List of European countries: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of countries in Europe with their English and domestic language long and short names and associated capital cities.

The divisions between Asia and Europe occur at the Ural Mountains, Ural River and Caspian Sea in the east, the Caucasus Mountains and the Black Sea with its outlets, Bosporus and Dardanelles in the south. Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia and Turkey are considered part of both Europe and Asia. Armenia and Cyprus, which are entirely in Western Asia, are sociopolitically European countries.


Sovereign states (50)

A state is a political association with effective sovereignty over a geographic area. A state usually includes the set of institutions that claim the authority to make the rules that govern the exercise of coercive violence for the people of the society in that territory, though its status as a state often depends in part on being recognized by a number of other states as having internal and external sovereignty over it. In sociology, the state is normally identified with these institutions: in Max Weber's influential definition, it is that organization that has a "monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory," which may include the armed forces, civil service or state bureaucracy, courts, and police.



Flag Map English Short Name English Long Name Domestic Short Name Domestic Long Name Capital
Flag of Albania.svg
Europe map albania.png Albania Republic of Albania Albanian: Shqiperia Albanian: Republika e Shqipërisë Tirana
Albanian: Tiranë
Flag of Andorra.svg
Europe map andorra.png Andorra Principality of Andorra Andorra Catalan: Principat d'Andorra
French: Principauté d'Andorre
Spanish: Principado de Andorra
Andorra la Vella
Catalan: Andorra la Vella
French: Andorre-la-Vieille
Spanish: Andorra la Vieja
Flag of Armenia.svg
Europe map armenia.png Armenia[1] Republic of Armenia Armenian: Հայաստան/ Հայք
Armenian Transliteration: Hayastan/ Hayq
Armenian: Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն
Armenian Transliteration: Hayastani Hanrapetutyun
Armenian: Երևան or Երեւան
Flag of Austria.svg
Europe map austria.png Austria Republic of Austria German: Österreich German: Republik Österreich Vienna
German: Wien
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg
Europe map azerbaijan.png Azerbaijan[1] Republic of Azerbaijan Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Respublikası Baku
Azerbaijani: Bakı


Flag Map English Short Name English Long Name Domestic Short Name Domestic Long Name Capital
Flag of Belarus.svg
Europe map belarus.png Belarus Republic of Belarus Belarusian and Russian: Беларусь
Belarusian and Russian Transliteration: Byelarus
Belarusian: Рэспубліка Беларусь
Russian: Республика Беларусь
Belarusian and Russian Transliteration: Respublika Byelarus
Belarusian: Мінск
Russian: Минск
Flag of Belgium.svg
Europe map belgium.png Belgium Kingdom of Belgium Dutch: België
French: Belgique
German: Belgien
Dutch: Koninkrijk België
French: Royaume de Belgique
German: Königreich Belgien
Dutch: Brussel
French: Bruxelles
German: Brüssel
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg
Europe map bosnia.png Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnian, Serbian Latin, Croatian: BiH, Bosna
Serbian Cyrillic: БиХ, Босна
Bosnian, Serbian Latin, Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina
Serbian Cyrillic: Босна и Херцеговина
Bosnian, Serbian Latin, Croatian: Sarajevo
Serbian Cyrillic: Сарајево
Flag of Bulgaria.svg
Europe map bulgaria.png Bulgaria Republic of Bulgaria Bulgarian: България Bulgarian: Република България
Bulgarian Transliteration: Republika Balgariya
Bulgarian: София
Bulgarian Transliteration: Sofiya
Flag of Croatia.svg
Europe map croatia.png Croatia Republic of Croatia Croatian: Hrvatska Croatian: Republika Hrvatska Zagreb


