List of Governors of Indiana: Wikis

  
  

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The Indiana Statehouse in Indianapolis, which houses the office of the governor

The Governor of Indiana is the head of the executive branch of Indiana's government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The governor has a duty to enforce state laws and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Indiana General Assembly, to convene that body, and to grant pardons, except in cases of treason or impeachment.[1]

The original 1816 Constitution of Indiana provided for the election of a governor and a lieutenant governor every three years.[2] The second and current constitution of 1851 lengthened terms to four years and set the commencement of the governor's term on the second Monday in the January following the election.[3] Governors were allowed to serve for four years in any eight-year period,[3] but this was extended by a 1972 amendment permitting governors to serve for eight years in any twelve-year period.[4] Should the office of governor become vacant, the lieutenant governor assumes the title of governor.[5] Nine lieutenant governors have succeeded to the governorship. If the office of lieutenant governor is vacant, the president pro tempore of the Indiana Senate becomes governor;[5] this has happened once, when James B. Ray succeeded William Hendricks.[6]

While a territory, Indiana had two President-appointed governors.[7] Since statehood in 1816, it has had 47 governors, serving 49 distinct terms; Isaac P. Gray and Henry F. Schricker are the only governors to have served non-consecutive terms. The longest-serving state governors are Otis R. Bowen and Evan Bayh at 8 years, 4 days; territorial governor William Henry Harrison served for over 12 years. The shortest-serving governor is Henry Smith Lane, who served two days before resigning to become a U.S. Senator.[8] The current governor is Mitch Daniels, who took office in 2005 and was reelected in 2008 to serve until January 2013.

Contents

Governors

William Henry Harrison, first governor of the Indiana Territory and ninth President of the United States
Jonathan Jennings, first governor of Indiana and nine term Congressman from Indiana
James B. Ray, fourth governor of Indiana, and only Senate President pro tempore to become governor
James Whitcomb, 8th governor of Indiana and Senator from Indiana
Oliver P. Morton, 14th governor of Indiana and governor during the American Civil War
Thomas A. Hendricks, 16th governor of Indiana and 21st Vice President of the United States
Thomas R. Marshall, 27th governor of Indiana and 28th Vice President of the United States
Evan Bayh, 46th and longest-serving governor of Indiana and current Senator from Indiana
Mitch Daniels, 49th and current governor of Indiana

The land that became Indiana was acquired by the United States after the American Revolutionary War. The region was originally organized as the Northwest Territory, consisting of all of the land in the United States north and west of the Ohio River. Indiana Territory was split from the Northwest Territory in 1800.

For the period before Indiana Territory was formed, see the list of Governors of Northwest Territory.

Governors of Indiana Territory

Indiana Territory was formed on July 4, 1800, and consisted of present-day Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, and parts of Michigan and Minnesota. Michigan Territory was split from the territory on June 30, 1805, and Illinois Territory followed on March 1, 1809, leaving Indiana Territory with its final borders.[9] From October 1, 1804, to July 4, 1805, the District of Louisiana was under the jurisdiction of Indiana Territory.[10]

# Governor Took office Left office Days in office Appointed by
1 William Henry Harrison May 13, 1800 December 28, 1812 4612 John Adams
Thomas Jefferson
James Madison
John Gibson December 28, 1812 March 3, 1813 65 acting[N 1]
2 Thomas Posey March 3, 1813 November 7, 1816 1345 James Madison

Governors of Indiana

Indiana was admitted to the Union on December 11, 1816.[12]

      Democratic-Republican       Democratic       Whig       Republican       Independent

