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The Heisman Trophy, the highest individual award in American college football, has been awarded 75 times since its creation in 1935, including 74 individual winners and one two-time winner. The trophy is given annually to the most outstanding college football player in the National Collegiate Athletic Association, and is awarded by the Downtown Athletic Club at an annual ceremony at the Nokia Theatre in New York City.

In 1935, the award, then known as the DAC Trophy, was created by New York City's Downtown Athletic Club to recognize the best college football player "east of the Mississippi River.[1] In that inaugural year, the award went to Jay Berwanger from the University of Chicago. Berwanger was later drafted by the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League but declined to sign for them. He never played professional football for any team, instead choosing to pursue a career in business.[2] In 1936, the club's athletic director, football pioneer John Heisman, died and the trophy was renamed in his honor. Larry Kelley, the second winner of the award, was the first person to win it as the "Heisman Trophy".[3] In addition to the name change, the award also became a nationwide achievement. With the new name, players west of the Mississippi became eligible, though the first player from the western United States was not selected until 1938.[1] Only one player, Ohio State's Archie Griffin, has won the award more than once.[4]

Between 1936 and 2001, the award was given at an annual gala ceremony at the Downtown Athletic Club in New York City. The Downtown Athletic Club's facilities were damaged during the September 11, 2001 attacks. Due to financial difficulties stemming from the damage, the DAC declared bankruptcy in 2002, turning over its building to creditors. Following the club's bankruptcy and the loss of the original Downtown Athletic Club building,[5] the Yale Club of New York City assumed presenting honors in 2002 and 2003.[6] The ceremony was moved to the New York Marriott Marquis in Times Square for the 2002, 2003, and 2004 presentations, but since 2005, the event has been held at the Nokia Theatre Times Square.[7] The move to the Nokia Theatre allowed the Downtown Athletic Club to resume full control of the event—the most prominent example of which was the return of the official portraits of past winners—despite the loss of the original presentation hall.[8]

Balloting for the Heisman is selective. The fifty states of the U.S. are split into six regions, and six regional representatives are selected to appoint voters in their states (the regions include the Far West, the Mid Atlantic, Mid West, North East, South, and South West).[9] Each region has 145 media votes, for a total of 870 votes. In addition, all previous Heisman winners may vote, and one final vote is counted through public balloting. The Heisman ballots contain a 3-2-1 point system, in which each ballot ranks the voter's top three players and awards them three points for a first-place vote, two points for a second-place vote, and one point for a third-place vote. The points are tabulated, and the player with the highest total of points across all ballots wins the Heisman Trophy.[10]

On December 7, 2009, the finalists for the 2009 Heisman Trophy were announced. The finalists were Stanford running back Toby Gerhart, Alabama running back Mark Ingram, Jr., Texas quarterback Colt McCoy, Nebraska defensive tackle Ndamukong Suh, and Florida quarterback Tim Tebow.[11] Ingram won the award on December 12, 2009.