Flag Map English Short Name English Long Name Domestic Short Name Domestic Long Name Capital
Flag of Cyprus.svg
Europe map cyprus.png Cyprus[2] Republic of Cyprus Greek: Κύπρος
Greek Transliteration: Kýpros
Turkish: Kıbrıs
Greek: Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία
Greek Transliteration: Kypriakí Dhimokratía
Turkish: Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti
Greek: Λευκωσία
Turkish: Lefkoşa
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Europe map czechia.png Czechia[3] Czech Republic Czech: Česko Czech: Česká republika Prague
Czech: Praha
Flag of Denmark.svg
Europe map denmark.png Denmark Kingdom of Denmark Danish: Danmark Danish: Kongeriget Danmark Copenhagen
Danish: København
Flag of Estonia.svg
Europe map estonia.png Estonia Republic of Estonia Estonian: Eesti Estonian: Eesti Vabariik Tallinn
Flag of Finland.svg
Europe map finland.png Finland Republic of Finland Finnish: Suomi
Swedish: Finland
Finnish: Suomen tasavalta
Swedish: Republiken Finland
Finnish: Helsinki
Swedish: Helsingfors


Flag Map English Short Name English Long Name Domestic Short Name Domestic Long Name Capital
Flag of France.svg
Europe map france.png France French Republic French: France French: République française Paris
Flag of Georgia.svg
Europe map georgia.png Georgia[1] Republic of Georgia Georgian: საქართველო
Georgian Transliteration: Sakartvelo
Georgian: თბილისი
Flag of Germany.svg
Europe map germany.png Germany Federal Republic of Germany German: Deutschland German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland Berlin
Flag of Greece.svg
Europe map greece.png Greece Hellenic Republic Greek: Ελλάδα/ Ελλάς
Greek Transliteration: Ellada/ Ellas
Greek: Ελληνική Δημοκρατία
Greek Transliteration: Elliniki Dimokratia
Greek: Αθήνα
Greek Transliteration: Athina
Flag of Hungary.svg
Europe map hungary.png Hungary Republic of Hungary Hungarian: Magyarország Hungarian: Magyar Köztársaság Budapest


Flag Map English Short Name English Long Name Domestic Short Name Domestic Long Name Capital
Flag of Iceland.svg
Europe map iceland.png Iceland Republic of Iceland Icelandic: Ísland Icelandic: Lýðveldið Ísland Reykjavík
Icelandic: Reykjavíkurborg
Flag of Ireland.svg
Europe map ireland.png Ireland (see [4][5]) Irish: Éire (see [4][6]) Dublin
Irish: Baile Átha Cliath
Flag of Italy.svg
Europe map italy.png Italy Italian Republic Italian: Italia Italian: Repubblica Italiana Rome
Italian: Roma
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg
Europe map kazakhstan.png Kazakhstan[7] Republic of Kazakhstan Kazakh: Қазақстан
Kazakh Transliteration: Qazaqstan
Russian: Казахстан
Russian Transliteration: Kazakhstán
Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасы
Kazakh Transliteration: Qazaqstan Respublïkası
Russian: Республика Казахстан
Russian Transliteration: Respublika Kazakhstan
Kazakh: Астана
Russian: Астана
Flag of Latvia.svg
Europe map latvia.png Latvia Republic of Latvia Latvian: Latvija Latvian: Latvijas Republika Riga
Latvian: Rīga


Flag Map English Short Name English Long Name Domestic Short Name Domestic Long Name Capital
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg
Europe map liechtenstein.png Liechtenstein Principality of Liechtenstein German: Liechtenstein German: Fürstentum Liechtenstein Vaduz
Flag of Lithuania.svg
Europe map lithuania.png Lithuania Republic of Lithuania Lithuanian: Lietuva Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublika Vilnius
Flag of Luxembourg.svg
Europe map luxembourg.png Luxembourg Grand Duchy of Luxembourg Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg
French: Luxembourg
German: Luxemburg
Luxembourgish: Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg
French: Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
German: Großherzogtum Luxemburg
Luxembourg City
Luxembourgish: Stad Lëtzebuerg
French: Ville de Luxembourg
German: Luxemburg Stadt
Flag of Macedonia.svg
Europe map macedonia.png Macedonia Republic of Macedonia Macedonian: Македонија
Macedonian Transliteration: Makedonija
Macedonian: Република Македонија
Macedonian Transliteration: Republika Makedonija
Macedonian: Скопје
Flag of Malta.svg
Europe map malta.png Malta Republic of Malta Maltese: Malta Maltese: Repubblika ta' Malta Valletta
Maltese: Il-Belt Valletta