#   Governor Took office Left office Party  Lt. Governor[N 2] Days in office Terms[N 3]
1   Jennings, JonathanJonathan Jennings November 7, 1816 September 12, 1822 Democratic-Republican Harrison, ChristopherChristopher Harrison,[N 4]
Ratliff Boon
2135 [N 5]
2   Boon, RatliffRatliff Boon September 12, 1822 December 5, 1822 Democratic-Republican vacant 84 ¼[N 6]
3   Hendricks, WilliamWilliam Hendricks December 5, 1822 February 12, 1825 Democratic-Republican Boon, RatliffRatliff Boon 800 ¾[N 7]
4 Ray, James B.James B. Ray February 12, 1825 December 7, 1831 Independent Thompson, John H.John H. Thompson,
Milton Stapp
2489 ¼+2[N 8][N 9]
5   Noble, NoahNoah Noble December 7, 1831 December 6, 1837 Whig Wallace, DavidDavid Wallace 2191 2
6   Wallace, DavidDavid Wallace December 6, 1837 December 9, 1840 Whig Hillis, DavidDavid Hillis 1099 1
7   Bigger, SamuelSamuel Bigger December 9, 1840 December 6, 1843 Whig Hall, SamuelSamuel Hall 1092 1
8   Whitcomb, JamesJames Whitcomb December 6, 1843 December 26, 1848 Democratic Bright, Jesse D.Jesse D. Bright,
Paris C. Dunning
1847 1⅔[N 7]
9   Dunning, Paris C.Paris C. Dunning December 26, 1848 December 5, 1849 Democratic vacant 344 [N 6]
10   Wright, Joseph A.Joseph A. Wright December 5, 1849 January 12, 1857 Democratic Lane, James H.James H. Lane,
Ashbel P. Willard
2595 2
11   Willard, Ashbel P.Ashbel P. Willard January 12, 1857 October 4, 1860 Democratic Hammond, Abram A.Abram A. Hammond 1361 ¾[N 10]
12   Hammond, Abram A.Abram A. Hammond October 4, 1860 January 14, 1861 Democratic vacant 102 ¼[N 6]
13   Lane, Henry SmithHenry Smith Lane January 14, 1861 January 16, 1861 Republican Morton, Oliver P.Oliver P. Morton 2 [N 7]
14   Morton, Oliver P.Oliver P. Morton January 16, 1861 January 23, 1867 Republican Baker, ConradConrad Baker 2198 ⅞+1+½[N 6][N 7]
15   Baker, ConradConrad Baker January 23, 1867 January 13, 1873 Republican Cumback, WillWill Cumback 2182 ½+1[N 6][N 11]
16   Hendricks, Thomas A.Thomas A. Hendricks January 13, 1873 January 8, 1877 Democratic Sexton, LeonidasLeonidas Sexton 1456 1
17   Williams, James D.James D. Williams January 8, 1877 November 20, 1880 Democratic Gray, Isaac P.Isaac P. Gray 1412 ¾[N 10]
18   Gray, Isaac P.Isaac P. Gray November 20, 1880 January 10, 1881 Democratic vacant 51 ¼[N 6]
19   Porter, Albert G.Albert G. Porter January 10, 1881 January 12, 1885 Republican Hanna, ThomasThomas Hanna 1463 1
20   Gray, Isaac P.Isaac P. Gray January 12, 1885 January 14, 1889 Democratic Manson, Mahlon DickersonMahlon Dickerson Manson 1463 1
21   Hovey, Alvin P.Alvin P. Hovey January 14, 1889 November 23, 1891 Republican Chase, Ira JoyIra Joy Chase 1043 ½[N 10]
22   Chase, Ira JoyIra Joy Chase November 23, 1891 January 9, 1893 Republican vacant 413 ½[N 6]
23   Matthews, ClaudeClaude Matthews January 9, 1893 January 11, 1897 Democratic Nye, MortimerMortimer Nye 1463 1
24   Mount, James A.James A. Mount January 11, 1897 January 14, 1901 Republican Haggard, William S.William S. Haggard 1464 1