Contents

Winners

NFL Draft
#1 selection of draft *
Pro Football Hall of Fame
Inducted ^
Both selections *^
Syracuse University's Ernie Davis was the first African-American to win the Heisman.
Ohio State's Archie Griffin is the only person to win the Heisman twice.
Roger Staubach is one of the most accomplished Heisman winners.
Gino Torretta, a quarterback from the University of Miami, won the Heisman in 1992.
USC running back Reggie Bush won the Heisman in 2005.
Tim Tebow was the first sophomore to win the Heisman.
Year Winner School Position Points
1935 Berwanger, JayJay Berwanger* Chicago Halfback 84
1936 Kelley, LarryLarry Kelley Yale End 219
1937 Frank, ClintClint Frank Yale Halfback 524
1938 O'Brien, DaveyDavey O'Brien TCU Quarterback 519
1939 Kinnick, NileNile Kinnick Iowa Halfback 651
1940 Harmon, TomTom Harmon Michigan Halfback 1,303
1941 Smith, BruceBruce Smith Minnesota Halfback 554
1942 Sinkwich, FrankFrank Sinkwich* Georgia Halfback 1,059
1943 Bertelli, AngeloAngelo Bertelli* Notre Dame Quarterback 648
1944 Horvath, LesLes Horvath Ohio State Quarterback/Halfback 412
1945 Blanchard, DocDoc Blanchard Army Fullback 860
1946 Davis, GlennGlenn Davis Army Halfback 792
1947 Lujack, JohnnyJohnny Lujack Notre Dame Quarterback 742
1948 Walker, DoakDoak Walker^ SMU Halfback 778
1949 Hart, LeonLeon Hart* Notre Dame End 995
1950 Janowicz, VicVic Janowicz Ohio State Halfback/Punter 633
1951 Kazmaier, DickDick Kazmaier Princeton Halfback 1,777
1952 Vessels, BillyBilly Vessels Oklahoma Halfback 525
1953 Lattner, JohnnyJohnny Lattner Notre Dame Halfback 1,850
1954 Ameche, AlanAlan Ameche Wisconsin Fullback 1,068
1955 Cassady, HowardHoward Cassady Ohio State Halfback 2,219
1956 Hornung, PaulPaul Hornung*^ Notre Dame Quarterback 1,066
1957 Crow, John DavidJohn David Crow Texas A&M Halfback 1,183
1958 Dawkins, PetePete Dawkins Army Halfback 1,394
1959 Cannon, BillyBilly Cannon* LSU Halfback 1,929
1960 Bellino, JoeJoe Bellino Navy Halfback 1,793
1961 Davis, ErnieErnie Davis* Syracuse Halfback/Linebacker/Fullback 824
1962 Baker, TerryTerry Baker* Oregon State Quarterback 707
1963 Staubach, RogerRoger Staubach^ Navy Quarterback 1,860
1964 Huarte, JohnJohn Huarte Notre Dame Quarterback 1,026
1965 Garrett, MikeMike Garrett USC Halfback 926
1966 Spurrier, SteveSteve Spurrier Florida Quarterback 1,679
1967 Beban, GaryGary Beban UCLA Quarterback 1,968
1968 Simpson, O.J.O.J. Simpson*^ USC Halfback 2,853
1969 Owens, SteveSteve Owens Oklahoma Fullback 1,488
1970 Plunkett, JimJim Plunkett* Stanford Quarterback 2,229
1971 Sullivan, PatPat Sullivan Auburn Quarterback 1,597
1972 Rodgers, JohnnyJohnny Rodgers Nebraska Running Back 1,310
1973 Cappelletti, JohnJohn Cappelletti Penn State Running Back 1,057
1974 Griffin, ArchieArchie Griffin Ohio State Running Back 1,920
1975 Griffin, ArchieArchie Griffin Ohio State Running Back 1,800
1976 Dorsett, TonyTony Dorsett^ Pittsburgh Running Back 2,357
1977 Campbell, EarlEarl Campbell*^ Texas Running Back 1,547
1978 Sims, BillyBilly Sims* Oklahoma Running Back 827
1979 White, CharlesCharles White USC Running Back 1,695
1980 Rogers, GeorgeGeorge Rogers* South Carolina Running Back 1,128
1981 Allen, MarcusMarcus Allen^ USC Running Back 1,797
1982 Walker, HerschelHerschel Walker Georgia Running Back 1,926
1983 Rozier, MikeMike Rozier Nebraska Running Back 1,801
1984 Flutie, DougDoug Flutie Boston College Quarterback 2,240
1985 Jackson, BoBo Jackson* Auburn Running Back 1,509
1986 Testaverde, VinnyVinny Testaverde* Miami Quarterback 2,213
1987 Brown, TimTim Brown Notre Dame Wide Receiver 1,442
1988 Sanders, BarryBarry Sanders^ Oklahoma State Running Back 1,878
1989 Ware, AndreAndre Ware Houston Quarterback 1,073
1990 Detmer, TyTy Detmer BYU Quarterback 1,482
1991 Howard, DesmondDesmond Howard Michigan Wide Receiver 2,077
1992 Torretta, GinoGino Torretta Miami Quarterback 1,400
1993 Ward, CharlieCharlie Ward Florida State Quarterback 1,743
1994 Salaam, RashaanRashaan Salaam Colorado Running Back 1,743
1995 George, EddieEddie George Ohio State Running Back 1,460
1996 Wuerffel, DannyDanny Wuerffel Florida Quarterback 1,363
1997 Woodson, CharlesCharles Woodson Michigan Cornerback/ Wide Receiver/ Punt Returner 1,815
1998 Williams, RickyRicky Williams Texas Running Back 2,355
1999 Dayne, RonRon Dayne Wisconsin Running Back 2,042
2000 Weinke, ChrisChris Weinke Florida State Quarterback 1,628
2001 Crouch, EricEric Crouch Nebraska Quarterback 770
2002 Palmer, CarsonCarson Palmer* USC Quarterback 1,328
2003 White, JasonJason White Oklahoma Quarterback 1,481
2004 Leinart, MattMatt Leinart USC Quarterback 1,325
2005 Bush, ReggieReggie Bush USC Running Back 2,541
2006 Smith, TroyTroy Smith Ohio State Quarterback 2,540
2007 Tebow, TimTim Tebow Florida Quaterback 1,957
2008 Bradford, SamSam Bradford Oklahoma Quarterback 1,726
2009 Ingram, Jr., MarkMark Ingram, Jr. Alabama Running Back 1,304

Trophies won by school

This is a list of the colleges and universities who have had a player win a Heisman trophy. Ohio State, Notre Dame, and USC are tied for the most trophies at 7 each, although Ohio State has the distinction of the only two time winner, Archie Griffin, leaving their total players to have won the trophy at six. In total, players from 37 different schools have won a Heisman Trophy.