Flag Map English Short Name English Long Name Domestic Short Name Domestic Long Name Capital
Flag of Moldova.svg
Europe map moldova.png Moldova Republic of Moldova Romanian: Moldova Romanian: Republica Moldova Chisinau
Romanian: Chişinău
Flag of Monaco.svg
Europe map monaco.png Monaco Principality of Monaco French: Monaco
Monégasque: Múnegu
Occitan: Mónegue
Italian: Monaco
French: Principauté de Monaco
Monégasque: Principatu de Múnegu
Occitan: Principat de Mónegue
Italian: Principato di Monaco
Flag of Montenegro.svg
Europe map montenegro.png Montenegro Republic of Montenegro Serbian Latin: Crna Gora
Serbian Cyrillic: Црна Гора
Serbian Latin: Crna Gora
Serbian Cyrillic: Црна Гора
Serbian Cyrillic: Подгорица
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Europe map netherlands.png Netherlands[9][10] Kingdom of the Netherlands Dutch: Nederland Dutch: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden Amsterdam (capital)
The Hague (seat of government)
Dutch: 's-Gravenhage (Den Haag)
Flag of Norway.svg
Europe map norway.png Norway Kingdom of Norway Bokmål: Norge
Nynorsk: Noreg
Bokmål: Kongeriket Norge
Nynorsk: Kongeriket Noreg

Poland—San Marino

Flag Map English Short Name English Long Name Domestic Short Name Domestic Long Name Capital
Flag of Poland.svg
Europe map poland.png Poland Republic of Poland Polish: Polska Polish: Rzeczpospolita Polska Warsaw
Polish: Warszawa
Flag of Portugal.svg
Europe map portugal.png Portugal Portuguese Republic Portuguese: Portugal Portuguese: República Portuguesa Lisbon
Portuguese: Lisboa
Flag of Romania.svg
Europe map romania.png Romania Romanian: România Bucharest
Romanian: Municipiul Bucureşti
Flag of Russia.svg
Europe map russia.png Russia[7] Russian Federation Russian: Росси́я
Russian Transliteration: Rossiya
Russian: Российская Федерация
Russian Transliteration: Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
Russian: Москва
Russian Transliteration: Moskva
Flag of San Marino.svg
Europe map sanmarino.png San Marino Most Serene Republic of San Marino Italian: San Marino Italian: Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino City of San Marino
Italian: Città di San Marino


Flag Map English Short Name English Long Name Domestic Short Name Domestic Long Name Capital
Flag of Serbia.svg
Europe map serbia.png Serbia Republic of Serbia Serbian Cyrilic: Србија
Serbian Latin: Srbija
Serbian Cyrilic: Република Србија
Serbian Latin: Republika Srbija
Serbian Cyrilic: Београд
Serbian Latin: Beograd
Flag of Slovakia.svg
Europe map slovakia.png Slovakia Slovak Republic Slovak: Slovensko Slovak: Slovenská republika Bratislava
Flag of Slovenia.svg
Europe map slovenia.png Slovenia Republic of Slovenia Slovene: Slovenija Slovene: Republika Slovenija Ljubljana
Flag of Spain.svg
Europe map spain.png Spain Kingdom of Spain Spanish: España Spanish: Reino de España Madrid
Flag of Sweden.svg
Europe map sweden.png Sweden Kingdom of Sweden Swedish: Sverige Swedish: Konungariket Sverige Stockholm

