The Full Wiki

List of Governors of Colorado: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Governor of Colorado
Seal of Colorado.svg
Seal of Colorado
=
Incumbent
Bill Ritter

since January 09, 2007
Style The Honorable
Residence Colorado Governor's Mansion
Inaugural holder John Long Routt
1876
Formation Constitution of Colorado

The Governor of Colorado is the head of the executive branch of Colorado's government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The governor has a duty to enforce state laws, and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Colorado General Assembly, to convene the legislature, and to grant pardons, except in cases of treason or impeachment.[1]

To serve as Governor, one must be at least 30 years old, be a citizen of the United States, and have been a resident of the state for at least two years prior to election. The Colorado Constitution of 1876 originally called for election of the governor every two years, with their term beginning on the second Tuesday of the January following the election.[2] An amendment passed in 1956, taking effect in 1959, increased terms to four years.[3] Originally, there was no term limit applied to the governor; a 1990 amendment allowed governors to succeed themselves only once.[4] There is however no limit on the total number of terms one may serve as long as one who has served the two term limit is out of office for four years.

Should the office of governor become vacant, the lieutenant governor becomes, rather than acts, as governor.[5] If both the offices governor and lieutenant governor are vacant, the line of succession moves down through the senior members of the state senate and state house of representatives of the same party as the governor.[6] In these cases, too, the replacement becomes governor rather than acting in the office.[6] The lieutenant governor was elected separately from the governor until a 1968 amendment to the constitution[7] made it to that they are elected on the same ticket.[8]

There have been 36 state governors, serving 41 distinct terms. The longest-serving governors were Richard "Dick" Lamm and Roy Romer, who each served twelve years over three terms. The shortest term occurred on March 17, 1905, a day when the state had three governors: Alva Adams won the election, but soon after he took office, the legislature declared his opponent, James Peabody, governor, but on the condition that he immediately resign, so that his lieutenant governor, Jesse McDonald, could be governor. Thus, Peabody served only moments as governor. The current governor is Bill Ritter, who took office on January 9, 2007; his first term expires on January 11, 2011.

Contents

Governors

Advertisements

Governor of the Territory of Jefferson

The self-proclaimed Provisional Government of the Territory of Jefferson was organized on November 7, 1859.[9] Jefferson Territory included all of present-day Colorado, but extended about 3 miles (5 km) farther east, 138 miles (222 km) farther north, and about 50 miles (80 km) farther west.[10] The territory was never recognized by the federal government in the tumultuous days before the American Civil War. Jefferson Territory had only one governor, Robert Williamson Steele. He proclaimed the territory dissolved on June 6, 1861, several months after the official formation of the Colorado Territory, but only days after the arrival of its first governor.[11]

Governors of the Territory of Colorado

William Gilpin, first Governor of the Territory of Colorado
For the period before Colorado Territory was formed, see the lists of Governors of New Mexico Territory, Utah Territory, Kansas Territory, and Nebraska Territory.

The Territory of Colorado was organized on February 28, 1861, from parts of the territories of New Mexico, Utah, and Nebraska, and the unorganized territory that was previously the western portion of Kansas Territory.[12]

Governor Took office Left office Appointed by Notes
Gilpin, WilliamWilliam Gilpin 01861-03-25 March 25, 1861[13] 01862-03-26 March 26, 1862 Lincoln, AbrahamAbraham Lincoln [N 1][N 2]
Evans, JohnJohn Evans 01862-03-26 March 26, 1862[13] 01865-10-17 October 17, 1865 Lincoln, AbrahamAbraham Lincoln [N 3]
Cummings, AlexanderAlexander Cummings 01865-10-17 October 17, 1865[17] 01867-04-24 April 24, 1867 Johnson, AndrewAndrew Johnson
Hunt, Alexander CameronAlexander Cameron Hunt 01867-04-24 April 24, 1867[17] 01869-06-14 June 14, 1869 Johnson, AndrewAndrew Johnson
McCook, Edward M.Edward M. McCook 01869-06-14 June 14, 1869[18] 01873 1873 Grant, Ulysses S.Ulysses S. Grant [N 4]
Elbert, Samuel HittSamuel Hitt Elbert 01873-04-04 April 4, 1873[19] 01874 1874 Grant, Ulysses S.Ulysses S. Grant [N 5]
McCook, Edward M.Edward M. McCook 01874-06-19 June 19, 1874[18] 01875-03-29 March 29, 1875 Grant, Ulysses S.Ulysses S. Grant
Routt, John LongJohn Long Routt 01875-03-29 March 29, 1875[20] 01876-08-01 August 1, 1876 Grant, Ulysses S.Ulysses S. Grant

