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List of European Cup and UEFA Champions League winners: Wikis

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The European Champion Clubs' Cup which the winner receives

The UEFA Champions League is a seasonal association football competition established in 1956. The UEFA Champions League is open to the league champions of all UEFA member associations (except Liechtenstein, which has no league competition), as well as to the clubs finishing from second to fourth position in the strongest leagues. Prior to the 1992–93 season, the tournament was named the European Cup.[1] Originally, only the champions of their respective national league and the previous winners of the competition were allowed to participate. However, this was changed in 1997 to allow the runners-up of the stronger leagues to compete as well, but under the new format the previous winners of the competition did not automatically qualify until the rules were changed in 2005.[2] Real Madrid won the inaugural competition in the 1956 European Cup Final.

If a team wins the UEFA Champions League three times in a row, or five times overall, they are allowed to keep the European Champion Clubs' Cup and a new one is commissioned.[3] As of 2008, five teams have earned this privilege; Real Madrid, Ajax, Bayern Munich, Milan and Liverpool.[4]

Real Madrid hold the record for the most victories, winning the competition nine times since its inception. They have also won the competition the most times in a row, winning it five times from 1956 to 1960. Benfica and Juventus have been runners-up the most times, with both teams losing the final five times. Spain have provided the most champions, with 12 wins, all from just two teams.[5] Italy and England have produced 11 winners between three and four clubs respectively. English teams were controversially banned from the competition for five years following the events at Heysel in 1985.[6] The current champions are FC Barcelona who beat Manchester United 2–0 in the 2009 Final.

Contents

Key

(R) Replay
Match went to extra time
* Match decided by a penalty shootout after extra time