Switzerland—Vatican City

Flag Map English Short Name English Long Name Domestic Short Name Domestic Long Name Capital
Flag of Switzerland.svg
Europe map switzerland.png Switzerland Swiss Confederation Latin: Helvetica
German: Schweiz
French: Suisse
Italian: Svizzera
Romansh: Svizra
Latin: Confoederatio Helvetica
German: Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft
French: Confédération suisse
Italian: Confederazione Svizzera
Romansh: Confederaziun svizra
Bern or Berne
German: Bern
French: Berne
Italian: Berna
Romansh: Berna
Bernese German: Bärn
Flag of Turkey.svg
Europe map turkey.png Turkey[7] Republic of Turkey Turkish: Türkiye Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Ankara
Flag of Ukraine.svg
Europe map ukraine.png Ukraine Ukrainian: Україна
Ukrainian Transliteration: Ukrayina / Ukraina
Ukrainian: Київ
Ukrainian Transliteration: Kyiv
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
Europe map uk.png United Kingdom
(also sometimes: Britain or Great Britain)[11]
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Welsh: Teyrnas Unedig Prydain Fawr a Gogledd Iwerddon
Scottish Gaelic: An Rìoghachd Aonaichte na Breatainn Mhòr agus Eirinn a Tuath
Irish: Ríocht Aontaithe na Breataine Móire agus Thuaisceart Éireann
Scots: Unitit Kinrick o Graet Breetain an Northren Ireland
Cornish: An Rywvaneth Unys a Vreten Veur hag Iwerdhon Glédh
Flag of the Vatican City.svg
Europe map vatican.png Vatican City
Holy See
State of the Vatican City Latin: Santa Sede Latin: Status Civitatis Vaticanæ
Italian: Stato della Città del Vaticano
Vatican City[8]

Nonsovereign territories and regions (7)

Dependent territories and autonomous regions in Europe.


Flag Map English Short Name English Long Name Domestic Short Name Domestic Long Name Capital
Flag of Åland.svg
Europe map aaland.png Åland[12] Åland Islands Swedish: Åland Swedish: Landskapet Åland
Finnish: Ahvenanmaan maakunta
Finnish: Maarianhamina
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
Cyprus SBAsInRed.png Akrotiri & Dhekelia[13][14] Sovereign Base Areas

of Akrotiri and Dhekelia

Episkopi Cantonment
Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg
Europe map faroe.png Faroe Islands[15] Faroese: Føroyar
Danish: Færøerne
Faroese: Tórshavn
Danish: Thorshavn
Flag of Gibraltar.svg
Europe map gibraltar.png Gibraltar[14] Gibraltar Gibraltar


Flag Map English Short Name English Long Name Domestic Short Name Domestic Long Name Capital
Flag of Guernsey.svg
Europe map gernsey.png Guernsey[16] Bailiwick of Guernsey Guernésiais: Guernesey Guernésiais: Bailliage de Guernesey St. Peter Port
Guernésiais: Saint Pierre Port
Flag of the Isle of Man.svg
Europe map mann.png Isle of Man[16] Manx: Mannin Manx: Ellan Vannin Douglas
Manx: Doolish
Flag of Jersey.svg
Europe map jersey.png Jersey[16] Bailiwick of Jersey Jèrriais: Jèrri Jèrriais: Bailliage de Jersey St. Helier
Jèrriais: Saint Hélyi

Partially recognised republics, territories and regions (4)

The following geo-political entities in Europe have partial diplomatic recognition by one or more sovereign states and are defined as 'states' by the declarative theory of statehood.

Flag Map English Short Name English Long Name Domestic Short Name Domestic Long Name Capital
Flag of Abkhazia.svg
Location of Abkhazia in Europe2.png Abkhazia[1][17] Abkhaz: Аҧсны
Abkhaz Transliteration: Apsny
Georgian: აფხაზეთი
Georgian Transliteration: Apkhazeti or Abkhazeti
Russian: Абха́зия
Russian Transliteration: Abhazia
Abkhaz: Аҟəа
Abkhaz Transliteration: Akwa
Georgian: სოხუმი
Georgian Transliteration: Sokhumi
Russian: Сухуми
Flag of Kosovo.svg
Kosovo in Balkans.png Kosovo[18] Republic of Kosovo Albanian: Kosova, Kosovë
Serbian Cyrilic: Косово
Serbian Latin: Kosovo
Albanian: Republika e Kosovës
Serbian Cyrilic: Косово
Serbian Latin: Kosovo
Albanian: Prishtina, Prishtinë
Serbian Cyrilic: Приштина
Serbian Latin: Priština
Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg
TRNC location.svg Northern Cyprus Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti Lefkoşa
Flag of South Ossetia.svg
Location of South Ossetia in Europe2.png South Ossetia[1][17] Ossetic: Хуссар Ирыстон
Ossetic Transliteration: Khussar Iryston
Georgian: სამხრეთ ოსეთი
Georgian Transliteration: Samkhret Oseti
Russian: Южная Осетия
Russian Transliteration: Yuzhnaya Osetiya
Ossetic: Хуссар Ирыстон Республика Tskhinvali
Ossetic: Цхинвал or Чъреба
Ossetic Transliteration: Chreba