25   Durbin, Winfield T.Winfield T. Durbin January 14, 1901 January 9, 1905 Republican Gilbert, Newton W.Newton W. Gilbert 1456 1
26   Hanly, J. FrankJ. Frank Hanly January 9, 1905 January 11, 1909 Republican Miller, Hugh ThomasHugh Thomas Miller 1463 1
27   Marshall, Thomas R.Thomas R. Marshall January 11, 1909 January 13, 1913 Democratic Hall, Frank J.Frank J. Hall 1463 1
28   Ralston, Samuel M.Samuel M. Ralston January 13, 1913 January 8, 1917 Democratic O'Neill, William P.William P. O'Neill 1456 1
29   Goodrich, James P.James P. Goodrich January 8, 1917 January 10, 1921 Republican Bush, Edgar D.Edgar D. Bush 1463 1
30   McCray, Warren T.Warren T. McCray January 10, 1921 April 30, 1924 Republican Branch, Emmett ForrestEmmett Forrest Branch 1206 ¾[N 12]
31   Branch, Emmett ForrestEmmett Forrest Branch April 30, 1924 January 12, 1925 Republican vacant 257 ¼[N 6]
32   Jackson, Edward L.Edward L. Jackson January 12, 1925 January 14, 1929 Republican Orman, F. Harold VanF. Harold Van Orman 1463 1
33   Leslie, Harry G.Harry G. Leslie January 14, 1929 January 9, 1933 Republican Bush, Edgar D.Edgar D. Bush 1456 1
34   McNutt, Paul V.Paul V. McNutt January 9, 1933 January 11, 1937 Democratic Townsend, M. CliffordM. Clifford Townsend 1463 1
35   Townsend, M. CliffordM. Clifford Townsend January 11, 1937 January 13, 1941 Democratic Schricker, Henry F.Henry F. Schricker 1463 1
36   Schricker, Henry F.Henry F. Schricker January 13, 1941 January 8, 1945 Democratic Dawson, Charles M.Charles M. Dawson 1456 1
37   Gates, Ralph F.Ralph F. Gates January 8, 1945 January 10, 1949 Republican James, Richard T.Richard T. James 1463 1
38   Schricker, Henry F.Henry F. Schricker January 10, 1949 January 12, 1953 Democratic Watkins, John A.John A. Watkins
Rue J. Alexander
1463 1
39   Craig, George N.George N. Craig January 12, 1953 January 14, 1957 Republican Handley, Harold W.Harold W. Handley 1463 1
40   Handley, Harold W.Harold W. Handley January 14, 1957 January 9, 1961 Republican Parker, Crawford F.Crawford F. Parker 1456 1
41   Welsh, Matthew E.Matthew E. Welsh January 9, 1961 January 11, 1965 Democratic Ristine, Richard O.Richard O. Ristine 1463 1
42   Branigin, Roger D.Roger D. Branigin January 11, 1965 January 13, 1969 Democratic Rock, Robert L.Robert L. Rock 1463 1
43   Whitcomb, EdgarEdgar Whitcomb January 13, 1969 January 9, 1973 Republican Folz, Richard E.Richard E. Folz 1457 1
44   Bowen, Otis R.Otis R. Bowen January 9, 1973 January 13, 1981 Republican Orr, Robert D.Robert D. Orr 2926 2
45   Orr, Robert D.Robert D. Orr January 13, 1981 January 9, 1989 Republican Mutz, John M.John M. Mutz 2918 2
46   Bayh, EvanEvan Bayh January 9, 1989 January 13, 1997 Democratic O'Bannon, FrankFrank O'Bannon 2926 2
47   O'Bannon, FrankFrank O'Bannon January 13, 1997 September 13, 2003 Democratic Kernan, JoeJoe Kernan 2434 [N 10]
48   Kernan, JoeJoe Kernan September 13, 2003 January 10, 2005 Democratic Davis, KathyKathy Davis 485 ½[N 6]
49   Daniels, MitchMitch Daniels January 10, 2005 incumbent Republican Skillman, BeckyBecky Skillman 1887 1+[N 13]