Winners

Season Country Winners[7] Score[7] Runners-up[7] Country Venue Attendance Notes
1955–56  ESP Real Madrid 4–3 Stade Reims  FRA Parc des Princes 38,239
1956–57  ESP Real Madrid 2–0 Fiorentina  ITA Santiago Bernabéu 120,000
1957–58  ESP Real Madrid 3–2 Milan  ITA Heysel Stadium 67,000
1958–59  ESP Real Madrid 2–0 Stade Reims  FRA Neckarstadion 80,000
1959–60  ESP Real Madrid 7–3 Eintracht Frankfurt  FRG Hampden Park 135,000
1960–61  POR Benfica 3–2 Barcelona  ESP Wankdorf Stadium 33,000
1961–62  POR Benfica 5–3 Real Madrid  ESP Olympisch Stadion 65,000
1962–63  ITA Milan 2–1 Benfica  POR Wembley Stadium 45,700
1963–64  ITA Internazionale 3–1 Real Madrid  ESP Prater Stadium 72,000
1964–65  ITA Internazionale 1–0 Benfica  POR San Siro 85,000
1965–66  ESP Real Madrid 3–1 Partizan  YUG Heysel Stadium 55,000
1966–67  SCO Celtic 2–1 Internazionale  ITA Estádio Nacional 56,000
1967–68  ENG Manchester United 4–1 Benfica  POR Wembley Stadium 92,225
1968–69  ITA Milan 4–1 Ajax  NED Santiago Bernabéu 50,000
1969–70  NED Feyenoord 2–1 Celtic  SCO San Siro 50,000
1970–71  NED Ajax 2–0 Panathinaikos  GRE Wembley Stadium 90,000
1971–72  NED Ajax 2–0 Internazionale  ITA De Kuip 67,000
1972–73  NED Ajax 1–0 Juventus  ITA Red Star Stadium 93,500
1973–74  FRG Bayern Munich 1–1 Atlético Madrid  ESP Heysel Stadium 49,000 [a]
(R)4–0(R) 23,000
1974–75  FRG Bayern Munich 2–0 Leeds United  ENG Parc des Princes 50,000
1975–76  FRG Bayern Munich 1–0 Saint-Étienne  FRA Hampden Park 54,864
1976–77  ENG Liverpool 3–1 Borussia Mönchengladbach  FRG Stadio Olimpico 52,000
1977–78  ENG Liverpool 1–0 Club Brugge  BEL Wembley Stadium 92,000
1978–79  ENG Nottingham Forest 1–0 Malmö FF  SWE Olympiastadion 57,000
1979–80  ENG Nottingham Forest 1–0 Hamburg  FRG Santiago Bernabéu 50,000
1980–81  ENG Liverpool 1–0 Real Madrid  ESP Parc des Princes 48,360
1981–82  ENG Aston Villa 1–0 Bayern Munich  FRG De Kuip 46,000
1982–83  FRG Hamburg 1–0 Juventus  ITA Olympic Stadium 75,000
1983–84  ENG Liverpool *1–1* Roma  ITA Stadio Olimpico 69,693 [b]
1984–85  ITA Juventus 1–0 Liverpool  ENG Heysel Stadium 59,000
1985–86  ROU Steaua Bucureşti *0–0* Barcelona  ESP Estadio Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán 70,000 [c]
1986–87  POR Porto 2–1 Bayern Munich  FRG Prater Stadium 62,000
1987–88  NED PSV Eindhoven *0–0* Benfica  POR Neckarstadion 70,000 [d]
1988–89  ITA Milan 4–0 Steaua Bucureşti  ROU Camp Nou 97,000
1989–90  ITA Milan 1–0 Benfica  POR Prater Stadium 57,500
1990–91  YUG Red Star Belgrade *0–0* Marseille  FRA Stadio San Nicola 56,000 [e]
1991–92  ESP Barcelona 1–0 Sampdoria  ITA Wembley Stadium 70,827
1992–93  FRA Marseille 1–0 Milan  ITA Olympiastadion 64,400
1993–94  ITA Milan 4–0 Barcelona  ESP Olympic Stadium 70,000
1994–95  NED Ajax 1–0 Milan  ITA Ernst-Happel-Stadion 49,730
1995–96  ITA Juventus *1–1* Ajax  NED Stadio Olimpico 67,000 [f]
1996–97  GER Borussia Dortmund 3–1 Juventus  ITA Olympiastadion 59,000
1997–98  ESP Real Madrid 1–0 Juventus  ITA Amsterdam Arena 47,500
1998–99  ENG Manchester United 2–1 Bayern Munich  GER Camp Nou 90,045
1999–2000  ESP Real Madrid 3–0 Valencia  ESP Stade de France 78,759
2000–01  GER Bayern Munich *1–1* Valencia  ESP San Siro 71,500 [g]
2001–02  ESP Real Madrid 2–1 Bayer Leverkusen  GER Hampden Park 52,000
2002–03  ITA Milan *0–0* Juventus  ITA Old Trafford 63,215 [h]
2003–04  POR Porto 3–0 Monaco  FRA Arena AufSchalke 52,000
2004–05  ENG Liverpool *3–3* Milan  ITA Atatürk Olympic Stadium 70,024 [i]
2005–06  ESP Barcelona 2–1 Arsenal  ENG Stade de France 79,500
2006–07  ITA Milan 2–1 Liverpool  ENG Olympic Stadium 74,000
2007–08  ENG Manchester United *1–1* Chelsea  ENG Luzhniki Stadium 67,310 [j]
2008–09  ESP Barcelona 2–0 Manchester United  ENG Stadio Olimpico 62,467