Governors of the State of Colorado

Davis Hanson Waite, 8th Governor of Colorado
Charles Spalding Thomas, 11th Governor of Colorado
George Alfred Carlson, 20th Governor of Colorado
Ralph Lawrence Carr, 29th Governor of Colorado
Richard "Dick" Lamm, 38th Governor of Colorado
Bill Owens, 40th Governor of Colorado

The State of Colorado was admitted to the Union on August 1, 1876.

      Republican (19)       Democratic (21)       Populist (1)
(numbering includes repeat governors)

# Governor Took office Left office Party Lt. Governor Terms[N 6]
1   John Long Routt August 1, 1876 January 14, 1879 Republican   Lafayette Head 1
2 Frederick Walker Pitkin January 14, 1879 January 9, 1883 Republican Horace Austin Warner Tabor 2
3 James Benton Grant January 9, 1883 January 13, 1885 Democratic William H. Meyer 1
4 Benjamin Harrison Eaton January 13, 1885 January 11, 1887 Republican Peter W. Breene 1
5 Alva Adams January 11, 1887 January 8, 1889 Democratic Norman H. Meldrum 1
6 Job Adams Cooper January 8, 1889 January 13, 1891 Republican William Grover Smith 1
7 John Long Routt January 13, 1891 January 10, 1893 Republican William Story 1
8 Davis Hanson Waite January 10, 1893 January 8, 1895 Populist David Hopkinson Nichols 1
9 Albert Washington McIntire January 8, 1895 January 12, 1897 Republican Jared L. Brush 1
10 Alva Adams January 12, 1897 January 10, 1899 Democratic Jared L. Brush 1
11 Charles Spalding Thomas January 10, 1899 January 8, 1901 Democratic Francis Patrick Carney 1
12 James Bradley Orman January 8, 1901 January 13, 1903 Democratic David C. Coates[N 7] 1
13 James Hamilton Peabody January 13, 1903 January 10, 1905 Republican Warren A. Haggott[N 8] 1
14 Alva Adams January 10, 1905 March 17, 1905 Democratic Arthur Cornforth [N 9]
15 James Hamilton Peabody March 17, 1905 March 17, 1905 Republican Jesse Fuller McDonald [N 9]
16 Jesse Fuller McDonald March 17, 1905 January 8, 1907 Republican Fred W. Parks [N 9]
17 Henry Augustus Buchtel January 8, 1907 January 12, 1909 Republican Erastus Harper 1
18 John F. Shafroth January 12, 1909 January 14, 1913 Democratic Stephen R. Fitzgarrald 2
19 Elias M. Ammons January 14, 1913 January 12, 1915 Democratic Stephen R. Fitzgarrald 1
20 George Alfred Carlson January 12, 1915 January 9, 1917 Republican Moses E. Lewis 1
21 Julius Caldeen Gunter January 9, 1917 January 14, 1919 Democratic James A. Pulliam 1
22 Oliver Henry Shoup January 14, 1919 January 9, 1923 Republican George Stepham 2
Earl Cooley
23 William Ellery Sweet January 9, 1923 January 13, 1925 Democratic Robert F. Rockwell 1
24 Clarence Morley January 13, 1925 January 11, 1927 Republican Sterling Byrd Lacy 1
25 Billy Adams January 11, 1927 January 10, 1933 Democratic George Milton Corlett 3
Edwin C. Johnson
26 Edwin C. Johnson January 10, 1933 January 1, 1937 Democratic Ray Herbert Talbot [N 10]
27 Ray Herbert Talbot January 1, 1937 January 12, 1937 Democratic vacant ½[N 11]
28 Teller Ammons January 12, 1937 January 10, 1939 Democratic Frank J. Hayes 1
29 Ralph Lawrence Carr January 10, 1939 January 12, 1943 Republican John Charles Vivian 2
30 John Charles Vivian January 12, 1943 January 14, 1947 Republican William Eugene Higby 2
31 William Lee Knous January 14, 1947 April 15, 1950 Democratic Homer L. Pearson [N 12]
Walter Walford Johnson
32 Walter Walford Johnson April 15, 1950 January 9, 1951 Democratic Charles P. Murphy ½[N 11]
33 Daniel I.J. Thornton January 9, 1951 January 11, 1955 Republican Gordon L. Allott 2
34 Edwin C. Johnson January 11, 1955 January 8, 1957 Democratic Stephen L.R. McNichols 1
35 Stephen L.R. McNichols January 8, 1957 January 8, 1963 Democratic Frank L. Hays 2[N 13]
Robert Lee Knous
36 John Arthur Love January 8, 1963 July 16, 1973 Republican Robert Lee Knous [N 14]
Mark Anthony Hogan
John David Vanderhoof
37 John David Vanderhoof July 16, 1973 January 14, 1975 Republican Ted L. Strickland ½[N 11]
38 Richard "Dick" Lamm January 14, 1975 January 13, 1987 Democratic George L. Brown 3
Nancy E. Dick
39 Roy Romer January 13, 1987 January 12, 1999 Democratic Mike Callihan 3
Samuel H. Cassidy
Gail Schoettler
40 Bill Owens January 12, 1999 January 9, 2007 Republican Joe Rogers 2
Jane E. Norton
41 Bill Ritter January 9, 2007 incumbent Democratic Barbara O'Brien 1[N 15]