Notes

  1. ^ John Gibson is sometimes known as Indiana's second territorial governor. He actually only served as acting governor of the Indiana Territory during the absences of Governor William Henry Harrison.[11]
  2. ^ Does not include acting lieutenant governors. All lieutenant governors represented the same party as their governor.
  3. ^ The fractional terms of some governors are not to be understood absolutely literally; rather, they are meant to show single terms during which multiple governors served due to resignations and deaths. Note that before 1851 the gubernatorial term was three years, and it was four years after 1851.
  4. ^ Christopher Harrison served as acting governor for three months in 1819 while Jennings conducting negotiations with native tribes
  5. ^ Resigned to take elected seat in the United States House of Representatives.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term.
  7. ^ a b c d Resigned to take elected seat in the United States Senate.
  8. ^ As president pro tempore of the Indiana Senate, filled unexpired term.
  9. ^ At age 31, the youngest person to serve as governor
  10. ^ a b c d Died in office.
  11. ^ Conrad Baker also acted as governor for five months during Governor Morton's term, as he was lieutenant governor when Morton suffered a stroke and handed over executive powers.[13]
  12. ^ Resigned following his conviction for mail fraud, and served three years in prison until he was pardoned by President Herbert Hoover in 1927.[14]
  13. ^ Governor Daniels' term expires on January 14, 2013; he is term limited.

Other high offices held

This is a table of congressional seats and other federal offices held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Indiana except where noted. * denotes those offices which the governor resigned to take. † denotes those offices from which the governor resigned to take the governorship.

Governor Gubernatorial term U.S. House U.S. Senate Other offices held Sources
Harrison, William HenryWilliam Henry Harrison 1800–1812 (territorial) Delegate from Northwest Territory†, U.S. Representative and Senator from Ohio, Minister to Gran Colombia, President of the United States [15][16]
Posey, ThomasThomas Posey 1813–1816 (territorial) U.S. Senator from Louisiana [17][18]
Jennings, JonathanJonathan Jennings 1816–1822 H* Delegate from Indiana Territory [19][20]
Boon, RatliffRatliff Boon 1822 H [21]
Hendricks, WilliamWilliam Hendricks 1822–1825 H† S* [22]
Wallace, DavidDavid Wallace 1837–1840 H [23]
Whitcomb, JamesJames Whitcomb 1843–1848 S* [24]
Wright, Joseph A.Joseph A. Wright 1849–1857 H S Minister to Prussia [25][26]
Lane, Henry SmithHenry Smith Lane 1861 H S* [27]
Morton, Oliver P.Oliver P. Morton 1861–1867 S* [28]
Hendricks, Thomas A.Thomas A. Hendricks 1873–1877 H S Vice President of the United States [29]
Williams, James D.James D. Williams 1877–1880 H† [30]
Porter, Albert G.Albert G. Porter 1881–1885 H Minister to Italy [31]
Hovey, Alvin P.Alvin P. Hovey 1888–1891 H† Minister to Peru [32]
Hanly, J. FrankJ. Frank Hanly 1905–1909 H [33]
Marshall, Thomas R.Thomas R. Marshall 1909–1913 Vice President of the United States [34]
Ralston, Samuel M.Samuel M. Ralston 1913–1917 S [35]
McNutt, Paul V.Paul V. McNutt 1933–1937 High Commissioner to the Philippines, Ambassador to the Philippines [36]
Bowen, Otis R.Otis R. Bowen 1973–1981 U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services [37]
Orr, Robert D.Robert D. Orr 1981–1989 Ambassador to Singapore [38]
Bayh, EvanEvan Bayh 1989–1997 S [39]
Daniels, MitchMitch Daniels 2005– Director of the Office of Management and Budget [40]

Living former governors

As of April 2009, four former governors were alive. The most recent governor to die was Robert D. Orr (1981–1989), on March 10, 2004. The most recently-serving governor to die was Frank O'Bannon (1997–2003), in office on September 13, 2003.