Results by clubs

Club Won Runner-up Years won Years runner-up
Spain Real Madrid 9 3 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1966, 1998, 2000, 2002 1962, 1964, 1981
Italy Milan 7 4 1963, 1969, 1989, 1990, 1994, 2003, 2007 1958, 1993, 1995, 2005
England Liverpool 5 2 1977, 1978, 1981, 1984, 2005 1985, 2007
Germany Bayern Munich 4 3 1974, 1975, 1976, 2001 1982, 1987, 1999
Netherlands Ajax 4 2 1971, 1972, 1973, 1995 1969, 1996
Spain Barcelona 3 3 1992, 2006, 2009 1961, 1986, 1994
England Manchester United 3 1 1968, 1999, 2008 2009
Italy Juventus 2 5 1985, 1996 1973, 1983, 1997, 1998, 2003
Portugal Benfica 2 5 1961, 1962 1963, 1965, 1968, 1988, 1990
Italy Internazionale 2 2 1964, 1965 1967, 1972
Portugal Porto 2 0 1987, 2004
England Nottingham Forest 2 0 1979, 1980
France Marseille 1 1 1993 1991
Romania Steaua Bucureşti 1 1 1986 1989
Germany Hamburg 1 1 1983 1980
Scotland Celtic 1 1 1967 1970
Germany Borussia Dortmund 1 0 1997
Serbia Red Star Belgrade 1 0 1991
Netherlands PSV Eindhoven 1 0 1988
England Aston Villa 1 0 1982
Netherlands Feyenoord 1 0 1970
Spain Valencia 0 2 2000, 2001
France Stade Reims 0 2 1956, 1959
England Chelsea 0 1 2008
England Arsenal 0 1 2006
France AS Monaco 0 1 2004
Germany Bayer Leverkusen 0 1 2002
Italy Sampdoria 0 1 1992
Italy Roma 0 1 1984
Sweden Malmö 0 1 1979
Belgium Club Brugge 0 1 1978
Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach 0 1 1977
France Saint-Étienne 0 1 1976
England Leeds United 0 1 1975
Spain Atlético Madrid 0 1 1974
Greece Panathinaikos 0 1 1971
Serbia Partizan 0 1 1966
Germany Eintracht Frankfurt 0 1 1960
Italy Fiorentina 0 1 1957

By country

Nation Winners Runners Up  % Wins per Final Competitions Entered  % Wins per Entry Winning Clubs Runners-Up
Spain Spain 12 9 57% 55 22% Real Madrid (9), Barcelona (3) Real Madrid (3), Barcelona (3), Valencia (2), Atlético Madrid (1)
Italy Italy 11 14 44% 54 [8] 20% Milan (7), Juventus (2), Internazionale (2) Juventus (5), Milan (4), Internazionale (2), Fiorentina (1), Roma (1), Sampdoria (1)
England England 11 6 65% 48 [9] 23% Liverpool (5), Manchester United (3), Nottingham Forest (2), Aston Villa (1) Liverpool (2), Arsenal (1), Chelsea (1), Leeds United (1), Manchester United (1)
Germany Germany 6 7 46% 55 11% Bayern Munich (4), Borussia Dortmund (1), Hamburg (1) Bayern Munich (3), Bayer Leverkusen (1), Borussia Mönchengladbach (1), Eintracht Frankfurt (1), Hamburg (1)
Netherlands Netherlands 6 2 75% 54 [10] 11% Ajax (4), Feyenoord (1), PSV Eindhoven (1) Ajax (2)
Portugal Portugal 4 5 44% 55 9.1% Benfica (2), Porto (2) Benfica (5)
France France 1 5 16% 55 1.9% Marseille (1) Reims (2), Marseille (1), Monaco (1),[11] St-Étienne (1)
Scotland Scotland 1 1 50% 55 1.9% Celtic (1) Celtic (1)
Romania Romania 1 1 50% 54 [12] 1.9% Steaua Bucureşti (1) Steaua Bucureşti (1)
Serbia Serbia 1 1 50% 50 [13] 2.0% Red Star Belgrade (1) Partizan Belgrade (1)
Greece Greece 0 1 0% 51 [14] 0% - Panathinaikos (1)
Belgium Belgium 0 1 0% 55 0% - Club Brugge (1)
Sweden Sweden 0 1 0% 55 0% - Malmö FF (1)

