut Kohl Brussels
26 17–19 June Stuttgart
27 4–6 December  Greece Andreas Papandreou Athens
28 1984 19–20 March  France François Mitterrand Brussels
29 25–26 June Fontainebleau
30 3–4 December  Ireland Garret FitzGerald Dublin
31 1985 29–30 March  Italy Bettino Craxi Brussels
32 28–29 June Milan
33 2–3 December  Luxembourg Jacques Santer Luxembourg
34 1986 26–27 June  Netherlands Ruud Lubbers The Hague
35 5–6 December  United Kingdom Margaret Thatcher London
36 1987 29–30 June  Belgium Wilfried Martens Brussels
37 4–5 December  Denmark Poul Schlüter Copenhagen
38 1988 11–13 February  Germany Helmut Kohl Brussels
39 27–28 June Hanover
40 2–3 December  Greece Andreas Papandreou Rhodes
41 1989 26–27 June  Spain Felipe González Madrid
42 18 November Informal  France François Mitterrand Paris
43 8–9 December Strasbourg
44 1990 28 April Extraordinary  Ireland Charles Haughey Dublin
45 25–26 June Dublin
46 27–28 October  Italy Giulio Andreotti Rome
47 14–15 December Rome
48 1991 8 April Informal  Luxembourg Jacques Santer Luxembourg
49 28–29 June Luxembourg
50 9–10 December  Netherlands Ruud Lubbers Maastricht
51 1992 27 June  Portugal Aníbal Cavaco Silva Lisbon
52 16 October  United Kingdom John Major Birmingham
53 11–12 December Edinburgh
54 1993 21–22 June  Denmark Poul Nyrup Rasmussen Copenhagen
55 29 October  Belgium Jean-Luc Dehaene Brussels
56 10–11 December Brussels
57 1994 24–25 June  Greece Andreas Papandreou Corfu
58 15 July  Germany Helmut Kohl Brussels
59 9–10 December Essen
60 1995 26–27 June  France Jacques Chirac Cannes
61 22–23 October Extraordinary  Spain Felipe González Majorca
62 15–16 December Madrid
63 1996 29–30 March  Italy Lamberto Dini Turin
64 21–22 June Romano Prodi Florence
65 5 October Extraordinary  Ireland John Bruton Dublin
66 13–14 December Dublin
67 1997 23 May Informal  Netherlands Wim Kok Noordwijk
68 16–17 June Amsterdam
69 20–21 November Extraordinary  Luxembourg Jean-Claude Juncker Luxembourg
70 12–13 December Luxembourg
71 1998 3 May  United Kingdom Tony Blair Brussels
72 15–16 June Cardiff
73 24–25 October Informal  Austria Viktor Klima Pörtschach
74 11–12 December Vienna
75 1999 26 February March Informal  Germany Gerhard Schröder Königswinter
76 25–26 March Berlin
77 14 April Informal Brussels
78 3–4 June Cologne
79 15–16 October  Finland Paavo Lipponen Tampere
80 10–11 December Helsinki
81 2000 23–24 March  Portugal António Guterres Lisbon
82 19–20 June Santa Maria da Feira
83 13–14 October Informal  France Jacques Chirac Biarritz
84 7–9 December Nice
85 2001 23–24 March  Sweden Göran Persson Stockholm
86 15–16 June Gothenburg
87 21 September Informal  Belgium Guy Verhofstadt Brussels
88 19 October Informal Ghent
89 14–15 December Laken
90 2002 15–16 March  Spain José María Aznar López Barcelona
91 21–22 June Seville
92 24–25 October  Denmark Anders Fogh Rasmussen Brussels
93 12–13 December Copenhagen
94 2003 17 February Extraordinary  Greece Costas Simitis Brussels
95 20–21 March Brussels
96 16–17 April Informal Athens
97 20 June Thessaloniki
98 4 October Extraordinary  Italy Silvio Berlusconi Rome
99 16–17 October Brussels
100 12–13 December Brussels
101 2004 25–26 March  Ireland Bertie Ahern Brussels
102 17–18 June Brussels
103 4–5 November  Netherlands Jan Peter Balkenende Brussels
104 16–17 December Brussels
105 2005 22–23 March  Luxembourg Jean-Claude Juncker Brussels
106 16–17 June Brussels
107 27 October Informal  United Kingdom Tony Blair Hampton Court
108 15–16 December Brussels
109 2006 23–24 March  Austria Wolfgang Schüssel Brussels
110 15–16 June Brussels
111 20 October Informal  Finland Matti Vanhanen Lahti
112 14–15 December Brussels
113 2007 8–9 March  Germany Angela Merkel Brussels
114 21–22 June Brussels
115 18–19 October Informal  Portugal José Sócrates Lisbon
116 14 December Brussels
117 2008 13–14 March  Slovenia Janez Janša Brussels
118 19–20 June Brussels
119 13–14 July  France Bernard Kouchner Brussels
120 1 September Extraordinary Brussels
121 22–23 October Brussels
122 7 November Extraordinary Brussels
123 2009 1 March Extraordinary  Czech Republic Karel Schwarzenberg Brussels
124 19–20 March Brussels
125 5 April Jan Kohout Prague
126 18–19 June Brussels
127 17 September Extraordinary  Sweden Fredrik Reinfeldt Brussels
128 29–30 October Brussels
129 19 November Extraordinary Brussels
130 10–11 December Brussels

Details

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Cologne 1999

The European Council met in Cologne on June 3-4 1999 to consider issues after the Treaty of Amsterdam came into force. Romano Prodi presented his plan for the future Commission's work and reform program. The Council called for an EU Charter of Fundamental Rights.

The Council designated Javier Solana for the post of Secretary-General of the Council of the European Union (with Pierre de Boissieu as his deputy) and High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). It decided on a common policy on Russia (first use of the CFSP). Adopted the declaration on Kosovo. In relation to the European Security and Defence Policy, a major element of the CFSP, the council declared that the EU "must have the capacity for autonomous action, backed up by credible military forces, the means to decide to use them, and a readiness to do so, in order to respond to international crises without prejudice to actions by NATO." (Declared in St Malo by France and Great Britain)

Laken 2001

The Laken European Council was held at the royal palace at Laken, Belgium on 14-15 December 2001.

The main matters the Laken European Council dealt with were: new measures in the area of Justice and Home Affairs: the European arrest warrant, a common definition of terrorism, and EUROJUST; the seats of 10 new EU agencies -- after hours of disagreement, the European Council failed to reach an agreement and decided to leave the decision until next year; the impending introduction of Euro cash (the European Council met with the Finance ministers to consider this); the progress of EU enlargement; the adoption of the Laken Declaration on the Future of Europe, establishing the European Convention, to be presided over with former President of France, Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, as President of the Convention, and former Italian Prime Minister Giuliano Amato and former Belgian Prime Minister Jean-Luc Dehaene as Vice-Presidents. The Convention was tasked with drafting the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, and would have about 60 members, drawn from national governments, national Parliamentarians, the European Parliament, and the European Commission, and include representatives from the candidate countries. The declaration reviews the progress of European integration over the last fifty years, tracing it back to its origins in the horrors of World War II, and poses a number of questions to be answered by the Convention.[5][6]

See also

References

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