Other high offices held

This is a table of congressional offices held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Colorado.

* Denotes those offices which the governor resigned to take.
Governor Gubernatorial term Other offices held Sources
Thomas, Charles SpaldingCharles Spalding Thomas 1899–1901 U.S. Senator [25]
Shafroth, John FranklinJohn Franklin Shafroth 1909–1913 U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator [26]
Johnson, Edwin CarlEdwin Carl Johnson 1933–1937, 1955–1957 U.S. Senator* [27]

Living former governors

As of February 2010, four former governors were alive. The most recent death of a former governor was John Arthur Love (1963–1973), who died on January 21, 2002.

Governor Gubernatorial term Date of birth
John David Vanderhoof 1973–1975 May 27, 1922 (1922-05-27) (age 87)
Richard "Dick" Lamm 1975–1987 September 12, 1935 (1935-09-12) (age 74)
Roy Romer 1987–1999 October 31, 1928 (1928-10-31) (age 81)
Bill Owens 1999–2007 October 22, 1950 (1950-10-22) (age 59)

Notes

  1. ^ The territory was formed on February 28, 1861, but no governor was appointed until March 25, 1861. Gilpin himself did not arrive in the territory until May 27, 1861.[14]
  2. ^ Removed from office for improper financial drafts from the federal treasury[15]
  3. ^ Resigned at the request of President Johnson following the Sand Creek Massacre. The resignation was requested on July 18, 1865.[16]
  4. ^ Removed from office by petition[18]
  5. ^ Records show Elbert served "less than a year", but his successor was appointed on June 19, 1874, which was 14 months after Elbert took office.[19]
  6. ^ The fractional terms of some governors are not to be understood absolutely literally; rather, they are meant to show single terms during which multiple governors served, due to resignations, deaths and the like.
  7. ^ The Colorado State Archives labels Coates a Democrat;[21] however, a contemporary New York Times article describes him as a Populist elected on a fusion ticket, and that he had renounced all other parties and become a Socialist.[22]
  8. ^ The Colorado State Archives says Haggott served from 1902 to 1903; however, multiple sources say he served with Peabody[23] well into 1904,[24] so it is assumed the Archives are in error.
  9. ^ a b c The 1904 election was rife with fraud and controversy. Alva Adams won election, but soon after he took office the Republican legislature declared James Peabody to be the actual winner, on the condition that Peabody immediately resign. Since Peabody had been governor for a few moments before resigning, it was his lieutenant governor, Jesse McDonald, that succeeded to the governorship. In all, Colorado had three governors on March 17, 1905.
  10. ^ Resigned to take elected seat in the United States Senate
  11. ^ a b c As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term
  12. ^ Resigned to take seat on the United States District Court for the District of Colorado
  13. ^ Gubernatorial terms changed from two to four years during McNichols' term; his first term was two years, his second term was four years.
  14. ^ Resigned to be Director of the Office of Energy Policy
  15. ^ Governor Ritter's first term expires on January 11, 2011; he is not yet term limited.