See also

Notes

  • a  Bayern Munich won 4–0 in a replay
  • b  Liverpool won 4–2 in a penalty shootout
  • c  Steaua Bucureşti won 2–0 in a penalty shootout
  • d  PSV Eindhoven won 6–5 in a penalty shootout
  • e  Red Star Belgrade won 5–3 in a penalty shootout
  • f  Juventus won 4–2 in a penalty shootout
  • g  Bayern Munich won 5–4 in a penalty shootout
  • h  Milan won 3–2 in a penalty shootout
  • i  Liverpool won 3–2 in a penalty shootout
  • j  Manchester United won 6–5 in a penalty shootout

References

  1. ^ "History". UEFA. 2007-07-02. http://www.uefa.com/competitions/ucl/history/index.html. Retrieved 2008-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Competition Format". UEFA. 2005-07-13. http://www.uefa.com/competitions/ucl/format/index.html. Retrieved 2008-07-26. 
  3. ^ "Regulations of the UEFA Champions League" (PDF). UEFA. http://www.uefa.com/newsfiles/19071.pdf. Retrieved 2008-06-19. 
  4. ^ "UEFA Direct" (PDF). UEFA. 2005-09-12. http://www.uefa.com/newsfiles/344979.pdf. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  5. ^ "Spain savour European pre-eminence". UEFA. http://www.uefa.com/competitions/ucl/news/kind=1/newsid=833250.html. Retrieved 2009-05-27. 
  6. ^ "1985: English teams banned after Heysel". BBC Archive. 31 May 1985. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/may/31/newsid_2481000/2481723.stm. Retrieved 8 August 2006. 
  7. ^ a b c "European Champions' Cup". RSSSF. 28 May 2009. http://www.rsssf.com/tablese/ec1.html. Retrieved 8 September 2009. 
  8. ^ 1973-74 Serie A champions SS Lazio were disqualified from the 1974-75 European Cup.
  9. ^ 1954-55 English First Division champions Chelsea were barred entry in the 1955-56 European Cup by the FA; and English clubs were barred entry to the European Cup from the 1985-86 season to the 1990-91 season inclusive because of the Heysel disaster. Note also that the 1956-57 season is included in the count despite the Munich air disaster all but effectively negating English participation for that season.
  10. ^ 1989-90 Eredivisie champions Ajax were disqualified from the 1990-91 European Cup.
  11. ^ Although AS Monaco FC are a self described Monegasque football club, they qualified through the French leagues, thus the French flag is displayed.
  12. ^ Romanian clubs did not enter the inaugural competition.
  13. ^ The nation of Serbia first officially entered the European Cup during the 2006-07 season after the dissolution of the state of Serbia and Montenegro (itself formed after the dissolution of SFR Yugoslavia before it). However, for the purposes of this table, Red Star Belgrade and Partizan Belgrade were eligible entrants from the 1955-56 season to the 1991-92 seasons inclusive as clubs competing in the Yugoslav First League, and from the 1997-98 season to the 2005-06 season inclusive as clubs competing in the Serbia and Montenegro Superliga (the interim period, from the 1992-93 season to the 1996-97 season inclusive, had no eligible competitor from the Serbia and Montenegro Superliga for which any club now competing in the Serbian SuperLiga could enter). Furthermore, since clubs that formerly competed in the Yugoslav First League that do not now play in the Serbian SuperLiga gained entry to the European Cup during the 1958-59, 1967-68, 1971-72, 1972-73, 1974-75, 1975-76, 1979-80, 1982-83, 1985-86 and 1987-88 seasons, it may be more useful to consider a count of competitions entered as ten lower than that given as, technically, no team now competing under the nation of Serbia entered the competition at that time.
  14. ^ No Greek clubs entered the competition from the 1955-56 season to the 1957-58 season inclusive, and Olympiakos withdrew from the 1958-59 season for political reasons.

External links

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