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     Countries with a gendarmerie (NB: in Canada the title of gendarmerie is nominal only)      Countries that formerly had a gendarmerie

A gendarmerie or gendarmery (pronounced /dʒɛnˈdɑrməri/ or /ˌʒɑːndɑrməˈriː/) is a military body charged with police duties among civilian populations. The members of such a body are called gendarmes. The term maréchaussée (or marshalcy) may also be used (e.g., Royal Marechaussee) but is now uncommon.


List of modern gendarmeries

The Coat of arms of the Romanian Gendarmerie, re-established in 1993, after the fall of communism.
Emblem of the Serbian Žandarmerija.
Roundel of the Carabineros of Chile
Insignia of the Military Police of Brazil.
Country English name Native-language name Notes
Algeria National Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Nationale (الدرك الوطني)
Argentina Argentine National Gendarmerie Gendarmería Nacional Argentina
Barbados National Task Force
Belarus Special Purpose Police Unit Otryad Militsii Osobogo Naznacheniya (Отряд милиции особого назначения)
Benin National Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Nationale
Bhutan Royal Bhutan Police
Brazil Military Police
Polícia Militar
The Military Police are not the police of the armed forces
Bulgaria National Gendarmerie Service Zhandarmeriya (Жандармерия)
Burkina Faso Gendarmerie Nationale National Gendarmerie
Burundi Gendarmerie Nationale National Gendarmerie
Cambodia Royal Gendarmerie of Cambodia
Cameroon Gendarmerie Nationale National Gendarmerie
Canada Royal Canadian Mounted Police Gendarmerie royale du Canada
Central African Republic Gendarmerie
Chad Gendarmerie Nationale National Gendarmerie
Chile Carabiniers of Chile Carabineros de Chile
China People's Armed Police Zhōngguó Rénmín Wǔzhuāng Jǐngchá Bùduì (中国人民武装警察部队)
Colombia Corps of Carabiners
Mobile Carabinier Squadrons
Cuerpo de Carabineros
Escuadrones Móviles de Carabineros
Comoros Gendarmerie
Costa Rica Public Force Fuerza Pública
Congo Gendarmerie
Djibouti Gendarmerie
Egypt Central Security Forces
France National Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Nationale
Gabon Gendarmerie Nationale National Gendarmerie
Guinea Gendarmerie
Hungary Service of Law Enforcement and Public Safety Rendészeti Biztonsági Szolgálat
India Corps of Military Police
Central Reserve Police Force
Indian Home Guard
Railway Protection Force
The Military Police Corps (nicknamed Red Berets) is a component of the Indian Army.
The Central Reserve Police Force, including its specialized wing the Rapid Action Force, Railway Protection Force and Indian Home Guard are components of the paramilitary forces of India.
Iraq National Police Not to be confused with civilian Iraqi Police Service, although at present both are highly militarised
Israel Israel Border Police Mishmar HaGvul
Italy Corps of Carabineers
Finance Guard/ Customs
Arma dei Carabinieri
Guardia di Finanza
Both the Carabinieri and Guardia di Finanza are components of the Italian Armed Forces, although they are controlled by different ministries
Ivory Coast Gendarmerie
Lebanon Lebanese Gendarmerie Amen el Dakhli Nicknamed "El Darak"
Madagascar Gendarmerie Nationale National Gendarmerie
Mali Gendarmerie Nationale National Gendarmerie
Mauritania Gendarmerie Nationale National Gendarmerie
Mexico Federal Police Policia Federal Civilian status, but largely composed of military personnel transferred en masse from the Mexican army's 3rd Military Police Brigade in 1999.
Moldova Carabinier Troops Trupele de Carabinieri
Monaco Prince's Company of Carabiniers Compagnie des Carabiniers du Prince The Corps des Sapeurs-Pompiers provide an armed support service
Morocco Royal Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Royale (الدرك الملكي)
Netherlands Royal Marechaussee Koninklijke Marechaussee
Niger National Police of Niger Includes the National Gendarmerie and the Niger Internal Security Forces.
Pakistan Pakistan Rangers
Frontier Corps
Mehran Force
Poland Military Gendarmerie Żandarmeria Wojskowa
Portugal Portuguese National Republican Guard Guarda Nacional Republicana
Romania Romanian Gendarmerie Jandarmeria Română
Russia Internal Troops Vnutrenniye Voiska (Внутренние войска)
Rwanda Gendarmerie
San Marino Corps of Gendarmerie of San Marino
Guard of the Rock
Guardia di Rocca
Senegal Gendarmerie Nationale National Gendarmerie
Serbia Gendarmerie Žandarmerija (Жандармерија)
Spain Civil Guard Guardia Civil
Switzerland Border Guard Corps
Federal Office of Police
Both have civilian status.
(The cantonal police of the French-speaking cantons are called gendarmerie, but do not fit any of the criteria.)
Togo National Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Nationale
Tunisia Garde Nationale National Guard
Turkey Gendarmerie Jandarma Genel Komutanlığı
Ukraine Internal Troops Vnutrisni Viys'ka Ukrayiny (Внутрішні війська України)
United States United States Coast Guard Charged with maritime law enforcement and civil shipping and boating regulation; a component of the Department of Homeland Security; one of the five armed forces of the United States
Vatican City Corps of Gendarmerie of Vatican City Corpo della Gendarmeria dello Stato della Città del Vaticano General responsibility for security and public order which encompasses all regular police duties, including border control, crime prevention and investigation, and enforcement of financial and commercial regulations.
Europe European Gendarmerie Force French: Force de gendarmerie européenne
Italian: Forza di Gendarmeria Europea
Portuguese: Força de Gendarmerie Europeia
Spanish: Fuerza de Gendarmería Europea
Formed by five members of the European Union: France, Italy, Spain, Portugal and the Netherlands, the purpose was the creation of a European intervention force which would have gendarmerie functions and be specialized in crisis management. More countries will be allowed to join in the future.