School Trophies
won
Notre Dame 7
Ohio State 7
USC 7
Oklahoma 5
Army 3
Florida 3
Michigan 3
Nebraska 3
Auburn 2
Florida State 2
Georgia 2
Miami 2
Navy 2
Texas 2
Wisconsin 2
Yale 2
Alabama 1
BYU 1
Boston College 1
Colorado 1
Chicago 1
Houston 1
Iowa 1
LSU 1
Minnesota 1
Oklahoma State 1
Oregon State 1
Penn State 1
Pittsburgh 1
Princeton 1
South Carolina 1
SMU 1
Stanford 1
Syracuse 1
Texas A&M 1
TCU 1
UCLA 1

References

  1. ^ a b Lighten up. (Heisman Trophy) Mark Purdy, The Sporting News, encyclopedia.com. December 5, 1994. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  2. ^ Jay Berwanger, first winner of the Heisman Trophy, 1914-2002 Julia Morse, University of Chicago News Office. Chicago, Illinois. June 27, 2002. Accessed March 7, 2008.
  3. ^ "Heisman Trophy". heisman.com. http://www.heisman.com/history/heisman-trophy.html. Retrieved 2008-01-06.  
  4. ^ Archie Griffin Heisman.com. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  5. ^ New York landmark's closing leaves Heisman homeless Wayne Drehs, ESPN.com. July 22, 2004. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  6. ^ 9-11 Forces Heisman to Move to Yale Club Christopher Hunt, New York Daily News. June 26, 2002. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  7. ^ "Downtown Athletic Club". nyc-architecture.com. http://www.nyc-architecture.com/LM/LM063.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-07.  
  8. ^ Bush runs away with Heisman Trophy Ivan Maisel, ESPN.com. December 10, 2005. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  9. ^ Expanded Heisman Trophy Voting Results MSNBC.com. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  10. ^ "Heisman balloting history". heisman.com. http://www.heisman.com/history/balloting.html. Retrieved 2008-03-07.  
  11. ^ Heisman Trophy Trust (2009-12-07). "GERHART, INGRAM, MCCOY, SUH AND TEBOW ANNOUNCED AS 2009 HEISMAN FINALISTS". Press release. http://www.heisman.com/sports/m-footbl/spec-rel/120709aaa.php. Retrieved 2009-12-08.  

External links


College football awards
BEST PLAYER awards: Heisman Memorial Trophy (1935) • Maxwell Award (1937) • SN Player of the Year (1942) • Chic Harley Award (1955) •
Walter Camp Award (1967) • AP Player of the Year (1998) • Archie Griffin Award (1999)
INDIVIDUAL awards:
Bill Willis Trophy (defensive lineman)
Bronko Nagurski Trophy (Defenseman)
Chuck Bednarik Award (Defenseman)
Dave Rimington Trophy (Center)
Davey O'Brien Award (Quarterback)
Dick Butkus Award (Linebacker)
Doak Walker Award (Running back)
Fred Biletnikoff Award (Wide receiver)
Freshman of the Year
Jack Lambert Trophy (linebacker)
Jack Tatum Trophy (defensive back)
Jim Brown Trophy (running back)
Jim Parker Trophy (offensive lineman)
Jim Thorpe Award (Defensive back)
College Football Performance Awards (Various positions)
John Mackey Award (Tight end)
Johnny Unitas Award (Senior quarterback)
Lombardi Award (Lineman/linebacker)
Lott Trophy (Defenseman)
Lou Groza Award (Placekicker)
Lowe's Senior CLASS Award (Student-athlete)
Manning Award (Quarterback)
Outland Trophy (Interior lineman)
Paul Warfield Trophy (wide receiver)
Quarterback of the Year
Ray Guy Award (Punter)
Sammy Baugh Trophy (Quarterback)
Ted Hendricks Award (Defensive end)
Tight End of the Year
William V. Campbell Trophy (Student-athlete)
Wuerffel Trophy (Humanitarian-athlete)
COACHING: AFCA Coach of the Year (1935) • Eddie Robinson Coach of the Year (1957) • SN Coach of the Year (1963) • Walter Camp Coach of the Year (1967) •
Bobby Dodd Coach of the Year (1976) • Woody Hayes Trophy (1977) • Paul “Bear” Bryant Coach of the Year (1986) •
George Munger Award (1989) • Home Depot Coach of the Year (1994) • AP Coach of the Year (1998) • Liberty Mutual Coach of the Year Award (2006) •
Broyles Assistant Coach of the YearAFCA Assistant Coach of the Year
DIVISION I FCS awards: Walter Payton Award (Div. I FCS offensive player) • Buck Buchanan Award (Div. I FCS defenseman)
Eddie Robinson Award (Div. I FCS coach)
CONFERENCE awards: Big 12 awardsBig East awardsBig Ten awards (MVP) • MAC awardsPac-10 awardsSEC awards
OTHER DIVISIONS / ASSOCIATIONS: Harlon Hill Trophy (Div. II) • Gagliardi Trophy (Div. III) • Melberger Award (Div. III) • Rawlings Award (NAIA)
MOST INSPIRATIONAL individual or team: Disney's Wide World of Sports Spirit Award
HALL OF FAME: College Football Hall of Fame
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