References

General
Constitutions
Specific
  1. ^ CO Const. art IV
  2. ^ CO Const. art IV, original section 1
  3. ^ "Ballot History". Colorado Legislature. http://www.leg.state.co.us/lcs/ballothistory.nsf/835d2ada8de735e787256ffe0074333d/e00852dbf964756687256ffe006c7cdb?OpenDocument. Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  4. ^ "Ballot History". Colorado Legislature. http://www.leg.state.co.us/lcs/ballothistory.nsf/835d2ada8de735e787256ffe0074333d/0101464112938c5887256ffd006a4981?OpenDocument. Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  5. ^ CO Const. art IV, sec 13
  6. ^ a b CO Const. art IV, sec 13, paragraph 7
  7. ^ "Ballot History". Colorado Legislature. http://www.leg.state.co.us/lcs/ballothistory.nsf/835d2ada8de735e787256ffe0074333d/a38dfe74479c6c9787256ffd006a4935?OpenDocument. Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  8. ^ CO Const. art IV, sec 1
  9. ^ University of Colorado Studies, p. 71
  10. ^ University of Colorado Studies, p. 68
  11. ^ University of Colorado Studies, pp. 75–76
  12. ^ Thirty-sixth United States Congress (1861-02-28). "An Act to provide a temporary Government for the Territory of Colorado" (PDF). State of Colorado, Department of Personnel and Administration, Colorado State Archives. http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/territory.pdf. Retrieved 2007-11-29. 
  13. ^ a b Houston Jr., Robert B. (2005). Two Colorado Odysseys: Chief Ouray Porter Nelson. p. 3. ISBN 0595358608. 
  14. ^ McGinnis, Ralph Y.; Calvin N. Smith (1994). Abraham Lincoln and the Western Territories. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 58. ISBN 0830412476. 
  15. ^ "William Gilpin". Colorado Governor's Index. Colorado State Archives. http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/govs/gilpin.html. Retrieved 2008-10-23. 
  16. ^ "Correspondence from W. H. Seward to Gov. John Evans, re: Request by President for Resignation - 7/18/1865". Colorado State Archives. http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/evans/ff9.htm. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  17. ^ a b "Alexander Cummings". Colorado Governor's Index. Colorado State Archives. http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/govs/cummings.html. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  18. ^ a b c "Edward Moody McCook". Colorado Governor's Index. Colorado State Archives. http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/govs/mccook.html. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  19. ^ a b "Samuel Hitt Elbert". Colorado Governor's Index. Colorado State Archives. http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/govs/elbert.html. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  20. ^ "John L. Routt". Colorado Governor's Index. Colorado State Archives. http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/govs/routt.html. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  21. ^ "Lieutenant Governors of Colorado". Colorado State Archives. http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/offic/ltgov.html. Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  22. ^ "General Notes". The New York Times. July 13, 1902. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9A04E1D9113BE733A25750C1A9619C946397D6CF. Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  23. ^ Goodspeed, Weston Arthur (1904). The Province and the States: Missouri, Kansas, Colorado. pp. 481. http://books.google.com/books?id=cCAuAAAAYAAJ&source=gbs_navlinks_s. Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  24. ^ "Shots Fired from Windows". The New York Times. June 6, 1904. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9D0DE7DC1F3AE733A2575BC0A9609C946597D6CF. Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  25. ^ "Thomas, Charles Spalding". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=T000160. Retrieved 2008-10-22. 
  26. ^ "Shafroth, John Franklin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=S000279. Retrieved 2008-10-22. 
  27. ^ "Johnson, Edwin Carl". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=J000127. Retrieved 2008-10-22. 

See also

External links



Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message