Unrecognised republics, territories and regions (2)

The following geo-political entities in Europe lack diplomatic recognition, yet are defined as 'states' by the declarative theory of statehood.

Flag Map English Short Name English Long Name Domestic Short Name Domestic Long Name Capital
Flag of Nagorno-Karabakh.svg
Location Nagorno-Karabakh2.png Nagorno-Karabakh[1][19] Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Armenian: Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ
Armenian Transliteration: Lernayin Gharabaghi
Armenian: Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ Հանրապետություն
Armenian Transliteration: Lernayin Gharabaghi Hanrapetut’yun
Armenian: Ստեփանակերտ
Armenian Transliteration: Khankendi
Azerbaijani: Xankəndi
Azerbaijani Transliteration: Xankindi
Flag of Transnistria.svg
Transnistria-map.png Transnistria[20]
Also: Trans-Dniester or Transdniestria or Pridnestrovie
Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic Moldovan: Нистрянэ
Romanian Transliteration: Transnistria
Russian: Приднестрóвье
Russian Transliteration: Pridnestrov'ye
Ukrainian: Придністрóв'я
Ukrainian Transliteration: Prydnistrov'ya
Moldovan: Република Молдовеняскэ НистрянэRomanian Transliteration: Republica Moldovenească Nistreană
Russian: Приднестрóвская Молдáвская Респýблика
Russian Transliteration: Pridnestrovskaya Moldavskaya Respublika
Ukrainian: Придністровська Молдавська Республіка
Ukrainian Transliteration: Pridnistrovs'ka Moldavs'ka Respublika
Moldovan: Тираспол
Russian and Ukrainian: Тирáсполь


  1. ^ a b c d e f Part of Transcaucasian Region.
  2. ^ Cyprus and Greenland are both entirely on other continents ( Asia and North America respectively ), but they have sociopolitical connections with Europe.
  3. ^ Standard short form, not used very often
  4. ^ a b The terms Republic of Ireland and Poblacht na hÉireann are not long-form names and are used only as a legal description meant to differentiate the state from the island.
  5. ^ "Republic of Ireland Act, 1948". No. 22/1948. 1948. Retrieved 2008-12-16.  
  6. ^ "An tAcht Phoblacht na hÉireann, 1948". Uimhir 22 de 1948. 1948. Retrieved 2008-12-16.  
  7. ^ a b c Kazakhstan, Russia and Turkey are considered to be in both Europe and Asia geographically (Europe in dark blue, Asia in light blue).
  8. ^ a b These countries are city-states.
  9. ^ The Netherlands is also known in the short form as Holland, but this is the improper form for the name of the whole country as it refers only to a small region inside the country. See Netherlands (terminology).
  10. ^ United States CIA World Factbook -- Netherlands
  11. ^ The United Kingdom is composed of the constituent countries England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
  12. ^ Territory of Finland.
  13. ^ UK administered areas on the island of Cyprus that comprise the Sovereign Base Areas
  14. ^ a b British Overseas Territory.
  15. ^ Self-governing province of Denmark.
  16. ^ a b c British Crown Dependency.
  17. ^ a b De facto independent republic, with recognition by Russia and Nicaragua only. It is located within the internationally recognized borders of Georgia.
  18. ^ De facto independent republic with some international recognition. Kosovo declared independence from Serbia on February 18, 2008. It is listed as un-recognised until it attains membership in the United Nations.
  19. ^ De facto independent republic, with no international recognition. It is located entirely within the internationally recognized borders of Azerbaijan.
  20. ^ De facto independent republic, with no international recognition. It is located within the internationally recognized borders of Moldova.

See also

Other lists


Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address