Name Gubernatorial term Date of birth
Edgar Whitcomb 1969–1973 November 6, 1917 (1917-11-06) (age 92)
Otis R. Bowen 1973–1981 February 26, 1918 (1918-02-26) (age 92)
Evan Bayh 1989–1997 December 26, 1955 (1955-12-26) (age 54)
Joe Kernan 2003–2005 April 8, 1946 (1946-04-08) (age 63)

See also

References

General
Constitutions
Specific
  1. ^ IN Const. art V
  2. ^ 1816 Const. art. IV, § 3
  3. ^ a b IN Const. art. V, § 1
  4. ^ McLauchlan p. 94
  5. ^ a b IN Const. art. V, § 10
  6. ^ Woollen, p. 56
  7. ^ Funk, p. 204
  8. ^ "Henry Smith Lane". Indiana Historical Bureau. http://www.in.gov/gov/2376.htm. Retrieved 2008-12-06. 
  9. ^ Funk, p. 188
  10. ^ Shoemaker, Floyd Calvin (1916). Missouri's Struggle for Statehood, 1804-1821. Jefferson City: The Hugh Stephens Printing Co. pp. 15–24. OCLC 4014912. http://books.google.com/books?id=xMQCAAAAMAAJ. Retrieved 2008-12-23. 
  11. ^ "John Gibson Letters". Indiana State Library. http://www.in.gov/library/exhibits/lawyers/aids/s510.html. Retrieved 2008-12-06. 
  12. ^ Funk, p. 36
  13. ^ Beck, Bill (January 1 2002). "Centennial Business: Baker & Daniels, Providing counsel to six generations of Hoosiers". Indiana Business Magazine. http://www.allbusiness.com/government/government-bodies-offices-regional-local/10597531-1.html. Retrieved 2008-12-06. 
  14. ^ "Warren Terry McCray". Indiana Historical Bureau. http://www.in.gov/gov/2360.htm. Retrieved 2008-12-06. 
  15. ^ Woollen, pp. 1–5
  16. ^ "Harrison, William Henry". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=H000279. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  17. ^ Woollen, p. 28
  18. ^ "Posey, Thomas". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=P000450. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  19. ^ Woollen, pp. 29–31
  20. ^ "Jennings, Jonathan". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=J000097. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  21. ^ "Boon, Ratliff". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=B000628. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  22. ^ "Hendricks, William". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=H000494. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  23. ^ "Wallace, David". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=W000076. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  24. ^ "Whitcomb, James". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=W000349. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  25. ^ Woollen, p. 96
  26. ^ "Wright, Joseph Albert". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=W000766. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  27. ^ "Lane, Henry Smith". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=L000060. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  28. ^ "Morton, Oliver Hazard Perry Throck". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=M001020. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  29. ^ "Hendricks, Thomas Andrew". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=h000493. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  30. ^ "Williams, James Douglas". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=W000507. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  31. ^ "Porter, Albert Gallatin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=P000435. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  32. ^ "Hovery, Alvin Peterson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=H000833. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  33. ^ "Hanly, James Franklin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=H000159. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  34. ^ "Marshall, Thomas Riley". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=M000164. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  35. ^ "Ralston, Samuel Moffett". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=R000020. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  36. ^ "Indiana Governor Paul Vories McNutt". National Governors Association. http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/?vgnextoid=44dc224971c81010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD&vgnextchannel=e449a0ca9e3f1010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  37. ^ "Indiana Governor Otis Ray Bowen". National Governors Association. http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/?vgnextoid=c048224971c81010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  38. ^ "Robert D. Orr (1917–2004)". The Indianapolis Star. http://www2.indystar.com/library/factfiles/people/o/orr_robert/orr.html. Retrieved 2009-02-25. 
  39. ^ "Bayh, Evan". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=b001233. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  40. ^ "Indiana Governor Mitch Daniels". National Governors Association. http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/?vgnextoid=ac6e224971c81010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 







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