List of former gendarmeries

Country English name Native-language name Formed Disbanded Notes
Afghanistan Defenders of the Revolution Sarandoy ~1980 ~1988 Formed and employed under the Soviet-backed Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
Austria Federal Gendarmerie Bundesgendarmerie 1849 2005 Dissolved under occupation from 1938 to 1945. Merged with other agencies to form new Bundespolizei in 2005
Belgium Belgian Gendarmerie French: Gendarmerie
Dutch: Rijkswacht
1796 2001 Was formed under French rule in what now is Belgian territory, even before the establishment of Belgium itself (1830). Merged with federal and local police to form a new policing system
Colombia National Gendarmerie Corps Cuerpo de Gendarmeria Nacional 1906 1909 Created to function decentralized from the National Police command and more militarized regime, managed by the Ministry of War. In 1909 General Jorge Holguín suppressed the National Gendarmerie Corps and gave the provincial governors the authority to organize police services at their own will
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakian Gendarmerie Československé četnictvo 1918 1939 Managed by the Ministry of Interior. After the liberation in 1945 created a unified police force - the Corps of National Security (SNB) - that amalgamated gendarmerie, police and intelligence.
Crete Cretan Gendarmerie Κρητική Χωροφυλακή, Kritiki Chorofylaki 1899 1916
Denmark Border Gendarmerie Grænsegendarmeriet 1838 1958 Pre-dated by De Blå Gendarmer (1885–1897)
El Salvador National Guard Guardia Nacional 1912 1922
Germany Gendarmerie Gendarmerie or Landjäger mid-20th century
Greece Greek Gendarmerie Ελληνική Χωροφυλακή, Elliniki Chorofylaki 1833 1984 Merged with the City Police and formed the current Greek Police
Hungary Csendőrség 1945 After the change of the regime in 1989, a new gendarmerie-type police force within the frameworks of the Hungarian National Police:, Rendészeti Biztonsági Szolgálat, was formed
Iran Islamic Republic of Iran Gendarmerie  ? 1979 1990 Persian Central Government Gendarmerie 1911-1921, Amniyeh Kol-e Mamlekati 1921-1943, GENMISH 1943-1957, State Gendarmerie 1957-1979, gendarmerie dissolved in 1990
Ireland Royal Irish Constabulary[1] 1822 1922 Royal added to the name in 1867. [2]
Italy Italian Africa Police Polizia dell'Africa Italiana 1936 1944 Operated throughout Italian East Africa
National Republican Guard Guardia Nazionale Repubblicana 1943 1945 Formed by the Italian Social Republic
Japan Corps of Law Soldiers (lit) Kempeitai 1881 1945 Part of the Imperial Japanese Army
Naval Secret Police Tokkeitai, 特警隊 1945 The Imperial Japanese Navy's military police, they were equivalent to the Imperial Japanese Army's Kempeitai. They were also the smallest military police service.
Special Higher Police (特別高等警察, Tokubetsu Kōtō Keisatsu 1911 1945 Often shortened to Tokkō (特高, Tokkō ?),established specifically to investigate and control political groups and ideologies deemed to be a threat to public order. Its main function was as a civilian counterpart to the military's Kempeitai.
National Rural Police National force in Japan until formation of JSDF and NPA
Luxembourg Grand Ducal Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Grand-Ducale 1733 2002 Dissolved under occupation from 1940 to 1952. Merged with Grand Ducal Police in 2002
Mexico Rural Guard Guardia Rural 1861 1914 In modern Mexico the name is applied to members of a part-time Rural Defence Corps
Nicaragua Nicaraguan Civil Guard Guardia Civil Nicaragüense 1909 1979 Dissolved along with the Somoza regime. Concept of the Civil Guard were integrated into what would later become the National Police of Nicaragua
Palestine (British Mandate) Palestine Gendarmerie 1920 1926 Replaced by Transjordan Frontier Force on 1 April
Peru Peruvian Gendarmerie Gendarmería Nacional del Perú) 1852 1924 Became the basis of the Civil Guard
Philippines Philippine Constabulary Hukbong Pamayapa ng Pilipinas 1901 1991 Became the basis of the present Philippine National Police
Russian Empire Special Corps of Gendarmes Отдельный корпус жандармов 1836 1917
US Forces in West Germany United States Constabulary - 1946 1952
United States Indian Territory Lighthorse  ? The name given by the Five Civilized Tribes of the United States to their mounted police force. The US Army's cavalry performed gendarme duties until the advent of law and order.
Vatican City Corps of Gendarmes Corpo della Gendarmeria 1816 1974 Replaced by a civilian Central Security Office which itself became the Corpo di Vigilanza dello Stato della Città del Vaticano


  1. ^ Emsley, Clive (1999), Gendarmes and the State in Nineteenth-Century Europe, Oxford University Press, pp. 246–247,267, ISBN 9780198207986, "Henry Goulburn...drafted a bill for a centralized, permanent armed constabulary linked to salaried police magistrates ... Even Grant condemned what he considered as an attempt ‘to place the whole of Ireland under an armed police, to subject it to a species of gendarmerie’." 
  2. ^ Replaced by the Royal Ulster Constabulary and the Garda Síochána on the partition of Ireland in 1922

See also



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